Imiba ye-6 ukuqwalasela kwi-Registry Integration - iCadastre

Ukwenza iCadastre kunye ne-Real Estate Registry sebenze ngoku njengenye yeyona mingeni enomdla kakhulu kwiinkqubo zesimanje zenkqubo yamalungelo epropati.

Ingxaki ihlala yinto efanayo, ize ihambe ngaphaya komongo wethu waseSpeyin. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, iinjongo zokukholelwa ukuba kulula, ngoko ukungaqiniseki kwamatyala e-quaternary institutions. Ekugqibeleni, olahlekileyo ngummi ofuna kuphela ukuthengiswa kwakhe ngokukhawuleza nangokukhuselekileyo. Inyaniso kukuba le nto ayikho imvelaphi yemilingo, kuba nangona kungumxholo wokuqonda, ukusiqhelanisa kubonisa ukuba oku kungengqiqo kakhulu phakathi kwabo bachaphazelekayo kwiinkqubo zentengiso.

Abantu elifutshane memory emva kokuba iqhosha ephela, kwaye lihlazo ubuqaqawuli impumelelo nokuhlala iimbongi phambi systematizers ukubala stylish ngaphandle nangokozuko olulambathayo kodwa inkcubeko elula ngokwentando yesininzi ulwazi. abanye qinisekisa ukuba wenza iimpazamo ngaphantsi, kodwa apha ezinye iziseko imifanekiso njengoko wenzayo kwilizwe of kuMbindi Merika, ezinye iingxelo ngokuphathelele Cadastral 2014, 19152 asemgangathweni ISO kwavela.

1 Inkcazo kunye nokwakhiwa kweNkqubo i-vertebral.

Ngokwemfanelo inkqubo ayisekho wasemzini, ekubeni siphila kwixesha ezobugcisa zihambela phambili kunye reengineering ngaphakathi ezicacileyo. Kakade thina sithetha nje malunga sixhobo, kodwa bume yonke kuquka ukuchaza ishishini, abadlali ababandakanyekayo, inkxaso yezomthetho, umzekelo iindlela zobugcisa, iinkqubo ngokuziphakamisa, ucazulule abo anxulumene nolawulo Umjikelo sobummandla kunye nobomi lwesixhobo zobugcisa.

Ngaphandle kwencazelo echanekileyo yomzekelo weshishini, phantse nayiphi na inkqubo ihluleka. Ngenxa yokuba esi sixhobo siphela.

Kwimeko yethu yokufunda, ukuhamba kwaqhutyelwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo, kucacisa ukuba ayilona amanyathelo alinganayo kodwa phantse ngokulandelelana, okwakwenziwa kakhulu kwixesha leminyaka emibini:

Kwakhiwa iqonga elinesilungele ukuBhaliswa, iipropati kunye neCadastre, ebonwa njengenye irejista. Le yiNkqubo yoQinisekiso yeeRekhodi (ENYE), emva kweeminyaka eyi-11, iyaqhubeka isebenza, emva kokutshintshwa koorhulumente abane -ndakanya ukukhishwa kombuso- abafanelekayo ujikelezo lwezabasebenzi, izigqibo engenasizathu kwaye yonke into owoyamaniswe kumazwe asaphuhlayo. Wacacisa ngendlela District Registral esine eriya yokusongela 160,000 okwangoku isebenza 16 kwizithili 24 kunye sizathu akazange isusiwe phezu benze lezopolitiko kwakungenxa yokuba isixhobo yokusebenza lwabasebenzisi Registry kunye Cadastre -ukususela ekudalweni-.

Kuyilo lo Msebenzi, iinkqubo zeRejista kunye neCadastre ziphakanyisiwe kwimeko yokuqala, kwaye ngendlela engathembekanga, ezo zingena kumthetho omtsha.

Imodeli yolawulo lweCadastre yiyo ICoreast Cadastre Domain Model CCDM, ukuba kwi-2003 yayisisigxina emva kweCadastre ye-2014 eyayiyimbongo. Mhlawumbi le yinye yezizathu zokuba i-System izuze amaxabiso kunye nembono enhle kakhulu kwi-Workshop yeFIG eCzechoslovakia.

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Igrafu yangaphambilini ibonisa ukuhambelana kweFolio Real kwiSistim yoNyathelo loBhaliso, kunye nokubandakanywa Intsebenzo obunobuthathaka obungenakulinganiswa kwi-ISO 19152. Ngexesha lakhe wayengenalowo magama, kuba i-CCDM yayingekho isiluleko; kodwa ingqiqo. I-CCDM namhlanje yi-ISO 19152, eyaziwayo njengeLADM.

