I-3D idatha ye-Web modeling ne-API-javascript: I-Esri Advances

Xa sibona ukusebenza ArcGIS Campus Smart kunye imisebenzi ezifana iindlela zokuhamba phakathi edesikeni kumgangatho wesithathu kwesakhiwo Iinkonzo zobungcali omnye Q Auditorium, ngenxa zombini lizwe elingaphakathi nokumanyaniswa data BIM, sifumana Ukuhlanganiswa kwe-Geo-yobunjineli engena kumbono obophayo kusondele kakhulu.

Kwaye nangona ukuba ukungabikho imisebenzi ezinzulu ukugcina indlela yolawulo master data (MDM) ukuze ufumane indawo yokwenene phakathi ekukhanyeni koqobo GIS, BIM kunye nezehlo leyinene eneenkcukacha isicelo yokwenene ebomini isebenza kule isalathisi. Kwakhona Siyaqonda ukuba yonke le ukusebenza iyasebenza ku bakhangeli beencwadi web, ezinye yesiqhelo Python kodwa ngokukodwa ulwimi okulula ezinjengezo JavaScript.

Okokusikhumbuza ngokuqinisekileyo, ukuba i-geomatics kunye neenjineli kuya kufuneka ihambe inyathelo elongezelelweyo ukuqonda imodeli, kunye neeprogram zokubhala.

Kwakhona kubalulekile ukuphawula utshintsho kwindlela esuka kwiindawo eziphathekayo ze desktop kwiimboniselo zekhowudi ze-browser. Ngokuqinisekileyo isayensi yekhompyutheni eyenza ubugcisa kunye nomncedisi we-GIS, i-Gis Engine okanye i-Gis izinto ezishiye iSpain xa ibona indlela iLeaflet isebenza ngayo kwikhosi ImephuGi; Andiyi kukumangaliswa ukuba uya kuthungela ingcwaba kumcebisi wakhe wangaphambili.

Ukulindela i-ArcGis Indoors version elandelayo, eli nqaku lisishwankathela inhlanganisela yolwazi lukaLau - intombazana enqabileyo esebenzisana nale ndawo - kunye nemeko yokujonga umhleli weGeofumadas.com, malunga newebhu yakutsha "Isingeniso kwi-3D kwiWebhu nge-ArcGIS API yeJavascript ".

umbukiso webinar ekuqaleni wabonakala ngentola elungileyo ekusetyenzisweni 3D isihloko kwizicelo ArcGIS, nendlela abonisa ngayo amaqonga: Scene Viewer, Story Maps, okanye Web App Builder ngokuxhomekeke injongo yesi sifundo.

Kwakubalulekile ukuba ukuchaza igalelo, nezimaphambili ezingundoqo enxulumene 3D isihloko, ingakumbi kuba ngaphaya miqulu kubonisa efuna kukhombisa iinkqubo. Kwakhona ke inkalo into imbi kakhulu xa ngokweemfuno inkqubo esisiseko ukuba iinkqubo ezinxulumene olu hlobo lwe data ukuba zahluke ngokupheleleyo kwezo 2D, njengoko ikhadi yemizobo emihle ukubaleka, i OpenGL inkxaso zifakiwe kwi umkhangeli w / uWebGL.

Ukuba akunjalo, makabatshelwe ngabahlobo SELPER, kwixesha elihle kakhulu lolawulo lwee-asethi kwi-technologies ye-GIS, enezithintelo phambi kweenguqu ze-OpenGL zeakhadi zegradi ze-Nvidia zaseYunivesithi apho zaphuhliswa khona. Ukwandiswa ngokucacileyo ngababhikisho beBototanos abafundi ababenzima ukwenza iimvavanyo ezaneleyo ngosuku oludlulileyo.

Ukongeza, baveze ukuqaliswa kwenkxaso yokusebenzisa isixhobo kwizixhobo eziphathekayo ezifana neesefowuni okanye iipilisi.

