I-OpenGeo Suite: Umzekelo omhle we-GIS Software eyenzelwe ubuthathaka bohlobo lwe-OSGeo

Namhlanje, ubuncinane kwiimeko ze-geospatial, bonke abaqeqeshiweyo abanengqondo yokungathathi hlangothi bayaqonda ukuba isofthiwe yomthombo ovulekileyo ikhulile njenge-software yesorhwebo, kwaye ngezinye iindlela ziphezulu.

Isicwangciso semigangatho sisebenza kakuhle. Nangona kungangqinisiseki ukulinganiswa kokuhlaziywa phambi kwamandla okuguqulwa kwezobuchwepheshe, mhlawumbi yintoni eyabekwa isiseko sokuqinisekisa ukuphumelela kwezinye iinjongo ezifana noluntu, indlela yefilosofi, uqoqosho kunye nezinye iingcamango ezisetyenziselwa ukulinganisa imodeli, ukuba ngamafutshane imfuneko.

Nangona kunjalo, ukuthengisa izisombululo zoMthombo ovulekileyo akulula kumashishini okanye kwiindawo ezikarhulumente, ngenxa yezizathu ezininzi ezivela kwintcintiswano kodwa nangenxa yokungaphepheki kokubuthathaka komzekelo, okumele kuguquke kwaye kuhlangane kunye neprosoftware. Abenzi bezigqibo bazibuza imibuzo efana nale:

  • Ukuba kusasa kusasa sibona ingxaki ebangelwa ukuhlaziywa kwamanye amapulatifomu, kwiinkalo ezinjengekhuseleko Ngubani ophendulayo xa sifuna inkxaso, kwaye ngaluphi uxabiso lokushiya luhlahlowe?

  • Ukunikezelwa kweminye yezinye iindlela kwiilwimi, iilayibrari, izisombululo zabaxumi, izisombululo zewebhu, yeyiphi inhlanganisela esifanele siyikhethe ukuqinisekisa ukuhambelana quasi iyonke?

I-OpenGeo Suite isisombululo esingasetyenziswanga kuphela ukukhula ngokugcwele kwezixhobo ezikhoyo, kodwa ikwajolise ekuphenduleni kula buthathaka. Ukongezelela ukunika uluntu isisombululo apho banokuphucula khona amaphulo abo okuphuhlisa, kudala intambo echaphazelekayo yezinto ezibandakanyekayo ukukhokela ekuziphenduleleni kwazo, kwaye iinkampani ze-OpenGeo Suite zinikela ubungqina obunzima bokuthatha isigqibo malunga nomthombo ovulekileyo. Nangona kukho ezinye iikhampani, emva kwexesha lokuzama le ndlela, andinakukhetha kodwa ukuqonda ukuphakama okuphezulu kunye nobuchule bokucinga emva kokungapheliyo, inkampani eyadala esi sixazululo.

Makhe sibone ezinye zeendlela ze-OpenGeo Suite ezibonisa:

Ziziphi izixhobo ezenza i-OpenGeo Suite iquka?

Ukuba neendlela ezininzi zokwenza isisombululo akubi, kuyinto eqhelekileyo, nangona ihambelana nendlela yokuqinisekisa ukukhethwa kwezixhobo kwiinkqubo ezibalulekileyo ezivelisayo. Ukhetho oluphosakeleyo lunokuba lubiza xa siqonda xa sele sitshale imali kwimpumelelo yophando, uphuhliso, uqeqesho kunye, ngaphezu kwakho konke, ixesha elingenakubuyiswa.