Nangona iteknoloji iyona nto ibonakalayo ngexesha lokubonisa iziphumo, oku kuqulethe uhlalutyo kunye nendlela yokwenziwa kweenkqubo ezikhoyo ezinembali yazo. I-Complex, kuba ukusetyenziswa kweenkqubo kuyahluka phakathi komnye obhalisi; Kwakhona kuba xa ukwenza i-automation, into engasebenzi kwiphepha ayiyi kusebenza kwinkqubo echanekileyo. Futhi ngaphandle kokudangala, ukuba kwezinye iimeko, kukhethwa ukuba ngumtyholi kunokuba umxolelane; Babala ukuba abathile babanyanzele ukuba benze utshintsho ngebhethri yeenguqu akulula ukuyigaya.

Ibe yimfuneko ukuze wenze umsebenzi omkhulu mthetho leyo lula ukwenza umyalelo omtsha wokuhlaziya kwesele ikhona. Le Registry kwakuxhomekeke Superema Court of Justice, i-Land Registry of looNobhala we-Ofisi kaMongameli kunye National Geographic Institute of Ministry of Public Works. Kwafuneka ukuba Uyazimisela iindlela ezintsha ukuze regularization, ukunika umzekelo olula, ukuhluthwa kwiindawo ezisezidolophini apho kukho imvelaphi impixano nalapho abantu bahlawule ukuze abanini ezahlukeneyo. Umthetho ukuba urhulumente kukuhlutha igama, ukudala intembeko apho abantu baqhubeka ukuhlawula, wafumana kwisihloko bakhe abanini zangaphambili baya enkundleni ukuya kulwa ityala lakhe. Xa uzimisele, imali Trust iya ophumelele le kwetyala.

Nangona iminyaka emibini engazange ilungele ukwenza zonke izinto, xa uhulumeni omtsha efikile kwakungenakwenzeka ukubuyela. Izixhobo zazichanekile ukwenzela ukuba kwakunzima ukwenza umsebenzi ngaphandle kokusebenzisa inkqubo.

2 Ukutshintshwa kwenkqubo yobhaliso yeFolio Personal to Folio Real

Kule ncwadana iincwadi ezipheleleyo, ukudibanisa kunye nokungaziphathi ngokuxhomekeke kubani khusela indawo yakho. Kwimeko yesifundo, i-Folio Real inguquko sele ikhona kumthetho kodwa ayizange isetyenziswe njengenjalo, ngoko ke isigqibo esona sikhulu ukuyeka ukusetyenziswa kwePolio Folio.

Njengenkcubeko jikelele, umahluko phakathi kwezi ndlela zombini usele ndlela yokuhambisa amaxwebhu axhasa amalungelo epropati.

Inkqubo yoBuntu yoFolio, igcina isalathisi kubanikazi, kungekhona into, apho isihlomelo sesihlalo sithobela ukuthengiselana. Ngoxa olwaba kakhulu, ilifa Oobawo badla ilifa nootatomkhulu bethu kufanele le ndlela esi siqinisekiso ngokusemthethweni, ngenxa yokuba eyona, kodwa ngenxa yokuba izicelo ngokufanelekileyo abantu babeqhele ukwenza izinto ukuze, wasebenza kakhulu kakuhle ngokulandela la manyathelo alandelayo isingeniso esinengqiqo, isichazo kumqulu wemihla ngemihla, ukusabalalisa, ukulawulwa kokusabalalisa, ukudibana kunye nesifundo. Iingxaki zanikezelwa kwinto yokuba kusebenze inkcazo efunekayo ukubonisana neminye imiqulu, apho umthamo ophezulu wokuthengiselana kwansuku zonke wenza ixesha lokuphendula lucotha kakhulu; ngaphandle alibale ukuba ubhaliso kwakungenakwenzeka ukuba ukulawula ukulingana kwiimeko ukuba akazange ebandakanya individualization ngokupheleleyo, ulawulo Izikweko wayephambene kwaye ngamnye iimeko ezinjalo uphuhliso, proindivisos kunye noluntu ipropati ahlala ngaphezulu kancinane Ukholo Loluntu. Kufuneka kwakhona kucaciswe ukuba i-Real Folio ayithobeli iinkqubo ezininzi zanamhlanje; zombini izixhobo ezisebenzisayo zikhokelela kwiiphene ezifanayo. Kwakhona: ukuba ayisebenzi kumaphepha, ayisebenzanga kwinkqubo enokusetyenziswa, ukuba ayisebenzanga kwinkqubo yangaphambili, kuqiniseke ukuba ayiyi kusebenza kulo olutsha.