Kule ntetho olwenziwa imizekelo eziliqela okanye imiboniso, ukuba baqonde indlela API imisebenzi JavaScript kunye zedatha amaqhina oqhagamshelwano indlela ukuvelisa modeling 3D, kuqalwa umthwalo lamanqanaba okanye ulwazi WebScene yaye kamva ngumzekelo yayo / sinikela 3D e Screeneview,

Ukuhlanganiswa kwezobuchwepheshe

Ulwakhiwo luhlobo lwe-4.x kwaye luqukethe izinto ezibonakalayo kunye namajethi, ngaphezu kokuvuma iindawo ezininzi zeenkcukacha ezivela kwimithombo eyahlukeneyo yeenkcukacha. Olu lwakhiwo luphuma kwi-3.x kuba, ukuboniswa kwe-3D kufumaneka kuphela kule nqanaba. izixhobo Webscene kunye SceneView zisetyenziswa 3D ulawulo data kwaye ngokupheleleyo API, kwakunye nanjengoko iglasi inokuphinda ingaguqulwa njani na data nokumodela 3D ifumaneka aplicacioneos ezidlulileyo.

Imizekelo, wabonisa umahluko olubonakalayo phakathi data 2D Y 3D kuhamba ukusuka imephu ngenjongo SceneView 2D WebScene 3D ngokusebenzisa JavaScript khowudi. Ukuphathwa kwekhamera kuyilula, ukongeza imiyalelo ethile imibono ishintshe isiqendu. Iimvavanyo zenziwa kwiimpawu ezilandelayo:

  • ehamba phambili, evumela ukujikeleza kwekhamera kwindawo yokusebenzela.
  • Kuye: isetyenziselwa ukuseka imbono ngokubhekiselele kwinto ofuna ukuyifumana kwi-3D, kunye kunye unokwenza iziqulatho kunye nesi sixhobo, ezifana nokubeka iidridi ezithile ehamba phambili ukuphinda uphinde ujikeleze imifanekiso.
  • I-ToMap: ithatha ulungelelaniso lwembono kwaye uyibeka kwimephu ye-2D
  • kwiSkrini: ikuvumela ukuba ubonise inqaku kwi-2D imephu kwaye uyibeke kamva kwimbono ye-3D
  • Uthi: isetyenziselwa ukuchonga iimpawu apho inqaku elithile linalo ngombono

Kwakhona kuchazwa ukuba ulwakhiwo lwe-3D Imaphu izixhobo ezifanayo ukudala enye 2d, ezifana nokusebenzisa basemaps, umaleko okanye oomaleko kwakhona inkxaso ukuba 2D (WMS, zithwala okanye CSV).

Nakuba kunjalo, kufuneka uqaphele ukuba 2D maleko eziqulathe ulwazi "Z" (ubude), nto ke leyo ebangele ukuba kuyimfuneko kukhombisa idatha enxulumene ne 3D babe zomaleko nanjengokuba ngamafu amanqaku, mahlayat abaphakamileyo. Ngaphakathi API uyakwazi udibane kwi ezi zoleko 3D ezifana amanqaku ukuphakama ngqo phakathi kwamehlo, kumfanekiso (1) intsimi ekuqaleni waphawula, kunye nomfanekiso (2) njengoko uziguqule umbuzo okanye uthathethwano.

Babonisa imizekelo emininzi yokuba idatha imelwe njani, umzekelo, yintoni idatha i-SceneLayers (amaphuzu) axhasa, kunye nezinto ze-3D (Izinto ze-3D).

Kuba imizi emikhulu emele izinto 3D yeyona herrramienta enamandla, njengokuba ubona, kungekuphela nje indawo komhlaba yenjongosenzi kodwa ulwalamano umthamo wayo kunye nokusingqongileyo, ngathi ungadibanisa carácteríisticas okunexabiso ngalinye izinto. Umfanekiso olandelayo ubonisa indlela abakhethileyo ngayo isakhiwo esihleliweyo kwisixeko saseNew York, kwaye zonke iimpawu zayo ziyabonakala. Ngokufanayo, imibuzo emininzi ingalungiselelwa ngokwezakhiwo, ezifana: apho izakhiwo ezithile ezinobungakanani bendawo yokuphakama okanye inkcazo yeendlela eziphambili zifumaneka

Uncedisa ukuphathwa kweendlela ezifana UmdibanisiMayLayer, eyona ibhloko yolwazi kwiinzwa ezifana ne-drones. Azinalo ulwazi oluzimeleyo lwesakhiwo ngasinye njengemifanekiso yangaphambili, kodwa ubuninzi beenkcukacha ngeempawu ze-3D.

