#GIS - Ikhosi ye-ArcGIS Pro - ukusuka ekuqaleni

Funda i-ArcGIS Pro Easy -Ikhosi eyilelwe abathandi be-GIS abafuna ukufunda ukusebenzisa le software ka-Esri, okanye abasebenzisi beenguqulelo zangaphambili abanethemba lokuhlaziya ulwazi lwabo ngendlela esebenzayo. I-ArcGIS Pro yinguqulelo entsha yesoftware ethandwa kakhulu ye-GIS, ephela ngeArcMap 10x.

Le khosi yenzelwe iGolgi Alvarez, esekelwe kwindlela yayo ye-AulaGEO:

  • Konke kwindawo engummandla ofanayo,
  • Imisebenzi eyenziwe ngcali, ichaze ngokukodwa,
  • Thatha ikhosi ngexesha lakho, kunye nokufikelela ebomini,
  • Inketho yokubuza imibuzo xa ufuna,
  • Izinto eziphathekayo kunye nedatha efumanekayo yokukhuphela,
  • Ukufikelela kumadivayisi eselula,
  • NgeSpanish nesiNgesi.

Le khosi inamacandelo amathandathu; Kwezihlanu zokuqala, sisebenza ngedatha kwinqanaba lelizwe, sifunda inyathelo ngenyathelo indlela yokwenza iinkqubo kwidatha efanayo. Kwicandelo 6 sisebenza kwimodeli yesibini, kwaye umthambo wenziwa kwiipropathi ngokuthe chu, ukusuka ekungeniseni idatha kwi-AutoCAD / Excel ukwenza amabinzana antsonkothileyo kunye nomxholo ngokusekwe kwiitafile zangaphandle ezinxibelelanisiweyo.

Finyelela kwiNkundla yeSpeyin

Fumana i-Course ngesiNgesi

Ngezantsi isishwankathelo somxholo wekhosi.

Candelo le1. Isiseko seProGGIS Pro

Masiqale nge-ArcGIS Pro.  Kule klasi, ujongano olutsha lwenkqubo lwaziswa, kunye nolawulo lomxholo kwiphaneli yasekhohlo kunye nekhathalogu yedatha kwipaneli elungileyo. Kwenziwa ngokulandela umthambo usebenzisa idatha evela kwizikhululo zeenqwelo moya emhlabeni wonke, ukubonisana nedatha malunga nabo nokuzama ukuqhelana neribhoni ephezulu kunye nezixhobo.

Ukhetho lwe Data  Kule klasi ufunda ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo zokukhetha izinto, kokubini ngokukhetha kwibhodi yezitshixo kwaye usekwe kwiimpawu zetheyibhile kunye nendawo. Ukusukela ngoku ukuya phambili, wonke umsebenzi wenziwa kwindawo enye kwinqanaba lelizwe.

Indawo yokuMakisha (iifayile). Apha ichazwa njengokuseka indawo ezikhethiweyo ngokukhawuleza, ukuze zikwazi ukuhamba ngendlela ebonakalayo. Lo msebenzi wenziwa kusetyenziswa inkonzo yemifanekiso yesathelayithi (imifanekiso yehlabathi) kwaye ifundiswa indlela yokwenza, ukuskrolela, ukusondeza, ukuhlela okanye ukucima indawo yomdla (ibhukumaka).

Icandelo 2. Ukwenza nokuhlela idatha yendawo.

Yongeza idatha esuka kwi-Excel. Oku kubandakanya inyathelo ngenyathelo, indlela yokufaka idatha yendawo evela kwitafile yokuququzelela ye-Excel. Ukulungelelaniswa kwejografi kuyasetyenziswa kule meko; kwimithambo elandelayo uza kuhlala ubeka uququzelelo lwe-UTM ye-Excel. Ewe, kule kunye nezinye iindlela zokusebenzisa iifayile zibandakanyiwe ukuze zikwazi ukuphinda iklasi.

Data Symbology Eli klasi libandakanya ukusebenzisa imeko-bume ngokusekwe kwiikhrayitheriya zetafile. Imimandla kwinqanaba lelizwe isetyenziselwa oku, okufanayo kulo lonke lo msebenzi (Madagascar).

