I-National System of Property Management SINAP

sinap hondurasInkqubo yeSizwe yoLawulo lweZakhiwo (iSINAP) yiplani yezobuchwepheshe edibanisa yonke ingcaciso enxulumene nemithombo yendalo kunye neyomgangatho woluntu, apho abantu abahlukeneyo babantu, abazimeleyo kunye nabanye ngabanye babhalisa zonke iintengiso ezihambelana nexabiso ipropati, kuyimfuneko yomgaqo-siseko kunye nokuhlaziywa kwemarike yemasheya.

Umfanekiso ngakwesokudla uza kuwubona kwindawo ethile, yinto yokukhwela ngelinye ilanga ndiyenzile ngexesha lam elithile malunga LADM, kwenye yeemiboniso e-Amsterdam, kukho i2012.

SINAP wazalelwa kwaye yaphunyezwa Honduras ngethuba 2002-2005 ngaphakathi sikhokelo iNkqubo yoLawulo loMhlaba, ezifana nezo ezimzelayo ngokunxuseneyo ngelo xesha kumazwe awahlukeneyo phantsi inkxaso-mali ye-Bank yeHlabathi. Akazalwanga likhuthaze njengomphambukeli, isiseko wakhe iingcamango classical ezixhasa imifuziselo yophuhliso apho abacebisi beengxenye zophuhliso yeemalike, kwelinye icala ukuncipha kwiindleko zokuvelisan (izinto eziluhlaza, izibonelelo zabantu, iteknoloji kunye nenkunzi) nangakolunye uhlangothi ukwehla kwiindleko zokuthengiselana. Ngoko, unikezwe ubunzima bokunciphisa iindleko zokuvelisa kwilizwe eliphuhlisayo, ubukhulu becala be-SINAP kukunciphisa iindleko kunye nezihlandlo zokuthengiselana.

SINAP ayikho sisixhobo computer, kodwa imigaqo-nkqubo kuquka uphuhliso lobugcisa, ukuhlanganiswa nxaxheba zeziko ababandakanyekayo kulawulo lomhlaba kunye lula iinkqubo ezisekelwe kwizinto ezenzeka ngamazwe kwimigangatho nokwamkelwa kubuchwepheshe ulwazi noqhagamshelwano.
SINAP ke baba nengcinga xa kukho ingcaciso eyaneleyo ukuba ziphumeze kuphela technology ngaphandle ukulungisa amafa zolawulo zeziko phantse kufana ngokubeka phezu amavili ihashe, kunokuba uyile imoto entsha. Ngoko icebo lihambelana nokutshintsha okukhulu okubandakanya ukudala imithetho emitsha efana noMthetho wePropati kunye noMthetho we-Odinensi yoMmandla; phantsi kwalo ukusekwa zomthetho Institute Property, guilabel ndawonye IRejistri Land (ebeyinalo kwiNkundla Ephakamileyo), i-National Cadastre (apho i uMlawuli Executive phantsi nguMongameli) kunye National Geographic Institute owadalwa ( exhomekeke kwiSebe lezeMisebenzi yoLuntu kunye nezothutho).

Iziko elitsha iCandelo of Records, iCandelo of Cadastre kunye neJografi kunye nedilesi Regularization phantsi woqondo swi Outsourcing ngu Associated Centres ezinokunika oomasipala okanye amaqumrhu phantsi yobehlulelani bukarhulumente nabezoshishino labucala.

Sinap

ISINAP izalwe phantsi kweModeli yeCadastre Domain Model (CCDM), umqulu owawunjalo i-abastracto ka-Christiaan Lemmen kunye nezinye ii-geofumadas ezazifuna ukubonakala kwindlela yeCadastre 2014.

Le CCDM e 2012 waba LADM (ISO-19152), kodwa ngelo xesha (2002) wayesele yokucinga ngokwaneleyo oqolileyo zisebenza njani izinto kulawulo lizwe ungenziwa lula ukuba nolwalamano elula yomthetho, Yokuziphatha noXanduva (RRR ) phakathi bachaphazelekayo (Party) kunye nezinto yobhaliso (BAUnits), kunye nelizwe njengoko ulwalamano lwendawo izinto kunye nemephu njengezinto yomthetho karhulumente echaphazela umthetho zabucala.

