Ukuphunyezwa kwe-LADM usebenzisa i-INTERLIS -Colombia

Ngexesha leveki yesithathu kaJuni, i-2016 ifundise i-INTERLIS Course, ibonwa njengelwimi kunye nesixhobo sokuncedisa ukuphunyezwa I-Model Domain Domain Administration (LADM) kwindawo yokulawula umhlaba yaseColombia.

Ikhosi iye yaphuhliswa izigaba ezibini, omnye / kwinqanaba ezisisiseko theoretical neqela elikhulu zamaziko ahlukeneyo inxaxheba kulawulo lizwe, efuna ukuqonda ukuba yintoni na INTERLIS, ukusetyenziswa kwezicelo ziphuhliswe, inokusetyenziswa kunye neziphumo isicelo layo nendlela Ulawulo lweMhlaba kumazwe aseMntla / aseMpuma aseYurophu; Ngemini yesibini khosi eluncedo ngakumbi liqela leengcaphephe ezincinane weendawo othe inxaxheba ekwakheni imodeli LADM Colombia.

Umngeni onomdla, ekuqwalaseleni ukuba umququzeleli weNqununu Michael Germann, akukho nanye ngaphandle kwesinye isithethi se-LADM esekelwe kwi-INTERLIS kwisiganeko se-FIG esandula, kunye kunye UJürg Kaufmann, UDaniel Steudler, uChristiaan Lemmen, uPeter Van Oosterom noKees de Zeeuw. Kwaye ndithetha umngeni, kuba abalinganiswa beli nqanaba baninzi banokukhawuleka xa bebonisa izihloko ezibhemayo ngaphambi kokuba zikarhulumente eziqhelekileyo zendawo yesiLatin America.

Yintoni i-INTERLIS

Yilwimi lomxholo wolwazi (Ulwimi lweConma - CSL), ejongene nenkcazo yemodeli, nangona ingasetyenziselwa nayiphi na inkqubo, ikhethekileyo kwiimpawu ze geospatial, kuba iquka iintlobo ezininzi zeejometri. Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba i-INTERLIS ayilona isofthiwe, kodwa ulwimi olungathathi hlangothi oluzimeleyo lwamaqonga, oludibanisa ifomathi yokudluliswa kwedatha evela ngqo kumzekelo; I-INTERLIS ayilona ulwimi lwenkqubo okanye, nangona i-syntax yayo ichaza imodeli ngokuchanekileyo, kuquka inkcazo yemithintelo (miqobo).

LADM INTERLIS IKOLOMBIA

Ifomati transfer datha ITF (INTERLIS-1) okanye XTF (INTERLIS-2, XML) uvumelane, njengoko sele kuchaziwe, imodeli ngedatha imithetho ezikumgangatho ofanayo. Ulwahlulo oluqinileyo phakathi kokumodareyitha nokudluliselwa (indlela eqhutywa ngayo) inomdla kakhulu, kuba ukujula ngaphantsi kunika umgangatho kumsila we-LADM oye walungisa umbuzo osheshayo Yaye yintoni esi sihogo endiyenzayo ngoku?

Ukudluliselwa kwe-INTERLIS kuphantse kube yiminyaka ye-30, xa kwi-1989 iSwitzerland iqalisa ukuzibandakanya ekusebenziseni iikhompyuter phantsi kweendlela zala maxesha. Nangona basebenzise ikhompyuter ye-cadastre ukusukela kwiminyaka ye-70, kungenxa yeProjekthi eyaziwa ngokuba yiRAV (iRegional Cadastre Reform) ukuphakamisa isiphakamiso ngombono ophambili osekwe kwinkululeko yokusetyenziswa kweendlela zomsebenzi we-cadastral. Kuyacaca ukuba ukuziswa kwalo mgaqo kwakubonisa isidingo sokuba nesisombululo seqonga esizimeleyo esichazayo kunye nokugcinwa kwedatha, kwaye yindlela i-INTERLIS-1 eyazalwa ngayo kwi1989. Ifilosofi yayo yokuzalwa ibalulekile, kunye nommiselo we «wenkululeko yokusetyenziswa kweendlela», kuba ikhuthaza ukuba umasipala ngamnye, isebe, umda ngokwendawo okanye iziko elinokuthi lisebenzise isixhobo esikulungele oko, ngokubambelela ku-INTERLIS kunokuba njalo ukusebenzisana ngokupheleleyo. Umqhubi owayekwiminyaka yokuqala yamashumi alithoba, imodeli yokuqala ye-cadastral esemthethweni yapapashwa kwi-1993; Kuyathakazelisa ukuba siqwalasela ukuba inyathelo le-1994 Cadastre laqala kwi-2014 kwaye yapapashwa kwi-1998.LADM INTERLIS IKOLOMBIA

