Indlela yokukhuphela imifanekiso esuka kwiGoogle Earth - iGoogle Maps - iBing - i-ArcGIS Imagery kunye neminye imithombo

Kwabaninzi abahlalutyi, sifuna ukwakha iimephu apho nayiphi na inkcazo ye-raster nayiphi na iplani efana neGoogle, Bing okanye i-ArcGIS Imagery ibonwa, ngokuqinisekileyo asinayo ingxaki ukususela phantse nayiphi na iqonga inokufikelela kwezi nkonzo. Kodwa ukuba oko sifuna ukukhuphela loo mifanekiso kwisisombululo esihle, izisombululo ezinjengezo StitchMaps zinyamalale, ngokuqinisekileyo isisombululo esihle kunazo zonke yiSAS Planet.

SAS Planet, yinkqubo simahla, imvelaphi Russian, nto leyo evumela ukuba fumana, khetha nokulayisha ezantsi imifanekiso ezininzi ukusuka kumaqonga ahlukeneyo okanye iiseva. Phakathi abancedisi zingafunyanwa, Google Earth, selekukho kwiiMephu zikaGuguli, Yahoo, Bing, Nokia, Yandex, Navitel Maps, VirtualEarth, Gurtam kwaye kongezelelwa kubo ngegolide umfanekiso ezifana iilebhile okanye izakhiwo indlela - into ebizwa hybrid- . Phakathi kwezinto ezintsha, ungabhala:

  1. ibe isicelo esilungileyo ngokupheleleyo, ayifuni ukufakwa kwanoma yiluphi uhlobo, ngokukusebenzisa oko kunokwenzeka ukuba kwenziwe nayiphi na inkqubo,
  2. inokwenzeka yokungena kwiifayile ze - .KML,
  3. ukulinganisa kwemida kunye nemizila
  4. umthwalo wenkcazelo eyongezelelweyo esuka kwamanye amaseva njenge Wikimapia,
  5. Ukuthunyelwa kweemephu kwii-mobiles, ezihambelana neeplatifomu ezifana ne-Apple-iPhone.

Ngomzekelo osebenzayo, kuya kukhangela ukujonga ngamanyathelo okukhupha ulwazi kwifomathi ye raster ukusuka nasiphi na iiplatifti ezikhankanyiweyo. Enye yeenzuzo zayo ezinkulu kukuba imifanekiso ekhutshwe kule sicelo ifakwe kwi-georeferenced, eyokugcina ixesha ekwakhiweni kwemveliso. Into eyahlukileyo kwinto eyenzekayo neemifanekiso zeGoogle Earth, ziyakusindiswa - zikhutshwe, kodwa zifuna iinkqubo zokulandelelana kwee-georeferencing, eziguqulela kwixesha lokuchitha.

Ukulandelelana kwamanyathelo okukhuphela imifanekiso

Ukukhetha okukhawulezayo kwendawo yomdla

  1. Isinyathelo sokuqala kukukhuphela ifayile equlethe i-SAS Planet ifowuni, kulo mzekelo inguqu yokugqibela ekhutshelwe ukusetyenziswa koluntu ngoDisemba we-2018 isetyenzisiwe. Ifayili ikhutshwe kwifomathi ye-zip, kwaye ukuba ikwazi ukuqhuba, kufuneka udibanise ngokupheleleyo umxholo. Xa igqityiwe, indlela yokuya kuyo iyavula kwaye iSasplanet iphumelele.
  2. Xa uqhuba inkqubo, imbono ephambili yesicelo ivula. Kukho iibarbha eziliqela (umbala oluhlaza), kunye nemenyu esemqoka yesicelo (umbala obomvu), imbono ephambili (umbala we-orange), ukutsalonga kwembono (umbala ophuzi), imeko enxulumene nayo (umbala we-violet), ibha karhulumente kunye neenkcukacha (umbala we-fuchsia).
  3. Ukuqala ukukhangela, ukuba uyazi ukuba yintoni indawo efunekayo, ufika kwimephu yombono ophambili, de uze ufike kwindawo efunwayo, kwenye yeetrabars ozikhethayo umthombo wolwazi lwe-raster, kweli livela kwiGoogle .
  4. Ukuba ufuna ukutshintsha umthombo wenkcazelo, zicofwe kanye apho igama isiseko kubonisiwe, kukho lukhethwe ku: Google, Yandex, Nokia, Kosmsnimki, Navteq, Genplan of eMoscow, GeoHub, Bing, Geoportal, Yahoo! , nezinye iimephu, yimbali, ukhenketho, iimephu zaselwandle, Space, iimephu zasekuhlaleni, OSM, ESRI, okanye Google Earth.
  1. Emva kokhetho, ukukhethwa kwendawo efunekayo kwenziwa. Ngokuxhomekeke kwindlela i-raster ejongwa ngayo, umncedisi ukhethwe, umzekelo wesithombe seGoogle esisetyenzisiweyo, kuba asizange iqule naluphi na uhlobo lwefu elikhoyo kwindawo.

