#GIS - Ikhosi ye-ArcGIS Pro - ukusuka ekuqaleni

Funda i-ArcGIS Pro Easy - yinkqubo eyenzelwe abantu abanomdla kwiinkqubo zenkcazelo yoluntu, abafuna ukufunda indlela yokusebenzisa le software ye-Esri, okanye abasebenzisi beenguqulelo zangaphambilini abanethemba lokuhlaziya ulwazi lwabo ngendlela efanelekileyo. I-ArcGIS Pro yinguqulo entsha ye-software ye-GIS ethandwa kakhulu, eyaphela ngeArmMap 10x.

Le khosi yenzelwe iGolgi Alvarez, esekelwe kwindlela yayo ye-AulaGEO:

  • Konke kwindawo engummandla ofanayo,
  • Imisebenzi eyenziwe ngcali, ichaze ngokukodwa,
  • Thatha ikhosi ngexesha lakho, kunye nokufikelela ebomini,
  • Inketho yokubuza imibuzo xa ufuna,
  • Izinto eziphathekayo kunye nedatha efumanekayo yokukhuphela,
  • Ukufikelela kumadivayisi eselula,
  • NgeSpanish nesiNgesi.

Ikhosi iqulethwe ngamacandelo amathandathu; Kwiintlanu zokuqala sisebenza nedatha kwinqanaba lelizwe, ukufunda inyathelo ngesinyathelo ukuba wenze iindwendwe kwi-data efanayo. Kwiqendu le-6, imodeli yesibini isebenza, kwaye ukuqhutyelwa kwenziwa kwiipropati ngokuthe ngcembe, ukusuka kwedatha esuka kwi-AutoCAD / Excel ukwenza amazwi anzima kunye neengcebiso ngokusekelwe kwiitheyibhile ezixhunyiwe zangaphandle.

Finyelela kwiNkundla yeSpeyin

Fumana i-Course ngesiNgesi

Ngezantsi isishwankathelo somxholo wekhosi.

Candelo le1. Isiseko seProGGIS Pro

Masiqale nge-ArcGIS Pro. Kule klasini, i-interface entsha yeprogram iyaziwa, kunye nokuphathwa kokuqukethwe kwipaneli ekhohlo kunye nekhathalogu yeenkcukacha kwicala elifanelekileyo. Yenziwa ngokulandela umsebenziso usebenzisa idatha evela kwiinqwelo-moya emhlabeni wonke, udibana nedatha malunga nabo kwaye uzama ukuqhelana ne-ribbon phezulu kunye nezixhobo.

Ukhetho lwe Data Kule klasi ufunda iindlela ezahlukeneyo zokukhetha izinto, zombini ngokukhetha kwibhodibhodi kwaye ngokusekelwe kwiimpawu zobume kunye neendawo. Ukususela ngoku yonke imisebenzi isenziwa kwintsimi enye kwinqanaba lelizwe.

Indawo yokuMakisha (iifayile). Apha sichaza indlela yokuseka iindawo ezikhethiweyo ezikhethiweyo, ukuze sikwazi ukuhamba ngendlela efanelekileyo. Lo msebenzi uqhutywe usebenzisa isevisi yesithombe se-satellite (umfanekiso wehlabathi) kwaye ufundiswa indlela yokudala, ukuhambisa, ukusondeza, ukuhlela okanye ukususa indawo yomdla (ibhukumaka).

Candelo le2. Ukudala kunye neenkcukacha zedatha.

Yongeza idatha esuka kwi-Excel. Oku kufaka inyathelo ngesinyathelo indlela yokufaka idatha yendawo kwindawo ye-Excel yokubonisana netafile. Kule meko, ukulungiswa kweendawo zendawo kusetyenziswa; kwimisebenzi kamva, iikhomputha ze-Excel UTM zihlala zifakwe. Kakade, kule nxalenye kwaye isebenzisa iifayile zifakiwe ukuba zikwazi ukuphindaphinda iklasi.

Data Symbology Eli klasi liquka ukusetyenziswa kwesiganeko sogqithiso esekelwe kwimigangatho yeetafile. Imimandla ephakamileyo yelizwe isetyenziswe kule nto, leyo yonke unyaka unye (iMadagascar).

