I-Digital Twin-Ifilosofi yenguqu entsha yedijithali

Isiqingatha sabo bafunda eli nqaku bazalwa benetekhnoloji ezandleni, beqhele ukutshintsha kwidijithali njengeyinyani. Kwelinye icala sisiqingatha esingqina ukuba iminyaka yeekhompyuter ifike kanjani ngaphandle kokucela imvume; Ukukhaba ucango kunye nokuguqula esikwenzile ezincwadini, iphepha okanye iitheminali zangaphambili zekhompyuter ezingaphenduli lula kwiirekhodi ze-alphanumeric kunye nemizobo esemgceni. Into eyenziwa yi-BIM ejolise kwisoftware okwangoku, ukunikezela ngexesha lokwenyani, ukunxibelelana nomxholo we-geospatial, ukuphendula kwiinkqubo eziqhotyoshelwe kwimodeli yeshishini kunye neendlela zomsebenzi ezenziwa kwiifowuni eziphathwayo, bubungqina bokuba umnikezi mveliso wanika ithuba elingakanani ukutolika Isidingo somsebenzisi

Ezinye iimeko zenguqu yedijithali yangaphambili

I-PC-CAD-PLM-kwi-Intanethi - GIS-imeyile- iWiki - http - GPS

Uyilo ngalunye lwalunabalandeli balo, ababambelela kwimodeli eguqula imveliso eyahlukeneyo. I-PC yayiyeyona nto yenziweyo etshintshe ukuphathwa kwamaxwebhu ezibonakalayo, i-CAD yathumela iitafile zokuzoba kwii-wineries kunye newaka lezinto zakudala ezingalinganiyo kwiidrowa, i-imeyile yaba yindlela engapheliyo yedijithali yokunxibelelana ngokusesikweni; bonke bagqibela ngokulandela imigangatho ngokwamkelwa kwehlabathi; ubuncinci ukusuka kumbono womboneleli. Ezo nguqu zenguqu yedijithali yangaphambili egxile ekwandiseni ixabiso kulwazi lwejografi kunye nolwe-alphanumeric, olonyuse uninzi lwamashishini anamhlanje ngokwahlukeneyo. Imodeli ezitshintshelwe kuyo ezi nguqu kukunxibelelana kwehlabathi; Oko kukuthi, umthetho olandelwayo we-http esingakhange usisuse namhlanje. Amanyathelo amatsha athabatha ulwazi, iimeko zoqhakamshelwano kwaye zabaguqukela emasikweni amatsha enkcubeko esibonayo namhlanje njengeUber, Airbnb, Udemy, Netflix.

Kodwa namhlanje, siseminyango yenguqu entsha yedijithali, eya kuyonakalisa yonke le nto.

Amagama amatsha:

I-block Chain - 4iR - IoT - iTwin yedijithali - Idatha enkulu - AI - VR

Ngelixa amagama amatsha abonakala njengamabinzana kuphela e-hashtag yefashoni, asinakuphika ukuba utshintsho lwesine lweshishini luseminyango, lubonakala ngokwahlukeneyo kwizifundo ezininzi. I-intanethi yesi sihlandlo ithembisa ukuba ingaphezulu kakhulu; ukuthatha ithuba kuyo yonke into ephunyeziweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, kodwa ukwaphula iiparadigms ezinganyangeki kwintengiso ezingasasebenziyo kuphela ukudibanisa iikhompyuter kunye neeselfowuni; Inxibelelanisa imisebenzi yabantu kwiimeko zabo.

Akukho sigama sinye sinokuqinisekisa ukuba imeko entsha iya kuba njani, nangona ilizwi lenkokheli eziphambili zecandelo lisicebisa ngamandla, ukuba samkela imeko engagungqiyo kunye nokwazisa ngokuvuthwa. Eminye imibono, isikroba kunye namathuba kolu tshintsho lutsha, banalo ithuba labo balindele ukuthengisa namhlanje. Oorhulumente, kwiso elinqamlekileyo leenkokeli zabo, bahlala bebona nje ukuba kungabina zintoni na zishishini okanye ukunyulwa kwakhona kwesikhundla sabo kunokuzimela kwithuba nje elingephi, kodwa ke ekuhambeni kwexesha ngabasebenzisi abaqhelekileyo, abanomdla kwiimfuno zabo banolwazi lwamva nje. igama.

