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IRejista kunye neCadastre kumxholo weNkqubo yoTshintsho kaZwelonke

Nsuku zonke, amazwe agxila kwiindlela zorhulumente-nkqubo, apho iinkqubo zilula khona ukwenzela ukubonelela ngenkonzo engcono kubemi, kunye nokunciphisa amanqanaba okurhwaphilizo okanye i-bureaucracy engadingekile.

Siyazi ukuba umthetho, amaziko kunye neenkqubo malunga nepropathi kwilizwe ngalinye zahlukile. Nangona kunjalo, imigaqo esebenza njengesiseko somthetho wezinto eziphathekayo ithobela imigaqo yobhaliso efuna injongo efanayo: ukuqinisekisa ukhuseleko olusemthethweni.

Ulawulo lweZakhiwo zoLwazi lweMhlaba (LADM) umele eyona mpumelelo ibalulekileyo ngokwemigaqo yoLawulo loMhlaba; ukuba siyakhumbula ukuba xa umfuziselo kaCatastro ka-2014 wawuphakanyisiwe yayingumbongo kuphela kodwa wawunombono kakhulu. Inzuzo ebabazekayo yemigangatho yinto enokwenzeka yokumisela umgangatho weesemantics kulawulo lwezinto, ezinje ukuba Inkqubo yeRejista yePropathi inokudityaniswa namanyathelo okwinqanaba likarhulumente afuna ukudityaniswa kwemeko zentengiselwano ezijolise kumbono wommandla.

Ndiyazi ukuba kunokubonakala ngathi kukuphambuka ngokusemthethweni kwaye kuyinkohliso, kuxhomekeke kumbono wamaziko elizwe ngalinye. Nangona kunjalo, ukugxila kweli nqaku kunokwenzeka ukuba iRegistry kunye neCadastre, ngaphandle kokuba sisiqithi, banako (idatha yabo, ingengabo), ukujoyina inkqubo yedatha yezibonelelo. 

Kufuneka kuqondwe ukuba nangona umoya wale nqaku ubuchwephesha, i-LADM ihloniphekile kangangokuthi ivumela ukulungelelanisa umthetho kunye neziko zelizwe ngalinye, ngaphandle kokulibala ukuba ukuhlaziywa kwemali kungekho ngaphezulu.

Inqobo yedatha yedatha

registry registry ladmUmzobo osekupheleni kwenqaku ubonakalisa indlela ezona zinto ziphambili ze-LADM ezinokuthi zenze ngayo i-nucleus apho iinkqubo ezahlukeneyo zinxibelelana, zidibanisa izinto zeNkqubo yamaLungelo ePropathi, ayisebenzi kuphela kwipropathi yokwenyani, kodwa nakwipropathi ehambisekayo. Kwiziko zizinto eziphambili zesenzo sobhaliso:

  • Into ebhalisiweyo, enokuthi ibe yinqanaba, isithuthi, iinqanawa, okanye ngaphandle kwe-georeferencing kwi-cadastre, phantsi kweendlela zobuqu okanye kwifayile yangempela.
  • Amaqela anomdla; abantu bemvelo, imibutho esemthethweni okanye amaqela angewona asemthethweni. Bonke abo bathatha inxaxheba kwinkqubo yentengiso.
  • Imirhumo yomthetho kunye nezolawulo; ubudlelwane bokunene, ukuthintela okanye uxanduva oluchaphazela ukusetyenziswa, igunya okanye umsebenzi weempahla.
  • Ilungelo phakathi kwento kunye namaqela anomdla, abhalisiweyo okanye okwenyani. Kwinqanaba, kwanelungelo lichongiwe njengelinye lamatyala asemthethweni.

Nangona bezonazona zinto zodwa, yizona ezigxila kwizenzo zabadlali abasebenzisana nokuthengiselana: ibhanki, unobhala wesaziso, umcebisi, umcebisi weemephu, abo bangamanye amaqela anomdla kunye neendima ezahlukileyo.

Unokuzibiza njani kunye nendlela yokuzifakela ngayo? ISO: 19152

Ubunokwenzeka bokudibanisa iinkqubo phantsi kweplati eyintloko

registry registry ladmIcala kukuba ezi zinto zivela kwiinkqubo ezahlukeneyo zelizwe: Ziyabantu abafanayo ukuba iGosa lokuBhalisa laBasebenzi lijongene neenjongo zonyulo, abantu abafanayo abonakala benza iinkqubo zezimali, iimvume zokuqhuba umsebenzi, iinkqubo zokwakha, ukukhutshwa yeepaspoti, njl

Ewe kunjalo, akukho lula ukuseka imigaqo-nkqubo yoluntu yokubeka emgangathweni oku. Njengomzekelo nje, umthandazo ubophelela ukuba umbhalisi asebenzise eli gama kanye njengoko lalidalwa ngummeli notary. Ke nokuba isiseko somntu nguMaría Albertina Pereira Gómez, kwaye i-notary yamthiya igama lokuba nguMaría Albertina Pereira de Mendoza, benza omnye umntu, ukuba le nkqubo ayinayo inkqubo yokudityaniswa okanye yokulawulwa kweziteketiso.

