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I-AutoCAD Course ye-Microstation Abasebenzisi

Le veki ibe ngumhla owanelisayo kakhulu, ndifundisa inkqubo ye-AutoCAD yabasebenzisi be-Microstation, njengokuba kuqhubeka yezolimo ukuba sinike iintsuku ezimbalwa ezedlule usebenzisa i-CivilCAD ukuvelisa imodeli yedijithali kunye neendlela zokuhamba.

Esona sizathu siphambili sokuba siyenzile ibikukuba nangona besisoloko sisebenzisa isoftware yeBentley, asinakho ukuvala isithuba somsebenzi kuba phaya amathuba anokuvalwa ngenxa yokungazi ukuba sisebenzisa njani isoftware eyaziwayo kwindawo yethu. Uninzi lwabafundi babengabasebenzisi abasebenzisa iMicrostation kuphela, omnye wabo enomyalelo olungileyo weArcView 3x, omnye onamava amahle kwiArcGIS nakuCwangciso lweTerritorial, omnye onomyalelo olungileyo weCivilCAD nangona ingekho kangako kwi-AutoCAD, bambalwa ababonileyo Ukuphindaphindeka kwe-GIS kunye nevolontiya le-Peace Corps ekufuneka izihloko ziguqulelwe kwisiNgesi. Kuwo onke ama-18, kuphela ngamantombazana amathathu nakwiminyaka yobudala ... ukusuka kwiminyaka engama-23 ukuya kumda wama-50.

Ingqwalasela yale nkalo ibe phantsi komqathango:

i-autocad"Indlela yokwenza ngayo i-AutoCAD into esiyenzayo ngeMicrostation".

Ngenxa yesi sizathu, siye sazikhusela iingxaki zeRibhoni kwaye sisebenzise ukujonga okuklasi ukugxila kumyalelo we-32 kuphela, indlela endayisebenzisa ngaphambili nangona kukho iiyure ezongezelelweyo kunye neengqwalasela zezicwangciso ezakhayo ezenza ngokungafaniyo imiyalelo ye-8:

  • Ibha yokwakha i-11 (Zoba): Umgca, umgca wolwakhiwo, i-polyline, isangqa, uxande, yenza ibhloko, ibhloko yefowuni, inqaku, ukukhuhla kunye nokubhaliweyo okuninzi
  • Hlela iBar 10 (Guqula kancinane): Ikopi, ukufana, ukujikeleza, isikali, ukusika, ukwandisa, ukwaphula kwinqanaba elinye, ukophuka ngamanqaku amabini, ujikeleze ngeradiyo enguzero kunye neQela
  • 5 esiyisebenzisileyo ukusuka kwikhibhodi: Uluhlu, i-dist, ubude, indawo, ukwahlula
  • Izixhobo ezongeziweyo ezisixhenxe: Shicilela, ubungakanani, ireferensi yokufowuna i-DGN, ireferensi yokujonga umnxeba, umphathi wendlela, ipaneli yeepropathi kunye nolawulo lwe-snaps.

Ukongezelela, siye sabonisa ezinye izixhobo zokusetyenziswa okudibeneyo ukuze siqonde ukuba "ihlwempu" ye-AutoCAD ibe yibhodi yokudweba kuphela.

Into abayithandiyo nge-AutoCAD

Ukuba ngabasebenzisi abasebenzisa iMicrostation kwacaca ukuba ekuqaleni baziva bengakhululekile ngeengcamango ezahlukeneyo, nangenxa yokuba iziseko zekhosi azizange zivumele ukuba zisebenzise izihlandlo zokudlala yabo bakwi-Intanethi. Nangona ukuba ibiyikhosi ye-AutoCAD ka-2012, okunye ukungoneliseki kwakho ngekhe kube yimfuneko:

  • Ukuba nesandla esinye phakathi kwebhodibhodi kunye ne-Esc key
  • Jonga ezantsi lo myalelo ubuza, kwaye kutheni kufuneka uthethe into enye okanye ungene, ngena, ngenisa ngomyalelo ngamnye, endaweni yokuba neewindows ezivelelayo. Igalelo elinamandla labadida kuphela.
  • Ukuba ngamaxesha onke isondo lokuskrola se mouse siya kulahlwa xa udibanisa phakathi kwe-zoom / pan
  • Ukuba awukwazi ukudonsa phezu kweemigca ukuwavala okanye ukuwavula ukusuka kwipaneli ecaleni, mhlawumbi kwi fayili enye okanye kwiifayile zenkcazelo ngexesha elinye
  • Ukuba awukwazi ukubona iindawo ezazineenkcukacha ngeetoni ezahlukeneyo kunezinto ezingenanto
  • Ukuba kwi-raster handler inkxaso inkxaso kakhulu emifutshane kwaye ifake ukufakwa okumele ibuyiselwe emuva ukuze ingafihli i-vectors
  • Ukuba akukho sikhokelo sokunciphisa inkambo kunye nomgama kwi-stroke, ngaphandle kokusebenzisa umyalelo we-oblique sizing
  • Ukuba akukho myalelo weFence owenza imisebenzi emininzi kwindawo ekhethekileyo efana nokuthumela ngaphandle okanye ukusika ngokuluma.
  • Ukuba umyalelo wesicatshulwa awuvumeli ukunweba nokunciphisa intle
  • Ukuba awukwazi ukungenisa amaphuzu avela kwi-txt
  • Ukuba kwakungekho mbhalo owandisiweyo ukuluhlu lwamacebo
  • Ukuba imiyalelo yaphazanyiswa kunye neendlela ezisisiseko zokubambisana (ezifana nokucoca okanye ukunciphisa), okanye ukuba ekuhlehliseni kuthathwa njengezenzo ezifana nokucima
  • Ukuba imiyalelo ihlakazekile kwiibhasi zeetrabha okanye kwiibhothi zeerbhoni
  • Indlela yokubhala iibheringi kwifom @dist
  • Kuya kufuneka ungenise imiyalelo ngesandla, njengoluhlu, dist, ubude, indawo, regen. Ingxaki enkulu kukuba i-AutoCAD yam yayingesiNgesi, eyabo ngeSpanish kwaye ke iindlela ezimfutshane bezingasoloko zisebenza, isiseko esingaphezulu kwesinye asamkelanga myalelo ngesiNgesi. Kananjalo ukungonwabi ukubiza imiyalelo ngamagama angaqhelekanga (njengokuseta ukuseta, ukuboniswa kulwakhiwo ...)
  • Oko akuzange kubalwe indawo ukusuka kumanzi wamanzi kwaye kufuneka kutyunjelwe kumda
  • Ukuba ubungakanani bephuzu, ubungakanani kunye nomgca wendlela abayisebenzisayo kwaye kuyimfuneko ukusebenzisa umyalelo wokulungisa
  • Ukukhawuleza ukuthelekisa, nangona kuqhutywe kakuhle kwindlela ephathekayo Dell Inspiron Mini, Kulawo ane-1 GB yememori, i-snap iya kuxhonywa okanye ngawo wonke umzuzu iya kuphakamisa iphaneli ethi kufuneka iphinde ihlaziywe. Kucacile ukuba ezi mini azenzelwanga i-AutoCAD, kodwa yile nto amakhwenkwe ayenayo kwaye abangakhange babenangxaki nayo besebenzisa iMicrostation

Into abayithandayo kakhulu nge-AutoCAD

i-autocadNjengoko le nkqubela yaqhubela phambili, bafumana izinto ezintle:

  • Ukuze ukwazi ukunamathisela uluhlu lweenkcukacha kwi-Excel ngaphandle kokusebenzisa ifayile ye-txt
  • Iphaneli yepropati apho unokwenza izihlunu ngeempawu ezithile kunye neendlela zokusebenza ezibhetele ngakumbi kunepaneli ye-V8i, phakathi kwabo ukudala isitayela sokugcoba ukunambitha
  • Umyalelo wokuphulwa kwinqanaba, elingenakho kwi-Microstation kwaye iza kusombulula ezininzi kwi-vertex ingxenyana
  • Umda wokwakha (xline), okhoyo kwi-Microstation awunakho kwaye usombulula uninzi lwezibethe kwitafile kunye ne-4H ipensele
  • Izakhiwo zokushicilela, ezazibonakala zilula kunezolawulo zemizekelo kwi-Microstation.
  • Idizayidi ukudala izakhiwo zokushicilela, ezigqithise ngaphezu kwe-V8i Sheet Composer, nangona zilahlekile ukhetho lweemilinganiselo kwiimitha kuba i-AutoCAD kuphela izisa iimitha zamitha kunye no-intshi ngokungagqibekanga
  • Imisebenzi eyiFit kunye ne-spline ye-polyline yayinomdla wokuthaya imigca yeendlela
  • Iphakheji yebhokisi ekhoyo kwiZiko loKwakha kunye nokulula kokugcina ibhloko kwiifayile kwaye kungekhona ngokubelweyo.