Ngokomzekelo, kuphela ngokubhekiselele kuphuhliso lolwimi sinawo iphazili evela kwiimfuno zoluntu, abaninzi kubo benza kanye ngokufanayo, abanye imouse kwenye isongo, abanye kunye neempawu ezizodwa ngo yesiqhelo elula waba namnye kwaye thina sonke. Masibone oku kwahlukana ngokusebenza kunye neelwimi; Nangona ndimele ndinyanisekile, ukuhlulwa kwamacandelo akukodwa kwaye kwezinye iimeko kunzima ukuhlukanisa umda:

  • Kwinqanaba lomxhasi, umongo ogqithisileyo yi: QGis, Grass, ILWIS, SAGA, iKapaware, esekelwe kwiC ++. gvSIG, Jump, iDIG, Kosmo, LocalGIS, GeoPista, SEXTANTE, esekelwe kwiJava. MapWindow kwicala layo kwi-ActiveX ngokusekelwe kwiNET.
  • Kwiilayibrari esinayo: GDAL, OGR, PROJ4, FDO, GEOS kwiC ++. GeoTools, iWKB4J, i-JTS, i-Baltic isekelwe kwiJava. NTS, GeoTools.NET, SharpMap kwi .NET.
  • Ngokubhekisele kwiisombululo zewebhu, eziza kuqhubeka: iMapServer, iMephuGuide OS kwiC ++; GeoServer, Degree, Geonetwork kwiJava. I-OpenLayers, Leaflet kunye neKa-Imephu kwiJavascript, imephuFish kwiPython, ImephuBender kwi-PHP / Javascript.
  • Ngokubhekiselele kwiziseko zedatha, i-Postgres yinto engabonakaliyo, nangona kukho ezinye iisombululo.

Oku ngasentla kubonisa ukuba kunokwenzeka ukukhupha inkqubo malunga nendawo nayiphi na imeko. Ngaphezu koko, abaninzi babo, nangona bazalwa ngolwimi, ngoku baxhasa abanye. Abaninzi babo bazalwa njengabaxhasi kodwa banako ukulawula idatha yewebhu kwaye kwiimeko ezifana ne-Open Layers kunokwenzeka ukuba kuphuhliswe kwindawo yewebhu phantse yonke into eyenziwa kwisixhobo siklayenti.

Iyiphi inhlanganisela yesofthiwe ekhululekile yokuyisebenzisa?

I-suite ye-OpenGeo igqitywe ngu QGis njengomxhasi wedeskithophu, okwangoku sele ufanelekile udidi lwamanqaku kwiiGofumadas. Kuba web bakhetha GeoServer njengomncedisi data isebenza kwi Tomcat, isehla nokusingqongileyo sokusebenza Java, GeoWebCache ngenxa tessellation kunye OpenLayers njengoko kwithala nangona ukhetho yokugqibela une ubhaliso imbopheleleko ucinga izisombululo ezifana phetshana olukhulayo kunye yimpumelelo enkulu ingakumbi ukuba nohlobo ngokusekelwe kwiiplagi kunye kunye nezo zinto ezinokusetyenziswa kwezifowuni. Babona ukuba akwazi ukuya kuba line olulodwa ulwimi kodwa ndingathanda ukubona matrix kuhlaziywa ikhokelele kule nkcazelo.

Maye kucacile, nabani na onokuziphumeza ezi zizodwa. Yiyiphi i-OpenGeo iqulethe i-installer eneenguqu zala macandelo kunye nophuculo lokuphucula imizila echukumisayo; umzekelo:

i-opengeo suite

  • I-opengeo suite map serverI-installer yenza inhlangano ngendlela ecacileyo. Ukukwazi ukukhetha ukuba yeyiphi inxalenye yokufaka, ukususa okanye ukukhipha. Kwabo bajongene nenjini yexesha lokuqhuba iJava kunye ne-503 Iphuso elilungileyo baya kukwazi ukusetyenziswa.
  • Kukho abafakeli beefayile ezahlukeneyo I-Windows, i-Mac OS X, i-CentOS / RHEL, i-Fedora, Ubuntu kunye ne-Servers Application.
  • Uhlobo lwe-4.02 lwakutshanje luzisa i-PostgreSQL 9.3.1, i-PostGIS 2.1.1, i-GeoTools 10, i-GeoServer 2.4.3 kunye ne-GeoWebCache 1.5; kwaye isekela ii-OpenLayers 3.
  • Kwimenyu yokuqala iqhagamshelwano ngqo lenziwa ukuyeka okanye ukuqala i-GeoServer ne-Postgres; kwakhona ukuphakamisa isikhombisi somsebenzisi weefayile zokufakela imfono kwi-Postgres (shp2psql) kunye nokufikelela kwi-database ye-PostGis (PgAdmin).
  • Kwakhona kwi menu ekuqaleni kukho ukufikelela udibaniselana, nto leyo kolu guqulelo lisusa elilujongano client 3 uguqulelo kunye panel Control esihlambulukileyo GeoServer, GeoExplorer GeoWebCache kunye neenkonzo.
  • Le mveliso, GeoExplorer luphuhliso lexi hlamarisaka Boundles olusekelwe GeExt ukuba isebenza data ekumele GeoServer, yenza ulayishe data evela fayile yasebulalini okanye evenkileni data kwaye uyakwazi ukucwangcisa umbala, umgca ubukhulu, izinto elubala, ibhalwe phantsi, kuquka imithetho kunye nokugcina ngqo kwifayile yefayile ye geoServer (sld). Akukho mntu usempilweni yabo elungileyo esebenza kule khowudi ecocekileyo kwaye iGoEExplorer isisombululo esihle kakhulu -nangona yenza izinto ezininzi-.
  • GeoServer efakiweyo version iquka ikhonkco ukufaka idatha, kwaye kwenziwa ngoomaleko kwimithombo imilo yasekuhlaleni, kuquka PostGis apho data inga siwa ukusuka kwisiseko ukuya kwenye udibaniselana kuquka inkonzo umsitho; Okubangel 'umdla kukuba le ukunyuka OGR2OGR data usombulula iingxaki ngaphandle kokuba enziwe umgca console, ulilahle ubunzima xa multipolygon kuhla phezulu, njengoko okungagqibekanga polygon elula.
  • Kule meko, iinkonzo ze-WPS zivela ngenxa yokuba ukhetho lokufakela ndagqiba ekubeni ndidibanise.
  • Ngexesha lofakelo ungongeza ii-GeoServer I-Add-ons ezifana ne-CSS Styling, i-CSW, i-Cloustering kunye nenkxaso kwiilayibrari zesithombe ze-GDAL. Kukho i-Add-on ye-PostGIS exhasa amafu eenkcukacha kwi-database kwaye njengomxhasi unokufakela i-GDAL / OGR. Kubaphuhlisi kukho ukhetho lokufaka i-Webapp SDK neGeScript.
  • Ngokungafaniyo usokhaya yam kwinguqulelo kumncedisi, ndiyabona ukuba kukho ngaphezu imithombo yedatha kunokwenzeka ukuba inshorensi zingadityaniswa kodwa kwimeko leyo iza OpenGeo Suite version kuzisa okubhaliweyo emida Ikhefu H2, H2 JNDI, Umncedisi SQL, I-OGR, i-Oracle kunye nenqindi yezinto ezinokuvela kwimvelaphi ye-raster.

Kuthiwani ngo-Qgis?

  • Eyona nto ibaluleke kakhulu, ngokuba i-Qgis yenza i-plugin enkulu ebizwa ngokuba ngu-OpenGeo umhloli-mhlaba onokusebenzisana nesiseko se-Postgres kunye ne-GeoServer. Ukusuka apha unako ukuhlela ama-slds, ukuhambisa izitha, amaqela oluhlu, ukuhlela amagama, ukucima, ukubona iindawo zokusebenzela, izalathisi ezigciniweyo, njl njl.
  • Ukuba isalathisi isuswe, ildld isuswa; Konke oku kulungelelaniswa kwaye ekugqibeleni kufezekisa umsebenzi kumxhasi olawula oko kuphakanyisiwe, ukuba ukuvumelanisa kunokusebenzisa i-REST API.
  • Kuba ngoku ayinakuba yi shp2psql kodwa Ayimangalisi ke ngoko ihlanganiswe kwiqela lenjongo efanayo, mhlawumbi nje ukuba ngokungafaniyo kwiivenkile UI unxulumano, ungalayisha kwiiseli ezininzi ukuvimba ngaphaya njengoko plugin Mothers, ibar yenkqubela kakhulu efanelekileyo kunye nemilayezo yephutha eqondakalayo.

uvule i-geo suite postgres plugin

Kule OpenGeo Suite ayithethi ukuba le yindlela yokufumana imilingo. Kodwa ngokuqinisekileyo kuya kushukumisela inxalenye enkulu yoluntu kulolu khetho, ngakumbi kuba iinkampani ezithengisa izifundo ziya kukhetha ukufundisa le ndlela eqinisekisa i-curve learning curve.

