LADM - Njengoko Eyahlukileyo Domain Model ka woLawulo loMhlaba - Colombia

Isishwankathelo sentetho eyenziwe nguGolgi Alvarez noKaspar Eggenberger kwi-Andean Geomatics Congress eBototá, ngoJuni ka-2016.

Iimfuno zeCadastre ezininzi

Ngenxa yokuqingqwa komthetho we-National Development Plan 2014 - 2018 kunye nokudalwa-Arhente yeSizwe for ant nemihlaba, ngembonakalo kwingingqi yomhlaba Colombia itshintshe kakhulu kwaye izinto ezintsha ekwakheni umgaqo-lizwe njengoko :

  • Ukumiselwa kwemisebenzi ye-cadastre kunye nokuthunyelwa kwamagunya kumgangatho wendawo,
  • Externalization yokusebenzisa ukugcinwa wokumiswa cadastral.
  • Ukufikelela ekuhambelaneni kolwazi oluphambili kwiinkcukacha zeCadastre kunye neRejista,

Ukuphuculwa Project of Administration loMhlaba e Colombia, ezixhaswa yi-Swiss Cooperation (Seco) ixhasa iinkqubo ezahlukeneyo ezinxulumene ukuba umhlaba nkqubo, kubandakanywa inkxaso kulwakhiwo ulawulo komhlaba node ngaphakathi sikhokelo ICDE, i ukuxhasa ngokutsha amaziko kunye yokuziqhelanisa IGAC ngendima yakhe entsha njengesiphathamandla cadastral, esomeleza nkqubo iingcebiso cadastral-Registry ukuba sikhokelo reference geodetic kunye zenkxaso zokuqonda i yombono cadastre emininzi.

I LADM Model

Njengoko njengento ezintsha kwi-sikhokelo kunye technologies nkqubo, liye laqalisa ukwamkelwa kwe-International Standard of woLawulo loMhlaba ekuthiwa ISO-19152; conocI congresogeoI-LADM (uMmandla woLawulo lweZakhiwo zoMhlaba). Ukuhlanganiswa kwalo mgangatho kuvumela ukulinganisela phakathi kwengcinezelo eyenziwe ngophuhliso lwezobuchwepheshe kunye nemfuno yeenkonzo ngabemi ngokwemimandla yokulawulwa kommandla phantsi kweendlela ezidibeneyo.

Okwangoku owakhe inguqulelo yokuqala LADM imodeli ongundoqo apha naphaya umthetho Colombian kuquka ngumzekelo ubuncinane:

  • Abanebango la maqela, abantu, yezorhwebo kunye namaqumrhu oluntu ezinxulumene nolawulo lwekhonkco amalungelo omhlaba,
  • iiyunithi yolawulo emele izinto ezahlukeneyo zendawo, zombini umyalelo labucala kunye noluntu.
  • Uluhlu lwamalungelo, uxanduva kunye nezithintelo ezikhoyo phakathi izinto zasekuhlaleni kunye neempawu ezibhaliswe kwi Registry Land.
  • iiyunithi zeSithuba iimpawu zazo, nto leyo ezikhoyo ulwazi lwangoku cadastral, leyo uza kuvuka abaqhubi cadastre emininzi ukubaleka kungekudala.
  • Ukwamkelwa kwe-LADM kukwabandakanya inkxaso ngenkxaso ye-Infrastructure Data Infrastructure (ICDE) yaseColombia (i-ICDE), ngokudalwa kweNode yoLawulo lweMhlaba, eya kuba sisiseko sokusebenzisana kwezinto ezijoliswe kuyo. Ngokuthe ngcembe, amaziko ahlukeneyo ziya awulungelelanise LADM kwiinkqubo zayo, ukuqinisekisa ireferensi kuphela asethi, amalungelo, abantu kunye neentlawulo ezakha National Management System Gear Land Colombia.

INTERLIS ukuliphumeza

LADMEnye izixhobo ezisetyenziswayo ukuphumeza LADM yi INTERLIS. Oku imifuziselo ezikhethekileyo ukuchaza idatha yendawo, kunye format transfer kunye nothotho izixhobo aokusetyenziswa Uqinisekiso, ukuhlanganiswa, ulawulo kunye nokuhlaziya iinkcukacha ezimfutshane ngokusebenzisa iprotocol ukusebenziseka ngolwimi.

Kutshanje liphuhlise amagcisa uqeqesho kumaziko ahlukeneyo inxaxheba kwiprojekthi kusetyenziso INTERLIS for modeling, yaye liphuhlise luguqulelo oluphambi LADM imodeli Colombian kolu lwimi.

I-Multipurpose Cadastre Pilots

Le projekthi ixhasa Codazzi (IGAC) kunye Superintendency National of Registry (kulonwabiso) e lwemifuziselo yezakhiwo, iinkcukacha kunye neenkqubo zophuhliso Multipurpose Cadastre abaqhubi. Ndibandakanya ukuphunyezwa kwendawo yokugcina yokugcinwa kwedatha ye-cadastral kunye nerejista; kunye nezixhobo zesofthiwe ekhululekile ezenza lula ukwakhiwa, ukushicilelwa nokushicilelwa kwedatha, kwakunye nezixhobo zokuqinisekisa ukusetyenziswa kwedatha eyenziwa ngokusetyenziswa kwangaphandle.

Ukongeza imisebenzi yobugcisa emfundo intsimi kunye kwilebhu ezahlukeneyo inkqubo izixhobo zophando kwempahla walungisa.

Esebenzisa ukuphunyezwa Colombian yabucala imodeli LADM ezichazwe INTERLIS, iikontraka onawo babo izixhobo eziyimfuneko ukulungiselela congrekasparkunye nokunika ulwazi entsimini abakhuliswa imodeli eqhelekileyo okhankanywe ISO 19152. I-IGAC kunye ne-SNR ziya kubakho izixhobo zokuqinisekisa, ukulawula nokugcinwa kolwazi kunye namaxwebhu eziphumo zabaqhubi, ukuvelisa izifundo ezifundiweyo nokuphucula indlela yokuvavanya imveliso yophicotho lwe-cadastral.

Olunye ulwazi malunga neProjekthi http://www.proadmintierra.info/

Shiya impendulo

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

Le sayithi isebenzisa i-Akismet ukunciphisa ugaxekile. Funda indlela idatha yakho yokubhaliweyo isetyenziswe ngayo.