Idatha yohlobo lweempawu.  Nantsi kwimihlaba efanayo ekhethiweyo efana nokuhlela idatha ye-alphanumeric, ukuguqula nokongeza iikholomu, kunye nokubala kwendawo kunye nokugcinwa kwitheyibhile ngokusekelwe kwinkqubo yokucacisa ichazwa.

Ukubhalwa kweempawu.  Ngoku, kuyacaciswa ukuba uyizisa njani idatha yedatha yento kwaye ibenze babonakale njengeempawu (iilebheli). Kucacisiwe ukuba ungayenza njani iipoligoni, imigca kunye namanqaku; kunye nemiba enxulumene nokuqhelaniswa kwelebheli.

Ukuchithwa kweenkcukacha zoluntu.  Izixhobo zokuhlela idatha yendawo zichazwe.

Imifanekiso yeGeoreferencing.  Apha, usebenzisa amaphuzu awaziwayo kumfanekiso, ukulungiswa kwemeko kwenziwa ngokusekelwe kwendawo yokucoca kwendawo.

Candelo le3. Uhlalutyo lwedatha

Uhlalutyo lwe-Influence - Buffer.  Kucaciswa indlela yokukhetha idatha yendawo kwaye oku kusetyenziswa ukuqhutyelwa kommandla wempembelelo, khetha uhlobo lokulungelelanisa, uhlobo lokuphela.

Candelo le4. Shicilela okuqukethwe nge-ArcGIS Pro

Isizukulwana seMaphu. Nantsi indlela yokwakha ibhokisi yokuprinta, uchaza ukuba ungazongeza njani izinto kwimephu ezinje ngomlinganiso wegraphic, umxholo weesemfu, uphawu lwasemantla, njl. Icacisa kwakhona indlela yokuthumela ngaphandle imephu kwezinye iifomathi (i-pdf, png, jpg, eps, njl.njl.) Ukuprinta okanye ukujonga iinkqubo ezisetyenziswa rhoqo.

Candelo le6. Makhe sikwenze - inyathelo ngamanyathelo okunyathela

Kweli candelo, kwindawo yesibini, indawo yokusebenza encinci, umthambo osetyenziswayo kwimisebenzi eqhelekileyo kwimiba yepropathi uyenziwa. Bayayikhumbula indawo leyo siphendukela kwimodeli yedijithali ukusuka kwimifanekiso, sisebenzisa i-Such3D, i-AutoDesk Recap kunye nelifu layo esilithumela kwi-Civil3D. Ewe, le mithambo ilandelayo yenziwa kwakule ndawo inye kusetyenziswa iArcGIS Pro, eneevidiyo ezichaza ngakumbi. Idatha yokufaka, iifayile ezifunekayo ukwenza umthambo kunye neziphumo zokukhangela zibandakanyiwe kuyo yonke imithambo.

Impembelelo yenguqu ukusuka kwi-ArcMap ukuya kwi-ArcGIS Pro. Kule klasi, ukhenketho lweArcGIS Pro, ujongano lwayo, lwenziwa, luchaza olona tshintsho luphambili, izibonelelo, kunye neziphumo zolu hlobo xa kuthelekiswa neArcMap. Icandelo ngalinye le-headband ephezulu licacisiwe, ziphi ezona zinto ziphambili zisetyenziswayo kunye nokubanakho kwabo phantsi kohlengahlengiso olunalo iArcGIS Pro.

E1 jercicio. Ukungenisa iimpahla kwi-AutoCAD imephu kwi-GIS. Thatha ifayile ye-dwg kwi-AutoCAD / Microstation, kwaye uzame ukungenisa kwiArcGIS Pro; Ukucacisa ukuba wenzeni xa uguqulelo lungaxhaswa. Izinto ezinje ngokwahlulahlula izinto ngocingo ziyacaciswa, kususwa izinto ezingeyomfuneko ezinje nge-eksisi yesitalato esigqithisileyo, uguqulo olubonisa iiklasi kunye nokuguqulwa kwezinto ekufuneka zibe ziipoligoni kodwa eza njengemigca njengoko kunjalo iipoligoni zesakhiwo, ukuhlelwa kwemigca eqokelelweyo ekufuneka ibeyodwa kwimeko ye-axis ephambili yomlambo, izindlu kunye nolwandle. Ngaphezulu kwako konke, ukuba ezi zinto ze-CAD ziba njani ziingqimba ze-GIS.