Emva kokuba ukumiselwa imodeli yokuqala esemthethweni cadastral, kukho inkqubela zixhobo yokuqala Compiler ukungqinisisa lwesivakalisi oluchanekileyo imifuziselo, Translator Kwathi data ukusuka model ukuya kwenye, yaye XTF Checker ukuqinisekisa data ngokuchasene imodeli; I-INTERLIS-1998 yenziwe phakathi kwe-2006 kunye ne-2 kwaye ngaloo nyaka i-Checker enelayisenisi yamahhala ipapashwe. Kuba 2007 INTERLIS uba umgangatho kazwelonke Switzerland kunye 2014 kukho sele imifuziselo 160 ye-SDI yesizwe, echazwe umgangatho, leyo phakathi kwezinye wadala isiseko bekusungulwa omtsha Umhlaba Registry Izithintelo uMthetho Public on Property , ukuphunyezwa kweCadastre ye-2014.

Njengesiqhelo sokuqala, i-INTERLIS ayilona ulwimi lwenkqubo, kodwa kunoko ulwimi lweenkcazelo kunye nokudluliswa kwedatha. Nangona kubhaliwe kwi-UML, inezinye iindidi zedatha ezifana nokutshintshwa kunye nokuhlaziywa kweedatha ezisezona zazo.

Inzuzo ye-INTERLIS

Inzuzo ephambili "yinkululeko yeendlela." Kubalulekile ukuxhasa ingqiqo ye-Cadastre 2014, ngakumbi ngokubhekisele kulawulo lwenkululeko yokuzimela kunye neemodeli ngesihloko kodwa ngaphakathi kwenkqubo enye yesalathiso; eyongezelelweyo kubhetyebhetye bayo ukwenza imodeli yedatha ngokubanzi, nangona kuya kufuneka ibonakale ukuba ijongeka ngathi yintshontsho lomkhosi waseSwitzerland wokumodeli.

Kuqondakala kalula kwiingcali ze-IT kunye neengcali eziphathekayo ekulawuleni umhlaba. Kuqondwa ukuba nge-syntax kunye nemithetho yokufumana ifomathi yokudlulisa, ingaqwalaselwa kwaye iqinisekiswe yiinkqubo zekhompyutha.

Ezinye iingeniso zicinga ukuba zinokusetyenziswa ngokulula, nangona emva kokubukela umqulu wephepha le-160 ... ndimele ndivume ukuba kuthatha umzamo ubuncinane ngeveki ukujonga imizekelo uze uzame ukwakha. Ngokuqinisekileyo, ukuba nomzekelo owakhelwe kunye nomhleli we-UML uze uvelise ikhowudi yesicelo okanye imodeli yomzimba yesiseko ngokuqinisekileyo kusengaphambili ... ukuba kwenziwe kakuhle, kunjalo.

Le ncwadi inesiJamani, isiFrentshi nesiNgesi. Ngenzuzo yokuba xa ufika eColombia kwakuye kwenziwa umzamo wokufumana inguqulelo yesiSpanish ukuba indlela iya kuphucula; Sithemba ukuba kungekudala kuya kufumaneka ukukhuphela kwi www.interlis.ch.

Ukwahlukana phakathi kwe-INTERLIS-1, INTERLIS-2 nezinye iilwimi

I-2 inguqu ye-INTERLIS yinto ejoliswe kuyo, eguquguqukayo ngakumbi kwaye isekela iiklasi ezinzima; ihambelana ne-1 kwaye sele isekela izandiso, izithintelo ezinzima kunye nokudluliselwa nge-XML.

Ukuthelekiswa nezinye iiprotholo kunye neelwimi, i-INTERLIS ichanekile ngakumbi kune-UML elula, nangona yonke into isekelwe kulwimi. Ukongezelela, kuthethwa ngakumbi kwintsimi yendawo ngenxa yokubandakanywa kweentlobo ezahlukeneyo zezinto (amanqaku, imigca, i-arcs, indawo kunye neendawo). Ukuthelekiswa ne-GML, iququzelela ukuthengiselana, okungekho kwi-LADM nakwabo bazama ukuthumela iinkonzo zeWFS zisebenzisa i-GML ukuqonda umda. I-INTERLIS ngoku iyingxenye yeelayibrari ye-OGR / GDAL (2.0) kunye neifayile ze-XTF zingabonwa nge-QGIS. Ezinye izixhobo zoMthombo ovulekileyo zivumela ukuveliswa kwesicwangciso se-database kwi-PostgreSQL / PostGIS, ukungenisa idatha kwi-schema kunye nokuthumela ngaphandle kwifayile ye-XTF (ili2pg). Kwaye kukho izicelo ezininzi eziphathekayo ezinkulu, i-GEONIS ye-ArcGIS esekelwe kwi-FME, GeosPro yeGeomedia, i-INTERLIS ye-AutoCAD Map3D.