Ziyimpahla efana neyayiphi iindleko zerhafu eziwa, ezo ziqulethe iimvume, abo bafumana imingcele yokusetyenziswa, njl.

Ke kwilizwe elonyusa iqonga lokuthengiselana eliphambili, imeko yoBhaliso lwePropathi kunye neCadastre bangomnye umsebenzisi, ngaphakathi kwendima yabo yoBhaliso kunye noMthetho. Amanye amaziko asebenza kwiindima zawo ezinje ngoLawulo loMngcipheko, ukuCwangciswa koMmandla, ukuCwangciswa, ukuQokelelwa, uPhuhliso lwezoLuntu, iziSeko, njl.

Ngaphandle kokuba sisiqithi, iRegistry yoMhlaba iba yinto ebalulekileyo kwipuzzle yeenkqubo zentengiselwano. Ayinamsebenzi ukuba inkqubo iqala phi, ukuba kunye notary, ebhankini, kumasipala okanye kwiziko elinoxanduva lokukhupha isihloko, iRegistry + Cadastre yongeza imeko efanelekileyo:

Ukuba iziko liceba ukwakhiwa kwebhulorho, iRegistry ibonelela ngolwazi malunga noluntu okanye indawo yabucala apho iya kubakho; Le nqanaba kwinqanaba loyilo lifumana isazisi kwiNkqubo yeZiseko zophuhliso, lisebenzisa ulwazi oluvela kwiCartographic Registry equlathe imodeli yendawo yedijithali, iimpawu zejoloji kunye nomxholo wokusetyenziswa. Kwa into enye ichongiwe kwiNkqubo yoTyalo-mali kaRhulumente kulungiselelo lohlahlo-lwabiwo mali, kwaye yakuba ibhalisiwe ibhulorho yeemitha ezingama-500 ibhalisiwe echaphazela iziza ezikhawulezayo ezibonisa imigaqo yokwakhiwa kwamangenelo kwiipropathi zabucala nakwingingqi yomlambo. ukuhla komjelo kunye nokuvalwa kokukhutshwa kweemvume zokukhupha ngokudibeneyo. Okokugqibela, wakugqiba umsebenzi, uhanjiswa phantsi kwemvume kumasipala ukuze enze umjikelo wolondolozo lwamaxesha ngamaxesha.

Kodwa yonke idatha ingena kwiNkqubo yeeRekhodi ekwabelana ngedatha eqhelekileyo. IRegistry / iCadastre ibonakalise kuphela inkonzo yendawo, kodwa imbuyekezo ifumene imigaqo echaphazela iipropathi ezingabamelwane.

Ngaloo ndlela, ngalinye iqumrhu lidlala indima yalo kwinqanaba layo elilodwa, ukufezekiswa kokusebenza kakuhle kunye nokukhuthazwa kwentlalo yintoni ekugqibeleni oko kubaluleka kumdla jikelele, ukuba sinokuqwalasela ukuba ukuncitshiswa kweendleko kunye namaxesha okuthengisana yinto kuphela exhomekeke kuorhulumente kwiimeko ezahlukeneyo ezinxulumene nophuhliso olunjengeteknoloji nezinye izixhobo.

registry registry ladm

Ukucacisa ukuba oku akuthethi ukutshintsha iindima, ubuchule kunye nemigaqo elandelwa yiRegistry yePropathi. Endaweni yoko, ibekwa emgangathweni kwiNkqubo eHlangeneyo yeeRekhodi, apho iCadastre ikwayirekhodi enye, eya kuthi ibe yindawo_yuniti enxulunyaniswe nobhaliso lweReal Folio. Injani irejista kunye nemigaqo yokusetyenziswa komhlaba, injani irejista kunye nobhaliso lwesithuthi, ukuhambisa ngenqanawa, njl.

Izakhiwo zobugcisa ezisekelwe kwiNkonzo

Kucacile ukuba ukufikelela kula manqanaba kufuna umbono obanzi welizwe, nangona kungasothusi nakumazwe asakhasayo. Yonke imihla ilawula amaziko oluntu, iingcali ezingaphezulu ezinokubakho zokwenza amaqela eenkqubo ezahlukeneyo abona ulawulo lukarhulumente ngombono ofana neenkampani ezinkulu ezivela kuzo. Le yimeko yokuhlengahlengiswa kweemodeli apho umasipala abonwa njengelaphu leemodyuli apho kukho imveliso, ulungiselelo, ukuhanjiswa, uluhlu lweempahla, ukuthunyelwa, ii-invoyisi kunye nocwangciso-mali; nangona ubukhulu kunye namandla olawulo ahlukile. Yiyo loo nto iinkqubo zemveli zohlobo loomasipala be-ERP ziphumelele.

