Ukugqiba ngeMapServer

Ukuthatha inxaxheba kwingxoxo yakutshanje kunye neziko leCastastral elalifuna izinto zokupapasha iimephu zazo, nantsi ndiyishwankathela into ebaluleke kakhulu ukubuyisela ukuhlangulwa komxholo kummandla. Mhlawumbi ngexesha layo liya kumkhonza umntu ofuna ukwenza isigqibo okanye acele uncedo lwe-geofumed.

Kutheni ufuna iMephuServer

Isi simo kwakukho umntu, owayezimisele ukuhamba nge-GeoWeb Publisher, uBentley, kuba wayesenayo ilayisenisi I-Server Discovery, ukhokho walo, ubuyele emdeni. Esinye isizathu sokuba iBentley inomdla kukuba imephu yabo i-Microstation Geographics, kunye nezicelo ze-VBA zokwakhiwa nokugcinwa kweemephu ze-cadastral.

Ngaphambili kwi bhulogi (I-Ugly - Ininzi njengoko umhlobo uthi) wabonisa indlela yokwenza inkonzo yemephu yewebhu, se benzisa I-GIS, njengenye yeendleko eziphantsi. Ndathetha ngolunye usuku malunga neenzuzo ze Geoweb Umshicileli I-Bentley njengesisombululo xa kukho imali engaphezulu. Oku kukunika ukuqhubeka kweso sikhundla esidala apho Nda ndi the lekisa phakathi kwezicelo ezahlukahlukeneyo zokushicilela imephu ye-intanethi.

Emva kwentetho sagqiba ekubeni siye kwiMaphuService, isihloko esithemba ukuba sizisebenzise kwiintsuku ezizayo. Ngendlela, qalisa ukuvavanya ezinye iiplatifti zemithombo evulekileyo ngexesha lonke unyaka, kodwa kwi-intanethi yewebhu.

ibhena I-MapServer ayisisicelo se-GIS, kwaye akukho nto izenza ngathi, njengoko iphepha layo lithetha. Wazalelwa njengeyona nyathelo leYunivesithi yaseMinnesota, ngoko ke uphawu lwayo luvela kwi-confluence yeMigodi yaseMinnesota ne-Mississippi. Namhlanje ibhekiselelo kwinkonzo yewebhu yemephu, ngokubanzi ngenxa yemvelaphi ye-Anglo-Saxon. Njengoko le sicelo kukho uluhlu olubanzi -kakhulu kunene- Ndiyathanda ukulula kwayo, kulula kubasebenzisi abatsha; yonke imilingo ekusingatheni iifayile .map ezingenziwa kwiiprogram ezifana neQGis okanye ukuqonda ingcamango ukuze ilandelelanise iilwimi ezifana ne-PHP, Java, Perl, Python, Ruby okanye C #.

Ezinye izicelo zenziwa kwiMaphuServer "kukhonza"NjengaChaleson, iCartoweb, iKa-map kunye nePmapper. Ezi zinconywa kubasebenzisi abanesizinda esingaphantsi kwesixhobo, nangona kulungele ukuqonda ingcamango yokuqala yeMapServer.

fakela imephu

Umzekelo obonisiwe kukuba, umzekelo nje womsebenzi esenzayo. Ngemvume yabo kwaye bayazi ukuba le nkonzo iza kufumaneka kuluntu kwiiveki ezimbalwa kwaye ziya kukwazi ukuyibona isebenza.

Ezinye izicelo zewebhu zikhona

Ngenxa yolu, ndiya kusebenzisa iSiseko njengendlela yokubhekisela OSGeo, enye yeyona ndlela yendalo yokudala ngokubhekiselele kokuzinza nokumisela umthombo ovulekileyo kwintsimi ye-geospatial. Nangona ndivuma ukuba kukho abanye.

  • Mapbender, ngokubanzi, esetyenziswe njengomxhasi omncinci eduze kweMaphuserver kwimeko ye-IDE yaseGuatemala. Isizathu sesibheno sayo kukuba saphuhliselwe i-PHP kunye neJavaScript, ezimbini zezona zidibaniso ezisetyenziswa kakhulu kwiwebhu namhlanje.
  • Ummeli weMaphu, eya kufika ekupheleni kwayo kwinguqu ye-1.5 kwaye idibaniswe kunye ne-Layers Open. I-AJAX into ... yayibuhle.
  • Vula iiLala, iyamangalisa ukuba ufuna ukudibanisa neGoogle okanye i-Yahoo Maps okanye ukuphucula i-cache kwi-deployment raster.
  • Mapguide Opensource, ethandwa kakhulu ngobuhlobo bayo kunye ne-AutoDesk. Ulungele ukufa, kwintetho oyifunayo.
  • I-Degree, bonke bavutha kwimigangatho. Uninzi olunokwenzeka kwiYurophu. Ngenxa yokuzinza kwayo kwi-GML inkxaso, kucetyiswa ukuba yindlela engathathi hlangothi ekuphunyezweni kweenkqubo zewebhu kule nyathelo UKUFUNA.

fakela imephu Ezinye izisombululo kwi-incubation ye-OSGeo zi:

  • I-Geoserver, ubuninzi bayo ubunokuthi uphuhliso malunga neJava. Xa kuninzi kunikezela okufana ne-Open Layers xa udibanisa iGoogle Maps, Google Earth, Yahoo Maps, kuquka ne-ArcGIS.
  • Geomajas oluquka umxhasi omncinci, idesksi kunye newebhu.
  • ImephuFish, ngokujoliswe phambili kwiPyton kodwa mhlawumbi enye yeyona nto ingaphantsi (ekhompyutheni).