LADM INTERLIS IKOLOMBIA

Njengoko kuchaziwe ngaphambili, ukuba ukusetyenziswa INTERLIS kukho ezinye izicelo ezibalulekileyo nokunikwa nkcukacha kwi freeware mvume umgangatho, ezifana Compiler, i Umhleli UML kunye Checker.

I INTERLIS Compiler yenzelwe ukuqinisekisa syntax imodeli, i INTERLIS Checker ukuba kungqinisiswe zokungahambisani ifayile yeenkcukacha malunga imodeli esichazayo, ukuba ukusetyenziswa kufuna model (ulwandiso .ili) kunye nokudluliselwa lwefayile ( .itf o.xtf); Kwakhona idinga lokwenza ulwandiso lwefayile .cfg iimpawu uqwalaselo (apho ezicazisiweyo iimfuno ngokoMthetho ukuthotyelwa zisezantsi kunye model). Umhleli we-UML uqhutywa nge-umleditor.jar, uvumela ukuhlela ii-schematics ze-INTERLIS kwifomu ebonakalayo. Ngoku ngoku kuFrentshi nakwiJamani kuphela. Le GUI thile isintu kuthelekiswa VisualParadigm okanye lomhleli Enterprise, kodwa kubalulekile ezisisiseko - yaye okona kungcono kukuba olwakha modeli ikhowudi kunye syntax echanekileyo.

Indlela yokuSebenza

Ikhosi ekuqaleni iwufezekisile umsebenzi wokuba «i-geomatics mayingoyiki imodeli», into leyo ethetha ukuba kufuneka uyifunde. Ngomhla wesibini, sisebenze sichaza izihloko; kwimeko yeprofayile yaseSwitzerland ye-LADM,

Izifundo zisetyenziswa:

  • -Catastro
  • - Isikhuselo somhlaba
  • -Iimpawu zoLawulo
  • - IiWebhsayithi zeHydrosanitary

Kwimeko yeModeli yaseColombia, ixabiso elilinganayo lenziwe, kunye neengongoma ezilandelayo:

  • -Catastro
  • -Bhalisa
  • -Ordenamiento Territorial
  • njalo

Emva koko izihloko zazo zachazwa:

  • -Iziphumo zeCatastro:
  • -Control Point
  • -Predio (Kuquka umhlaba kunye nokwakhiwa)
  • -Imida yokulawula
  • Ukwahlula kwamacandelo
  • ezinxulumene nomhlaba
  • - Ezoqoqosho
  • -It.

Ekugqibeleni, ezinye iinkqubo zeModeli yeLADM yangoku ziyalwe; umzekelo, ukuba izibhengezo ziya kupheliswa, ukuba iiklasi ziya kuba ngobuninzi ... njl Kucetyiswa ukuba izihloko zibe kwiNinzi, ngelixa iiklasi zodwa. Ngoko, sele sele usepukeni, umzekelo uhamba ngale ndlela:

TOPIC Control_Points =

ISIPHUMELO sePoint_of_control;

TOPIC Predios =

! Point of Limit

! Umhlaba, Ulwakhiwo, ...

SIPHELO;

INGXELO Imida =

! Candelo lo Lawulo

! Icandelo loMmandla

SIPHELO;

Emva koko, iindidi, i-subtypes kunye nemithetho iyaqhekeka; Kubonakala kunzima, kodwa akunjalo. Ngendlela eyahlukileyo yokuba imodeli yaseColombia igqityiweyo, kwiintsuku ezimbini kuye kwaba nokwakha umzekelo we-INTERLIS we-LADM eyakhiwe ngenyanga kaMatshi. Ngokuqinisekileyo, thina baseLatin America siya phambili, ngaphezu kokokuba zonke iipoleni, iintlobo kunye neentlobo zifakiwe kwi-INTERLIS model; izinto ezinokuthi zihluke phakathi kwexesha. Bona indlela elula ngayo imodeli yaseDutch:

!! --------------------
!!
!! ISO 19152 Iprofayili yelizwe le-NAD i-NL ifakwe nge-INTERLIS 2
!!
!! --------------------
!! uhlolo lomlando
!! --------------------
!!
!! 03.02.2014 / mg: inguqu yokuqala
!! 17.11.2014 / mg: ezinye izilungiso ze-syntax
!!
!! --------------------
!!
!! (c) Ulawulo loMhlaba waseSwitzerland (www.swisslm.ch)
!!
!! --------------------

I-INTERLIS 2.3;

I-MODEL I-MODEL LADM_NL (en)

I-AT «http://www.swisslm.ch/models»
"2014-02-03" VERSION =

IIMPORTS I-ISO_Base INGCACISO;
IIMPORTS EZIFUNYISWE ISO19107;
IIMPORTS EZIFUNYISWE ISO19111;
IIMPORTS EZIFUNYISWE ISO19115;
IIMPORTS EZIFUNYISWE ISO19156;
IIMPORTS EZIFUNKILEYO LADM_Base;
IMPORTS I-LADM EZIQINISELWEYO;

