I-software ye-GIS - ichazwe kumazwi e-1000

Inyanga yakutshanje kaMeyi, Iphepha le-1.2 lishicilelwe le ngcaciso emfutshane kodwa ehloniphayo egama layo libonakala lihlekisa ubunzima beSofthiwe malunga nokuphathwa kwedatha yendawo.

Kubhaliwe nguStefan Steiniger noRobert Weibel weYunivesithi yaseCalgary eCalifornia naseYunivesithi yaseZurich ngokulandelanayo. Ekugqibeleni banike iikhredithi kwezinye izinto ezisesekondari.

Emva kwesalathiso esifutshane, apho isistim esisisiseko senkqubo yesofthiwe ye-GIS ichaziwe, loxwebhu luqukethe izihloko eziphambili ze-4:

I-GIS Software: Iingcamango

Apha ukwahlula phakathi kweendlela ezimbini ezibalulekileyo zokumela idatha: Ukwenziwa kweRaster kunye neVector.

Emva koko sebenzisa ngokusemthethweni umgaqo omdala othi "Umfanekiso ufanele amagama anamawaka" kwaye ubonise iskrini se-OpenJump ukuchaza iziqendu eziqhelekileyo zeso sixhobo se-GIS:

  • Imenyu yomsebenzi
  • Izixhobo zokuhamba
  • Isakhelo socwangciso
  • Izixhobo zokuhlela
  • Umbono wendawo kwimephu
  • Imbono yeembono zeempawu

software software gis

Iindlela eziqhelekileyo ezihamba kunye ne-GIS Software

Kule candelo kukho uluhlu lwemisebenzi eyisiseko ye-9 enokufunwa ngumsebenzisi kwisixhobo:

  1. Yakha data
  2. Hlela, ukuba ngaba idatha iguqukile
  3. Gcina, emva kokuba wenze utshintsho
  4. Ngcamango idatha evela kwezinye iindawo
  5. Hlanganisa idatha evela kwezinye iindawo ezikhoyo
  6. Qhagamshelana ngokusekelwe kwiikhrayitheriya
  7. Hlalutya idatha kwaye yenze iziphumo
  8. Yenza kwaye utshintshe idatha evela kuhlalutyo
  9. Shicilela iziphumo ziphumo kwiimephu

umfanekisoLe nkqubo ngaphambili ndayiphakamise kuyo amathandathu Xa ndenza incwadana yeMbonfold, kule ngxaki bayandisa ukwakhiwa kwedatha ukwahlula ezo zifunyenwe kunye nezinye izixhobo kunye nokuhlalutya, ukuhlula umbuzo olula, ukusuka kuhlalutyo lweziphumo kunye noshintsho kwidatha entsha.

  1. Ukwakhiwa (Yenza, Ubonise)
  2. Uhlalutyo (Jonga, Hlaziya, usebenzise)
  3. Ukupapashwa (Shicilela)
  4. Hlela (Hlela)
  5. Ulawulo (Gcina)
  6. Ukutshintshwa (Ukuhlanganiswa)

GIS Software Categories

Kule candelo i-7 iindidi ezahlukileyo ezahlukileyo kuye kuxhomekeke kwi-specialty, kubandakanywa:

  1. I-GIS yedeskithophu (ideskithophu)
    Viewer
    umhleli
    Uhlalutyi
  2. Umphathi wedatha yedatha
  3. Umncedisi wemephu yeWebhu
  4. I-GIS yomSebenzi
  5. Umxhasi we-Web GIS
    Okulula (njenge-Google Maps)
    Unzima (NjengoGoogle Earth)
  6. I-GIS yeselula (i-Mobile GIS)
  7. Iibrari neeNkqubo ze-GIS

Ngaphandle kwegrafu, itafile efaniswayo ifakwe apho imisebenzi ye-9 yangaphambili idlulelwe kwiindidi ezikhethekileyo zesofthiwe.

software software gis

I-GIS Software Manufacturers kunye neeprojekthi

Kule ndlela, kubhekiswa kuyo izinto eziphambili kwi-software yokuvelisa, ukuthengisa kunye nokukhululeka.

Ushishino lubhekisela kwi-AutoDesk, eBentley, ESRI, GE (i-Small World), kunye nePitney Bowes (i-Mapinfo)

Kwaye phakathi kweprogram ye-software ekhululekile yenziwe ngeMapServer, GeoServer, PostGIS, i-Quantum GIS, kunye ne-gvSIG.

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