Cad, GIS, wenze zombini?

... ukuthengisa ubuchule oko kwenzayo Iprogram ye-Intanethi inzima kunokuba ikholise isigunyaziso ukuba enze isigwebo esilungisiweyo (ubuqhetseba) ngo oko akwenziyo software ebiza.

cad okanye gis Kungekudala uBentley uqalise umkhankaso wokukhuthaza i-Bentley Imephu, esebenzisa njengengxabano, ukuba akuyimfuneko ukucinga ngokuhlukileyo ukuba zombini unokuphathwa ngeso sixhobo. Kule ndlela, amanqaku amaninzi esondele kakhulu ekunciphiseni igebe kwaye siyeke ukusebenzisa amagama eCAD / GIS ngokwahlukileyo.

Kukho iingcamango ezahlukeneyo, ezinye zeengxaki zezoqoqosho, abanye ngenxa yezizathu ezikhethekileyo, abanye ngenkani, kodwa ekusebenziseni inkqubela phambili kwezobuchwepheshe, siyaqhubeka silwa nale ngxaki.

1 Iimeko ezifanelekileyo Kwenzeka ukuba ukuphumeza i-cadastre (ukusebenzisa umzekelo), ukwakhiwa kwezakhi, imigca elula, ukusika, ukujikeleza, ukudonsa, ukulayisha imifanekiso, njl. qhubeka nokuqhutywa kwi-AutoCAD okanye kwi-Microstation. Ukuba sibuza ochwepheshe ukuba kutheni bakhethayo baya kuthi:

I-ArcGIS ayisebenzisekanga loo nto

i-gvSIG inezixhobo kodwa isebenza ngokukhawuleza (kwi-Windows)

Imbonakalo ayibonakalwanga kwaye ayinayo izixhobo ezaneleyo

Imigca yokuhlela ilula kuneipolgoni

Inkxaso ye-IntelliCAD ayifani

Ngoko, kufuneka senze konke ukwakhiwa spaghetti, kumanqanaba, imibala, ububanzi obufanayo, ukuze udlulisele kwi-ArcGIS kwaye kukho ukwakha iipolgoni. Xa senza oku sifunda iimpazamo zeengcinga (engaboni iCAD), senza utshintsho kwaye sibuyela ukuze senze utshintsho kwimvolonti, kunye nomjikelezo othi kwiinkqubo ezinkulu ziphela ngolunye usuku. Kodwa kwimihla ngemihla yokuhlaziywa ngokusisigxina, ukutshintsha i-CAD kunye ne-GIS iyinako ekugqibeleni ibe yinkcazelo engahambelaniyo.

gvsigguatemala1

Emva koko, ukuba sifuna ukwenza into eyongezelelekileyo, siyifaka kwisiseko sedatha (Ndiya kugxininisa, ngokomzekelo), i-CAD idibeneyo, esiyibonayo kwiimpawu ezintathu kodwa zichanekile ngaphezu kwe-10 decimals, kuphela zintathu, oku kuthetha ukuba i-vector ayifani ngokufanayo, ngaphandle nje kokuba ingathinteli kwisantya yeenkqubo kwiziko leenkcukacha. Lapha ukuhlaziywa ngaphandle kweenqobo zobungqina bombongo kunzima kakhulu.

Kwaye ngoqoqosho, umasipala omncinci funeka utyalomali isofthiwe ukwakha ii-vectors ezichanekileyo kunye enye ukwenza amakhadi amnandi. Ukuba umasipala unxiba okanye (kholelwa oko) ayifuni inkqubo yobunjineli yokusebenzisa ubuncinane i-AutoCAD Lite kunye ne-ArcGIS enye kunye nokwandiswa kwezimbini; Nangona kunjalo, ixabiso elingaphantsi, i-$ 4,000 (ngaphandle kokubandakanya uqeqesho). Abo basebenze kunye noomasipala baya kuqonda ukuba kuyindleko kangakanani ukuthengisa le mali kumgcinima-mali olawula ngaphezu koo-dolophu.

Ndiyazi, kukho oomasipala abangenayo le miqobo, kodwa ubukhulu bomongo waseSpeyin ... uhlala enjalo ngenxa yezizathu zokufuna ukwenza i-GIS ne-CAD ngaphandle kokutshaya i-astral.

