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IiphotographyGoogle umhlaba / imephuGIS asibonise

Khuphela umgca we-UTM ye-1: iifayile ze-50,000 ezivela kwilizwe lakho

Ama-1: ama-50,000 amashiti ayaziwa kwimephu yamazwe amaninzi, ekuqaleni ayakhiwa ngeDatum NAD27 yaseMelika. Kule meko ndibazisile kwi-WGS84; Kuyimpazamo ukukholelwa ekubeni banokutshintshwa kuqikelelo ngokuhambisa i-vector njengoko abanye abantu babeqhele ukwenza kwimimandla emincinci.

Ukuba uyakhumbula, ngaphambi kokuba ndifake iindawo, ngoku ndifake iindawo ezifanayo kodwa ngegridi ye-1: 50 amaphepha, ukwenza ingcaciso ebizwa ngokuba yi-000: 1 sheets kuba le yi-dimension esetyenziswa kwamanye amazwe ukushicilela. Nangona kunjalo, elona gama lifanelekileyo kulo mzobo wemifanekiso iya kuba ngamaphepha 50,000'1” ngo-30′

umfanekiso

La maphepha enziwe ngolungelelwaniso lwejografi kwaye ayi-1'30” ubude nge-1' latitude, nto leyo iwenza abe ngamacandelo athe tye akha i-arches evale i-ikhweyitha njengoko esondela kwipali; oku kuthetha ukuba ngaphakathi kwendawo akukho ivektha enye kwezi ene-engile yokuthambekela efanayo.

Esi sizathu sokuba kutheni amaqabunga afanele akhiwe ngokubambisana kweendawo, makhe sibone lo mzekelo:

umfanekiso

Usebenzisa okwiphepha ekupheleni lasekunene ndawo 14 kunxweme olusemazantsi Mexico nama 26,696 ubuziimitha ngoxa ekupheleni enye, kodwa i-Atlantic amanyathelo unxweme 26,171 eemitha, njengoko yokuvala ezinezinga eliphezulu.

Kunyaka wam wokugqibela bekuyimfuneko ukwenza ubuncinci kwezi ndawo ukuze zikwazi ukucacisa ukuba zisebenza njani kwizikali zemephu. Ke, kuye kwafuneka ndibuyele kwinto ebendinayo ngelo xesha; kwaye ngendlela iyenza kakuhle kakhulu:

Indlela yokudala i-reticle

Ukusebenzisa i-GIS eninzi iyenziwa ngamanyathelo amabini nje:

1 Yakha uluhlu olutsha

umfanekisoIfayile / ukudala / ukudweba

Emva koko sabela uqikelelo, cofa ekunene "kumzobo", "unikezelo lwentelekelelo", kwaye ukhethe i-UTM, indawo ye-16, eMntla.

2 Yakha i-mesh

imbono / igrati

umfanekiso

Ndikhetha igridi yommandla we-16, osuka kubude obungama-84 ukuya kuma-90, ndiyishiya kwindawo engalunganga kuba isentshona yeGreenwich. Ngokubhekiselele kwisibanzi, ukusuka kwi-ikhweyitha kwaye njengoko ndingafuni ukuba ifikelele kwipali, ndikhetha ukusuka ku-zero ukuya kuma-72. Ekunene ndiyabela ngalo lonke ixesha ndifuna umnatha, ongumlinganiselo wamagqabi 1: 50,000, le milinganiselo kwimeko yam yi-1 '30" yobude kunye no-1' wesibanzi: ukubhala u-1'30" ndohlulahlula u-1.5 ngo-60 oya kuba ngu-0.25 degrees kunye no-1/60 onokuba yi-0.166667 degrees.

Kwakhona kunika ithuba lokukhetha ukuba ndifuna imilo (tile), amanqaku, iinqamlezo ... Ndikhetha iindlela

emva koko ndicofa iqhosha elithi "dala" kwaye "ok"

Ukwenza eminye imimandla ngumba wokutshintsha ingqikelelo yabo. Nje ukuba imimandla ye-UTM iguqulwe yaya kwiGoogle Earth, yindlela abajongeka ngayo (indawo yokufihla i-16 eyayiyile ndiyenzileyo ekuqaleni).