Olu luyilo loyilo lwe-SINAP kunyaka we-2004; ngothotho nodes emide ngelo xesha uyayenza: SINIMUN koomasipala, INTUR kwicandelo lezokhenketho, SINIA Environment, SNGR ngenxa ulawulo lomngcipheko, CIEF zamahlathi INFOAGRO kwicandelo lezolimo.

Sinap

I-logo ekunene yiyo ehambelana nam ukuba ibuyele kwakhona kwi-2012, inakekele ukuba ngubani okhoyo. Isishwankathelo, i-SINAP yinqonga edibanisa ubuncinci abane-system-sub-systems:

Inkqubo Yobumbano yeeRekhodi.

Le nkqubo ibandakanya, phakathi kwamanye obhaliso, ipropati yangempela kunye nerejista ye-cadastral njengenyaniso enye. Oku kuthetha ukuba iipasile zenza kuyitshayela epheleleyo mmandla, zombini propati yabucala bopha kwiifama ebhaliswe phantsi ubuchule lokwenene iphepha kwakunye nezinto zoluntu ezifana neendlela kunye nemilambo ezinxulumene iphepha zolawulo. Ukongeza, ngamayelenqe zibonise interesecto njengoko affectations ubunzima yi mapping ene-ikhonkco ngumthetho karhulumente, kwakunye ukucanda njengoMnayile, imimandla ekhuselweyo, iziza imbali, njl

IQINISO ayiquki nje kuphela i-real estate; kuluhlu lwe-agnostic ukuhlanganiswa ngokuthe ngqo kwimpahla eyahlukeneyo yesizwe; okwangoku kubandakanya ukuthengisa, ubugcisa kunye nempahla ye-vehicular.

Inkqubo yeNational Territorial Information (ISINIT)

Le nkqubo ibhalisa kwaye ipapasha yonke inkcazelo ye-cartographic ekhutshwe ngamaziko ahlukeneyo kwelizwe kwaye idala iinkonzo ezongeziweyo zenza ukuba zifumaneke kubasebenzisi phantsi kwenkqubo efanayo. Ikwazisa kwakhona ulwazi lwendawo, lizalise indima yolwazi lokugcina ukukhupha ilahleko yolwazi oluveliswa ngamaziko karhulumente kunye nokusebenza njengendlela yokushicilela abo abangenazo izibonelelo eziyimfuneko ukuze bakhonze ulwazi abakwenzileyo.

Ukubhaliswa kwemiGaqo yokuSebenza koMhlaba (RENOT)

Le yirejista edibanisa yonke imithetho equle iimpawu zempembelelo okanye inzuzo ekusebenziseni, i-domain okanye umsebenzi weepakethi. Umthombo le rekhodi unxulunyaniswa Land uMthetho Management, efuna izicwangciso zolawulo kunye nemimiselo ukuze yoluntu eza kumaziko ahlukileyo kunokuba enforzables yaye kubonakala njengoko encumbrances kwi iipasile kwi-ofisi okanye isiqinisekiso cadastral, kwakunye ulawulo lweenkqubo okanye izatifikethi kwiipropati zeRejista yoMhlaba.

Nangona i-godadors ye-RENOT iguqukile ngamaxesha ahlukeneyo, ingcinga yabo ihlala ifana yokuba iimephu ezipeyinti kufuneka zibophe: «Kumele kubekho iimeko zomthetho ezixhobisa imigaqo-nkqubo yokuvuma, okhethekileyo, intengiso kunye nobhaliso, ukuze imigaqo yomyalelo woluntu ibonakaliswa kwiimpahla zabucala »

I-National Spatial Data Infrastructure (INDES)

Kakade, akukho yonke into eyayilula ukuyisebenzisa. Kwi-2002, isihloko seziseko zophuhliso lweziseko zendawo sasinokuqala, ubuncinane kula mazwe apho ubuchule beziko kunye nesibonelelo semfundo kwiiyunivesithi asinakunceda. Ngelo xesha, inkqubo yesine yayibizwa ngokuba yiC Clearinghouse, i-termties eyikota ekukhumbuza iinjine ze-metadata ezidumileyo. Ngomnyaka endifanele ndiwuqwalasele ngawo, siwubiza ngokuba yiNational Spatial Data Infrastructure (INDES).

