BIM - Ihlabathi eliya kuphupha iminyaka eyi-20 edlulileyo

kweminyaka 20 kamva, andikwazi ukunxulumana kuphela zazivelela BIM njengoko zimelwe elo xesha ukushiya ibhodi bezoba iphepha lokuzoba yeefayile CAD. Le uphuhliso eyothusayo, ucinga ukuba weza ekubeni chinógrafo woopopayi kunye calculista lencwadi + calculator + Lotus 123. Kwakubonakala emangalisayo ukukholelwa ukuba akuyomfuneko ukuba bambulale irabha sombane kunye ukakayi iphepha lokuzoba phambi kokuba yohlenga-hlengiso, singasathethi ukwenza utshintsho iinqwelomoya multiple ukuba utshintshe, okanye ukuyilahla iikopi yeSepia yasekuqaleni, leyo bakhonza kuphela ukunyhibhela nge ibomvu phantsi kwezicwangciso ezifana nokwakha okanye ukumboza itafile yomakhi womenzi.mthethweni

Mandivume ukuba ndisoloko yaba fan yobuchwepheshe, ukuba wasebenzisa 8086 ne-orenji esweni screen DOS amaxesha ekrwada. Impressively kokuba yafudukela ukwenza iindleko chips unit eLotus 123 ukuya SAICIC 3 ukuba uhlahlo kunye noqikelelo, eyayidleke esidala matrix ixesha SAICIC kwi Microsoft Project 4 ukulawula ixesha, kodwa inventri zisasebenzisa lwenkqubo kwi FoxBase ngo DOS Akunjalo kuba kwakungekho ngaphezulu, kodwa u-Piracy EaglePoint kunye ne-SAICIC 4 ngaloo mihla yayingenakwenzeka.

Yonke into yatshintsha xa Ndamthabatha ukuba ezandleni zam AutoCAD, ngoko R13 kunye Gateway PC 2000, 133 MHz Pentium I and 250 MB hard diski. Ngokuqinisekileyo, ezo zihlandlo apho ndizitshilela khona kuphela kwiofisi kunye nemoya yomoya -yi khompyutha; kungekhona kum-, kwaye uphume ekushiseni kwemini emini nge sweta ye-ocher ukuze uthenge isidlo sasemini i-Chocolate Crunch kunye neCoke.

Fuck i-triglycerides ebaluleke kakhulu.

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I-BIM namhlanje kum meyiphi into eyayingenakwenzekayo xa ndinguye kuphela onguchwepheshe wekhnoloji onomdla ngokuchonga imigaqo-ncwadi -kunye noko ndiza kuba nako-.

Ukuba nje besine-AECOsim, uyilo lwangaphambili belungayi kufuna ukwenza imizobo yamanzi yoMyili uRamiro Bonilla, apho endleleni ibinomtsalane kodwa ingenakuphikiswa, koloyilo lweSakhiwo esiyiNtloko seBhanki yoMkhosi oxhobileyo waseHonduras; bekuya kwenziwa kube kanye kwi-CAD, ukwenza iibhlokhi ezahlukeneyo zeendleko ezixabisa kakhulu ukuvisisana nomxholo «ngqondweni»NguNjineli uRoberto López Carballo. Emva kokuvunywa kwakhe, ngekhe abuzabalaza kangangeentsuku ukuze afumane imvume yokwakha, ngokubandezeleka okungagungqiyo kukaRudy noRubén -namhlanje abakhi beenhlonipho- ingakumbi kuba kwaoko oomatshini kuphuhliswa kwafuneka enze ukubiya nomonde wezakhiwo Boris Viscovich kwakunye nencasa okukruqulayo ngenxa counterweights kakubi, ayikhankanyi kunye kwizikhewu ofanelekileyo kwendlu ukuze yokupakisha 2.50 ububanzi.

Nge-BIM, uyilo lusekelwe kwimimandla esebenzayo, njengabacwangcisi abakwenzayo kwi-AECOsim, kwiimpawu eziqhotyoshelwe kwi-template I-imodeli, ukwenzela ukuba injineli yesakhiwo idlala kuphela ngobukhulu, isebenze i-DGN efanayo kwi-Bentley STAAD; ngaphandle kokulandelwa okungapheliyo kweNjineli uRivera, kunye namaxwebhu ayo aphrintiweyo aqhubekayo efuna ixesha eliphezulu lokugqithisa.aecosim