  1. Emva koko, iqhosha liyasebenza Shift, kunye nale ndawo yokufunda iya kukhethwa ngesikhokhelo. Chofoza nje kwikhonkco uze udibanise kwindawo efunwayo, ukhetho lokugqibela lwenziwe, kwaye iwindi iwucala, apho kufuneka sibeke iimpawu zemizila yesithombe esikhethiweyo.
  1. Kwifestile, amathebhu ambalwa ayabonwa, ngowokuqala kubo Ukukhuphela, icandelo lokusondeza likhethiweyo. Amazinga e-Zoom ahluka kwi-1 ukuya kwi-24-isisombululo esiphezulu. Xa umfanekiso ukhethwe, kwi-bar ye-zoom, izinga liboniswa, nangona kunjalo, kule festile inokutshintshwa. Ikwabonisa kwakhona umncedisi apho umkhiqizo uya kukhutshwa khona.
  1. Kwisithuba esilandelayo, iiparitha zerhafu zifakwe. Ngokukodwa ukuba i-raster iyakusindiswa ngolwazi lwenkcukacha yendawo. Kule (1) bhokisi, umfanekiso kubume eboniswe bhokisi (2) imveliso umendo, ibhokisi (3) ekhethiweyo umncedisi kwi (4) bhokisi ukuba kukho umaleko uzaleke, ku ibhokisi (5) ukucaciswa kukhankanywe, ngoko iqela libizwe Yenza ifayile ye-georeferencing (6), inketho efanelekileyo kakhulu imakwe, kulo mzekelo .w, umgangatho ushiywe ungagqibekanga kwi-95%, kwaye ekugqibeleni nqakraza qalisa,
  2. Umfanekiso iye ngaphandle ngefomathi JPG, kodwa ngaphandle kwi iifomati zilandelayo: PNG, BMP, ECW (ucinezelo Wavelet yokuPhucula), JPEG2000, KMZ for Garming (JPEG ngegolide), RAW (single bitmap graphic), GeoTIFF.
  3. Ukuba uhlolisisa ifolda apho umfanekiso ugcinwe khona, iifayile ze-4 zichongiwe, ifayile ye-raster .jpg, ifayile engancedayo, kwaye i-jpgw iyabonwa (le yifayili yereferensi eyenziwe ngaphambili .w), kunye ne-.prj ehambelana nomfanekiso.

Uboniso olukhawulezayo kwi-SIG

  1. Emva kokuba nenkqubo, ifayile ivuliwe kwiphina isofthiwe ye-GIS ukukwazi ukuqinisekisa ukuba umfanekiso wendawo efunekayo. Ukuqhubeka, kwiprojekthi ye-ArcGIS Pro, izalathisi zilayishwe kwifomathi yefomathi, ezibonisa indawo apho kufuneka kufakwe umfanekiso otshanje ukuthunyelwa.
  2. Xa uvula, unokubona ukuba umfanekiso uhambelana ngokupheleleyo, kunye neemeko kwifom yefom yeembono eziphambili, oko kukuthi, kunye nezidumbu zamanzi kwifomathi ye vector. Umthombo okhoyo kumfanekiso ulungele indawo ye-polygon, ngoko ke kuthathwa njengento echanekileyo

Ukusebenzisa hybrid

Ukuba ufuna ukukhipha idatha ye-raster kunye nomxholo, njengezitrato kunye neendlela, kwaye uyisebenzise kumadivayisi eselula kwindawo yomsebenzisi, inkqubo efanayo yokukhethwa kwendawo yomdla iyenziwa.