Ngaba bekufanelekile umzamo we-SINAP?

SINAP owawubona kwiimeko ezahlukeneyo ngamazwe, nangona kwingongoma yam ethile, unesifo ababhali abanqwenela ukuba iinzuzo zabo phantsi indlela izwe. Ukuze ube ngumntu ozelwe ukusuka ekuqaleni phezu kwetafile eglasini kunye iindebe ezimbalwa yekofu kwilizwe iingxaki zorhwaphilizo kunye iivoti kwezopolitiko ezifanayo kumazwe amaninzi umongo kokufika yaba ngumsi yonke iphela, SINAP yiproject wayengumzekelo ngeendlela ezininzi. Of ezisezantsi ezine, ngokuqinisekileyo ke lowo unako ngakumbi sostenibillidad, ngenxa yokuba uphuhliso yayo kwenziwa ngexesha njengoko irekhodi njengoko esilawulayo baba godparents bakhe nangenxa yokuba bet kakubi elwa nenguquko nomthetho omtsha kunye nenguqu kwiziko, oko akulula (okanye kucebise) ukuphumeza nakweliphi na ilizwe; nangona oko bekufuneka batyelele izithintelo ezifana nokungachukumisi ikhowudi yomntu (ukuba olunye usuku lwabo luya kudlula i-invoyisi), kunye neemeko ezincinci kwi-Cadastral-Registration career, nangona kubandakanywa kwiingcali eziqinisekisiweyo.

Njengoko ukukhula kwamaziko kukho imingeni emininzi ukususela kumaziko emva projekthi, ukunqongophala umsebenzi waseburhulumenteni kunye nabasebenzi ngena kungabonwa union kuye kwakhokelela phantse ukuba sibutyake zihlandlo uzukileyo le Institute Property; Noko ke, njengokuba platform ubuchwepheshe intlonelo QINISEKA ukuba eye wavumela ukuba aqhubeke oshishina kwiqonga olusemthethweni emfaneleyo.

Iprojekti yamahhala yeso sihlandlo ayibonakalwanga ngokuvuthwa kokuvuthwa, ngoko bekufuneka ukuba isebenzise iteknoloji enkulu yokuthengisa, ukunika umzekelo:

  • Mapping lwedijithali imishini iphuhliswe VBA, ekubeni ngamayelenqe log omkhulukazi ngeWeb zembali DGN V8 esinolawulo zokuhlola-Checkout usebenzisa ProjectWise
  • Ngombukeli wewebhu kwi-ActiveX, abasebenzisi boomasipala baceliwe ukuthengiselana kwemisebenzi ngokusebenzisa i-DGN ngokukhawuleza, i-GeoWeb Publisher and Web-explorer lite.
  • Isizukulwana sesatifikethi se-cadastral singenziwa kumxhasi we-Microstation Geographics, ukuvelisa imephu, idatha yedatha kunye nekhodi yekhosi ngokukhetha ukhiye we-cadastral; ngelixa i-intanethi ingaveliswa usebenzisa i-GeoWeb Publisher, ngokwayo okanye ngokukhawuleza, ivelise iifayile zePDI eziqulethe idatha yeefayili kunye negraphic.
  • Ukukhangela kunye nokukhishwa kweencwadi zokubhalisa kwenziwa ngezicelo ezizenzekelayo eziphendulela lo msebenzi olukhuni kwinkqubo ye-maquila, eyakhishwa kamva kwiinkampani zangasese.
  • Iqonga lokuthengiselana lefayili ye-cadastral kunye ne folio yangempela yaveliswa ngokupheleleyo kwiwebhu.