BIM ivumela uphuhliso kangaka engumzekelo kwenkqubo umoya, ulawulo uphazamiseko yokuqala, ukwenza umahluko phakathi umqadi zentsimbi kunye eziphathekayo, xa ufuna ukwenza umngxuma nqanaba kwikota-ubude okanye ukuba i-bracket ayiyi kuvumela. Siza kulondoloza ihlabathi, emva kokuba isiseko siphinde sahlengahlengwa emva kweemeko zobuninzi ezifumaneka kwindawo yokuphakamisa, iimitha ezili-5 ngaphantsi kwesiseko, okubandakanyeka ukucinga kwakhona ngodonga lwekhawu kunye nokuguqulwa kwakhona kwe-slab yesiseko. BentleyRAM zihlangana for ungasinika zokwakha, GEOPAK ngenxa ucando lomhlaba kunye okuvelisa Amacandelo uyilo egosogoso neqonga bekuya kuba yayinqabile ... kwaye zonke kwifayile DGN kondliwa ibhanile IFC ProjectWise, akukhathazeki ukuba iofisi yam i-Torres Valladolid de Comayaguela kwaye ngaloo ntsasa ndifanele ndilwe kwiCandelo leklasi yeThala leencwadi ngexesha lokufa kweyunivesithi ebusuku.

Kodwa BIM kudlulela ngaphaya kuyilo umzekelo, nayo liquka yokulinganisa inkqubo yokwakha, khumbula ukuba yabiza isigqibo emkhosini baloo maxesha ngokukhetha uhlobo lwezincedisi ugqibile wayebonakala symbology olungenasiphelo-moya kwezindawo; Yintoni ongayithethi malunga nokuhlaziywa kwemithwalo efile emva kokuba bathethe isigqibo sokuba baye kwi-marble ngezinga lesikhombisa. Ukusebenzisa ngumzekelo BIM yenzelwe kusetyenziswa izinto ubomi benene, nokuba Revit okanye AECOsim, nawe nje ukuba athi ukuba kukho udonga, enoba umbandela, kodwa ukuba icwangciselwe kuthiwa kwibhloko eziphathekayo, eyophuma enatyabeka ngako of 0.75 iisentimitha zamafu kunye 1 ngodaka: ikalika 4 likhazimlisiwe kunye nepeyinti isiseko amanzi. Nazi umkhabi, akuyi kufuneka ukuba benze izibalo, alandelayo izibalo ukuqikelela iindleko xa usebenzisa plugin for Naviswork, ndiya unokuba lwabiwo dynamically kungakhathaliseki utshintsho Idiots e akuthandayo colonels ezoyikekayo.

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Xa design, kufuneka nje ukwenza izicwangciso floor, cuts, olungaphambili, ngaphandle kokuba ukwenza endala, kuquka iimbono umbono, ukudibanisa i bonus eyi iimposiso mihle ukuba ngoku wayeza ingawazalisi iiyure ingxoxo kwikomkhulu I-Institute of Military Forecasting, kunye nebhodi elitsha labalawuli abahlala bezazi kwakhona zonke iinkcukacha zeprojekthi. Imigangatho ye-IFC ngoku vumela ukutshintshwa kungakhathaliseki ukuba ndisebenzisa i-AECOsim (eyayisakuba yiBentley Architecture) kwaye i-AutoDesk Revit + Naviswork (ekhoyo ngoku iquka into endiyenzayo). Ngoko ke, ukuba esweni inkqubela yemisebenzi ayifuni ukuya iincwadi yenjineli uCarlos Rosales, abangazange kunamathela-akhawunti yenjineli Marisela, iingcinga Vaquero Palma, okanye Scribbles Engineer Jessica Ortiz. Ingandi sindisa ixesha lokucwangcisa uqikelelo, utshintshe ii-oda kunye nokulawulwa kwenkqubela kwiNksProject.

Oh, yaye ke, BIM igcina mna apho kuya kuthetha ukuba emva kwamehlo ngononophelo injineli Rosario, umlinganiselo yaye kubhalwe kwincwadi yakhe zonke iinkcukacha ukuchaza izicelo amabhastile ezizodwa Honduras, guardrails fax ubhedu inkampani Torogoz e El Salvador, okanye umyalelo weempawu isibhakabhaka ezayo evela Miami kwaye akukho mntu waziyo apho isikhongozeli kulahlekileyo Customs Puerto Cortes.

Ukuba ucinga ntoni obekwe kunye software CAD is ultimate, u vula amehlo yakho BIM, kuba iya ngaphaya koko wabizwa ngaphambili AEC (Architecture, ezobuNjineli Construction), AECO iquka umjikelo wobomi msebenzi, okanye Ubomi bomsebenzi wokwakhiwa kwelo xesha, i-20 iminyaka kamva ayibonakali njengeprojekthi yobunjineli kodwa njengeprojekthi yezoqoqosho -njengoko kwakunjalo-.

La Umgca wexesha leBIM Kukude, kodwa ukuba unako ukunqoba nantoni na ixesha, jonga Hlaziya y AECOsim. Ukuphefumlelwa okubangela ukuba kufane ne-20 kwiminyaka edlulileyo, isigqibo esinqununu sokukhetha ukuba ndiyishiye ngokuthanda kwakho.

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