Apho ungabona ukuba:

  • IMexico ikwimimandla ye-11, 12, 13, 14, 15 kunye ne-16.
  • Guatemala nase-El Salvador kwiindawo ze-15 kunye ne-16
  • IHonduras, iNicaragua neCosta Rica kwiindawo ze-16 kunye ne-17,
  • I-Panama kwiindawo ze-17 kunye ne-18
  • Colombia e 17, 18 kunye neendawo 19, kunye ingxaki omabini kumntla ikhweyitha kunye ikhweyitha Southern,
  • I-Peru kwi-17, i-18 kunye ne-19,
  • I-Bolivia kwi-19, i-20 kunye ne-21,
  • I-Argentina kwi 18, 19, 20 kunye ne-21,
  • I-Chile kwiindawo ze-18 kunye ne-19
  • EBrazil kwiindawo ze-18 ukuya kwi-25 kwiphondo elisezantsi kunye ne-19 kwi-22 enyakatho yelizwe,
  • I-Venezuela kwi-18, i-19, i-20 kunye ne-21
  • I-Uruguay kwiindawo ze-21 kunye ne-22,
  • IParaguay kwiindawo ze-20 kunye ne-21,
  • Ecuador kwiindawo ze-17 kunye ne-18.

Oku kubonisa indawo ye-UTM kunye negridi efana ne-Europa, ukusuka kwiphondo le-27 ukuya kwi-37; zonke ezisenyakatho yelizwe.

Ukuba awunayo i-GIS Manifold, apha ungayilanda ifayile ye-kmz, onokuyivula neGoogle Earth:

Ukukhuphela

Ukuba unomdla wokuba nayo yonke imimandla, kule khonkco ilandelayo ungathenga ifayile equlathe yonke imimandla ye-UTM. Kubandakanya imimandla:

unokufumana ngekhadi lesikweletu okanye i-Paypal

Golgi Alvarez

Umbhali, umphandi, ingcali kwiiModeli zoLawulo loMhlaba. Uthathe inxaxheba ekucingeni nasekuphunyezweni kweemodeli ezifana ne: INkqubo yeSizwe yoLawulo lwePropati SINAP eHonduras, iModeli yoLawulo loMasipala abaManyeneyo eHonduras, iModeli eDityanisiweyo yoLawulo lweCadastre - iRegistry eNicaragua, iNkqubo yoLawulo lweTerritory SAT eColombia. . Umhleli weblogi yolwazi lwe-Geofumadas ukususela kwi-2007 kunye nomdali we-AulaGEO Academy equka izifundo ezingaphezu kwe-100 kwi-GIS - CAD - BIM - Digital Twins izihloko.

Amanqaku Afana

29 Comments

  1. Akuyona into elula kuba ayikho igridi. Kwinqanaba lelizwe kukho imigca apho kubonakala khona ukukhawulela. Ngaphandle koko, ukuba imephu ayikho kwizinga elifanayo kunzima ukwenza itemplate ukuyilandelela.
    Enye indlela isenokuba ukwenza itemplate yeplastiki ngokucacileyo ukuba unalo igridi, angumfuziselo imaphu INETER, yaye oku eyokubona kweminye iimephu, ezo zibe kumgangatho ofanayo; Andikwazanga kongezelelwa kubo namacebo amatsha ukuze bachonge iingongoma wew geometry we kumda apho uyakwazi ukubona yodibano kunye ngaxeshanye okanye esiqu, kwaye ukuba ngaba abantwana besikolo, kubandakanywa ekuthatheni njengoko sifuera igridi lee layini ezithe tye kunye nkqo (zimbini)

  2. ebusuku Good eNicaragua, umgaqo endinifundisa iiSayensi zezeNtlalo, oko kuquka ukufundisa yejografi elizweni lam, kodwa mna ndifun ukwazi indlela ndayibeka igridi imephu eprintiweyo ukuba akanayo, kwaye kufuneka bafundise ukwazi inkqubo ze kamva ukudlulisa ulwazi kwiklasi. mbulela

  3. Unokusinceda; Ndiyayifuna le gridi yeGuatemala.

  4. Ndicela uncedo ukuba ndikwazi ukuluhlu lweenkcukacha zelizwe lam

  5. Ndiyabulela idatha, incedise kakhulu ngenjongo yam yokuqonda ukusetyenziswa kwamasheshi eendawo.
    enkosi kwiwaka ……

  6. Xa kulayishwa i-kml emhlabeni kaGoogle andiboni igridi kuphela umgca othe tyaba ...

  7. Siyabonga, mhlobo! Kwakuyinto endiyifunayo, iyakhupha eArgentina

  8. Ukulungele, apho ungawalayisha.
    I-17 kwi-25 yolawulo lwamazantsi e-kml ifomathi ifakiwe, ngaphandle kwefayili ye-dxf.