Mhlawumbi ukusetyenziswa zonke ezi nobuchwepheshe, zonke ezi abasebenzisi kunye neqondo automation amenza kunyaka 2004 le BeAwards (namhlanje BeInspired) ibhaso kwindawo yolawulo udidi kunye 2005 kuhlobo kuRhulumente. Kodwa ke uvavanyo lokwenene xa wajongana 2006 utshintsho kwezopolitiko ngeyahlukileyo iqela nabo bonke abo maqhinga zemveli yemibutho yezopolitiko nomnqweno wokucima yonke into kwaye uqale ukusuka ekuqaleni.

Ngenye intsasa wafika ne disk lwangaphandle (ezibe abatsha ngelo xesha) athi ukuba igcinwe kwi diski esihlangeneyo kwirejistri ... bayeka ukubuza xa waqonda ukuba kwakuza kufuneka disks ezininzi lwangaphandle.

Ngenye intsasa, umntu ucele ulawulo lomlawuli womsebenzisi wedatha. Emva kweentsuku ezimbini ndalilibale i-key, kwaye kwakuyimfuneko nganye iintsuku ezintathu ukuqala isiseko sedatha emva kokuxhaswa ngokuzenzekelayo phakathi kobusuku, kuba ngelo xesha kwakungenayo i-virtualization ye-server kwaye i-replica yayigcinwe isebenzayo xa yenza okufanayo. ukhuseleko phakathi kwe-12 yobusuku kunye ne-6 yentsasa.

Ubhaliso olusetyenzisile inkqubo luqale ukukhalaza, kwaye le nkwenkwe yaqonda ukuba iNkqubo yayingaphezulu kwimizobo emihle yokumisela i-PowerPoint Presentations.

Ngokuqinisekileyo ukusuka kwimpazamo eyenziwe kukho izifundo ezinobuncedo abasebenzisi abahlukeneyo abathatha inxaxheba abanokuthatha inxaxheba kwinqanaba lokucingwa, ukuyila, ukuphuhliswa, amaxwebhu, ukuphunyezwa kunye nokusekwa kweziko. Xa inkqubo intsha, kwaye abantu bathatha inxaxheba, amathuba avela kuloo mava atshintsha ubomi bawo, ngaphaya kolwazi olufunyenweyo.

Sinap

Into engavunyelwanga kukuzibophelela kweHonduras, nge-SINAP, kukuba emva kwexesha, umbono wokuqala awuguqukanga. Inkqubo ikwazile ukusinda amaxesha amathathu orhulumente, kubandakanya i-coup d'etat (2009); ngeli xesha kwakukho onke amathuba okuba ungaphumeleli, kodwa ukusetyenziswa komgaqo wokuqonda oqhelekileyo kwakubalulekile «Ukuba uya kwenza inkqubo enkulu, yenza ukuba usebenze ngokukhawuleza«; Xa wayefuna ukubuyela ukuze asebenzise iincwadi, abo bantu babemkhusela. Okwangoku, i-16 yesithili sobhaliso lwe-24, esele isebenza kwinkqubo, yenziwe i-modified. Kwi-2013 kwenziwa isicwangciso sendaleko yokufudusa zonke ezo zinto zazincanyathiselwe iqonga elitsha, ukufaka isoftware yomthombo ovulekileyo ukuze kuphuculwe uzinzo, kunye nokulungelelanisa imodeli yeshishini ukuyilungiselela ukudityaniswa komqhubi wangasese, nokwamkelwa Imigangatho ye-LADM kunye Ubuchwepheshe beBlockChain yokubambisa idatha. Esinye sezidibaniso eziphambili yiiphakheji kwi database, Running evela ezingasenza, ngoko ukuba kukho geometry omtsha irekhodwa imithetho enxulumanisa (njengommandla omtsha ekhuselweyo), ngokuzenzekelayo zonke iziza ayachaphazeleka kwaye ivela njenge kodityaniso othintelo kwiifama registry; ubuchwepheshe ezivulekileyo ezifana OpenLayers, GeoServer kunye GeoNetwork endaweni GeoWeb Umshicileli kunye BentleyMap ukubuyisela ikhowudi Microstation Geographics nayo ifakiwe; Kwamasipala, iinkonzo zewebhu zaphuhliswa ukuba zisebenzisane ngeWFS kwi-plugin ye-QGIS.

