Vula ifayile yeGML ngeQGIS kunye ne-Microstation

Ifayile yeGML yenye yefomathi eyanconywa kakhulu ngabaphuhlisi be-GIS kunye nabasebenzisi, kuba ngaphandle kokuba ibe yifomati exhaswe kwaye ihambelaniswe yi-OGC, isebenza kakhulu ekutshintsheni nasekutshintshisweni kwedatha kwizicelo zewebhu.

I-GML yinto yokusetyenziswa kweelwimi le-XML yeenjongo zejejethi, igama layo lithetha ulwimi loLwimi lweeJografi. Ngale ndlela kunokwenzeka ukuthumela kwifayile yombhalo, ifayile ye vector kunye nemifanekiso usebenzisa iMGLJP2. Ingqiqo yayo isekelwe kwinkcazo yesakhiwo seendawo (oko kuthethwa khona) kunye nedatha ngokwayo, ukuze inkqubo ye-GIS xa ifunda iFayile yeGML iguqulela iiprofayili zayo kuqala kwaye ibonise idatha yeendawo kwakukho.

umfanekiso

Umzekelo wesithombe esedlulileyo ulingana nokuthengiswa kokugcinwa kweefowuni, apho ipropati ibonakala kwimeko yayo yokuqala, kwaye iyafana neyodwa into ephindwe idibeneyo, kunye nolwazi lomninimzi lomnatha.

Indlela yokufunda ifayile yeGML usebenzisa i-QGIS.

Oku kuyinto elula njengoko isofthiwe ekhululekile inokuyenza:

  • Umqolo> yongeza umgca> faka umgca wecala> hlola

Nantsi inketho ye-GML ikhethiweyo, kwaye yile nto.

umfanekiso

Ukugcina uluhlu kwiQGIS njengefayile ye-GLM, nqakraza ngokuchanekileyo kwinqanaba, gcina kwaye ukhethe ukhetho lwe-GML.

Nantsi kuyimfuneko ukuchaza ezinye iinkqubo, umzekelo:

  • Yinkqubo yokubhekisa, eyona inokuthi isele ichaze umgca.
  • Ukubhaliswa kwabalinganiswa, iLatini 1 ilungele ukungabi neengxaki ngeentetho kunye neleta ñ kumongo wethu waseSpeyin.
  • Ifom ebaluleke, ukusebenzisa iGML 3 kuya kuba namandla ngakumbi xa sifuna ukuba ifundwe ezinye iinkqubo okanye zisasazwe ngeGeoserver.
  • Kwakhona, kufuneka kusekwe ukuba sifuna ukuba icebo lifakwe kwifayile efanayo okanye ngokwahlukileyo. Xa ufunda nge Bentley Imephu, kufuneka ukuba ibe ngokwahlukileyo, njengoko kuchaziwe kamva.

umfanekiso

Indlela yokufunda ifayile yeGML nge-Microstation V8i

Lo msebenzi ungenziwa kuphela nge-Microstation izicelo ze-GIS, njengeBentley Map, PowerView, iBentley Cadastre, okanye efanayo.

Kwimeko yam, ukuba ndiyisebenzisa i-Bentley Imephu, kwenziwa kanje:

umfanekiso

  • Ifayile> Ukungenisa> Iintlobo zeDisethi ye-GIS ...

Njengoko uyakubona, apha unakho ukubiza iindawo zendawo ezenziwe njenge-Web Feature Service WFS, i-Oracle Spatial, i-SQL Server.

Iifayile zohlobo lwe-SHP azihlali zithengiswa ngaphandle, kuba zivula ifomu lomthonyama.

Kwimeko yeefayile zeGML, ukhetho lwefayile ye-GML olongezelelweyo lukhethiweyo ...

Kwiphaneli ebonakalayo, kuya kufuneka ukuba ukhethe ukuba ifayile yeenkcazo ihlukileyo. Ifayile yeBentley schema iyaziwa njenge-XSD.

Kwaye xa oko kwenziwa, nqakraza ngakwesokudla kwindlela ye-Import1 kwakhona, kwaye ukhethe Ukuhlola kuqala ukuyibonisa okanye Ukungenisa ukuyizisa kwimephu.

umfanekiso

Xa udibanisa into kunye ne "Hlaziya" iqhosha, eliphawulwe njengebini leziglasi, kwaye uyichukumisa into, idatha yedatha iyaphakanyiswa kokubili njengetafile kunye nekhowudi ye-xml, njengoko kuboniswe kumfanekiso olandelayo.

Ukuthumela ngaphandle kwi-GML, inkqubo elandelayo ilandelwayo:

  • Ifayile> Ukuthumela ngaphandle> Uhlobo lweenkcukacha ze-GIS ...

umfanekiso

Kuzo zombini iifom, kunye ne-QGIS kunye ne-Bentley Imephu, kunokwenzeka ukuba uguqule kalula i-GML njengayo nayiphi na ifayile ye-vector, kunye nedatha yayo ye-alphanumeric.

Iimpendulo ze-2 "Vula ifayile yeGML ngeQGIS kunye ne-Microstation"

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