Idatha yohlobo lweempawu. Nantsi kwimihlaba efanayo ekhethiweyo efana nokuhlela idatha ye-alphanumeric, ukuguqula nokongeza iikholomu, kunye nokubala kwendawo kunye nokugcinwa kwitheyibhile ngokusekelwe kwinkqubo yokucacisa ichazwa.

Ukubhalwa kweempawu. Ngoku, kucaciswa indlela yokuzisa idatha yenkcazo yento kwaye uyibonise njengempawu (amalebula). Kucaciswa indlela yokwenza ngayo iipoloni, imigca kunye neengongoma; kunye neenkalo ezinxulumene nokuqhelaniswa kwesaziso.

Ukuchithwa kweenkcukacha zoluntu. Izixhobo zokuhlela idatha yendawo zichazwe.

Imifanekiso yeGeoreferencing. Apha, usebenzisa amaphuzu awaziwayo kumfanekiso, ukulungiswa kwemeko kwenziwa ngokusekelwe kwendawo yokucoca kwendawo.

Candelo le3. Uhlalutyo lwedatha

Uhlalutyo lwe-Influence - Buffer. Kucaciswa indlela yokukhetha idatha yendawo kwaye oku kusetyenziswa ukuqhutyelwa kommandla wempembelelo, khetha uhlobo lokulungelelanisa, uhlobo lokuphela.

Candelo le4. Shicilela okuqukethwe nge-ArcGIS Pro

Isizukulwana seMaphu. Apha sichaza indlela yokwakha ibhokisi yokunyathelisa, ukuchaza indlela yokongeza izinto kwibalazwe njengesikali somfanekiso, isimboli esinobugcisa, isimboli esenyakatho, njl njl. Kwakhona ichaza indlela yokuthumela imephu kwezinye iifom (pdf, png, jpg, eps, njl.) Ukuprinta okanye ukujonga ngeenkqubo eziqhelekileyo ezisetyenziswayo.

Candelo le6. Makhe sikwenze - inyathelo ngamanyathelo okunyathela

Kule candelo, kwindawo yesibini yomsebenzi omncinci, ukuqhutyelwa kwenziwa kusebenza kwimisebenzi eqhelekileyo enxulumene nepropati. Khumbula indawo leyo siphendukela kwimodeli yedijithali ukusuka kwimifanekiso, usebenzisa i-Regard3D, i-AutoDesk Recap kunye nefuthe laso elithumelayo kwi-Civil3D. Kuba kule ndawo enye le mi sebenzi ilandelwayo usebenzisa i-ArcGIS Pro, ngevidiyo ezicacileyo. Zonke izivivinyo ziquka idatha yenkcazo, iifayile eziyimfuneko ukwenza umsebenzi kunye neziphumo eziphumo zokujonga.

Impembelelo yenguqu ukusuka kwi-ArcMap ukuya kwi-ArcGIS Pro. Kule klasi, ukutyelela kwe-ArcGIS Pro, i-interface yayo yenziwa, ichaza utshintsho oluphambili, inzuzo kunye neempembelelo zaloo nguqulo efaniswa neArmMap. Icandelo ngalinye leqela eliphezulu lichazwe, ziphi izinto ezisemgangathweni kunye namandla abo phantsi koyilo lwe-ArcGIS Pro.

E1 jercicio. Ukungenisa iimpahla kwi-AutoCAD imephu kwi-GIS. Ifayile ye-dwg evela kwi-AutoCAD / i-Microstation ithathwa, kwaye malunga nokungenisa kwi-ArcGIS Pro; kuchaza ukuba yenzeni xa inguqulo ingahambelani. Uchaza iinkalo ezifana nokuhlukana kwezinto ngokucwangcisa, ukuphelisa izinto ezingadingekile ezifana ne-axis yesitrato esiphelile, ukuguqulwa kwiinkalo kunye nokuguqulwa kwezinto ezifanele zibe yi-polygons kodwa eziza njengemiqathango iipolgoni zesakhiwo, ukuqoqwa kwemigca ekufuneka ibe yinto enye kwi-axis ephezulu yomlambo, izindlu kunye nolwandle. Ngaphezu kwazo zonke, indlela ezi zinto ze-CAD zibe zibeka ngayo i-GIS.