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Inkqubo yangempela yeFolioNgokungafaniyo, ekwandiseni iimpawu phantsi amacwecwe mvume isazisi esisodwa, leyo ekubhekiselwe kuyo irhafu, izihloko, uphuculo, kufutshane, kunye nezinye iimpawu propati. Oku kwenziwa ngenjongo atsalwa, wayebhekisela amaphepha, ngokungafaniyo Iphepha Personal apho yayishicilelwe njengoko uxwebhu kunye phecana esingelwe phantsi. Kwi-ISO 19152 umgangatho, lo mhlaba iYunithi yoLawulo (BA_unit) ukuba operable e Iphepha Personal okanye Iphepha Real. Ngokuqinisekileyo, ipropati eFolio Real iyalingana necebo le-cadastre kunye nenkqubo yokudibanisa iya kuncediswa.

3 Ukumiswa kweenkqubo zeCadastre.

I Cadastral Inqanaba maxesha kwakungekho mfuneko mnandi, ingakumbi ngenxa yokuba kukho ungquzulwano phakathi ukubelenga wabasiki omdala abasebenokwazi ngokwaneleyo ezisebenzisekayo ngeteknoloji entsha babesazi kodwa babengazi iziseko ezininzi esemthethweni ye cadastre Yenziwe. Ukuchaneka okanye ukungalunganga, sazikhethela iimpazamo kwaye inzuzo yayiphezulu kakhulu.

Ingxaki enkulu kukuba likulindele ukuba uhlale njengesiqithi esikhethekileyo esiphelelwe yisikhathi lula, kuba asihlanganisiwe kwinkqubo yokuthengiselana. Ngubani ongayi kufuna ukuba i-tapestry ye-cadastral ihlonishwe kuyo yonke imisebenzi yokuthengiswa, ukudluliselwa, ukuphononongwa, ukucwangciswa kokusetyenziswa kunye nenkqubo kwisakhelo seendima ezintsha.

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Kwakudingeka ukwenza utshintsho kunye nomqulu, kuba ukunyaniseka izinto ezininzi zathethwa nguwe abafokazi kodwa zazingabhalwanga. Ngokuqinisekileyo le yimiba eyanqotshwa ngamazwe amaninzi, kodwa nditsho nje ukuba sinyanisekile kwimeko yethu yokufunda, apho iCadastre isenzima nzima. Phakathi kwezinye izinto endizikhumbulayo ngakumbi:

Ukuphakanyiswa kwe-topology eqhubekayo; izicwangciso kunye nempahla yoluntu njengezitalato, imilambo, ilamgu, njl. Abokuqala babelwa ikhowudi ye-cadastral kunye nefayili yabo yeefodastral, kwiimpahla zoluntu ezisetyenziswayo kunye nenqakrazo ye-cadastral kunye nefowuni yayo yokuphatha. Oku kuyimfuneko, kuba izihlalo zobunini, xa zishiya, zifuna ukuba kukho indawo epheleleyo yokungena kunye neendawo zokuphuma; kwakunye nokulawula ukuhlaselwa kwangaphambili kweempahla zikawonkewonke ezibhalisiweyo.

I-2014 Cadastre: I-Cadastre ye-2014 iya kubonisa imeko epheleleyo yomthetho kwintsimi, kubandakanywa nomthetho woluntu kunye nokuthintela.

Ukwahlula kwedatha ngokukodwa komthetho. Iimephu ngaphambi kokuba zenziwe ziyimisebenzi yobugcisa bokwenyululwazi, okwakongeza kuzo iziqendu kwakuyiziko lezomthetho, indawo ezikhuselekile, amanqaku eendawo zendawo, ingozi, njl njl. Ezi zahlula kwiimephu ezizimeleyo, ukwenza iimephu zeplani zibukeka zilula, kodwa zifuna ukuququzelela idijithali kunye nokuzenzekelayo kweenkqubo zengqondo.