MapServer benefits

Ukuhambelana nemigangatho OGC. Mhlawumbi owona mhle, nangona kukho phantse zonke izicelo ezivela kumthombo ovulekile, ubuncinane malunga ne-WMS, i-WFS, i-WCS, i-GML.

  • I-Web Map Service (OGC: i-WMS) i-1.0.0, i-1.0.7, i-1.1.0 ne-1.1.1
  • Inkonzo Yomsebenzi Wewebhu (OGC: WFS) 1.0.0, 1.1.0
  • Inkonzo Yobunxibelelwano bewebhu (OGC: iWCS) 1.0.0, 1.1.0
  • ULwimi loLwimi lweJografi (OGC: GML) 2.1.2, I-3.1.0 Inqanaba le-0 Profile
  • IWebhu yeeWebhu zeMeko zoMxholo (OGC: WMC) 1.0.0, 1.1.0
  • Umgcini weStrans Layer (OGC: SLD) 1.0.0
  • Ukucoca Inkcazo yokuCwangcisa (OGC: FES) 1.0.0
  • Inkonzo yokuqwalasela i-OGC: i-SOS) i-1.0.0
  • Imiba kunye neMilinganiselo (OGC: OM) 1.0.0
  • SWE Common (OGC: SWE) 1.0.1
  • OWS Common (OGC: OWS) 1.0.0, 1.1.0

Sisebenzela idatha nge-Guidelines ye-Open Gis, iyakwenza nayiphi na inkqubo inamathele ngaphandle kokuthintelwa. Ukusuka kwi-AutoDesk Civil3D, i-ArcGIS. I-Bentley Imephu, ukuya kwi-gvSIG, i-QGis, njl Ngaphandle kweGoogle Earth / iimephu nge-wms.

Ukuthelekisa kunye nezicelo endandisebenza nazo ngaphambili (i-GeoWeb Publisher kunye ne-GIS ye-Manifold), iMapServer ibasasaza ngokuba ku sasazwa, imveliso yekhasi lakho linolwazi olwaneleyo, imizekelo ephunyeziweyo, ngaphandle kokukhankanya uluntu lwabasebenzisi. Kwimeko ye-GWP kufuneka usebenze okuninzi ngezipikili kunye nantoni na yezinto ezibonakalayo ngeSpeyin kakhulu kakhulu -ukushiya nina egeomates ukuze angangeni ekuphikisana-.

El inkxaso yenkcukacha Kuyamangalisa. Akulona izulu kodwa likude ngokwaneleyo:

  • I-Vector okanye i-Geodatabase idatha: Ifayile yefayile, i-GML, i-PostGIS kunye nehlabathi elinye nge-OGR, kuquka ne-DGN.
  • Idatha enokukhawuleza: I-TIF ebhekisiwe kwiGo nento esiyifunayo ngeGDAL.
  • Ukususela kwimveliso, unokuvelisa jpg, png, pdf kwaye kunjalo, imilinganiselo ye-OGC.

Emva koko kukho inkxaso ye-multiplatform. I-MapServer inokugijima kwi-IIS, eyenza ibe nobungane kubasebenzisi be-Windows / PC. Kwakhona kwi-Apache, kunye nantoni ekwazi ukuqhuba kwi-Windows kunye ne-Linux yokumangaliswa, kungekhona nje ukukhonza idatha kodwa ukuhamba. Kwimeko yeManfol
d, ukushicilela kuphela i-IIS, ukuba uthetha ngabo nge-Apache ixabanisa, nangona kukho abo baye benza iipirouettes. Kwaye kwimeko yeBentley, kuphela iWindows, kubandakanywa ukuthunyelwa kwewebhu yi-ActiveX eqhuba kuphela kwi-Internet Explorer, ngaphandle kokuba itshaywe IDPR kwi-sublime kwi-cartridge ye-space.

Akufuneki ukuthetha, ayikhathaleli hlawula ilayisenisi. mvume, obuziintlobo ne Universal wayeza kuba ngokomyalelo $ 600, i Bentley GWPublisher ngu US $ 10,000 kunye nabasebenzisi limited yaye ukuba GIS Umncedisi US $ 15,000 up.