registry registry ladmKodwa inkqubo efana nale sithetha ngayo ayinakucinga ukuba iya kusebenza kunye nophuhliso lwe desktop kunye nezikimu zabathengi. Endaweni yoko, oku kufuna ukusetyenziswa kobugcisa obuninzi obunokuqhelaniswa nenkonzo, apho uphuhliso lwendlela yokubonisa yahlulwe kulwazi lweshishini, kwaye ilawulwa ziinjini zokuqhubekeka kwiilwimi ezinje ngeNkqubo yoShishino lweModeli kunye neNotation (BPMN 2.0) . Ngale ndlela, iinkqubo ezilula ezinje ngomgaqo-siseko wobambiso, okanye ezintsonkothileyo ezinje ngokwahluka kwabantu abahlala ezidolophini, zinokunyanzeliswa zibe ziinkonzo ezijolise kumsebenzi, amaziko, izinto eziluncedo, ezinje ukuba akuyomfuneko ukuphuhlisa inkonzo nganye ngokwahlukeneyo kodwa kunokuba zilungelelanise ukuba zisebenze ngokwesiqhelo.

Uyilo olusekwe kwinkonzo luqhuba ubomi kunye nolondolozo lweenkqubo ezinkulu, ngelixa ugcina abasebenzisi besenza kuphela izinto abaziingcali kuzo; akukhathaleki nokuba bakuphi, amagcisa e-GIS enza utyando lwe-topological oluqhekeza ipropathi, luzuze amalungelo kwilayisensi yelayisensi yeFolio engohlulwanga kwijometri yayo. Ke ukudityaniswa kwezikimu ezinje ngeOfisi engaphambili ayisiyonto inzima, kuba le nkqubo yeyona incinci kuyo; Okona kubalulekileyo kuphela kukumisa iifestile zokubonisa kwinkonzo apho inkonzo yabathengi yahlulwe kwindawo yokulungisa.

Inzuzo yokusebenzisa i-LADM

Elula, ukusuka kwingxelo eyenziwe i-20 iminyaka edlulileyo:

Ixesha elide lokuhlala!

Kungenxa yoko le nto enye yemiceli mngeni engxamisekileyo kubavavanyi abatsha kunye neengcali zegeomatics ifunda ukuqonda iimodeli. Umgangatho uvumela ukubekwa emgangathweni kweesemantics kwinto ekhethekileyo, ekufuneka uxelele inkampani yonjiniyela: sebenzisa i-ISO: 19152. Ndinqwenela ukuba ibilula ngolo hlobo, kodwa kulula kakhulu kunokulinda abanye ukuba beze bathi iNkqubo yePropathi kufuneka isebenze njani, xa abagunyazisi beenkcukacha kunye nabenzi beentlekele ziingcali.

Yenzelwe oko pussy ...

Umceli mngeni onika umdla kwitafile yokuphefumlela endibuyele kuyo kwaye endisabelana kuyo ngesicatshulwa ngenxa yedemokhrasi yolwazi olungenakuphikiswa namhlanje. Uyazi ukuba imvakalelo ebangelwe yitekhnoloji kufuneka ibe nomonde kubunzima bendima yeziko, ngaphandle kwayo ngekhe kwenzeke ukuyizisa kwinyani.

Ekupheleni kosuku, eli nqaku livakala liyintsominamhlanje-. Kodwa kumzekelo welizwe endithetha ngalo, kwinto enye eyathethwayo kwiminyaka eli-11 eyadlulayo xa kwakufuneka kuyilwe uMthetho omtsha wePropati, ngokusekwa kweziko elibandakanya kumgca omnye wokuyalela iCadastre, iRegistry kunye neziko Indawo yeSizwe. Amaziko aneenjongo ezingafaniyo - ewe -ngokuba bakhula bengafani; Kodwa kufuneka uye kubona izinto ezilungileyo zommelwane kwaye utshaye i-cigar elungileyo yenkuthazo ukuze ubone apho izinto ziya khona. Ngokukodwa kuba asazi ukuba siyakuba nayo nini loo mizuzu mihlanu yithuba lokwenza.

Iimodeli zeziko ziguquka kancinci, uxinzelelo lwetekhnoloji alunakuze luhambisane nesantya. Ke ngoko, imigangatho yenza loo ngongoma ibhalansi. Kwiminyaka esi-8, i-lag yetekhnoloji ihlala ilungile, nangona lag yeziko ithatha phantse iminyaka engama-30 ukuba iqatshelwe.

Golgi Alvarez

Umbhali, umphandi, ingcali kwiiModeli zoLawulo loMhlaba. Uthathe inxaxheba ekucingeni nasekuphunyezweni kweemodeli ezifana ne: INkqubo yeSizwe yoLawulo lwePropati SINAP eHonduras, iModeli yoLawulo loMasipala abaManyeneyo eHonduras, iModeli eDityanisiweyo yoLawulo lweCadastre - iRegistry eNicaragua, iNkqubo yoLawulo lweTerritory SAT eColombia. . Umhleli weblogi yolwazi lwe-Geofumadas ukususela kwi-2007 kunye nomdali we-AulaGEO Academy equka izifundo ezingaphezu kwe-100 kwi-GIS - CAD - BIM - Digital Twins izihloko.

Amanqaku Afana

enye Comment

  1. Yiyiphi ibakala elihle kakhulu, ndandisele ndikhangela ijeyari yezinto zonke !!! Wowª!

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