Oku kubuye kwavelisa imbambano, kuba iCadastre yayifana nomenzi wayo yonke into. Nangona engakwazanga ngokupheleleyo ukwenza iindima zakhe, apho sele kukho amaziko anoxanduva ngaphakathi kwamasebe akhe. Ukudibanisa iZiko leSizwe lezeNdalo kunye neCadastre yeSizwe kwakungeyonyathelo lobulumko, kungengakuba kungenakwenziwa, kodwa ngenxa yokuba imeko-bume ibingekavelisi ukukhokelela i-IGN kwindima yombutho olawulayo we-cartography; ngelo xesha ingcinga ye-IDE yayingafunekiyo kangangokuba kwakubonakala ngathi isusa amandla kwi «umenzi omkhulu wemephu«.

I-2014 Cadastre: Incwadana yeCadastre iya kuba yinto edlulileyo.

Yahlula ukuphakanyiswa kokuphakama ukusuka kwii-update. Xa kwande iziza engenelela bavuka ukuba isicelo imaphu kanye idijithali imishini irekhodi-nedibanisa uze edala Geoparcela (Spatial_unit) + isicelo encumbrances zomthetho kunye nolawulo (Restrictios + Responsabilities + Rights).

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Igrafu ikhetheke kakhulu kwiinkqubo ezinkulu. Akubandakanyi omnye umva wokusebenza, kodwa ngokukodwa okanye ngaphantsi shwa nkathela isicatshulwa sokuqulunqwa kweFolio Real kunye nekhonkco yayo kwizicwangciso zeCadastre.

Emva kokuba i-Link-Map edibanisiweyo idalwe, i-View View yalindeleke, emva koko ifayili yefayili idluliselwe kwifayili ye-cadastral ukwenzela ukuba nayiphi na inguqu ingenziwa ngokusebenzisa isicelo sesondlo se-cadastral. Oku kushiywe kwimeko yokukwazi ukuyenza kwisicelo somntu onomdla, umyalelo okanye kwisicelo sabasebenzisi abhalisiweyo (abavandlakanyi bomhlaba okanye ochwepheshe bezoomasipala). Okwangoku iprogram isele inokuthenjwa okuhambelanayo, kunye neziseko ezilungele ukudluliselwa kumsebenzisi wabucala oza kusebenza kuphela kwiCadastre kodwa kunye neRejista kunye nokuhlaziywa kweNkqubo.

ICadastre ye-2014 iya kubhalwa kakhulu. Icandelo likarhulumente kunye necandelo labucala liya kusebenzisana.

Ishadi lesandulela ngolu hlobo, namhlanje lilungelelaniswa kwiimpawu ze-LADM, lubonisa indlela iinkqubo zenziwe ngayo ngaphantsi kwendlela yokwenza inkqubo, ukwenzela ukuba amanyathelo okuqala bebeyimodeli nje, kodwa loo nto ingaba yi-automated phantsi kwendlela yokuqhubela phambili yokusebenza.

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I-Cadastre 2014: I-cardigraphy yeCastastral iya kuba yinxalenye yexesha elidlulileyo. Uhlala uhlala umzekelo!

Njengoko sele usubonile, ndiyinto elula kwaye imfutshane ngenxa yemingcele yomonde wabafundi kwi-intanethi. Kodwa ezininzi zezinto esizenzayo zazingalunganga. Ukuxhamla, kodwa enye yezinto eziye zashiywa yinkxalabo yezemali, ukucinga malunga nokwahlukana komthetho, ukunikela ngokubaluleka ngakumbi kunomthetho. Nangona ubuchule bokulawulwa kwezemali behlala ezandleni zabakho, saqhubeka kunye noomasipala kwimithetho yabo, ukuphepha ukuphazamisa iindlela ezisetyenzisiweyo kwiCadastre. Ngokuqinisekileyo, oku kubangele iinkqubo zikamasipala ukwakha iimodyuli zabo ze-cadastre ezize kube nzima ukudibanisa namhlanje.

Ukubandezeleka kokungabandakanywa kwimiba yezemali kuyabangela ubuhlungu kwimiba yezoqoqosho; Umgaqo-siseko wokuzinza kwezobuchwepheshe: Ukuba awuyi kuvelisa imali, uya kufa. Namhlanje esithunyelwa kuMqhubi, iinkcukacha ezilula zokubonisana rhoqo zibonisa ukuba ingaqala ukuvelisa imali eninzi ngexesha elidlulileyo, kodwa ubuncinci ukulungiswa kwemfuno kwadlula.