2 I-GIS kufuneka ibe nekhono le-CAD

Ndiyayiqonda ukuba xa ArcView 3x wayelapho akunakwenzeka ukuphumeza izixhobo topologies zolawulo ukwakhiwa kumda wesangqa, kodwa ngeli thuba andiyi ukuqonda isizathu sokuba sibe izixhobo kwi-GIS kuphela ukwenza oko CAD (izinto 30)

  • Iifayile ze-12 ezenza ukudala (imigca, i-arcs, iindidi, i-polylines, amaphuzu ...)
  • Iifayile ze-12 ukuhlela (ukufana, ikopi, ukuhamba, ukujikeleza, ukwandisa ...)
  • Ulawulo olusebenzayo lwe-snap (ukuxhomekeka kwam ukunyanzelisa, kunye ne-CAD)

Ngokuqinisekileyo ezi zinto sele zinabo, kodwa sikhalaza malunga nenkqubo. Zifanele zifane neendlela ezenziwa ngabantu abaninzi, ngokusingatha lula, ukuhamba, ukulungelelanisa, ukunweba, ukudonsa, ukunqumla ... akukho nto ye-astral, njenge-AutoCAD okanye iMicstation. Kule nto, into ebonayo esiyibonile yenze umzamo we-gvSIG, endaweni yokubuyisela kwakhona indlela yokwenza i-vectors, yahlengahlengiswa kwifom yenze nge AutoCAD, kunye nezigidi zabasebenzisi kwihlabathi ezenza njalo (uyazi ukuba i-AutoCAD ineenkqubo ze-archaic). Umsebenzi uhlala ukhula kwivini yokusebenza xa imifanekiso enzima okanye iifayile ezinkulu zilayishiwe; Qinisekisa ukuba kwiLuxux isebenza ngcono, kodwa kungekhona kwiWindows, kwaye, a umngeni onzima ukuqinisekisa ihlabathi ukuba ivulekile ayiyikunciphisa.

3 Kukho iCAD esele isenza i-GIS

Kwimeko ye-Bentley Imephu kunye ne-AutoCAD Imephu, isikhundla sikwakhe ukudala izixhobo ze-GIS kwizixhobo ezisetyenzisiweyo zobunjineli. Ukuhamba phambili kuye kwabaluleka, akukho nto iyakwenza ngayo, kodwa ukubonakala kwamathuba amaninzi kunye nemisebenzi yokupapashwa (iimephu ezidwebekileyo) zibuthathaka kwizinto ze-GIS ezenzayo (okanye ezingcono). Ndikholelwa ukuba ukusetyenziswa komsebenzi olula kusekhona ... ukutsalwa kweenwele; ukuba kungenjalo, makhe sibone bangaphi abasebenzisi abakhoyo be-AutoCAD (izigidi) kwaye bangaphi (abanokuthandayo) kwi-AutoCAD Imephu (okanye i-Civil 3D); kungekhona ngenxa yemicimbi yamanani, kuba ukuthelekiswa kuyafana nokuba sisenza nabasebenzisi abasebenzisa iilayisensi ngendlela ephikisiwe. Phantse ukuziphatha okufanayo kunye ne-Microstation ne-Bentley Imephu, ngaphandle kokungena kwimibandela yokupapashwa kunye nokusebenzisana (nceda).

4 I-CAD kunye ne-GIS zezihloko ezimbini ezahlukeneyo.

Kukho isikhundla (esisezantsi) esichazela ukuba zombini izihloko ziinkalo ezimbini ezikhethekileyo kwaye akuyi kuba nako ukukwazi ukwenza zombini nge sixhobo esifanayo; inxalenye yaloo ndawo izuze iimbono zethu kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo:

... i-CAD yenze i-Vectors ecacileyo kunye ne-GIS yamaphupha amnandi.

Kodwa le elithile ezikuyo, kangangoko imigangatho ukuvuthwa kwaye eyabelwe yi software non-free, yalahleka ngqongqo, amaphulo afana OGC ecaleni GIS ke, ukuphunyezwa kombono ipolotiki, Ukusetyenziswa XML phambili ingqiqo BIM ngakwicala Cad, phakathi kwezinye izinto, baye benza CAD kungabonwa njengoko ibhodi umzobo kodwa inxalenye umsebenzi amakhono yokwenene (Architecture, Civil Engineering, ucando lomhlaba, njl).