Kulo mfanekiso olandelayo ndiyifake indlela yokuhamba ye-SINAP, efuna ukunqoba ezi zibini Imibiko yeCadastre ye-2014 ezingakhange zitywinwe: ukuba icandelo labucala kunye noluntu lisebenzisane kunye, olukhokelela kwisiluleko esingenangqiqo sokubambisana kwamashishini abucala kunye nokusetyenziswa kakubi kweengcaphephe zezoshishino ezivumela ukuba iindleko zifumaneke ngokupheleleyo.

Ngaphantsi kombono omtsha, iinkqubo ze-SINIT kunye ne-RENOT asisadingeki njengezixhobo ezongezelelweyo, njengoko kucetyiswa ngu-2004 ubuchwepheshe bezobuchwepheshe kunye namacala omthetho. INYE yirekhodi enye enye ye-SURE (iRekhodi yeCartographic) kunye ne-RENOT yeRejista yokuLawula; inkqubo entsha isenkqubo yophuhliso; Umzobo olandelayo ubonisa into ethile yeziseko zobuchwepheshe.

Ukuba izinto ziqhubeka neenyawo ezithathayo, i-SINAP iya kukwazi ukuzalisekisa isiseko sayo esivela ekuqaleni kwimiba yamaZiko adibeneyo; ngokuba yiRejistri kunye neCadastre kuphela izinto ezilawulayo ngaphakathi inkqubo ephakathi iqhutywe phantsi kwesikimu se-Front-back office.

Ngaloo ndlela, oomasipala bajongene nokuhlaziywa kwe-cadastral kunye nokubonelelwa kweenkonzo ezinxulumene nokuthengiselana; Okwangoku, oomasipala abambalwa bayenza phantsi kwecandelo lokuthunywa, ukuthengiswa kwemali esele iqhutywe ngokuthe ngqo ngamabhanki athile, njengeofisi zepheripheral, njenge-Registry Registry esebenza yiCandelo loRhwebo kunye nomviwa ukuba enze okungaphezulu kwelo ...

Ngokuqinisekileyo ubuthakathaka obukhulu be-SINAP buya kubakho ixesha elide, ukungabikho kwezimbongi ezithetha ngamandla abo kumanqanaba okuqonda, ezobugcisa kunye nobuchwepheshe. Usizi, ucinga ukuba mhlawumbi ifulegi yokuqala yezinto ezibonakalayo zeLADM, ngaphambi kokuba kube ngumgangatho oqhelekileyo (CCDM); Kuyafaneleka ukuba amanye amazwe afana neColombia aya kuthatha, apho lolu hlobo lozuko aluyekanga ukusebenzisa kwaye lufakwe kumgaqo-nkqubo woluntu, njengoko kuboniswe I3859.

Izifundo ezifundwa kwi-SINAP zincinci ze-8, kwaye zixabiseke kakhulu ... ekubeni yinxalenye yaloo msi ibaluleke kakhulu. Kuya kuba nexesha lokuthetha ngalo, ukuphela kokuvuyela kwonyaka 2016.

Iimpendulo ze-2 kwi-"Inkqubo yeSizwe yoLawulo lwePropati"

  1. Kulungile, ingxelo entsha, leyo isephantsi kophuhliso, ibandakanya iinkonzo ukuze abasebenzisi basebenzise, ​​bahlaziye kwaye babhengeze ulwazi kulawulo lwendawo. Omnye umzekelo onjalo yi-SIT kaMasipala, apho oomasipala bangenza ugcino lwe-cadastral kwimodyuli yeCadastre, kodwa ikwabandakanya imodyuli yocwangciso lwendawo apho banokuthi badibanise khona izicwangciso zabo zocwangciso.

  2. Eyoyikisayo Andikwazi ukucinga ukuba kunzima ukwenza iprojekthi efanayo. Ngaba uye wacinga ukuba unokubonisana nolwazi ngeAPIs? Oku kuya kwenza ukuba amanye ama-agents, afana nee-NGOs asebenze ngokucwangcisa indawo ezweni, ukudibanisa imisebenzi yabo ngendlela elula kunye ne-cadastre kazwelonke.

Shiya impendulo

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