Ke ukuba amafu ingongoma, uyakwazi ukudlala ubungakanani amachokoza ukuze ufumane uluvo olungcono data, ekubeni umaleko ingongoma nganye kunokuba zizigidi amanqaku data, kodwa ezingamelwanga njenge into 3D ngokwayo.

Bachaza ukusetyenziswa kwesimboli kwidatha ye-3D, echazwe kwizinto eziplaniweyo / ezicwangcisiweyo, kunye nomzobo wokubonakalisa owenziwe ngezinto ezidalwe kwi-3D. Ezi ziyakwazi ukuhamba ngeendlela ezithile ngokubhekiselele kumhlobo wento. Bakhombisa ukusetyenziswa kwezinto ezibizwa ngokuba yi-Extrudes ukuba "umbala" isakhiwo ngokwemiqathango yaso,

Iindidi zokunikezela ezingasetyenziswa ziboniswe: elula, apho zonke izinto zinomqondiso omnye, i iValueRenderer apho ungahlula khona izinto, ngokwempawu, kunye ClassBreakRenderer apho iimpawu zento nganye zigcinwa ngokubhekiselele kwiklasi: kulo mzekelo babonisa ukuba ubude buni kwisakhiwo esithathayo ukufikelela kwinkqubo yokuthutha kawonkewonke.

Ababonisi, babonisa ngexesha elifutshane sel Webinar, zonke iinzuzo zokusebenzisa i-ArcGIS API yeJavascript, kuquka:

  • I-widgets ye-3D: kunye nomboniso obenxibelelanayo babonisa umgama phakathi kwezinto, zombini ngokuzenzekelayo kunye kunye.
  • Ukwakhiwa kwezicelo: ukusuka kwindawo kunye nezinto ze-3D.
  • ImoyaView imodi yesimo: ichaza umxholo kunye nesitayela sombono we-3D kwaye ingalayishwa kwi-Portal ye-ArcGIS.
  • Imilinganiselo yeGeodeic: ingagxininise kuphela kwiimpawu zomhlaba, kodwa ivumela ukuba ulinganise umgama kwihlabathi.
  • izicelo Building, ebonisa 3D ngangebala leyinene thaca, imigca okanye amaqamza umnxeba apho iimpawu ezithile kuboniswe, ezifana egama ukuba kumaqonga afana Google Earth, kulo mzekelo 3D
  • Declutter: ukuze izenze okanye iilebhile lokucoca okanye iimpawu ezifunwa ukulibona kwi 3D kwimaphu, ngaloo ndlela sikuphephe eninzi iilebhile ukuba asivumeli nokuthelekelela efanelekileyo, kwaye ibangele ingxolo xa zokufumana into ethile.

Ukulandela ukubonakaliswa kwesimo ngasinye esibandakanyiweyo I-ArcGIS API yeJavascript, wabonisa iimveli eziza kuvela kwi-4.10 entsha version. Apho uya kuba nethuba loku:

  • Yakha i-Layer Layer
  • Igajethi yesiqendu: leyo iya kudlulisela ulwazi oluyilwe ngaphambili kwinto ye-3D
  • Ukulayisha ixabiso elikhulu leenkcukacha: kungekuphela nje ukuhambelana kwisixeko esithile, kodwa kuzwelonke (ilizwe).
  • Ukupaka iifayile zefayili