Umgaqo uthi ukuzodwa akuyi kuba kwisofthiwe (CAD / GIS) kodwa kwindawo yesicelo. Ukunika umzekelo, ukuyila iindlela kufuneka kube yinto ekhethekileyo ye-software eyenza oko, ngokuchaneka kwe-CAD kunye namakhono okuyixhasa kwiinkqubo eziza kusebenzisa i-axis ukwenza i-cartography phantsi kwe-GIS imeko. Ngokufanayo, ifom yefom yeefayile ifanele ibe phantsi kwimbali kwaye idatha ye-GIS ibe ngumfanekiso ocacileyo okanye obalaseleyo onokwenyani i-geometry engaguqulelwa kwicala le-GIS, qhagamshelana neempawu zayo, wazi ukuxhamla kwayo kwenye idatha; ngelixa elivela kwi-GIS kwicala lokumelwa kwalo okulungileyo, ukudibanisa nedatha kwaye ukwazi ukuhlela ngokuchanekileyo ukuba i-CAD ingaba.

Kodwa ngenxa yoko ... sinyanisekile, kungekhona ngenxa yokuba ayikho sele zichazwe, izixhobo ezincinci sele zenza okuninzi, kodwa kufuneka uhambise iiprosoft software ezinkulu ukuzisebenzisa ngokufanelekileyo.

4 Njengoko ndiyibona

Ndicinga ngethuba elithile, siya kuqhubeka sisebenzisa iiprogram ezimbini ukumela ipropati efanayo: ukuhlela i-vector yayo kwi-CAD, ukuyihlalutya kwi-GIS nokuyijika kokubili. Ngokombono wam, izinto ezininzi esizenzayo sizifake kakhulu ukutshaya okulahlekelwa ukulula ukusetyenziswa kwazo ngeenjongo ezifanelekileyo kunye nokuthengiswa kwezobuchwepheshe (ingxaki) kuye kwenza ukuba ukhohlwe isizathu sobulumko buntu (ukuxazulula iingxaki).

image42 Ibhodi yokudweba yayinobuqaqawuli bayo, kuba akukho namnye owadala enye indlela yokwenza imidwebo ngesandla, kunye needrafti zombane zongezwa kodwa ukwenziwa komsebenzi kwakungekho kwizinto eziphathekayo kwithebula kodwa kwinto esayenzayo apho. I-maptographics kwakufuneka wenze amaphuzu phantsi kwezinga elisezantsi kunye nemilinganiselo yokufaneleka, sicinga ngokushicilela kodwa asizange sithandabuze ukusetyenziswa kwayo ngenjongo yabantu.

Asifanele siphumelele, kuba ngoku ubugcisa buyenzela izinto zibe lula ngathi kwaye zikhuthaze ukusetyenziswa okufanayo. Ngoko, kufuneka kufike ixesha apho utsalo-mali luyeka ukuba malunga namafomathi, iiproseli, iipekseli, iilebhile kunye nemveliso, ukutshala ixesha ngesizathu sokuba badalwa ngayo: UKUSETSHENZISWA KWAKHO. UMveliso walo, njengaphambili, ukuzinikezela ukuvelisa ishishini, ubutyebi kunye nenzuzo kubantu.

Kodwa le ngcamango ayiyiyo, kwaye kwimbono yam, iminyaka elandelayo ye-5, ngenxa yesininzi seeprojekthi zezinga eliphakanyisiwe ekuqaleni, siya kuqhuba ukwenza izinto ezifanayo (jonga singapheli ukwenza kwiGoogle Earth). Kwaye nabavelisi beefowuni zeCAD / GIS:

  • Kwiphepha le-ESRI, mhlawumbi Masibone ukuphucula Ngomthamo wokwakha we-CAD, ndiyathemba ukuba akufanele ufanele usebenzise indlela yokusebenzisa ibhodi yokudweba kwakhona.
  • Kwiphepha le-AutoDesk, ukwandisa i-Civil 3D ukwenza iMephu ibonakale njengenxalenye yobunjineli. Umbono obonakala ulungile kum.
  • Ngecala leBentley, khuthaza PowerMap ukwenzela ukuba i-CAD ephantsi ebiza i-GIS inamandla, kwaye mhlawumbi iququzelele ukuphunyezwa kwe-smoothing.
  • Ngecala lesoftware esezantsi: I-Tatuk GIS, i-Global Mapper, i-IntelliCAD, ithola indawo ngokwenza i-software yegama lomenzi engenzi.