Xilisa i2. Ukudiliza isayithi ukusuka kwiindawo zeGPS kwifomati ye-UTM. Kumsebenzi ongeniswe kwi-AutoCAD, iseti yolungelelwaniso olufunyenwe nge-GPS ekwifomathi ye-UTM iziswa ukwenza ukucinywa kwepropathi. Ukuzivocavoca kubandakanya imisebenzi yokungenisa ulungelelwaniso oluqikelelweyo kwifom ye-XY, ibabela ukuqikelelwa kwe-WGS84, indawo kwaye emva koko bayitshintshe ibe zii-vertices kwimephu. Kwezi, ukhetho lokwenza iyelenqe, ulawulo lwe-snap lusetyenziselwa ukufakwa kwikhompyutha, ukubala i-perimeter kunye nommandla zombini kwiimitha zesikwere kunye nokuguqulwa nokugcinwa kwenye ikholamu enjengeehektare.

Xilisa i3. Ukubunjwa kwemihlaba ebanzi ebalwe. Lo msebenzi uhlukile. Iyanyanga, iqhubeka nophuhliso lwepropathi, iyacaciswa ukuba zenziwa njani zonxibelelwano ezintsonkothileyo, ezinje ngesitshixo se-cadastral esekwe kwi-centroid kwifom P-uququzeleleX, ulungelelwanisoY, umda kunye nenani.

Xilisa i4. Uhlalutyo lweBampu. Kumlambo owela iipropati, ukubalwa kwendawo yempembelelo kuyenziwa, kusetyenziswa isikhuseli seemitha ezili-15 ukusuka kwi-axis kumlambo omkhulu kunye ne-7.5 yeemitha kwimirhumo. Ukongeza, kubonisiwe ukuba ungayenza njani inyibilikiso ukuba ube nepholigoni enye yendawo yempembelelo.

Xilisa i5. Ukubhalwa kweempawu. Ngoku, njengokuqhubeka komsebenzi kunye neepropathi, kuyacaciswa ukuba ungawenza njani amabinzana ukuze aqokelele idatha eyahlukeneyo kwiikholamu ezahlukeneyo zetafile ngohlobo lweelebheli. Kule meko, isitshixo se-cadastral esakhe sakha ngaphambili, kunye nendawo eyongeza i-A = ngaphambi kwexabiso. Ukongeza, icacisa indlela yokujikeleza ileyibhile, kwimeko yamagama emingxuma yemilambo, kunye nendlela yokufaka iziphumo ezizodwa kunye nokwenza isimbo sokubhaliweyo.

Xilisa i6. Ukuxhatshazwa ngeempawu. Eli candelo lekhosi lifundisa ukuba, ngokusekwe kwidatha yethebhu, iipropathi zinokuthi zibenomxholo, kusetyenziswa iikhrayitheriya kunye nokusebenza kweArcGIS Pro.Itheyibhile ye-Excel inxulunyaniswa apho abanini beepropathi bakho, kwaye kwenziwa uphando ngeepropathi. Banobume obukhethekileyo, umzekelo apho umnini enegama "uJuan", apho kungekho sazisi emva koko sinemixholo esekwe kwiikhrayitheriya.

Xilisa i7. Iimpawu zobungcali  Eli klasi ligxile kwimiba yokudala kunye nokuhlela idatha yendawo. Amaqhinga okudijithali achazwa njengokwenza umngxunya kwipropathi esuka kwichweba, indlela yokugcwalisa i-polygon yejelo usebenzisa ukugcwaliswa okuzenzekelayo okanye indlela yokuzoba ecaleni komlambo usebenzisa isixhobo somkhondo.

Xilisa i8. Imifanekiso yeGeoreferencing. Apha, ukuba nomfanekiso apho ulungelelwaniso lwe-UTM lwaziwa, i-georeferencing yenziwe. Ngokungafaniyo nokuzivocavoca kwicandelo elidlulileyo, ukulungiswa kusenziwa ngokusekwe kwezi zilungelelaniso zitsalwe njenge-vertex X, Y. Kusenokubakho ezinye izifundo zeArcGIS Pro.

Emva kokuba ufumana iNkcazo, ungayifumana kuyo ubomi kwaye uyithathe ngexesha lakho ngokuphindaphindiweyo njengoko ufuna.

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