Kwaye nangona imeko entsha ithembisa imithetho engcono yokuhlala kunye, ikhowudi yasimahla ehlala ubomi babucala, uzinzo kwindalo esingqongileyo, imigangatho ebangelwa kukuvumelana; Akukho mntu uqinisekisa ukuba abadlali abanjengoRhulumente kunye nabahlohli baya kuphila badlale indima yabo ngexesha elifanelekileyo. Hayi Akukho mntu unokuxela kwangaphambili ukuba kuyakuba njani; Siyazi kuphela into eza kwenzeka.

Idijithali yedijithali- Ngaba i-TCP entsha / i-IP?

Kwaye njengoko sisazi ukuba kuyakwenzeka ngendlela yokuba singaziboni iinguqu ezihamba kancinci, kuyakufuneka ukuba silulungele olu tshintsho. Siyazi ukuba ngesi sihlandlo sokuqonda kunye nokuvumelana kuya kuthintelwa kwabo baqondayo ubungqangi bemakethi edityaniswe kwilizwe liphela kwaye apho ixabiso elongeziweyo lingaveli nje kuphela kwizalathiso zentengiso yesitokhwe kodwa nakwimpendulo yomthengi okhulayo onempembelelo. kumgangatho weenkonzo. Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, imigangatho iya kudlala eyona ndima yabo ilungileyo yokuqinisekisa ulungelelwaniso phakathi konikezelo mveliso kunye neemfuno zabasebenzisi bokugqibela.

I-Digital Twin inqwenela ukuzibeka kwifilosofi yenguqu entsha yedijithali.

Ngaba le protocol intsha inqwenela ntoni?

Ukuze i-http / TCIP ibe ngumgaqo wonxibelelwano oqhelekileyo, oqhubeka usebenza namhlanje ngaphambi kokuvela kwetekhnoloji kunye noluntu, kuye kwafuneka ukuba kudlule kwinkqubo yolawulo, kuhlaziyo kunye nentando yesininzi / yengcinezelo ukuba umsebenzisi ayisebenzise. eziqhelekileyo ezingaziwayo. Kweli cala, umsebenzisi akazange azi idilesi ye-IP, akusafuneki ukuba uchwetheze i-www, kwaye injini yokukhangela ithathe indawo yesidingo sokuchwetheza iTr. Nangona kunjalo, ngaphandle kweshishini ukubuza malunga nokusikelwa umda kwabantu asebekhulile kule mgangatho, liligorha eliye laphula imigaqo-nkqubo yonxibelelwano lwehlabathi.

Kodwa iprotocol entsha idlulela ngaphaya kokudibanisa iikhompyuter kunye neefowuni. Iinkonzo zelifu elikhoyo, endaweni yokugcina amaphepha kunye nedatha, ziyinxalenye yokusebenza kobomi bemihla ngemihla, oorhulumente kunye namashishini. Sesinye sezizathu zokusweleka kweprotocol yasekuqaleni, esekwe kwiidilesi ze-IP, kuba ngoku kufuneka kudityaniswe izixhobo zobugcisa ezivela kumatshini wokuhlamba ekufuneka uthumele umyalezo osele ugqibile ukujikeleza iimpahla, ukuya kwizixhobo zebhulorho Ukujonga ixesha okwenyani kufuneka kwazise imeko yakho yokudinwa kunye nemfuno yesondlo. Le yile, kwinguqulo yokungazi, kwento esiyibiza ngokuba yi-intanethi yezinto; Umgaqo-nkqubo omtsha ekufuneka uphendulwe kuwo.