Ukuba uMthombo ovulekileyo (uzinzileyo) usetyenziso oluwela unqamlezo, ngokuqinisekileyo siya kukhangela emva koko, kungekhona kuphela yezoqoqosho (esele sibone), kodwa isisombululo seengxaki eziqhelekileyo (esele senzayo) kunye nokuthengisa kwamanye amazwe kunobundlobongela kunokuba ubuqhetseba.

Ukungathembeki, mhlawumbi; zikhohlisiwe, ziqinisekile. Nawe: Uyibona njani?

Iimpendulo ze-6 kwi "CAD, GIS, okanye zombini?"

  1. Sawubona Cesar

    Kwenzeka ntoni kukuba abaququzeleli bophando lwakho babe yi-UTM ilingana nale inokubakho kwi-60 indawo ezinokubakho ze-UTM zehlabathi, ukuze uchaze ukuba ungowuphi. Kwakhona, i-Datum yireferensi ellipsoid, ukunika umbono, ngokungathi i-WGS84 ikwinqanaba lolwandle kwaye enye i-Datum efana ne-NAD 24 idluliselwe kwi-3,000 yeemitha ngaphezulu, indawo leyo inokufana kwaye ngexesha elinye ukubetha kwentliziyo kunye Ubude buyefana, kodwa umgama oqikelelweyo kwezi ziphela zimbini ezahlukeneyo awulingani. Kungenxa yoko le nto inkqubo ye-UTM idla ngokubizwa ngokuba "kuqikelelwa."

    Ukuyenza kwi-ArcGIS, ucofa ekunene kwisisele ukuba unomdla kwi-georeferencing kwaye ukhethe ukhetho "iipropati", emva koko kwipaneli ebonakala ukhetha ithebhu "umthombo".
    Kukho, kukho iqhosha lokukhetha "umthombo", emva koko ungena kwaye uya kukhangela inkqubo eqikelelweyo (i-UTM), emva koko ukhetha indawo ehambelanayo kwaye ukuba ukwi-hemisphere esemantla okanye esemazantsi.

    Ngale fayili yakho i-georeferenced kwi-datum kunye nommandla ochaphazelekayo.

    A ubingelele.

  2. molo, mna ndivuyisane l blog encomeka ujongana I tego Ngokuqinisekileyo ndiya kuba ifayile DXF shp CAD yam ifayili georeferenced yaye ngenene kwi-GIS, leyo ngokungalindelekanga ukusetyenziswa ArcGIS 9.3 kum kuvela uququzelelo kodwa angaziwa ndiyazi ukuba ndiya kubeka i oyi ingcaciso kwaye oko, kodwa hayi mna gustari ndiyazi le yaque've wakhangela kuyo yonke indawo kwi web kodwa ayikwazi kufumana impendulo aza kakhulu kwakho nako ukuphendula umbuzo wam nceda ezi utm cordenadas ne-gsw84

  3. «» »UJose maria uthe: mars 16, 2010 - 8: 36 pm
    Uyawudlulisa njani umzobo kwi-cad ukuya kwi-arc gis okanye kwi-arc view »»

    ukuhlonipha: ukusuka kumgama we-autocad elandelwayo ukuthumela izinto, iipolgoni (ukudala iimbululwazi) kunye namaphuzu.