DOMAIN
ULUHLISO UnknownValueType =
ISIPHUMA SingaziwaIngqungquthelaType;

I-CLASS NL_SpatialUnit (ABSTRACT) FUNDA I-LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_SpatialUnit =
ubukhulu (EXTENDED): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_DimensionType;
umhlabaUkuQinisekisaIntengiso: LIST {0..5} YE-UnknownValueType;
kuthengwaPrice: Imali;
ivolumu (EXTENDED): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_VolumeValue;
QAPHELA NL_SpatialUnit;

I-TOPIC LADM_NL =

I-CLASS NL_Party I-LADM.Party.LA_Party =
Igama (I-EXTENDED): I-CharacterString;
indima (IMISEBENZI): I-LADM.Party.LA_PartyRoleType;
QAPHELA NL_Party;

I-CLASS NL_AdminSourceDokument I-EXTENDS LADM.I-Administrative.LA_AdministrativeSource =
ibango: Imali;
kuthengwaPrice: Imali;
QAPHELA NL_AdminSourceDocument;

I-CLASS NL_RRR (ABSTRACT) I-LADM.I-Administrative.LA_AdministrativeSource =
Inkcazo: Abalinganiswa;
QAPHELA NL_RRR;

I-CLASS NL_BAUnit I-EXTENDS LADM.I-Administrative.LA_BAUnit =
Igama (I-EXTENDED): I-CharacterString;
QAPHELA NL_BAUnit;

I-CLASS NL_RealRight EXTENDS NL_RRR =
Uhlobo oluthengweKuthengwa: (enye);
uhlobo: Uhlobo: (enye);
QAPHELA NL_RealRight;

I-CLASS NL_Ukuhlaziya i-EXTENDS NL_RRR =
QAPHELA NL_Ukusebenza;

I-CLASS NL_Mortgage EXTENDS LADM.I-Administrative.LA_Mortgage =
Inkcazo (IMISEBENZI): Impawu;
END END NL_Mortgage;

I-CLASS NL_Parcel EXTENDS NL_SpatialUnit =
QAPHELA NL_Parcel;

I-CLASS NL_BuildingUnit EXTENDS NL_SpatialUnit =
PHELELA NL_BuHlomeloUnit;

I-CLASS NL_Network EXTENDS LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_LegalSpaceUtiliyNetwork =
ubukhulu (EXTENDED): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_DimensionType;
umhlabaUkuQinisekisaIntengiso: LIST {0..5} YE-CharacterStringListValue;
Kwaye uhlala njalo ude ufune i-END LADM_NL
LADM INTERLIS IKOLOMBIA

Bangene omhlaba INTERLIS kwimeko Latin American, kubonakala nocelomngeni umdla Agustin Codazzi Institute kunye namanye amaziko ezinxulumene woLawulo lweMihlaba e Colombia, hayi nje kuphela ngenxa inkxaso ngokwayo emele i-Swiss Cooperation kodwa ubunzima ethile amaziko Colombian kwimeko yaseMzantsi american. Ndicinga ukuba abantwana okulungileyo ukwandiswa modeli kwiinkalo cadastre, ukunxulumanisa Impahla Registry, uLawulo loMhlaba kunye namazwe Colombian ekugxilwe Iziseko Data Spatial sijonge ngaphaya cone esemazantsi.

INTERLIS vumela kalula ekuphumezeni i-Land Administration Domain Model (ISO 19152), ubuncinane ngokubhekisele ukuzisebenzela kweesoftwe, ingakumbi kuba shortens ngandlel indlela ukwamkelwa iifayile GML njengoko iifomati zotshintshiselwano, izixhobo zokuzoba khangela , ukudluliselwa nokuqinisekiswa. Kufuneka nje unokuyithelekelela indlela, ucinga ukuba Colombia nemithetho yayo entsha kukuba ukuqala kome cadastre ezininzi, apho izixhobo ezifunekayo ulawulo umgangatho data zombini iinkampani zabucala neengcali eqinisekisiweyo kunye noomasipala malunga 1.100 kancinci ukungena lisenza ukuba umjikelo yegqiza kwamagunya yi Cadastre of IGAC okanye amaqumrhu amagunya ... kuba oko INTERLIS lisebenza kakhulu.

umfanekisoNgokufutshane, i-geomatics kufuneka ifunde ukuqonda imodeli, ukuba kungenjalo, i-GML, i-UML, i-LADM kunye nalezi ziqendu ziya kubonakala ngathi ziprogram.

http://www.interlis.ch/index_e.htmgeofumed interlis

Shiya impendulo

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