Iprotocol entsha, ukuba ifuna ukuba semgangathweni, kufuneka ikwazi ukuqhagamshela ngaphezulu kunolwazi lwexesha lokwenyani. Njengomda, kufanele ukuba ibandakanye yonke indawo esele ikho entsha ntsha eyakhelwayo, kunye nendawo ezinobume bendalo kunye nenkonzo ebonelelweyo kwinkalo yezentlalo, ezoqoqosho kunye nokusingqongileyo.

Ukusuka kwinkampani, indlela entsha kufuneka ifane nomfanekiso wedijithali wee-asethi ezibonakalayo; njengomshicileli, indlu, isakhiwo, ibhulorho. Kodwa ngaphezulu komzekelo wayo, kulindeleke ukongeza ixabiso kwimisebenzi; ukuze ivumela ukuba yenze izigqibo ezingcono kwaye ngenxa yoko iba neziphumo ezingcono.

Ngokombono welizwe, umthetho omtsha kufuneka ube nakho ukwenza i-ecosystems yeemodeli ezininzi ezixhumeneyo; Njengazo zonke ii-asethi zelizwe, ukukhupha ixabiso elingaphezulu ngokusebenzisa loo datha ilungele uluntu.

Ukusuka kwindlela yokuvelisa, kuyimfuneko ukuba umthetho olawulayo ubenakho ukulinganisa umjikelo wobomi; yenziwe lula kwizinto ezenzeka kuzo zonke izinto, izinto ezinjengendlela, isiqwenga, imoto; Izixhobo ezinje ngotyalo mali lweemarike, isicwangciso sobuchule, umzobo we-gannt. Umgangatho omtsha kufuneka wenze lula ukuba bonke bazalwe, bakhule, bavelise iziphumo, kwaye bafe ... okanye baguquke.

Amawele edijithali anqwenela ukuba ngumgaqo mtsha.

Ulindele ntoni ummi kulwakhiwo olutsha lweDijithali.

Ezona meko zintle zokuba kuya kuba njani kwezi meko zintsha, kukungacingi ngento eza kwaziswa nguHollywood kuthi, yabantu abangaphakathi kwi-dome elawulwa yi-elite elawula umsebenzi wabasindileyo be-post-apocalyptic yehlabathi apho kungasenakucaciswa into yokwenene. ukulinganisa okanye kwelinye icala eligqibeleleyo, isicwangciso esinemifanekiso apho yonke into igqibelele kangangokuba iimvakalelo zeshishini lomntu zalahleka.

Kodwa into kufuneka icingelwe ngekamva; Ubuncinci ngeli nqaku.

Ukuba siyayibona inqwenelekayo yabasebenzisi ababini abaphambili kwiskimu seofisi engasemva, esiya kuthi sibize amaqela anomdla. Iqela elinomdla ekufuneka lazisiwe kakuhle ukuba lenze izigqibo ezingcono, kunye nabemi abafuna iinkonzo ezingcono ukuba zibe nemveliso ngakumbi; ukhumbula ukuba lo mntu unomdla angaba ngummi ngokwahlukeneyo okanye kwiqela elibambeleyo eluntwini, ngasese okanye kwinxalenye edibeneyo.

Ke sithetha ngeenkonzo; NdinguGolgi Alvarez, kwaye kufuneka ndakhe isongezo kumgangatho wesithathu wesakhiwo sam; eyakhiwa nguobawo ngo-1988. Okwangoku, masilibale amagama, amanqaku okanye imiqondiso esenza lo mkhwa ungcole kwaye masizixhase ngokulula.

UJuan Medina uhlala kwisicelo sokuba isicelo samkelwe ngexesha elifutshane, ngexabiso eliphantsi kakhulu, ngokubonakala kakhulu, ukulandelela kunye nobuncinci beemfuno kunye nabameli.

Abasemagunyeni kufuneka babenolwazi olwaneleyo lokuvuma esi sigqibo ngendlela ekhuselekileyo, ukuze kulandeleleke ukuba ngubani, nini, nini kwaye usifaka phi isicelo: kuba nje ukuba kuvume esi sigqibo, kufuneka okungenani sibe nenqanaba lokugqibela lotshintsho olwenziwe. , ngokulandelela okufanayo okubonelelweyo. Oku kuphendula kwisigqibo sokuba «Ukuguqulwa kweziseko ezingqondo ezinobulumko, iindlela zokwakha zanamhlanje kunye noqoqosho lwedijithali zibonisa amathuba okuphucula umgangatho wobomi babemi".