Ikhonkco yeRejista yePropati kunye neCadastre yindlela elula kunazo zonke kuzinzileyo... kunjalo, ukuba kwakungelula. Kodwa kungcono kunokuba ufuna ukuzinzela ngokwabo.

I-2014 Cadastre iya kubuyisa iindleko.

4 Ikhonkco yokubhalisa iMatrícula - Parcela Catastral.

Ukucwangcisa iinkqubo ezifana ne-maquila, ukuhamba kwe-registry kwakulula kakhulu:

Ukukhangela, ukucoca kunye nokutsalathiswa kwezindlu, ukuze ufumane njengemveliso le ncwadi kwidijithali, kunye nephecana ngokucacileyo kumashishini kwaye ke ugweme ukuba baqhubeke bedala iincwadi. Ngaphandle kwamandla / izigwebo kunye neminye imiba eyaqhubeka isebenza kwiFolio Yakho.

Ikhishwe kwizihlalo eziphambili kunye nokuveliswa kweelayiti zeelayisiti. Ngale nto, bekukho uhlobo lwe "folio yedijithali okanye eyona folio yokwenyani", yona ngokwayo iyipoliyo yokwenyani (yindlela esetyenzisiweyo), kodwa ngokweminqweno ethile yomthetho waseHonduran, kunye nokuqina kwenkqubo, I-Folio yokwenyani kufuneka idityaniswe neCadastre.

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Cadastre yi kuvukela ngobuninzi kukhokelele iimephu eshicilelweyo delineating iifayile photo-evakalayo okanye isikhululo iyonke kwiKhabhinethi kunye namakhadi entsimini. EKhabhinethi yena ukuba idijithali, ezinxulumene wadala geoparcela usebenzisa imishini ngelo xesha kunye VBA Isixhobo Microstation Geographics. Kubonakala ukuba kamva inyathelo ukuba okunene nje kwemvelo zobugcisa ngenxa 2003 iCartridge isithuba zange iphunyezwe, kodwa iimephu abotshwa yi centroid layo phantsi iskim arc-node etshatini, ke yonke inkqubo ukulungiswa emide . Ukufudukela kwenye kamva waba uvimba weenkcukacha kunye desktop ulawulo lwesithuba kunye Bentley Map. Njengangoku livelisa Java Qgis.

I-2014 Cadastre: Ukuhlukana phakathi kweemephu kunye neeirekhodi kuya kupheliswa.

Xa sele zikhona i-BA_Unit (Ubhaliso kwi-Folio Real) kunye ne-Spatial_Unit, enye inqubo e-maquila yenza umsebenzi wokudibanisa. Benza uhlaziyo oluvela kwirekhodi ye-cadastral, apho i-referenced Personal referent ephakanyisiwe, ukuthelekisa iinkalo zendawo, iintloko, indawo, imvelaphi kunye nezinye izityalo ukudala isiqhagamshelo.

Umfanekiso olandelayo ubonisa inyaniso esemthethweni edibaniswa nenyaniso yenyama. Nangona umzekelo wendawo yokuhlala emadolobheni, le nkqubo ayilula kakhulu kwizizathu ezininzi. Kwiimeko eziphambili kunokwenzeka ukudibanisa ukuya kwi-51% (i-Urban kunye neMimandla yasemaphandleni), ikhonkco esele iya kwenziwa kwiimfuno zokuthengiselana kunye neenkqubo zokubamba iinjongo zalo kweli lizwe ... kanye.

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Inkqubo yeNgxelo eziManyeneyo, xa sele idale unxibelelwano ibonisa ezi zinto zimbini, kunye nezilumkiso zokungangqinelani. Ke ipleyiti yelayisensi ngaphandle kwekhonkco leCadastral libonisa kuphela isilumkiso esikhulu se «Awuyi-georeferenced ngokwemithetho«. Kwakhona iimpembelelo ezithintela ukusetyenziswa, isizinda okanye ukuhlala komhlaba, nangona le micimbi mibini sisifundo esisalindileyo ... kwelinye inqaku, kuba ubuthathaka beziko sisihloko esingasoloko siqondwa ziingcali.

