Yongeza
cadastreMicrostation-Bentley

Indlela yokuvula, ilebula, kunye nefayile ye .shp kunye ne-Microstation V8i

Kule nqaku siza kubona indlela yokuvula, ukubeka umxholo kunye neleyibhile yefayile ye-shp usebenzisa iMicrostation V8i, esebenza ngokufanayo neMephu yeBentley. Nangona ziziifayile ze-16-bit zakudala, ezindala njengezinye-baninzi- kweenwele zam ezingwevu, akunakuphepheka ukuba ziqhubeke nokusetyenziswa kwimeko yethu yendawo. Kucacile ukuba ezi nqobo ziyasebenza kwizinto zevektha ezinxulunyaniswe neminye imithombo yedatha.

Ngolunye usuku ndathetha ngendlela, usebenzisa iMicstation V8, bangenisa, babhala kunye nendlela yokwenza ngqangi.  umbane we-microstation powerviewOkwelo xesha ndisebenzise iMicrostation Geographics version 2004, into leyo endothusayo kukubona ukuba uninzi lusayisebenzisa ngolwaneliseko olukhulu-okanye ukwesaba ukufuduka-. Kule meko siza kusebenzisa inguqulelo yeMicrostation PowerView Khetha i-Series 3, oku kungaphezulu okanye kuncinci kulingana nePowerMap, ngexabiso elimalunga ne- $ 1,500 yelayisensi engapheliyo.

Vula ifayile ye-shp

Ngezi nguqulelo akufuneki ukuba ungenise ifayile ye-shp, njengoko ifundeka ngokuthe ngqo, njengefayile kwimodi ye-master okanye njenge-reference.
Oku kwenziwa:

Ifayile> vula

Ke kuhlobo lwefayile, sikhetha olo hlobo .shp, ukuze iifayile zolo hlobo zidweliswe kuphela. Njengoko kunokubonwa kwimizobo, iMicrostation V8i inokuvula ngaphandle kokungenisa, iifayile zohlobo dgn, dwg, dxf, iifayile zebhlokhi (.cel), iilayibrari (.dgnib), kunye neenguqulelo ze-True dwg ze-AutoDesk (dwg kunye ne-dxf), sketchUp (.skp), phakathi kwezinye, kubandakanya i-dgn enokuba nolwandiso ngokuthanda (.cat .hid .rie .adm, njl.

Jonga idatha ye-dbf

umbane we-microstation powerviewIfayile ye-shp inezinto zomhlaba, ihlala ubuncinci iifayile ezimbini ezongezelelweyo: i-shx leyo ikwisalathiso kunye ne-dbf equlathe idathabheyisi enxulunyaniswe nezinto zomhlaba. Ukongeza, iprj equlethe ingqikelelo kunye nenkqubo yesalathiso nayo ibalulekile.

Ukubona iipropati zefayili ye-dbf, yenza oku kulandelayo:

Izixhobo> geospatial> imisebenzi yedatha

Kule phaneli, sikhetha i-icon 5 ebizwa ngokuba "Hlaziya iimpawu ze-XFM".

Khumbula ukuba iimpawu ze-xfm zivela kwi-Microstation Geographics 2004, xa zisetyenziselwa i-xml idata yedatha kwizinto ze-vector njenge-evolution of link engenelo.

umbane we-microstation powerviewNgelo xesha yayisebenza kuphela kwiimpawu ezenziwe nguMlawuli weGeospatial. Ngoku kunokwenzeka ukuba ufunde naluphi na ulwazi kwiziko ledatha elinxulumene nento.

 Ukudalwa koMzekelo

Ukwenza iilebheli, umxholo, okanye eminye imisebenzi yendawo, okokuqala kufanelekile ukuvelisa imodeli. Oku akunakwenziwa kwindawo yokusebenza kwaye kujongeka njengoku-nangona akufani-bume bume beAutoCAD.

Oku kwenziwa kanje:

Ifayile> Umphathi wemephu

Kuya kusibuza ukuba sifuna umzekelo ukuba wenziwe, sikhetha ukhetho ewe, kwaye luyongezwa njengento yokubhekisela.

Ngale nto, iphaneli esecaleni yenziwe ngasekhohlo kwendawo yokusebenza, apho ungabona khona idatha zombini ngohlobo lweeklasi kunye namanqanaba. Le modeli ixhasa iifayile zayo ekubhekiswa kuzo, jonga iipropathi kunye nokunye okuninzi kokuhlaziywa kohlaziyo lwesithuba njengokuvelisa isiphambuka, ii-geoprocesses (joyina, unqamleze, ungabandakanyi ...), uluhlu lwedatha, indawo kunye, kwaye ichaziwe apha ngezantsi: Umxholo kunye nelebheli.