Yintoni eyatshintsha indlela yabo

Ukusukela kusuku lwesibini sijonge kwizixhobo ze-CivilCAD, njengomnye wabafundi onomyalelo owamkelekileyo weso sixhobo. Ukubona oku kunye nePlexEarth inikwe umzekelo wemodeli yamaqonga e-CAD,engathandabuzekiyo-Impumelelo isekwe ekwenzeni lula ibhodi yokuzoba ubuncinci, ukuze ezinye izisombululo kunye neenkampani zibe nethuba lokwenza ishishini kwi-API yakho. Phakathi kwezinto esizibonileyo malunga ne-CivilCAD, esincedileyo ukuba siqonde lo mbandela:

  • Ukubhaliweyo kweepakethi ngokunyuka
  • Ukuphawulwa kwemida yeepropathi. Sichithe phantse iyure sisebenza ekubekeni iindlela zokulinganisa, kwaye ukubona ukuba yenziwe lula njani i-CivilCAD ilungile.
  • Ukubala kwendawo kunye nenketho yokufaka into kunye nokubeka itekisi ngaphakathi kwipropati ngaphandle kokuba i-polyline
  • Ukwahlula iipastile zibe ngamaphesenti, imimandla ethile kunye nenani leenkatho
  • Isakhelo sokwakha ngokuzenzekelayo ngeemplates ezahlukeneyo
  • I-generator yegridi kwi-UTM kunye neenkcukacha zendawo
  • Utyalo-mali lwekhosi kule mgca

iguana

Kube ngamava anomdla, apho igalelo elihlanganyelweyo liluncedo ngakumbi kunento ebendinokubanika yona. Ezinye zazo zikrelekrele kuba zinomyalelo olungileyo wemephu kwaye nangenxa yokuba ziyazi ukuba zinoxanduva lokuphinda olu qeqesho kwezinye iincutshe ... nabanye ngenxa yithuba abalibonayo lokwenza imisebenzi ekuthiwa kule meko "iguana".

Kwaye kwakuba yinto elungileyo yokucamngca ngexabiso lokubandakanya umgangatho wesofthiwe yokungaboni, njengokuba umgaqo wokunyaniseka, ngenxa yale nto sibonise imisebenzi iilayisenisi zemfundo ze-AutoDesk njengenye indlela yokusebenzisa i-AutoCAD ngaphandle kokungena ngokungekho mthethweni, kunye nenzuzo ekhoyo ekuthengeni i-PlexEarth ngexabiso elingaphantsi kunexabiso eliqhelekileyo lefowuni ephathekayo kwigumbi.

Kwaye, wangikhumbuza ngamaxesha okunikela Izifundo ze-AutoCAD, zichonge ukuvela kwezinto kunye nokuguquguquka okunokufumaneka kutshintsho lomdibaniso. Ndifundile okungakumbi kunam, ukubona into eyenziwa yi-CivilCAD indiqinisekisile ukuba iya kuba sisihloko esiqhelekileyo kwiinyanga ezizayo, ngakumbi kuba isoftware yaseMexico iyalungelelanisa kakhulu neendlela esizifunayo kwimeko ye-Hispanic. Ifana kakhulu neSoftdesk, yenza iindlela ze-Civil 3D ngokukhawuleza okukhulu nangokudideka okuncinci, nangona kwixa elizayo kunokuba kufanelekile ukwenza ikhosi yokuthelekisa phakathi kweBentley PowerCivil ne-CivilCAD okanye i-AutoDesk Civil 3D.

Kukho izinto ezininzi kwaye ulandele ezinye iingcebiso ezifakwe phakathi kwemigca, ezininzi zazo ngaphandle kweyomxholo we-CAD.

Khuphela i-CivilCAD

Khuphela PlexEarth

Landa i-AutoCAD

Golgi Alvarez

Umbhali, umphandi, ingcali kwiiModeli zoLawulo loMhlaba. Uthathe inxaxheba ekucingeni nasekuphunyezweni kweemodeli ezifana ne: INkqubo yeSizwe yoLawulo lwePropati SINAP eHonduras, iModeli yoLawulo loMasipala abaManyeneyo eHonduras, iModeli eDityanisiweyo yoLawulo lweCadastre - iRegistry eNicaragua, iNkqubo yoLawulo lweTerritory SAT eColombia. . Umhleli weblogi yolwazi lwe-Geofumadas ukususela kwi-2007 kunye nomdali we-AulaGEO Academy equka izifundo ezingaphezu kwe-100 kwi-GIS - CAD - BIM - Digital Twins izihloko.

Amanqaku Afana

Shiya amazwana

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