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Kuba inkqubo yokubambisa yayimfuneko -ngokukhawuleza ndivuma- Chaza iindlela zokulumkisa ezizenzekelayo okanye indlela yokulondoloza, ukuze i-18 ingakhuseli imiba engafanelekanga, phakathi kwayo yile:

  • Enye ubuhlobo obuninzi phakathi kwamacebo kunye neelayisense,
  • Ulwahlulo lwamalungelo amaxwebhu obhaliso lokubhalisa,
  • Ukwahluke kweendawo ngenxa yokubonakala kokuhlasela kwendawo yoluntu,
  • Ukungafani ngokuguqulwa kweRejistri okanye kwiCastastral emva kokuba i-cadastral ihluthe,
  • I-Antecedent ayicacwanga,
  • Ipropati ehambayo
  • Proindiviso,
  • Ukwahluka kwamagama abanikazi okanye ukuphindaphindwa kwabanikazi,
  • njl njl njl njl njl

Kule ndlela, isetyenzisi esetyenziselwa ukugcinwa kobuchwephesha sisetyenzisiwe: Yikezela kuye nabani na owonakalisa kakhulu. Umsebenzisi xa ebona izilumkiso, ubheka indlela yokuyicombulula ngayo; iyonke, enye yemigaqo yokubhalisa: ukuthengiswa.

Yonke into yayilungile, de idibene neCadastre.

5 I-Cadastre nedatha yeRejista ayiyi kuba yinto efanayo.

Inyathelo lokunxibelelanisa ixesha elithile "ngenxa yezopolitiko" lamiswa kwaye ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ngomnye wemiceli mngeni kumthetho wokunyanzeliswa, ukuba nayiphi na inkcazo kufuneka ifumane ikhonkco kwiRejista yeCadastral. Eli ntetho linobunzima obuthile, kokubini ukuvumela kakhulu kodwa kwanokuba yimfuno njengoPopu. Nazi izikhokelo, ezona ziinkqubo zokulungisa imeko yesiqhelo.

Indawo yeCadastre kunye neRejistri ayisoze yafana. Kule ndlela, isetyenziselwano sokunyamezela sisetyenzisiweyo, esicinga indlela yokulinganisa, imimandla yasemadolobheni / yasemaphandleni ngokwemyinge yayo, kulo mzekelo isilinganisi esiphezulu esisetyenziswe kwimibuzo yangaphambili, njengoko kuboniswe kumfanekiso olandelayo. Njengoko ukunyamezela ngokugqithiseleyo kwakuqwalaselwa yi-6% kwaye njengoko ubonayo, usebenzisa ifom efana nale, indawo iyahla ukusuka kwi-6% ukuya ku-1% njengoko ubukhulu bomhlaba bukhula.

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Ifomula ifakwe njengenkqubo egcinwe kwiziko ledatha, njengokuba iboniswa kwinkqubo. Ukuba indawo yombhalo ayikho kuloluhlu, ngoko inkqubo iphakamisa ukuphawula ngokumahluko wendawo.

I-regastral registry ayifani nerekodi yezobugcisa. Ukuba ipropati iya kukulinganisa amahlanu, izilungelelaniso zayo ziya kuhluka ngexesha ngalinye (ngaphakathi kwemida yokunyamezela). Oko kuthetha ntoni, ukuba ukuba izilungelelaniso zabo zingaphakathi kuloo mida, akudingekile ukutshintsha impahla ye-cadastral; ngokuba i-LADM ibona irekhodi lohlolo, i-Survey_iziklasi njengento ehambelana phakathi koMthombo_i-coco kunye ne-Spatial_unit.

  • Akunakwenzeka ukugxininisa ukuba umgaqo-nkqubo we-notarial protocol kufuneka bavele njengamagama abantu; nangona lo mgaqo uthi kufuneka kucaciswe, siyaqonda ukuba xa umele uvule ukuba ujonge imaphu, kodwa umbukeli imephu gca kangangokuba akukho nto ukuhlala elithile, ngoko, isenokuba izitshixo cadastral ezikufutshane. Kubonakala kubulula, kodwa ukwenza amagosa aqonde ukuba kuthatha ixesha; Into esithembayo iza kusombulula ngemizuzu yokubhalisa.

Akunakwenzeka ukuqala inkqubo, ngaphandle kokulawulwa kakuhle. isatifikethi sokwenziwa kootitshala, iindlela zokulinganisa, ukunyamezela, ifomathi yokubonisa ifayile kunye neenkqubo zokuhlalisana phakathi kwedatha eqokelelwe ngeenkcukacha ezahlukeneyo. Ukuba imfuneko remeasure indawo lonke kungqinwa ilinganisa ipropati kuba kakubi kuvuswe okanye umahluko indlela LADM ingqalelo, ukuba Point_parcel, apho ukuphepha umgwebo yeArmagedon -ozayo ngoku-.