Ixabiso elithathwa yile datha kule meko, igqitha ngaphaya kokuba nemodeli ene-Ultra-eneenkcukacha efanayo yehlabathi liphela; endaweni yoko, sithetha ngokuba nemodeli ezixhunyiwe ngokwenjongo yokungenelela kokuhamba komsebenzi:

  • Ummi ukuba oko akufunayo yimpendulo (inkqubo),
  • Ngubani ogunyazisa ukuba afune ukummisela (ubume bendawo),
  • uyilo luphendula uyilo (Model BIM to be),
  • umakhi uphendula kwisiphumo (isicwangciso, uhlahlo-lwabiwo mali, iiplani),
  • abathengisi abaphendula kuluhlu lwegalelo (imigaqo),
  • isuphavayiza ephendula kwiziphumo zokugqibela (BIM njengemodeli eyakhiweyo).

Kucacile ukuba ukuba neemodeli ezidityanisiweyo kufuneka zenze lula abakhwetha, ukukwazi ukwenza ngokuzenzekelayo ukuba kuqinisekiswe ukuba kwiimeko ezizezona zilungileyo kukuzenzela inkonzo yomsebenzisi wokugqibela; okanye ubuncinci, bubonakala kwaye bunokulandeleka, bancitshiswe kumanqanaba asezantsi. Ekugqibeleni, into ekufuneka yenziwe ngummi kukuba ugunyaziso kwaye wakhe; ngelixa urhulumente evuma ngokwemigaqo yawo kwaye efumana ulwazi lukarhulumente lokugqibela. Ke, unxibelelwano phakathi kweemodeli zeofisi yangaphambili-ngasemva kwezi ndawo zintathu, ezongeza ixabiso.

Umniniyo wenza ulwakhiwo awayelulindele, Urhulumente waqinisekisa ukuba umsebenzi wenziwe ngokuhambelana nemigaqo kwaye ngaphandle komzamo omkhulu ugcinwe ulwazi lakhe luhlaziywa. Ukwahluka kuya kubakho kuphela kwisizathu.

Nangona umtshutshisi, umyili kunye nomthengisi wezixhobo ixabiso elongeziweyo ezinye izinto; kodwa ngendlela efanayo ubudlelwane kufuneka bube lula.

Ukuba siyayibona kumbono ongumzekelo, esi sicelo sithe sakwakha sasingabekwa emgangathweni omnye ngokufana: ukuthengiswa kwepropathi, imali mboleko, isicelo semali mboleko, ilayisenisi yokuqhuba ishishini, ukuxhaphaza ubutyebi bendalo, okanye ukuhlaziya Isicwangciso sokucwangciswa kwedolophu. Okwahlukileyo kwiimpawu ezinje ngobungakanani kunye nendlela ezisondela ngayo; kodwa ukuba banemodeli ye-domain efanayo, baya kuba nakho ukunxibelelana.

Amawele edijithali, afuna ukuba yimodeli evumela ukubeka emgangathweni kunye nokudibanisa imiboniso ephindaphindayo, kumanqanaba okwahluka komhlaba, ubude bexeshana kunye neendlela.

Yintoni esinokuyilindela kwi-Gemini Imigaqo.

Umzekelo wangaphambili lityala elilula lisetyenziswa kulawulo phakathi kommi nogunyaziwe; kodwa njengoko kubonakala kwimihlathi yokugqibela, kubalulekile ukuba iimodeli ezahlukeneyo zinxibelelane; ngaphandle koko ikhonkco liya kuphazamiseka kwikhonkco lobuthathaka. Ukuze oku kwenzeke, kubalulekile ukuba uguquko lwedijithali lubandakanye yonke imeko eyakhiwe ngendlela eqhelekileyo, ukuze kusetyenziswe ngcono, kusetyenzwe, kulungiswe ucwangciso, kwaye kuziswe iimpahla zelizwe nezasekhaya, iinkqubo kunye neenkonzo ziqinisekisiwe. Kufuneka izise izibonelelo zoluntu lonke, uqoqosho, ushishino kunye nokusingqongileyo.

