Ukuphunyezwa kwe-LADM kusetyenziswa i-INTERLIS-Colombia

Ngexesha leveki yesithathu kaJuni, i-2016 ifundise i-INTERLIS Course, ibonwa njengelwimi kunye nesixhobo sokuncedisa ukuphunyezwa I-Model Domain Domain Administration (LADM) kwindawo yokulawula umhlaba yaseColombia.

Ikhosi iye yaphuhliswa izigaba ezibini, omnye / kwinqanaba ezisisiseko theoretical neqela elikhulu zamaziko ahlukeneyo inxaxheba kulawulo lizwe, efuna ukuqonda ukuba yintoni na INTERLIS, ukusetyenziswa kwezicelo ziphuhliswe, inokusetyenziswa kunye neziphumo isicelo layo nendlela Ulawulo lweMhlaba kumazwe aseMntla / aseMpuma aseYurophu; Ngemini yesibini khosi eluncedo ngakumbi liqela leengcaphephe ezincinane weendawo othe inxaxheba ekwakheni imodeli LADM Colombia.

Umngeni onomdla, ekuqwalaseleni ukuba umququzeleli weNqununu Michael Germann, akukho nanye ngaphandle kwesinye isithethi se-LADM esekelwe kwi-INTERLIS kwisiganeko se-FIG esandula, kunye kunye UJürg Kaufmann, UDaniel Steudler, uChristiaan Lemmen, uPeter Van Oosterom noKees de Zeeuw. Kwaye nditsho umceli mngeni, kuba abalinganiswa beli nqanaba bahlala benemida ngexesha lokuveza imiba yokutshaya phambi kwabaphulaphuli abaqhelekileyo nabangoku kumxholo weLatin American.

Yintoni i-INTERLIS

Yilwimi lomxholo wolwazi (Ulwimi lweConma - CSL), esetyenziselwa ukuchaza iimodeli, nangona inokusetyenziselwa nayiphi na inkqubo, ikhethekileyo kwiimodeli ze-geospatial, kuba ibandakanya iintlobo ezininzi zejometri. Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba i-INTERLIS ayisosoftware, kodwa liqonga elizimeleyo elingathathi hlangothi, elibandakanya nefomathi yokudlulisa idatha ethathwe ngqo kwimodeli; I-INTERLIS ayilulo ulwimi lwenkqubo, nangona ine-syntax yayo yokuchaza iimodeli ngokuchanekileyo, kubandakanya nenkcazo yezithintelo (miqobo).

LADM INTERLIS IKOLOMBIA

Ifomathi yokuhanjiswa kwedatha yi-ITF (INTERLIS-1) okanye i-XTF (INTERLIS-2, i-xML) ethathwe, njengoko sele kukhankanyiwe, kwimodeli yedatha isebenzisa imigaqo emiselweyo. Ulwahlulo olungqongqo phakathi komzekelo kunye nokudluliswa (indlela eqhutywa ngayo) inomdla kakhulu, kuba ukujula ngaphantsi kunika umgangatho kumsila we-LADM oye walungisa umbuzo osheshayo Yaye yintoni esi sihogo endiyenzayo ngoku?

