Khuphela umgca we-UTM ye-1: iifayile ze-50,000 ezivela kwilizwe lakho

Amagqabi 1: 50,000 baziwa kakuhle mapping kumazwe amaninzi ekuqaleni ezazakhiwe ngezinto Datum NAD27 baseMelika. Kule meko ndibavelise kwiWGS84; Akulungile ukukholelwa ukuba unokutshintsha ukubonakaliswa nje ngokuhambisa i-vector njengabantu abathile kwimimandla encinci.

Ukuba uyakhumbula, ngaphambi kokuba ndilayishe imimandla, ngoku ndizilayishe imimandla efanayo kodwa ngokubuyisela kwakhona i-1: amaxwebhu e-50 000, esenza ukucaciswa ukuba ubizwa ngokuba yi-1: amaxwebhu e-50,000 ngoba lo ngumda osetyenziswa kwamanye amazwe kushicilelo. Le mifanekiso ikhathuni nangona kunjalo igama elililo liya kuba yi-1'30 »amaphepha ngu-1 ′

umfanekiso

La makhishithi enziwa ukusuka kulungelelwaniso lwendawo kwaye i-1'30 »ubude bayo yi-1 ′ ye-latitude, ebenza ukuba iziqingatha ezi ngqo ezakha ii-arcs ukuba zisuka kwiikhweyitha zivaliwe njengoko zisondela esipalini; Oko kuthetha ukuba ngaphakathi komda akukho veki enye yezi inekona lokutyeba elinye.

Esi sizathu sokuba kutheni amaqabunga afanele akhiwe ngokubambisana kweendawo, makhe sibone lo mzekelo:

umfanekiso

Usebenzisa okwiphepha ekupheleni lasekunene ndawo 14 kunxweme olusemazantsi Mexico nama 26,696 ubuziimitha ngoxa ekupheleni enye, kodwa i-Atlantic amanyathelo unxweme 26,171 eemitha, njengoko yokuvala ezinezinga eliphezulu.

Kwikhosi yam yokugqibela kwakudingeka ukudala ubuncinci kule mimandla ukuba bakwazi ukuchaza indlela abasebenza ngayo kwiimilinganiselo zemephu. Ngoko, kwafuneka ndiphendule kwinto endiyenayo ngaloo mzuzwana; kwaye ngendlela eyenzeka kakuhle:

Indlela yokudala i-reticle

Ukusebenzisa i-GIS eninzi iyenziwa ngamanyathelo amabini nje:

1 Yakha uluhlu olutsha

umfanekisoIfayile / ukudala / ukudweba

Emva koko sinikezela ukucacisa, nqakraza ngakwesokudla "kumzobo", "nikela isabelo", kwaye khetha u-UTM, indawo ye16, North

2 Yakha i-mesh

imbono / igrati

umfanekiso

Ndikhetha iigridi zommandla we-16, ohamba ukusuka kubude be-84 ukuya kwi-90, ndiyishiya ingenamsebenzi kuba ikwintshona yeGreenwich. Kuzo zombini i-latitude, ukusuka kwikhweyitha kwaye indlela andifuni ngayo ukuba ifikelele kwisibonda endikhethayo ukusuka kwi-zero ukuya kwi-72. Ngakwesokunene ndinikezela ukuba ndiyifuna kangaphi i-mesh, leyo ubukhulu bomda we-1: amashiti we-50,000, la manyathelo kwimeko yam ye-1'30 »ubude kunye ne-1 ′ indawo ekuyo: ukubhala 1'30» ukwahlula i-1.5 phakathi kwe-60 iya kuba yi-0.25 degrees kunye ne-1 / 60 eya kuba ngama-0.166667 degrees.

Kwakhona kunika ithuba lokukhetha ukuba ndifuna imilo (tile), amanqaku, iinqamlezo ... Ndikhetha imigca

ngoko ndicofa kwiqhosha "yakha" kwaye "ok"

Ukudala ezinye iindawo kumbindi wokutshintsha uqikelelo. Emva kokuba ii-UTM ziguqulelwe kwiGoogle Earth, yindlela abajonga ngayo (ukufihla indawo ye-16 eyona ndiyidala ekuqaleni).