I-combo ihambelana namanye amathuluzi anokukhutshwa kwi-server.

Iyiphi impembelelo ezayo ne-OpenGeo Suite

Siza kubona ukuba yintoni inempembelelo ekuhlaleni kuyo, kuba emva kokungapheliyo kukho abantu abanamava amaninzi entsimini, obandakanyekayo ekuphuhlisweni kwezixhobo kunye neencwadi zokugcina iincwadi ezenza iqela lizinzileyo. Kodwa ngaphezu kwazo zonke nge-cancheo kwi-entrepreneurship kunye nokuthengiswa kwenkonzo, edlalwa ngokusuka kwiqondo lobugcisa. Ukukhankanya ubuncinane ezintandathu:

  • U-Eddie Pickle kunye noKen Bossung, abasunguli be-IONIC, inkampani ethengayo i-ERDAS esuka kwi-2007 kwaye ngoku i-Leica.

  • U-Andreas Hocevar noBart van den Eijnden, ababhaptiziweyo ekuphuhlisweni kwe-OpenLayers 2 kunye neGeoExt.

  • UVictor Olaya, owasishiya ilifa le-SEXTANTE,

  • UPawulos Ramsey, owokuqala kwe-PostGIS.

Enye igalelo elihle lo Okusemthethweni kwinkampani enkulu leyo ukuba ube unjengengwenya kwimarike apho kusoloko yomngcipheko, ezisa ukhuphiswano Okusemthethweni kwiinkampani kwicandelo lokushishina kwiindawo ezifana inkxaso, ukukholeleka, ukhuseleko kunye ukulawula umgangatho kwiinkqubela.

Umrhumo wenkonzo ongenawo umda, ophuma kwindawo yokufuduka ukuya kwiinkonzo zonyaka zenkxaso, ibonakala ihambelana nezoshishino kunye neemakethe zesikhungo eziza kuqonda ngokucacileyo umahluko wokuba nenkxaso yendawo kunye nenkxaso yoshishino. Ndiya kuba lula oku kwimarike, kodwa sibona amehlo elungileyo njengamaziko liyakhula yokucinga, ixabiso uphuhliso lwesoftwe kunye nolwazi njengento yexabiso wayenza ukuya ukwaba umsebenzi auto Umkhandi abaqhubi beemoto yayo ukuthenga inshorensi kunye ezizodwa neenkonzo iinkampani zokuhambisa.

elingenammiseloKwimodeli yekhowudi yamahhala, kukho ithuba kuwo wonke umntu. Ngoko ke unjani uncedo olungenamkhawulo, ukhona, kunye nethuba ube ngumlingani; kukho amandla abo banqwenela ukukhulisa amandla abo okuthengisa iinkonzo ngokwemigaqo yokuphunyezwa, uqeqesho, inkxaso okanye uphuhliso. Umzekelo sifumana izifundo ezixabisekileyo kunye nezifundo ezifanelekileyo zokufunda nokuzalisa umgudu owenziwa yi-GvSIG Foundation, esiza kuthetha ngayo ngezinye izihlandlo.

Landa i-OpenGeo Suite.

Iimpendulo ze-2 kwi "OpenGeo Suite": Umzekelo omhle we-GIS Software eyenzelwe ubuthathaka bohlobo lwe-OSGeo "

  1. Unomdla kubaPhuhlisi beSoftware phantsi kweOpengeo Suite yokusebenzisa ulawulo lwejogatial kwi-megaprojects zendlela

  2. Ndiyabonga kakhulu kubahleli bakho. Ngokomntu, ndibafumana bephucula.
    Uncedo lwakho lubalulekile ekuhlalutheni kwam kwaye kwenziwe izigqibo.

Shiya impendulo

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