GIS, obuziintlobo ezininzi, kakhulu izakhiwo

Ngethuba elidlulileyo Ndathetha kwinqaku Indlela yokuboniswa ngayo idalwe ukuprinta usebenzisa GIS asibonise. Ngelo xesha senze isakhiwo esisisiseko, kule ngxaki ndifuna ukubonisa enye inzima. Lo ngumzekelo wemephu yemveliso ye-agrological; njengemephu ephambili ukusetyenziswa kwangoku ukusuka kumfanekiso wesathelayithi, ngezantsi kunemephu yamandla e-agrological Map of Simmons Map kunye nokusetyenziswa okusemandleni kwe-FAO.

imephu ehlukahlukeneyo

umfanekiso we-3132 Indlela yokwenza i-IMS kunye ne-GIS eninziOkokuqala, kubalulekile ukuqonda isakhiwo sezinto ezisebenzisayo, njengoko ndachaza kuyo nqaku yangaphambili, ekubeni ezo zinto ezifanayo zilayishwe kwisakhiwo ngokwempahla.

Umzobo

Lo ngumgca wecala, e-Manifold ayinakwenzeka, ingaqukatha imilo edibeneyo, imigca okanye amachaphaza, kuba zonke ziqulethwe kwi-database. Lo mzobo unakho njengabantwana, ezinye iziphakamiso ezifana:

  • Itheyibhile, yintoni umboniso wecala loluhlu. Oku kuhlukile ngokudweba.
  • Iilebula, eziyilebhile ezinamandla zentsimi eboniswe kwimephu. Unokwenza iziqendu ezininzi zeeleyibhile njengoko uzithandayo, zinyaniswe kumzobo kwaye ziyakucinywa kwakhona.
  • Izihloko, ezi zinto andizange ndizithethi ngaphambili, kodwa zizo zimelo ezicacileyo zoluhlu, zingabininzi kwaye ziyakhiwa nakwiimephu.

Imephu

Yinto yokuqulunqwa kweziqendu. Oku kuxhotywe ngeempendulo ezahlukeneyo, iilebula, i-raster. Ziyakwazi ukuzoba imifanekiso ngokuthe ngqo kodwa ayikhuthazwa njengoko ziza kutshintsha njengoko zidwetshiwe kumxholo othile, ngenxa yoko kukhethwa ukuba zibize ezo zihloko. Ukhetha okunyukayo, into ehamba ngokucacileyo, yintoni imibala ye-theming, umgca, ubukhulu, isalathisi ... ngexesha lethu.

imephu ehlukahlukeneyo

Bona umzekelo kumfanekiso wangaphambili. Yindlela imephu emileyo ebonwayo kwimephu yokuqala ibalwe. Ibonisa indlela iilebula, itafile kunye nomxholo we-FAO yomhlaba imephu yokusetyenziswa yindawo, kwaye ezi zilayishiwe kwindlela yokubonisa imephu.

imephu ehlukahlukeneyo

Uludwe

yinkcazo yokunyathelisa kunye neyona ndawo kwimephu. Unako ukuba uninzi lwawo olufunekayo, kwaye unako ukuzimela.

Xa kumbono wokubekwa, ezi ziqhosha zenkqubela ezilandelayo ziboniswa, ezifana noko kwenziwa nge-Arcmap, zangaphambili zilungelelaniso kunye nendawo yeebhokisi zombhalo. Emva koko kukho ukhetho lokwenza imigca engqamlekileyo, imigca ecacileyo, itafile, isikwere ukusuka kwinqanaba eliphambili, umbhalo, umgca, isimboli esenyakatho kunye ne-bar bar. Akwabonakaliswa kwibar kodwa kukho imiyalelo yokulungelelanisa nokusabalalisa. Zithwele Izixhobo> ukwenza ngokwezifiso> ukulungelelaniswa.

imephu ehlukahlukeneyo

Umzekelo olandelayo ubonisa imeko yembali, oku kungenziwa ilayishwe ngokwahlukileyo okanye ngaphakathi kwedatha. Ukongezelela ndaye ndongeza umgca wecandelo elincinci kodwa ungongeza kwakhona iindawo ezizenzekelayo apho ungenza khona iimbali.

imephu ehlukahlukeneyo

Ngoko nangona i-Manifold ingenise ngaphezu kwabasebenzi abahluphekileyo, umsebenzi omkhulu kunokubeka ndawonye imephu, ngoko ke bayakhonkxa kwiphetshana kwaye bahlengahlengise. Kwiipropati (ngokuchofoza kabini) ungakhetha ukuba ufuna ukufumana igridi kwinqanaba, ukuba ufuna ukuba lidibanise indawo okanye i-UTM eprojekthi. Kwakhona umlinganiselo, isimboli kunye nomntla.

Ukongezelela unako ukulayisha imifanekiso njengoko ndiyenzile ngekhusi lekhonkco kwaye Iifayile ze-Excel ezixhunyiwe njengoko ndenze ngebhokisi eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ngasezantsi.

Ngoko ke, ngokukodwa, iphrojekthi iphinde ixhase iindlela ezininzi, ezixhotywe ngeemephu, ezi zinto ngokuzibandakanya kunye nokuxhaswa kwazo zibonakaliso zetyala levector.

Kwakhona iibhokisi zombhalo zinokubakho i-macros, njengoko kuboniswe kumfanekiso olandelayo, apho igama loKwakha, inkcazo, umhla okanye iphrojekthi kuququzelela ukubekwa.

imephu ehlukahlukeneyo

Kwaye, ngokuqinisekileyo ukuba imephu eyenziwe ingenziwa ngokuphindaphindiweyo ukudala enye, ukuhlela iifayile zamagama ngaphandle kokwakha itemplate ukususela ekuqaleni.

Ukuyikhuphela ngaphandle, cofa ngakwesokudla kwi layout kwaye ukhethe ukuba ufuna ukuprinta, gcina njenge-pdf ngezohlu okanye njengesithombe esinqununu. Inokuthi ibe nayo kwifom ye .Ayi ye-Adobe Illustrator.


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