Okwangoku, owona mzekelo ukhuthazayo ngowaseUnited Kingdom. Ngesicelo sayo sooMasipala abasisiseko seGemini kunye nemephu yendlela yabo; kodwa ngaphambi kokuba sibize abahlobo ukuba basoloko bephikisana nendlela kunye nembali yabo yokuphila yokusoloko bafuna ukwenza yonke into ngendlela eyahlukileyo kodwa enolungelelwano. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, imigangatho yaseBritani (BS) ibe nefuthe eliphezulu kwimigangatho ngokufikeleleka kwamazwe aphesheya; apho umsebenzi wamanyathelo anje nge-i3P, ICG, DTTG, UK BIM Alliance iyahlonitshwa.

Ngokuhambelana noku kuqinisekileyo kwe-United Kingdom, simangalisiwe koko kuqaliswa yiDigital Framework Working Group (DFTG), edibanisa amazwi aphambili kurhulumente, ezemfundo nakwishishini ukufikelela kwisigqibo malunga neenkcazo ezisisiseko kunye neenqobo ezisemgangathweni. Isikhokelo esiyimfuneko sokuxhasa inguqu yedijithali.

Ngobongameli abaphethe iMark Enzer, i-DFTG ityikitye inzame enomdla yokuyilwa kweNkqubo-sikhokelo enikezela ngolawulo lolwazi olusebenzayo kuyo yonke indawo eyakhiweyo, kubandakanya ukutshintshiselana ngedatha ekhuselekileyo. Lo msebenzi, ukuza kuthi ga ngoku uneedowudi ezimbini:

Imigaqo yeGemini:

Esi sisikhokelo kumaxabiso "okwazisa" esikhokelo solawulo lolwazi, esiquka imigaqo-nkqubo eli-9 eyahlulwe kwi-axes emi-3 ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

Injongo: Ukulunga kukawonke-wonke, ukudalwa kwexabiso, umbono.

Ithemba: Ukhuseleko, ukungafihli nto, ekumgangatho.

Umsebenzi: I-Federation, Ukuphilisa, ukuvela kwindalo.

Imephu yendlela.

Esi sisicwangciso esibekwe phambili sokuphuhlisa isakhelo solawulo lolwazi, ngemijelo emi-5 egcina ubukhosi beGemini ngendlela yokudlulisela.

Isantya ngasinye kwezi sinendlela yaso ebaluleke kakhulu, enemisebenzi edityanisiweyo kodwa zixhomekeke kwelinye; njengoko ibonisiwe kwigrafu. Ezi zihamba zezi:

  • Fi kelela, ngemisebenzi engama-8 enzima kunye ne-2 imisebenzi engabalulekanga. Isitshixo njengenkcazo yayo iyimfuneko ukuze kusebenze amandla.
  • Ulawulo, ngemisebenzi emi-5 ebalulekileyo kunye ne-2 imisebenzi engabalulekanga. Kuyinto yangoku ngokuxhomekeka okuncinci.
  • Eqhelekileyo, ngemisebenzi emi-6 egadileyo kunye ne-7 engafunekiyo, yeyona ibanzi.
  • Abasebenzisi, kunye nemisebenzi emi-4 enqabileyo kunye ne-6 engafunekiyo, nonxibelelwano oluninzi nolawulo lweenguqu.
  • Guqula, Imisebenzi emi-7 ebalulekileyo kunye ne-1 engagxekiyo. Kuyinto yangoku indlela yayo enobucukubhede kwintambo ehambisayo.