    ukusombulula iingxaki yeempazamo topological e Cad kukho erramients ezininzi ezifana AutoCAD ukuzoba imephu clenup uncedo isiphene iifayile CAD phambi kumazwe okanye ukusetyenziswa, njengokuba kunxulumene iimilo objectsdata okanye zikhabane. nayo e ArcGIS kunye nezinye GIS software njengoko OpenJUMP zikhona validators topological kwimeko yam sebenzisa ezimbini ukuba encuenta xa ArcGIS kubalulekile Isisombululo UX (ukunyamezelana) kunye q ukuba kuxhomekeke umgangatho umaleko, kunye OpenJUMP unokukhangela yeepoligoni kunye nemingxuma okanye imiqobo kumgama omncinci ofunekayo ngeengcongolo ezincinane.
    mbuliso

  4. Ukususela kwi-ArcGIS uyayiphatha njengoluhlu, uze uyibuyisele kwi-Featureclass

  5. indlela yokudlula umzobo kwi cad kwi-arc okanye kwi-arc

  6. Hola

    Ndiyabona ukuba uthetha ubuchwephesha be "CADISTA".
    Izinto zokuqala eziye zaziwa: zombini i-software i-orinetaciones.El eyahlukileyo iyazi indlela yokusebenzisa enye okanye enye into eyenziwa ngumsebenzisi. Asihlose ukusebenzisa isicwangciso sendlu (i-CAD) kwi-GIS ukuba kum isofthiwe ye-ANALYSIS engaphezulu kweyodwa eneemephu ezimnandi (kuba le mapublisher okanye corel njll).

    Ukuphunyezwa kweengcamango ze-topology kwinqanaba le-GIS kwiminyaka ye-arcinfo kubonakala kum isisombululo esihle kwisisombululo sesiphosiso sengqondo. Ukususela kwiArc / Info Info, i-esri inezo zibhathini othetha ngazo:

    -inkinobho ezenza ukudala (imigca, i-arcs, iindidi, iipollines, amaphuzu ...) Ngaphandle kokuba uthethe ngezinto ongaziyo:

    -ibhonkco ukuhlela (ukufana, ikopi, ukuhamba, ukujikeleza, ukwandisa ...) Leyo injalo ngaphandle kokuba ubhekisele kwenye into.

    Ulawulo olusebenzayo lokuqhwitha ... «Makwenze ukuba imigca ekumgama we-10 m ... ihlangane.»? «Ngaba kuya kusikwa apho bahlangana khona ... ...? «Ukongeza i-arc ukunqamla olunye» ...? NjengakwiCAD emva koko?

    Ngakolunye uhlangothi iinqwenelelo zokuhlanganiswa kwesofthiwe zihamba ngokuhambisana nomsebenzi wabasebenzisi, kum umzekelo, ndikhala ngenxa yokuhlanganiswa okukhulu phakathi kwe-ARCGIS Splus okanye iMatb, umzekelo ...

    Ndicinga ukuba cosntruccion yeprojekthi GIS, itshathi kwemali kakhulu yam: contruccion CAD kumda wesangqa-based, ledatha alphanumerical e ArcGIS, ukwakhiwa kunye nocazululo umfanekiso in ERDAS (ngokuchasene ucinga ukuba imifanekiso CAD kuphela inkxaso yangemvelaphi kwaye akukho idatha kunye nolwazi kwi-GIS) kunye nomzekelo kwi-ARCGIS.

    Njengoko i-ARCGIS (ukusuka kwi-ARC / i-Info, i-UNIX ubuncinane) ilawula ukuxhaswa kabini kwiinkcukacha ze-vectors, bekungekho nto ingxaki yokulahlekelwa ngokuchanekileyo. Ngoko i-SOLOo engenakho ukuba iCAD ikwazi ukuyilungisa iimpazamo ze-TOPOLOGICAL kunye nomanyano we-GIS / CAD uya kuba yinkwenkwe.

    Nangona kunjalo, yonke loo nto isemacaleni esoftware ukusukela kwi-liveware, ii-CADISTS ziya kufuneka zifunde ukulawula iiprojekthi zazo NGOKUQHELEKILEYO (imilambo ikuluhlu olunye kunye nezitrato kwenye) Ndikuthiyile ukufumana ulwazi lweCAD ngeepoligoni ezinje, imigca ngaphandle kokuqhubekeka ngokwezinto eziphezulu (umzobo kuphela), kunye neengqokelela ezibonisa imilambo kwiindawo ezinobude obumele izitrato….

Shiya impendulo

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