Imvelaphi ye-INTERLIS iphantse ikwiminyaka yama-30, xa ngo-1989 abaseSwitzerland baqala ukuqhekeka ekusebenziseni iikhompyuter phantsi kweendlela zangoku. Nangona basebenzise ikhompyuter kwi-cadastre ukusukela kwiminyaka ye-70s, kungenxa yeProjekthi eyaziwa ngokuba yiRAV (Uhlengahlengiso lweCadastre esemthethweni) ukubeka isindululo ngombono ophambili osekwe kwinkululeko ekusebenziseni iindlela zomsebenzi wecadastral. Kucacile ukuba ukuqaliswa kwalo mthetho-siseko kuthetha isidingo sokuba nesisombululo esizimeleyo seqonga senkcazo kunye nokugcinwa kwedatha, kwaye yile ndlela i-INTERLIS-1 yazalwa ngayo ngo-1989. Ifilosofi yayo yokuzalwa ixabisekile, inomthetho othi « inkululeko ekusebenziseni iindlela ”, kuba ikhuthaza ukuba umasipala ngamnye, isebe, ingingqi yejografi okanye iqumrhu leziko bangasisebenzisa isixhobo esifanelana nabo, ukuba nje bayabambelela kwi-INTERLIS, ukusebenzisana ngokupheleleyo kunokufezekiswa. Umqhubi wenqwelomoya ekuqaleni kwe-1993s, ngo-1994 kwapapashwa imodeli yokuqala ye-cadastral esemthethweni; inomdla ukuba sijonga ukuba inyathelo leCastastro 2014 laqala ngo-1998 kwaye lapapashwa ekugqibeleni ngo-XNUMX.LADM INTERLIS IKOLOMBIA

Emva kokuba ukumiselwa imodeli yokuqala esemthethweni cadastral, kukho inkqubela zixhobo yokuqala Compiler ukungqinisisa lwesivakalisi oluchanekileyo imifuziselo, Translator Kwathi data ukusuka model ukuya kwenye, yaye XTF Checker ukuqinisekisa data ngokuchasene imodeli; I-INTERLIS-1998 yenziwe phakathi kwe-2006 kunye ne-2 kwaye ngaloo nyaka i-Checker enelayisenisi yamahhala ipapashwe. Kuba 2007 INTERLIS uba umgangatho kazwelonke Switzerland kunye 2014 kukho sele imifuziselo 160 ye-SDI yesizwe, echazwe umgangatho, leyo phakathi kwezinye wadala isiseko bekusungulwa omtsha Umhlaba Registry Izithintelo uMthetho Public on Property , ukuphunyezwa kweCadastre ye-2014.

Njengesiphelo sokuqala, i-INTERLIS ayilulo ulwimi lwenkqubo, kodwa ilulwimi lwenkcazo kunye nokudluliswa kwedatha. Ngelixa kubhaliwe kwi-UML, inezinye iintlobo zedatha ezinje ngokudluliswa kwedatha kunye nohlaziyo esele lolwakho.

Inzuzo ye-INTERLIS

Olona ncedo luphambili "yinkululeko yeendlela." Kubalulekile ukuxhasa iikhonsepthi zeCadastre 2014, ngakumbi ngokubhekisele kulawulo lokuzimela ngokuzimeleyo ngeemodeli ngemixholo kodwa kwinkqubo efanayo yesalathiso; Ukongeza kuguquko lwayo lokudala iimodeli zedatha ngokubanzi, nangona ihlala ibonwa ukuba ijongeka njengemela yomkhosi waseSwitzerland yokwenza imodeli.

Iqondakala ngokulula ziingcali ze-IT kunye neengcali zolawulo lomhlaba. Kuyaqondakala ukuba nges syntax kunye nemithetho yokufumana ifomathi yokuhambisa, inokuqhubekeka kwaye iqinisekiswe ziinkqubo zekhompyuter.

Ezinye izibonelelo zicinga ukuba inokuphunyezwa ngokulula, nangona emva kokujonga incwadana enamaphepha angama-160… kufuneka ndivume ukuba kuthatha iveki yomzamo ukubona imizekelo kwaye ndizame ukuyakha. Ewe, ukuba nemodeli eyakhelwe ngomhleli we-UML kwaye emva koko ivelise ikhowudi yesicelo okanye imodeli ebonakalayo yedatha ngokuqinisekileyo iya phambili… ukuba yenziwe kakuhle, kunjalo.

Incwadana yesiJamani, isiFrentshi kunye nesiNgesi. Ngoncedo lokuba xa yamkelwa eColombia, kwenziwe iinzame zokukhupha ingxelo ngeSpanish, ethi yona ikwinkqubo yokuphucula; Siyathemba ukuba ziya kufumaneka ukuba zikhutshelwe kungekudala apha www.interlis.ch.