Njengoko ukwazi ukubona kolu phawu, awucingi nje nge-United Kingdom njenge-Brexit yakho yenguqu yedijithali, okanye incasa yakho yokuqhuba kwindlela yasekhohlo. Ukuba ufuna ukukhuthaza imodeli yokudibana kwamawele yedijithali enomgangatho wesizwe, kubalulekile ukwenza isiphakamiso ngento enokuhambelana nomzi mveliso, ngakumbi ngokwemigangatho. Ezi zinto zilandelayo zivelile malunga noku:

  • 1.5 Ukulungelelaniswa namanye amanyathelo.

Iimpawu zentsingiselo zalo nto zingaphezulu kwaneleyo, ukuhlonipha ukubheja; Imigangatho ye-ISO, imigangatho yaseYurophu (CEN), ulungelelwaniso ne-Innovate yase-UK, i-SMART yokwakha, i-W3C, i-BIM UK, i-DCMS, i-I3P, i-DTTG, i-IETF.

  • 4.3 Ukufikelela kwilizwe liphela.

Apha sithetha ngokuchonga nokulawula indawo yokungena neenkqubo, amanyathelo kunye namathuba kwimeko yezizwe ngezizwe kunye ne-synergies. Okubangela umdla, kukuba babe nakho ukuqaphela kwabo ukufunda ngeendlela ezilungileyo zamazwe esele bezama; kubandakanya ukubakho kokudibanisa iqela lotshintshiselwano lolwazi lwamanye amazwe, kubandakanya i-Australia, New Zealand, Singapore kunye ne Canada.

Uxwebhu lwabasetyhini olubizwa ngokuba zii-Gemini Imigaqo, yokufezekisa isivumelwano esiphambili kwiinkokeli eziphambili zeshishini, iyakuba yinto eyayiyi «Cadastre 2014» ekupheleni kweminyaka yo-2012, neyaseka imiba yephylophic kulawulo lomhlaba, eyathi kamva ye-doe Imvumelwano isebenza ngamanyathelo afana ne-INSPIRE, LandXML, ILS kunye ne-OGC, yaba ngo-19152 umgangatho we-ISO-XNUMX, owaziwa namhlanje njenge-LADM.

Kule meko, kuya kuba ngumdla wokubona indlela iinkokheli eziphezulu kumzi-mveliso wethekhnoloji ezizise iimodeli ezizalisekisa ukuvumelana; Kwimbono yam ethile, ziphambili:

  • Iqela le-SIEMENS - iWindows - Microsoft - Topcon, ethi ngendlela yenze imeko ephantse ibe ngokupheleleyo kumjikelo we-Geo -unjineli; ukubamba, ukuhambisa imodeli, uyilo, ukusebenza nokudibanisa.
  • Iqela le-HEXAGON -inesethi yezisombululo ezifanayo kunye nomda onomdla kwipothifoliyo esekwe kwezolimo, impahla, ukuhamba ngenqwelomoya, ukhuseleko, ukhuselo kunye nobukrelekrele, ukumbiwa kwezemigodi, ezothutho kunye norhulumente.
  • Iqela leTrump -ogcina ngokulinganayo kwezi zimbini zangaphambili, kunye neenzuzo ezininzi zokuma kunye nokuhlangana kunye neqela lesithathu, njenge-ESRI.
  • Iqela le-AutoDesk-ESRI ukuba kwiinzame zamvanje zama ukongeza iiphothifoliyo zezentengiso ezizezona ziphambili.
  • Kananjalo abanye abadlali, abanamanyathelo abo okuqala, iimodeli kunye neemakethi; kunye nabo bafuna ukucacisa inxaxheba yabo kunye nokuvumelana. Umzekelo, umbane ngokubanzi, iAmazon okanye i-IRS.

Ke, njengaxa ubawo wandithatha sandiqhubela kwiRodeo ukubona indlela ii-cowboys ezilawula ngayo inkunzi, kwipeni yethu kufuneka sazi nje ukuba sizibona njani. Kodwa ngokuqinisekileyo iya kuba lukhenketho oluhle kakhulu, apho leyo ifezekisa imvumelwano inkulu, apho ukulungelelaniswa kongeza ixabiso ngaphezulu kwamanqaku esitokhwe kwintengiso yesitokhwe.