Iminikelo yale webinar ukuya kwi-geoengineering

Ngamafutshane, isihloko sivumelekile; Ukukhumbula ukuba isiqhelo digital kunye Smart Cities Gemelos kufuna nokucinga ngaphaya ulawulo lolwazi, zomzekelo kuye kwadlulwa kakhulu, ukuhlanganiswa kunye nokusebenza umzekelo besithunyelwe. Iimarike zikhulu, zithembise kwaye zize zifikelele izixazululo ezininzi malunga nekeykey yomsebenzisi wokugqibela; nangona kuthi bethu basebenzisa iteknoloji ekwenzeni amathuluzi angenagqirha, indlela iyanzima. Oku kuthetha, ukwenza ukuguqulwa kwamanye amanani afana nexesha, indleko kunye nomjikelezo wobomi weenkqubo; hayi kwinqanaba data nobugcisa, njengoko silwela ngumxholo ngokucacileyo, kodwa ukuziqhelanisa ngaphantsi buhlungu izenzo umsebenzisi ubomi benene ukuya njengabalamli kwikhonkco intengiselwano ecanda ulwazi lwendawo. Ukususela ecaleni ESRI, iinkcukacha lokwakha ngandlel kunzima, kuba nangona data ngoku ukudibanisa BIM eyakhelwe Revit, kodwa khangela ngathi imihlaba ezimbini ezahlukeneyo ezifuna yotshintsho ezintsonkothileyo. Imisebenzi emitsha inshorensi kusetyenziswa kwimodels BIM, kodwa kukho imali ngokugqithisileyo ulwazi CAD ukuba athwale iimeko Indoor kunye poligonizados izithuba, ukuphakama kunye maleko ngemali mgangathweni.

Nangona kunjalo, ukuba i-Esri ifanelwe yimbonakalo, yinkqubela phambili anayo ngokubukeka okulula nokulula. Ndingakucingisa ukudana okwenziwa nguDon Jack, ngokujonga kwakhe "masikwenze kube lula" iinkokheli zemigca emileyo ye-AutoDesk, kulomtshato wokugqibela kodwa onempumelelo apho «phantse isicelo se-ArcGIS Pro»Kuya kufuneka ufumane phantsi kwamashiti njengoko ingena kunye neengcezu ezininzi ezikhomba enye kodwa kunye nobunzima bokulula ngokulula isiphumo sesiphumo sogqabhuko-mda, ubuNjineli boMzi mveliso, ubuNjineli boLuntu kunye nobunjwe boLwakhiwo. Kwaye kukuba imeko yokulula kwemephu yobugcisa eye yahlaselwa yi-GIS, kusenokwenzeka ukuba ibe namava e-CAD eqhelekileyo, ngenxa yalomkhuba wokulibala ukuba isicwangciso yindlela kuphela, kodwa into ebalulekileyo kukusisebenzisa.

izenzo Good modeling GIS, ayisindi, swi ukutsalwa bunyaniso kuya kuba luncedo CAD / BIM gqith, nto leyo okwexeshana kuya kufuneka uphile ngenxa yokuba ukwamkelwa BIM kumazwe amaninzi uya ixesha elide, ingakumbi imithetho ineptitude Amagosa akhulileyo adlala kwiibini zokuqala ezimbini ze-AECO.

Umncintiswano uya kuba mnandi kwiminyaka ezayo, ngendlela efana kakhulu yokuzisa ukuhamba okuqhubekayo ukulandelelana kweCAD-GIS-BIM-DigitalTwin-SmartCity; njengoko kuboniswe ngamanyathelo kwicala le-Siemens / iBentley ekufumaneni izisombululo ezinje CityPlanner kunye nokukhululwa komthombo ovulekile kwiJavascript.

Okwangoku, sinika isikweletu ku-Esri malunga nomzamo wokusebenzisana nge-AutoDesk, ngaphaya kokuhlanganiswa kweedatha / iteknoloji, kwinkqubo yokuhlanganiswa kwenkqubo / yomdlali. Ekugqibeleni kuyinzuzo kubasebenzisi, kubani sifanele siqinisekise ukuba isinyathelo sifunde ukuqonda imodeli kunye nekhowudi; ukuqala ubuncinane ikhosi ye-ArcGIS Pro kunye neJavascript eyisiseko.

Ezi zifundo ezithile esizicebisayo ukuba zigcine zihlaziywa, kumaxabiso athile.

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