 

Ukwahlukana phakathi kwe-INTERLIS-1, INTERLIS-2 nezinye iilwimi

I-2 inguqu ye-INTERLIS yinto ejoliswe kuyo, eguquguqukayo ngakumbi kwaye isekela iiklasi ezinzima; ihambelana ne-1 kwaye sele isekela izandiso, izithintelo ezinzima kunye nokudluliselwa nge-XML.

Xa kuthelekiswa nezinye iinkqubo kunye neelwimi, i-INTERLIS ichanekile ngakumbi kune-UML elula, nangona yonke into isekwe kolu lwimi. Ukongeza, icacile ngakumbi kumhlaba wejografi ngenxa yokubandakanywa kweentlobo ezahlukeneyo zezinto (amanqaku, imigca, iiarcs, iindawo kunye nomphezulu). Xa kuthelekiswa ne-GML, iququzelela ukuthengiselana, okungekho nakwi-LADM nakwabo bazamile ukuthumela iinkonzo ze-WFS besebenzisa i-GML siyakuqonda ukusikelwa umda. I-INTERLIS ngoku ikwayinxalenye yelayibrari ye-OGR / GDAL (2.0) kunye neefayile zeXTF ezinokujongwa kusetyenziswa i-QGIS. Ezinye izixhobo zoMthombo oVulekileyo zivumela ukuveliswa kwesiseko sedatha kwiPostgreSQL / PostGIS, ukungeniswa kwedatha kwi-schema kunye nokuthumela ngaphandle kwifayile ye-XTF (ili2pg). Kwaye zininzi izicelo zokuthengisa ezivela kubafana abakhulu, i-GEONIS yeArcGIS esekwe kwi-FME, iGeosPro evela eGeomedia, INTERLIS yeAutoCAD Map3D.

LADM INTERLIS IKOLOMBIA

Njengoko kuchaziwe ngaphambili, ukuba ukusetyenziswa INTERLIS kukho ezinye izicelo ezibalulekileyo nokunikwa nkcukacha kwi freeware mvume umgangatho, ezifana Compiler, i Umhleli UML kunye Checker.

Umhlanganisi we-INTERLIS usetyenziselwa ukuqinisekisa is syntax yemodeli, i-INTERLIS Checker ivumela ukuqinisekisa ukungqinelana kwefayile yedatha ngokubhekisele kwimodeli echazayo, ukuze uyisebenzise ifuna imodeli (.ili) kunye nefayile yokudlulisa ( .itf okanye.xtf); Ikwafuna ukwenziwa .cfg ulwandiso lwefayile yeempawu zoqwalaselo (apho iimfuno zobuncinci bokuthobela imodeli zichaziwe). Umhleli we-UML uqhutywa ngokusebenzisa umleditor.jar, ekuvumela ukuba uhlele izkim ze-INTERLIS ngokubonakalayo. Okwangoku kuphela ngesiFrentshi naseJamani. I-GUI ibiyinto yakudala ngokuthelekiswa neVisualParadigm okanye i-Enterprise Architect, nangona kunjalo iluncedo kwiziseko- kwaye elona candelo lililo kukuba ivelisa ikhowudi yemodeli nges syntax echanekileyo.

Indlela yokuSebenza

Ikhosi yaqala ukuwufezekisa umsebenzi wokuba "i-geomatics akufuneki yoyike iimodeli", oko kuthetha ukuba kuya kufuneka ufunde. Ngosuku lwesibini, sisebenze ekuchazeni izihloko; kwimeko yeprofayili yaseSwitzerland ye-LADM,

Izifundo zisetyenziswa:

  • -Catastro
  • - Isikhuselo somhlaba
  • -Iimpawu zoLawulo
  • - IiWebhsayithi zeHydrosanitary

Kwimeko yeModeli yaseColombia, ixabiso elilinganayo lenziwe, kunye neengongoma ezilandelayo:

  • -Catastro
  • -Bhalisa
  • -Ordenamiento Territorial
  • njalo

Emva koko izihloko zazo zachazwa:

  •   -Iziphumo zeCatastro:
  •   -Control Point
  •   -Predio (Kuquka umhlaba kunye nokwakhiwa)
  •   -Imida yokulawula
  •   Ukwahlula kwamacandelo
  •   ezinxulumene nomhlaba
  •   - Ezoqoqosho
  •   -It.