Apho ungabona ukuba:

  • UMexico use11, 12, 13, 14, 15 kunye ne-16. Zonke ezisenyakatho yelizwe.
  • Guatemala nase-El Salvador kwiindawo ze-15 kunye ne-16
  • IHonduras, iNicaragua neCosta Rica kwiindawo ze-16 kunye ne-17,
  • I-Panama kwiindawo ze-17 kunye ne-18
  • Colombia e 17, 18 kunye neendawo 19, kunye ingxaki omabini kumntla ikhweyitha kunye ikhweyitha Southern,
  • I-Peru kwi-17, i-18 kunye ne-19,
  • I-Bolivia kwi-19, i-20 kunye ne-21,
  • I-Argentina kwi 18, 19, 20 kunye ne-21,
  • I-Chile kwiindawo ze-18 kunye ne-19
  • EBrazil kwiindawo ze-18 ukuya kwi-25 kwiphondo elisezantsi kunye ne-19 kwi-22 enyakatho yelizwe,
  • I-Venezuela kwi-18, i-19, i-20 kunye ne-21
  • I-Uruguay kwiindawo ze-21 kunye ne-22,
  • IParaguay kwiindawo ze-20 kunye ne-21,
  • Ecuador kwiindawo ze-17 kunye ne-18.

Oku kubonisa indawo ye-UTM kunye negridi efana ne-Europa, ukusuka kwiphondo le-27 ukuya kwi-37; zonke ezisenyakatho yelizwe.

Ukuba awunayo i-GIS Manifold, apha ungayilanda ifayile ye-kmz, onokuyivula neGoogle Earth:

Ukukhuphela

Ukuba unomdla wokuba zonke iindawo, kwikhonkco elandelayo ungayifumana ifayile equle yonke indawo ye-UTM. Kuquka indawo:

unokufumana ngekhadi lesikweletu okanye i-Paypal

Iimpendulo ze-29 "Khuphela umgca we-UTM ye-1: iifayile ze-50,000 ezivela kwilizwe lakho"

  1. Ayilula loo nto kuba ayisiyiyo igridi. Kwinqanaba lelizwe yimigca apho kuboniswa khona i-curvature. Ngaphandle koko, ukuba iimephu azikho kwinqanaba elifanayo kunzima ukwenza itemplate yokulandelela.
    Enye indlela isenokuba ukwenza itemplate yeplastiki ngokucacileyo ukuba unalo igridi, angumfuziselo imaphu INETER, yaye oku eyokubona kweminye iimephu, ezo zibe kumgangatho ofanayo; Andikwazanga kongezelelwa kubo namacebo amatsha ukuze bachonge iingongoma wew geometry we kumda apho uyakwazi ukubona yodibano kunye ngaxeshanye okanye esiqu, kwaye ukuba ngaba abantwana besikolo, kubandakanywa ekuthatheni njengoko sifuera igridi lee layini ezithe tye kunye nkqo (zimbini)

  2. ebusuku Good eNicaragua, umgaqo endinifundisa iiSayensi zezeNtlalo, oko kuquka ukufundisa yejografi elizweni lam, kodwa mna ndifun ukwazi indlela ndayibeka igridi imephu eprintiweyo ukuba akanayo, kwaye kufuneka bafundise ukwazi inkqubo ze kamva ukudlulisa ulwazi kwiklasi. mbulela

  3. Unokusinceda; Ndiyayifuna le gridi yeGuatemala.

  4. Ndicela uncedo ukuba ndikwazi ukuluhlu lweenkcukacha zelizwe lam

  5. Ndiyabulela idatha, incedise kakhulu ngenjongo yam yokuqonda ukusetyenziswa kwamasheshi eendawo.
    mbulela iwaka ......

  6. Xa ulayisha i-kml kwiGoogle umhlaba andiyikujonga ngeso lengqondo umgca wecala kuphela.

  7. Siyabonga, mhlobo! Kwakuyinto endiyifunayo, iyakhupha eArgentina

  8. Ukulungele, apho ungawalayisha.
    I-17 kwi-25 yolawulo lwamazantsi e-kml ifomathi ifakiwe, ngaphandle kwefayili ye-dxf.