Ekugqibeleni, ndibona inzuzo enkulu phuhliso. Ukufumana umntu osebenza ngeMapServer akulula, kodwa kulula kakhulu kunokuba nezinye izicelo, kude kube njengokuba senzayo ngoku. A developer owaziyo ukuba guts ukuya Bentley GWPublisher kulula kakhulu ukufumana ukuba, kufuneka siyazi Project Wise, Geographics, VBA kunye Microstation Bentley Map ukuba basebenzise nophuhliso ekuya Geospatial Server Bentley (Nangona ndivuma ukuba kukho izinto ezintle ezenziwe apho). Umthuthukisi we-Manifold GIS, kunzima kakhulu nangona kunjalo kuphela .NET, kunye nenye ye-GIS Server, i-inshurensi iya kuhlawula ngokuxhomekeka kwimivuzo enjani.

Indlela yokuyifaka kwiimpawu ze-5

fakela imephuAzikho amanyathelo amaninzi, kunye nokuqala kweGenesis:

  1. Khuphela i-OSGEO4W kusuka apha
  2. Faka yona, i-Minimal MapServer, i-Apache kunye nomzekelo.
  3. Faka iPache kwaye udale inkonzo (okanye uphakamise i-directory nge IIS).
  4. Phakamisa inkonzo
  5. Qalisa umzekelo kwisiphequluli

Ewe, njenge-genesis, phakathi kwevesi 1 kunye ne-2 kukho izinto eziliqela ezenzeke ekuvukeni kukaSathana. Ngokuqhelekileyo, ungaqalisa inkonzo nge http: // localhost / okanye uthathe ibhola lakho, kodwa ufunda.

Kuya kuba ngowolandelayo ukuba siza kuchaza.

Iimpendulo ze-7 "Ukugqiba kwiMaphuServer"

  1. Molweni ii-Eulises. Ngenye imini uza kusixelela ngomsi owenzileyo nge-C #, ngento endiyibone incinci kakhulu kwiwebhu.

    Phendula nge quote

  2. kutheni ungayenzi ngokucwangcisa i-c kunye ne-sql iseva ye-2008 okanye sele sele uhamba kunye nokushicilela iimephu zendlela yohlobo kwaye uphepha umxholo we-domain kwaye ngoko ufuna nje umncedisi nge asp.net

  3. nawaphi na amava anemvelaphi evulekile yeMapide? Ndiyifake iifake ngexesha elithile, kodwa xa ndiqalise inkosi ndifumene impazamo yokuxhamla kumncedisi ... ukufundiswa ngesiSpanish kuya kuba luncedo kakhulu, kubonga =)

  4. Sawubona, ndinomdla kakhulu kwi-mapserver, ezinye izinto endinayo ithuba lokuzihlanganisa, ngeli xesha ndizinikezele ekuphuhliseni isicelo semephu kwimizila, ngaba unayo ingcamango njani? okanye uncedo lonxibelelwano

  5. Kufuneka ufune inkampani enikezela ukusingatha ngeemaphu zemibala ezibandakanywe kwinkonzo.

    Kanye kunye http://www.hostgis.com/

    Ukuyisebenzela kwinqanaba le-intranet lilula kakhulu, kuba kuphela nge-IP yomatshini eneenkonzo eziphakanyisiwe (kunye ne-192.168.0.129) inokufikelela kwezinye iikhomputha ngaphakathi kwinethiwekhi efanayo okanye kwiqela elisebenzayo.

    Ukuba ufuna ukuyisebenzela kwi-Intanethi, jonga ukuba umatshini osebenza njengeserve unonxibelelwano lwe-Intanethi ngakumbi okanye olunqabileyo, kunye ne-IP kawonkewonke iyasetyenziswa kunye (80.26.128.194). Isizathu kukuba i-IP izithathwa zezi zixhobo xa uqhagamshela kwi-Intanethi, ebonelelwa yinkonzo ye-Intanethi, nangona isesidlangalaleni, iyatshintsha lonke ixesha ifikeleleka kwaye ikhathalele ukuba ilungisiwe, ngenxa yesi sizathu kufuneka ihlawulwe.

    Ukuba awufuni ukufikelela kwinombolo ye-IP njengangaphambili, uhlawula idibansi kunye nenkonzo ye-DNS, apho unokufumana idilesi elula http://www.eldominio.com. Unokuhambisa kwakhona nge-subdomain okanye iinkonzo ezibonelela ngamaphepha anjenge http://www.no-ip.com

  6. Ndiyakuhalalisela kwiblogi endiyenzile ixesha elide ngoku. Nangona ndiyi-biologist, ndisebenza kwiingxelo ze-GIS. Kunyaka ophelileyo ndafunda ukusebenzisa iMaphuService kancane kwaye kulungile kakhulu. Kodwa ndinemibuzo engayifumananga impendulo. Iyiphi inkampani yokubamba i-MapServer ivenkile? Ziziphi iziphumo kufuneka usebenzise ikhompyutha yakho kwaye usebenzise inethiwekhi yakho ye-intanethi yekhaya?

    Ndingathanda ukwenza enye iphrojekthi kunye nale nkqubo kodwa andinayo indlela yokuyixhoma kwinethiwekhi.

    Ukuba umntu uyazi impendulo iya kwamkelwa kakuhle.

    Regards,

    Martiño

Shiya amazwana

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