Okokugqibela, imigaqo ethile ye-LADM Model yayalelwa;, njengokuthi, ukuba izalathandawo ziza kususwa, ukuba ezi klasi ziya kuba sisininzi… njl. Kucetyiswa ukuba iiNqaku zibaninzi, ngelixa iiklasi zikwisinye. Ke, ngoku kubhabho, imodeli yahamba ngoluhlobo:

TOPIC Control_Points =

ISIPHUMELO sePoint_of_control;

TOPIC Predios =

  ! Point of Limit

  ! Umhlaba, ulwakhiwo, ...

SIPHELO;

INGXELO Imida =

  ! Candelo lo Lawulo

  ! Icandelo loMmandla

SIPHELO;

Emva koko iintlobo, iindidi kunye nemithetho yahlulwe; Kubonakala kunzima, kodwa akunjalo. Ngokungafaniyo nemodeli yaseColombia eneempawu zayo ezizodwa, kwiintsuku ezimbini kunokwenzeka ukuba wakhe imodeli ye-INTERLIS ye-LADM eyakhiwe ngenyanga kaMatshi. Ngokuqinisekileyo, abantu baseLatin America bathatha amathuba amaninzi, ukongeza kuba yonke imimandla, iintlobo kunye nee-subtypes zibandakanyiwe kwimodeli ye-INTERLIS; izinto ezinokuthi zahlule ngokuhamba kwexesha. Jonga indlela elula ngayo imodeli yaseDatshi:

!! ———————————————————--
!!
!! ISO 19152 Iprofayili yelizwe le-NAD i-NL ifakwe nge-INTERLIS 2
!!
!! ———————————————————--
!! uhlolo lomlando
!! ———————————————————--
!!
!! 03.02.2014 / mg: inguqu yokuqala
!! 17.11.2014 / mg: ezinye izilungiso ze-syntax
!!
!! ———————————————————--
!!
!! (c) Ulawulo loMhlaba waseSwitzerland (www.swisslm.ch)
!!
!! ———————————————————--

I-INTERLIS 2.3;

I-MODEL I-MODEL LADM_NL (en)

   I-AT «http://www.swisslm.ch/models»
   "2014-02-03" VERSION =

   IIMPORTS I-ISO_Base INGCACISO;
   IIMPORTS EZIFUNYISWE ISO19107;
   IIMPORTS EZIFUNYISWE ISO19111;
   IIMPORTS EZIFUNYISWE ISO19115;
   IIMPORTS EZIFUNYISWE ISO19156;
   IIMPORTS EZIFUNKILEYO LADM_Base;
   IMPORTS I-LADM EZIQINISELWEYO;

   DOMAIN   
       ULUHLISO UnknownValueType =
      ISIPHUMA SingaziwaIngqungquthelaType;     

      I-CLASS NL_SpatialUnit (ABSTRACT) FUNDA I-LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_SpatialUnit =
         ubukhulu (EXTENDED): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_DimensionType;
         umhlabaUkuQinisekisaIntengiso: LIST {0..5} YE-UnknownValueType;
         kuthengwaPrice: Imali;
         ivolumu (EXTENDED): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_VolumeValue;
      QAPHELA NL_SpatialUnit;

   I-TOPIC LADM_NL =

      I-CLASS NL_Party I-LADM.Party.LA_Party =
         Igama (I-EXTENDED): I-CharacterString;
         indima (IMISEBENZI): I-LADM.Party.LA_PartyRoleType;
      QAPHELA NL_Party;