Indima ye-BIM njengamawele edijithali

I-BIM ibe nefuthe eliphakamileyo kunye nokuqhubeka ngexesha elinokwenzeka, kungengakuba inceda kulawulo lwedijithali lweemodeli ze-3D, kodwa ngenxa yendlela ekwakuvunyelwene ngayo ziinkokeli ezinkulu zokwakha, ezobunjineli kunye nezemizi-mveliso yokwakha.

Kwakhona, umsebenzisi wokugqibela akangazi izinto ezininzi ezenzeka kwigumbi elingemva kwemigangatho; njengomsebenzisi we-ArchiCAD onokuthi sele eyenzile ngaphambi kokuba abizwe ngokuba yi-BIM; ngokuyinene kuyinyani, kodwa umda njengendlela yokufundisa kumanqanaba 2 kunye ne-3 aya ngaphaya kolawulo lwengcaciso eguqukayo, kwaye ijolise ekusingatheni ukusebenza kunye nemijikelezo yobomi hayi kuphela kwiziseko zoncedo kodwa kunye nomxholo.

Emva koko kuza umbuzo. IBIM ayanele?

Mhlawumbi umahluko omkhulu kule nto ibonwa yiDijithali yamawele kukuba ukudibanisa yonke into kungokunxibelelanisa izakhiwo. Ukucinga kwiimeko zonxibelelwano zehlabathi kudityaniswa kuthetha ukuba iinkqubo zokuxhuma azidingi modeli yendawo. Ke, sikwisigaba esitsha sokwandiswa komxholo, apho kungekho mntu uya kuthatha iphepha elizalisekisile kwaye aqhubeke nokulandela indlela ye-BIM, kodwa into ephezulu iya kuyamkela okanye uyihlanganise.

Masibone imizekelo:

Xa uChrit Lemenn wayefuna ukuzisa iModeli yeCore Cadastre Domain kumgangatho wolawulo lomhlaba, kwafuneka afumane ulungelelwaniso nezikhokelo ze-INSPIRE kunye nekomiti yezobuchwepheshe yemigangatho yejografi. Ke, uyathanda, okanye awuthandi,

  • Kwimeko ye-INSPIRE, ISO: 19152 ngumgangatho wolawulo lwe-cadastral,
  • Ngokumalunga nokudidi oluphezulu lwe-LADM, kufuneka bathobele imigangatho ye-OGC TC211.

I-LADM ngumgangatho okhethekileyo kulwazi lomhlaba. Ke ngoko, nangona imigangatho yeLandInfra ibandakanya, iyaphula ukukhangela okulula, kuba kukhetha ukuba nomgangatho weziseko zoncedo kunye nomhlaba omnye, kwaye ubadibanise kwinqanaba apho utshintshiselwano lolwazi longeza khona ixabiso.

Ke, kwimeko yeDijithali yamawele, i-BIM ingaqhubeka nokuba yindlela elawula imigangatho yokubonelela ngezixhobo; Inqanaba lesi-2, Ngobunzima beenkcukacha ezinokuthi zenziwe kunye neemfuno zokwakha. Kodwa ukusebenza nokudityaniswa kwenqanaba 3, kuya kukhokelela kwisimo esenziwe lula sokudityaniswa kwexabiso elongeziweyo hayi ngokufezekileyo ukuba yonke into imele ukuba ithethwe ngolwimi olunye.

Kuya kubakho okuninzi ukuthetha; Ixabiso ledatha, ukophula izithintelo, ulwazi oluvulekileyo, ukusebenza kwamasiseko, indalo ephumelelayo, ukusebenza ...

«Ukudibana kwezibonelelo ezilumkileyo, iindlela zokwakha zanamhlanje noqoqosho lwedijithali zibonisa amathuba okuphucula umgangatho wobomi babemi"

Ngubani na olawula iqela labadlali abaphambili emva kwale filosofi, ukuqonda ukubaluleka kokulunga koluntu, uqoqosho, uluntu kunye nokusingqongileyo ... baya kuba nezibonelelo ezikhulu.

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