    Un saludo

  9. Mmm, ndiya kuyigcina loo nto engqondweni, ngethemba lokungabikho kwiimeko ezifanayo zoxinzelelo njengoko bekukho lo msebenzi. Ukuyikhumbula nje kum kundinika ubushushu.

  10. Izibhengezo unokwenyuka i-grid yasezantsi esezantsi nceda

  11. Umzekelo endikubonisayo kule post uyenziwe nge-GIS ye-Manifold, kwaye unokuthunyelwa kwi-kml.
    Unokuchaza ukuba mangaphi ama-degrees okanye ukude kangakanani kumamitha, kwaye ukuba ufuna ukwenza imigca okanye imilo.

  12. Sawubona, ndikhangele indlela yokwakha i-.kml mesh ngeendawo ezithile (umzekelo, i-1.25 degree x xNUMX degrees, 1.25 × 1, njl ...). Zama ukusebenzisa i-software ye-zonums software kwaye ayisebenzi kum.

    Nasiphi na esinye isixhobo onokuyisebenzisa?

    Gracias

  13. Ndingayifumana njani le meshoni nge autocad, mhlobo wam?

  14. I Sebenza IINDLELA EZIMBINI MAPINFO 10.5 KUNYE ArcGIS 9.3 kodwa mvanje mna ababenengxaki ArcGIS 9.3 kunye 9.2 IN Izixhobo ezahlukeneyo XA GEORREFERENCIO A Raster LE basindiswayo kunye georeferencing KODWA XA NIKEZELA PROPERTY NOT mandiqaphele NINGUAN COOREDENADA LWAMABALA akusongelwanga Lengxaki KUFUNEKA UMNTU Singathanda ukwazi IF ENOKUSINCEDA

  15. Hi g!, Wena uthene ndincede kumazwe angaphandle iifayile zam ukuba KML, zama ukwenza oko ngokutshintsha nokulungelelanisa inkqubo kunye Bentley Imephu kodwa kwilizwe lam El Salvador ukho ikota yesangqa 16 kodwa zincinane kangakanani na, ukusebenza kunye ukwahlulwa nxazonke zabo, njengoko unako ukuyenza le meko kuba, ndiwile nje xa ekuthumeleni iifayile kwi Pacific njengoko nekhilomitha enesiqingatha ukuya ezantsi. sibonga

  16. Mhlobo wam othandekayo awuzukuba nekhosi ekhawulezileyo ye-3d kuba yeyona nto ndiyibizayo ngalo mzuzu
    iindlela, imigodi, i-hydroelectric
    Ukuba unokunceda ndiya kukubulela kwangaphambili
    bandido_vallejo_1955yahoo.com
    kwiingxabano zaseMexico df

  17. Kwaye malunga ibhokisi okuvota yesine into engaqhelekanga kancinane, ndiya kuvuma UKUDIBANA KUNYE SISEKO IS REFORME (abaye bayawugonyamela izihlandlo eziliqela), kodwa abafuni ukuqhubeka NGOKU UMONGAMELI neKhabhinethi

  18. NDIQALA UKUTHETHA IINKCUKACHA EZININOKUBA NENKHUBO YOKUPHILA, NDIYAZIVUMA NOKUNCEDA AMAKOLO ENKOLO

  19. Honduras; 16 kunye ne-17, ngokuqinisekileyo kukho apho.

    Ukubulisa kwibhokisi yesine yevotti

  20. Ndidinga le nkqubo kunye CAD 2009 ngenxa yokuba umfundi loyilo projective, yikhosi elungileyo kakhulu, ndiya ukwenza kodwa abanakho inkqubo CAD kwaye endiwazuze lukhulu asentuar ulwazi malunga ukungabikho kwezi nkqubo, ndingathanda kuba nam njengoko prograna ezininzi foma ezamahala, envienmen nceda Cad kunye Maya eshiya 1: 50,000 ukufunda, ndikukhumbuze ukuba ndinguye abangaphangeliyo kwaye sonke kufuneka sidlule imozulu embi-ngqesho kukuba ukufunda, oko ansiolitico.muchas wam osenyongweni enkosi ngokundinceda. !!!

  21. UKUBA KUYISIKHOKELO ESIKHULU .........................

Shiya impendulo

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