Xilisa i2. Ukudiliza isayithi ukusuka kwiindawo zeGPS kwifomati ye-UTM. Ngokubhekiselele kumsebenzi ongeniswe kwi-AutoCAD, isethi yamalungiselelo athathwe nge-GPS esefomathi ye-UTM isetyenziselwa ukuqhubezelwa kwepropati. Lo msebenzi uquka imisebenzi yokungenisa izilungelelaniso kwifom ye-XY, ubanikeze i-WGS84 ukubonakaliswa, ummandla uze uguqulwe ibe yimpendulo kwimephu. Kule ndlela, ukhetho lokudala isalathisi, ulawulo lwe-snap ukulungelelanisa ukugqitywa, ukubala i-perimeter kunye nommandla kwiimitha zombini kunye nokuguqulwa nokugcinwa kwelinye ikholomu njengoko kufakwa ihektare.

Xilisa i3. Ukubunjwa kwemihlaba ebanzi ebalwe. Lo msebenzi uhlukile. Ukuphatha, ukuqhubeka nokuphuhliswa kwepropati, ichaza indlela yokwenza unxibelelwano olunzima, njengokhiye wesigxina ngokusekelwe kwi-centroid kwifom ye-P-coordinateX, ukulungelelanisa Y, ukukhangela kunye nenombolo.

Xilisa i4. Uhlalutyo lweBampu. Emlanjeni owela iifama, ukubalwa kwendawo yempembelelo kwenziwa, usebenzisa i-buffer yeemitha ezili-15 ukusuka kwi-axis kumlambo oyintloko kunye ne-7.5 yamitha kwiimpahla ezixhasayo. Ukongezelela, ibonisa indlela yokwenza ukucinywa ukuba ibe neyipoloni enye yendawo yempembelelo.

Xilisa i5. Ukubhalwa kweempawu. Ngoku, ngokuqhubeka komsebenzi kunye neepropati, sichaza indlela yokudala iindibanisi zokudibanisa idatha eninzi kwiikholam ezahlukeneyo zetafile ngendlela yeebhalile. Kule meko, ikhowudi ye-cadastral esayilungule ngaphambili, kwaye indawo yongeza i-A = phambi kwexabiso. Ukongezelela, ichaza indlela yokujikeleza iilebula, kwimeko yamagama enkqantosi yemilambo kunye nendlela yokusebenzisa iziphumo ezizodwa kunye nokwenza umxholo wesicatshulwa.

Xilisa i6. Ukuxhatshazwa ngeempawu. Le nxalenye yale khosi ifundisa, njengoko isekelwe kwidatha yenkcazo, iipropati ziyakwazi ukuqwalaselwa, kusetyenziswa imigaqo yokusebenza kunye ne-functionalities ye-ArcGIS Pro. Ithebula le-Excel lidibaniswe nabanikazi bepropati, kwaye uphando lwenziwe ngeempawu banemeko ekhethekileyo, umzekelo apho umnini unalo igama elithi "Juan", apho kungekho khaliti yesazisi kwaye ke ixhomekeke kwiinkqubo.

Xilisa i7. Iimpawu zobungcali Eli klasi ligxile kwimimandla yendalo kunye nokuhlela kwedatha yendawo. Ichaza ukukhangela amaqhinga njengokwenza umgodi kwisalathiso eqala elwandle, indlela yokuzalisa i-polygon yesiteshini usebenzisa ukuzigqiba okanye indlela yokudonsa umlambo usebenzisa isixhobo sokulandelela.

Xilisa i8. Imifanekiso yeGeoreferencing. Apha, enomfanekiso apho u-UTM ulungelelaniswa khona, ukulungiswa kwemeko kwenziwa. Ngokungafani nokusetyenziswa kwecandelo elidlulileyo, ukulungiswa kwenzelwe ngokusekelwe kwezi ngqungquthela ezithathwa njenge-vertex X, Y. Kukho ezinye izifundo ze-ArcGIS Pro.

Emva kokuba ufumana iNkcazo, ungayifumana kuyo ubomi kwaye uyithathe ngexesha lakho ngokuphindaphindiweyo njengoko ufuna.

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