Ukutshatyalaliswa ngokwemiqathango

Kumxholo, khetha umaleko ngeqhosha lasekunene lemouse kwaye ukhethe "Isimboli ...". Kule meko, ndisebenzisa imephu ye-cadastral yokutshayela, ethetha ukuba iimpahla zoluntu ezifana ne-streambeds kunye nezitrato zinezitshixo ze-cadastral kwaye zimelwe njengepasela.

Masicinge ukuba kwimephu yam ye-cadastral, ndifuna ukupeyinta iipasile zohlobo lwesitalato zingwevu, iipasile zohlobo lwepropathi kwiorenji kunye neepasile zohlobo lomlambo eziluhlaza. Ngenxa yoku, kufuneka ndenze iiklasi ezintathu:

Inketho yesimboli "yeThematic" ikhethiwe, ngoko iklasi yokuqala yenziwa, kunye negama elithi Calles, kunye nemeko ekhethiweyo kwitheyibhile APHO TIPOPARCEL = 1, njengoko kuboniswe kwigrafu elandelayo. Iklasi inokuchazwa umbala, uhlobo lomgca, ubukhulu, ukukhanya; kule meko sikhetha umbala ongwevu. Ngendlela efanayo senza ngohlobo lwamaza oMlambo ngombala ozuba kunye nohlobo lwePropati ngomthubi.

i-gis microstation

Nje ukuba iqhosha elithi "Faka" likhethiwe, esi sisiphumo. Ndicebisa ukuba udlale ngeenxa zonke kunye nezinye izinto, ezinjengokudala iiklasi ezisekwe kuluhlu okanye ezinye esiqhele ukuzibona kwiinkqubo zeGIS.

i-microstation amandla ukubukela i-1

 

Faka iileyile (ilebula) ukusuka kwi-dbf

Okokugqibela, ukuba into esiyifunayo kukuba iziza zibe neleyibhile. Umaleko ukhethwa ngeqhosha lasekunene lemouse, kwaye “Ukuleyibhila…” kukhethiwe, ngolu hlobo luvela indawo yolawulo apho siza kukhetha khona “Ngomaleko” njengesitayile sokulebhelisha, umbhalo weArial, obomvu, kwikholamu yesiseko ebizwa ngokuba yi-PLOTID nokuba Okubhaliweyo akujikeleziswanga ngokwemilo yeploti (Uqhelaniso lulungisiwe).

Apho sinayo, isicatshulwa esinamandla esivela kwi-dbf. Ewe kunjalo, kunokwenzeka ukongeza iindawo ezizenzekelayo njengendawo yento, engafaniyo nendawo egciniweyo, inamandla kunye nohlaziyo ngokuhlela ijiyometri.

i-microstation amandla ukubukela i-1

Ukuphawula iilebheli kunye nesitayile seepropathi kungagcinwa njenge-xml, ngolwandiso lomxholo, olufana nezitayile ze-SLD. Ke ziyabizwa kwakhona kwaye zisetyenziswe kolunye udidi okanye ngaphakathi kwenkqubo yesiqhelo eyenziwe kwiVBA.

Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ifayile esisebenze nayo yi-shp kwaye ifundwa kuphela. Kodwa ngokuyigcina njenge-dgn, inokuhlelwa kwaye zonke iipropathi zedatha ziya kuba kwi-xml efakwe kwizikim eziqulethwe kwi-dgn.

Golgi Alvarez

Umbhali, umphandi, ingcali kwiiModeli zoLawulo loMhlaba. Uthathe inxaxheba ekucingeni nasekuphunyezweni kweemodeli ezifana ne: INkqubo yeSizwe yoLawulo lwePropati SINAP eHonduras, iModeli yoLawulo loMasipala abaManyeneyo eHonduras, iModeli eDityanisiweyo yoLawulo lweCadastre - iRegistry eNicaragua, iNkqubo yoLawulo lweTerritory SAT eColombia. . Umhleli weblogi yolwazi lwe-Geofumadas ukususela kwi-2007 kunye nomdali we-AulaGEO Academy equka izifundo ezingaphezu kwe-100 kwi-GIS - CAD - BIM - Digital Twins izihloko.

Amanqaku Afana

Shiya amazwana

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Le sayithi isebenzisa i-Akismet ukunciphisa ugaxekile. Funda indlela idatha yakho yokubhaliweyo isetyenziswe ngayo.

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