    Un saludo

  9. mmm, ndiya kuziqwalasela, ngethemba kwaye kungekho kwiimeko ezifanayo zoxinzelelo njengoko bekukule post. Ukukhunjulwa nje kum unikela ngamanzi.

  10. Izibhengezo unokwenyuka i-grid yasezantsi esezantsi nceda

  11. Umzekelo endikubonisayo kule post uyenziwe nge-GIS ye-Manifold, kwaye unokuthunyelwa kwi-kml.
    Unokuchaza ukuba mangaphi ama-degrees okanye ukude kangakanani kumamitha, kwaye ukuba ufuna ukwenza imigca okanye imilo.

  12. HI, ndikhangela ukuba ungayenza njani i-.kml mesh ngezithuba ezithile (umz., 1.25 degree x 1.25 degree, 1 × 1, etc…). Ndizamile ukusebenzisa isoftware ye-zonums kwi-intanethi kwaye ayisebenzi kum.

    Nasiphi na esinye isixhobo onokuyisebenzisa?

    Gracias

  13. Ukuyijonga nge-AutoCAD, kufuneka uguqule i-kml ukuya kwi-dwg.

  14. Ndingayifumana njani le meshoni nge autocad, mhlobo wam?

  15. I Sebenza IINDLELA EZIMBINI MAPINFO 10.5 KUNYE ArcGIS 9.3 kodwa mvanje mna ababenengxaki ArcGIS 9.3 kunye 9.2 IN Izixhobo ezahlukeneyo XA GEORREFERENCIO A Raster LE basindiswayo kunye georeferencing KODWA XA NIKEZELA PROPERTY NOT mandiqaphele NINGUAN COOREDENADA LWAMABALA akusongelwanga Lengxaki KUFUNEKA UMNTU Singathanda ukwazi IF ENOKUSINCEDA

  16. Hi g!, Wena uthene ndincede kumazwe angaphandle iifayile zam ukuba KML, zama ukwenza oko ngokutshintsha nokulungelelanisa inkqubo kunye Bentley Imephu kodwa kwilizwe lam El Salvador ukho ikota yesangqa 16 kodwa zincinane kangakanani na, ukusebenza kunye ukwahlulwa nxazonke zabo, njengoko unako ukuyenza le meko kuba, ndiwile nje xa ekuthumeleni iifayile kwi Pacific njengoko nekhilomitha enesiqingatha ukuya ezantsi. sibonga

  17. Umhlobo wam othandekayo awuyi kuba neklasi yokuzimela ye-3d yombutho kuba nguye ndiyindoda ngexesha
    iindlela, imigodi, i-hydroelectric
    Ukuba unokunceda ndiya kukubulela kwangaphambili
    bandido_vallejo_1955yahoo.com
    kwiingxabano zaseMexico df

  18. Kwaye malunga ibhokisi okuvota yesine into engaqhelekanga kancinane, ndiya kuvuma UKUDIBANA KUNYE SISEKO IS REFORME (abaye bayawugonyamela izihlandlo eziliqela), kodwa abafuni ukuqhubeka NGOKU UMONGAMELI neKhabhinethi

  19. NDIQALA UKUTHETHA IINKCUKACHA EZININOKUBA NENKHUBO YOKUPHILA, NDIYAZIVUMA NOKUNCEDA AMAKOLO ENKOLO

  20. Honduras; 16 kunye ne-17, ngokuqinisekileyo kukho apho.

    Ukubulisa kwibhokisi yesine yevotti

  21. Ndidinga le nkqubo kunye CAD 2009 ngenxa yokuba umfundi loyilo projective, yikhosi elungileyo kakhulu, ndiya ukwenza kodwa abanakho inkqubo CAD kwaye endiwazuze lukhulu asentuar ulwazi malunga ukungabikho kwezi nkqubo, ndingathanda kuba nam njengoko prograna ezininzi foma ezamahala, envienmen nceda Cad kunye Maya eshiya 1: 50,000 ukufunda, ndikukhumbuze ukuba ndinguye abangaphangeliyo kwaye sonke kufuneka sidlule imozulu embi-ngqesho kukuba ukufunda, oko ansiolitico.muchas wam osenyongweni enkosi ngokundinceda. !!!

  22. ENKOSI, NGUMNIKELO OMKHULU …………………….

Shiya amazwana

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