      I-CLASS NL_AdminSourceDokument I-EXTENDS LADM.I-Administrative.LA_AdministrativeSource =
         ibango: Imali;
         kuthengwaPrice: Imali;
      QAPHELA NL_AdminSourceDocument;

      I-CLASS NL_RRR (ABSTRACT) I-LADM.I-Administrative.LA_AdministrativeSource =
         Inkcazo: Abalinganiswa;
      QAPHELA NL_RRR;

      I-CLASS NL_BAUnit I-EXTENDS LADM.I-Administrative.LA_BAUnit =
         Igama (I-EXTENDED): I-CharacterString;
      QAPHELA NL_BAUnit;

      I-CLASS NL_RealRight EXTENDS NL_RRR =
         Uhlobo oluthengweKuthengwa: (enye);
         uhlobo: Uhlobo: (enye);
      QAPHELA NL_RealRight;

      I-CLASS NL_Ukuhlaziya i-EXTENDS NL_RRR =
      QAPHELA NL_Ukusebenza;

      I-CLASS NL_Mortgage EXTENDS LADM.I-Administrative.LA_Mortgage =
         Inkcazo (IMISEBENZI): Impawu;
      END END NL_Mortgage;

      I-CLASS NL_Parcel EXTENDS NL_SpatialUnit =
      QAPHELA NL_Parcel;

      I-CLASS NL_BuildingUnit EXTENDS NL_SpatialUnit =
      PHELELA NL_BuHlomeloUnit;

      I-CLASS NL_Network EXTENDS LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_LegalSpaceUtiliyNetwork =
         ubukhulu (EXTENDED): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_DimensionType;
         umhlabaUkuQinisekisaIntengiso: LIST {0..5} YE-CharacterStringListValue;
Kwaye uhlala njalo ude ufune i-END LADM_NL
LADM INTERLIS IKOLOMBIA

Ukungena kwilizwe le-INTERLIS kwimeko yesiLatin American kubonakala ngathi kungumceli mngeni kwiAgustín Codazzi Institute nakwamanye amaziko anxulumene noLawulo loMhlaba eColombia, hayi ngenxa yenkxaso ngokwayo emelwe yiNtsebenziswano yaseSwitzerland kodwa nobunzima bayo Amaziko aseColombia kwimeko yoMzantsi Melika. Ndiyakholelwa ukuba ukwamkelwa okuhle kunye nokwandiswa kwemodeli kwiindawo zaseCadastre, ezinxibelelana neRegistri yePropati, ukuCwangciswa kweeNdawo kunye neZiseko zoLwazi lweDatha yaseColombia ziya kugxila ekujongeni amazwe angaphaya kwekona esezantsi.

I-INTERLIS iyakuvumela ukukhululeka ngokuthe ngqo ekuphunyezweni kweModeli yoLawulo loMhlaba (i-ISO 19152), ubuncinci ngokubhekisele ekusebenzisaneni, ngakumbi kuba iyayifinyeza indlela yokwamkelwa kweefayile ze-GML njengeefomathi zotshintshiselwano, ukusebenzisa izixhobo zokujonga , ukuhambisa kunye nokuqinisekisa. Kufuneka ucinge nje ukuba kunokwenzeka, ucinga ukuba iColombia nomthetho wayo omtsha sele uza kuqala ukutshayela kwiCadastre, eza kufuna izixhobo kulawulo lomgangatho wedatha kwiinkampani zabucala kunye neengcali eziqinisekisiweyo kunye noomasipala abayi-1.100 baya kuthi ngokuthe ngcembe bangene kumjikelo wokunikezelwa kwamagunya yi-IGAC Cadastre okanye amaziko abelwe amagunya ... apho i-INTERLIS isebenza kakhulu.

umfanekisoNgokufutshane, i-geomatics kufuneka ifunde ukuqonda imodeli, ukuba kungenjalo, i-GML, i-UML, i-LADM kunye nalezi ziqendu ziya kubonakala ngathi ziprogram.

http://www.interlis.ch/index_e.htmgeofumed interlis

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