Umthetho osemthethweni ngumqondiso, awupheli. Kwafuneka ukuba bahambe emthethweni, isaveyi cadastral ziya kusekelwa imeko emzimbeni, kwaye ukuba xa kukho umahluko phakathi kummandla documentary kunye kwindawo cadastral, kwaye ukuba awuyitshintshanga le colindancias meko, yaye akukho mabango ubungqina , kwaye ayikufuphi kwimihlaba yoluntu, indawo yolawulo lwe-cadastral iya kubakho. Kulula kangakanani, kodwa ukunyanzelisa ukuba izibhalo ezikhoyo kufuneka zitshintshwe, elinye ibali; ukususela kumthetho ndimele ndiqaphele ilungelo elibhalisiweyo kwaye andinakukwazi ukuvakalisa ngokungaqhelekanga oko kwam kwamkela phantsi kwemigqaliselo yangaphambili, kuphela kuba iiparameters zam zitshintshile.

Kubalulekile ukuchaza iindlela zokuhlanjululwa kolwazi eziququzelela ukusekwa kobume beenkcukacha. Ukuba iqumrhu elisemthethweni liyiBanco Davivienda, kodwa kwiiprotokholi ze-notarial zivela ngamagama ahlukeneyo kwisebe ngalinye, kufuneka inkqubo yokuhlanganiswa. Ngokufanayo, ukuba ipropati yakhiwa ngezindlela ezahlukeneyo, kodwa iyafana, ayifaki ukuhlanganiswa kwezakhiwo kodwa ukuhlanganiswa. Kodwa zombini iinkalo kufuneka zibe semthethweni.

Imingeni emikhulu iya kuhlala ikhona kubasebenzi, kweli candelo lisoloko linyanzele ukutshintsha kwaye lucwecwe ukuba izinto kufuneka zenziwe kuphela enye indlela. Ayikho enye indlela yokuzivuselela kwaye ushiye iindawo zokukhusela. Ukujikeleza kweenjongo zezopolitiko kunokuba luncedo, nangona kufuneka siqaphele ukuba kuya kuba yingozi enkulu. Ngokwezinga elingasetyenziswa ngayo isiseko somthetho, ukugqithiswa kwesono kuyisono esivakalayo, ngokungakhathaliseki ukuba sikhululekile kunomdla ngamnye.

6 Ekugqibeleni:

Njengoko ndithethile ekuqaleni, injongo yale nqaku ayiyikuqalisa iincwadi zokupheka. Ngokukodwa kuba inyaniso yeziko kwilizwe ngalinye liyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu, kungekhona ngenxa yezobugcisa okanye iinkalo zomthetho, kodwa ngenxa yezikhundla zamandla kunye nokungabikho kombono wabasemagunyeni. Nangona kunjalo, umzekelo ubonisa ukuba kunokwenzeka ukwenza izinto ezithakazelisayo kumazwe asithathu ehlabathini, ukuba usebenzise amaxesha ozuko ukubopha izinto ezingenakuphikiswa. Amanye amazwe aphumelele ngento engaphantsi, abanye banakho imeko e bhetele maziko imfazwe ukuhlanganiswa kwangempela.

Ukubhaliswa kwepropati kusekelwe kwingqiqo. Ukuthengiswa kwamalungelo epropati kuye kwaba khona ekubeni umntu efumene ezolimo, kwaye waqonda ukuba unokudala ukuhlala kwabantu.

irejistrare registry ladm

Umzobo ubonisa isicatshulwa kwiincwadi zethu zonqulo, apho imibhalo ebonakala ngathi ivela kutshintshiselwano kwirejista yokubhalisa, kunye neendleko zokuhamba ezihlawulelwayo kwixesha elidlulileyo, kwiimali zetsimbi ezinqwenelekayo ezilinganiselwe kumlinganiselo -yintoni ingcamango enkulu kunoma yimuphi umphathi namhlanje-. Akukho namnye owathandabuzayo ukuqiniseka kwepropathi okanye ixabiso lelungelo elibhaliweyoVula ukudluliselwa«. Ewe, ukuba besifuna ukudibanisa i-cadastre kunye nobhaliso ngalo mhla, siya kuba nengxaki efanayo, nomsebenzi omnye wokubonisana kwabo batshayayo herbal njengoko sisenza.