Ukwahlula kukuba ngoku idatha yedatha ye-Bing izakuthathwa, kwenguqu yayo iindlela - izitalato, imbono ephambili ibonisa kuphela iindawo ezichaphazelekayo, kunye namagama ezitalato ezisisitalathweni, ukuba uqhubeka nokujonga imbono ephambili, iinkcukacha ezinxulumene nommandla wesifundo zilayishiwe.

Ngoku, ukuba i-raster yangaphambili iyadingeka ukuba ibe nedatha yeemephu zeendlela kunye namasayithi anomdla olayishiwe, kuphela hybrid - i-hybride, elula nje ingqalelo kwi data ukusuka kwiindawo ezibhekiselele kuzo, kunye nomfanekiso we-raster.

  1. Kwipaneli yecandelo, kukho iqhosha elincomekayo, xa ufika khona, zonke iziseko zemibala ezinokuthi zigqitywe nge-raster ziboniswa. Ukusuka kwiGoogle, OSM - Open Street Maps, Yandex, Rosreestr, Yahoo Hybrid, Hibrid Wikimapia, Navteq.
  2. Emva koko, ngenxa yesiseko se-raster, iseva ye-Bing-iStatellite isetyenziswe, ngoko ingeniswa kwimenyu hybrid, kwaye usebenze kangangoko kunyanzelekile, - oku kukuchonga, yiphi na ebume unolwazi oluninzi lwendawo, umzekelo ukhethwa: i-Google, OSM, Wikimapia, kunye ne-ArcGIS hybrid, imbono ye-raster eneziqendu ezingaphezulu ziboniswe ngezantsi.

  1. Ukugcina umfanekiso, kunye nedatha ebume, imbonakalo ikhethwe njengamaxesha adlulileyo, kodwa ngeli xesha, xa isikrini seerameters of the image siboniswa, oku kukhethiweyo kuluhlu kutyana, ifomathi yomkhiqizo, umzila wokuphuma, i-raster base (Bing) ifakwe, kwaye Uluhlu obunxweme - i-Google Hybrid yonyulwa - kunye nefayile yereferensi yendawo .w.
  2. Emva kokuba inkqubo iqhutywe, umfanekiso uvuliwe kwi-SIG okanye isofthiwe ekhethiweyo, kwaye iqinisekisa ukuba umfanekiso kunye ne-data hymrid yeGoogle Hybrid yayithunyelwa ngaphandle. Iibhile zeempawu ezikhoyo kwindawo yomdla ziboniswa, kwaye xa ukuma kufakwa, kufumaneke ngqo apho umzimba wamanzi kufuneka uhambe khona.

Inkqubo yeli nqaku inokubonwa kwisiteshi se-Youtube seGeofumadas

Ingqwalaselo yokugqibela

Njengoko kunokuqinisekiswa, ukusetyenziswa kwesixhobo kulula, akufuneki ukuba iinzame ezinkulu ziqonde ukuguquguquka kweenkqubo kunye nezixhobo eziyibhalayo. Ngoko ke, ukusetyenziswa kwayo kuphakanyiswa kakhulu.

Ngokungafani namanye amanyathelo kulo msebenzi wokukhuphela imifanekiso ye-georeferenced, efana neyo I-Stitchmap, i-SASPlanet yenzeke yinto enokusetyenziswa ngayo, ukuba ngendlela eqhubekayo kuyo yonke imbuyekezo yayo ifakwe izixhobo kunye nokusebenza kunye nokufikelela kwiinkonzo ezininzi nangaphezulu. Eli nqaku lenziwe ngokusebenzisa i-21 Disemba 2018 ye-2009 December, kodwa ke, sinika unxibelelwano, kwiphepha elisemthethweni, eliqulethe zonke iinguqulelo ezikhutshiwe ukususela ngonyaka we-XNUMX.

Ndiyakuvuyela iSASPlanet kunye neminyaka ye-10 yokuqhubeka.

Enye Impendulo "Indlela yokukhuphela imifanekiso esuka kwiGoogle Earth - iGoogle Maps - iBing - ArcGIS Imagery kunye neminye imithombo"

Shiya impendulo

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

Le sayithi isebenzisa i-Akismet ukunciphisa ugaxekile. Funda indlela idatha yakho yokubhaliweyo isetyenziswe ngayo.