Kuba okwangoku Honduras ngenxa inguqulelo entsha ye-nkqubo, iinkqubo ebezisenziwa phantse ibalulekile njengoko imiba zi-, ngokuba ishishini iyafana, kokusingqongileyo ziya inokuzitshintsha kwi mncinane, inkqubo iya kutshintsha. Kwilizwe ezintsha zobuchwepheshe siphila, phakathi xa ndaqalisa ukubhala inqaku kunye nosuku ithuba uyifunda wafika, iteknoloji boom entsha ezifundisa ukusombulula ingxaki yobhaliso-cadastre, kunye nabacebisi ezintathu ezintsha umnikelo wabo iinkonzo. Simele sikhumbule ukuba ubuchwephesha kuphela nje ngegalelo; Ibhalansi phakathi kwengcinezelo phakathi kokunikezelwa kwethekhnoloji kunye nemfuneko yokuphucula imimiselo iyimilinganiselo.

Ukuhlanganiswa kweRejista kunye neCadastre isahluko esimele siqaliswe. Ukuba ifundwa kuphela, kwaye ayizange ikhutshwe, iya kuba yinto yesayensi. Ukunene okanye ukungalunganga, xa kuqala, kuthatha ubugcisa obuninzi kunokuba isayensi iyenze into. Kodwa inqubo kangaka hlobo, nto leyo ethatha ngenkankulu isibini labantu abaye elundini ecacileyo, ngokuba isicombululo zonke macala phezu kwezibonelelo zabantu ezikhoyo, abaziingcali kwizifundo zabo: Ubhaliso, Cadastre, ulawulo komhlaba, isilawuli esizisebenzelayo , i-systematization kunye ... nezinye i-marijuana ekhuthazayo. 🙂

Imingeni emitsha izayo Isiqingatha salo nqaku sijikeleze kwikona.

Iimpendulo ze-2 "Imiba ye-6 ukuqwalasela kwi-Integrated Registry - Cadastre"

  1. Andazi ukuba ndiwuqonda kakuhle na umbuzo, kwaye ukuba angaphezulu komnye. Ndiza kuzama

    Inqaku lomthetho waseHonduran lithi ukuba kukho umahluko phakathi kwesivumelwano kunye ne-cadastre, kunye nemida ayitshintshanga, kwaye ulwazi lwe-cadastral luye lwanamhlanje, ulwazi lwe-cadastral lubekiwe. Ke ngoko umsebenzisi kufuneka atshintshe ukubhala kwakhe. Isivumelwano kufuneka sinamathele kwinkcazo yezobuchwephesha berekhodi le-cadastral.

    Kwimeko yokuhlola, engadingi ikhowudi ye-cadastral, enje ngamatyala ahlobene nokubanga, akukho mfuneko yakwenza nekhowudi ye-cadastral. Rekhoda ngokulula umlinganiselo (ISO 19152 irekhodi loPhando).

    Imida iveliswa yinkqubo ngendlela ezenzekelayo, kuhlalutywa kuqala iiplani ezizichukumisayo, emva koko ezo ezinokuchukumisa ukulunga koluntu, zihlalutya ezo kwelinye icala. Kwedatha efuduselwe kwisikimu, yenziwa ngephakheji kwi-BD, kwimeko yedatha engafuduswanga kwiGeographics, yenziwa yiVBA egcinwe kwiserver, kubhabho. Ukuba akukho phando kwaye asinalo iyelenqe elichongiweyo, kodwa ukuba unedatha edibeneyo yentsimi, inokuguqulwa ibe yiParcel Parcel, ukuze ungalahli ulwazi oluqokelelweyo, okanye ungene ungquzulwano kuba alunayo ijiyometri yokulinganisa. Kodwa kwaye ungavelisi ubungqina be-cadastral yedatha engekho ngaphakathi kwenkqubo.

  2. Ndingathanda ukwazi ukuba ziziphi iindlela amaqhosha e-cadastral acaciswe ngayo kwaye kwimeko apho itayitile yokuthengisa umhlaba inezinto ezinobungqina obuqinisekileyo, oko kukuthi, kwicala laseNyakatho liwela umda lomntu u-X kwaye kwicala leMpuma liwela umda emntwini. Kwaye akukho X okanye Y zinepropathi eziwela umda womhlaba zinemida emibini kumazantsi enesitalato sikawonke-wonke kunye nentshona enendlela yommelwane.

    Gracias

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