Ukungenisa i-Excel idibanisa kwiQGIS kwaye idale iiPolgons

Enye yeendlela eziqhelekileyo ekusebenziseni iiNkqubo zoLwazi lweGeographic isakhiwo sokwakhiwa kweendawo zendawo ukusuka kolwazi oluvela kwintsimi. Ingaba oku kubonisa ukulungelelanisa, izithako zezakhiwo okanye i-lattice of elevations, ulwazi ngokuqhelekileyo luza kwiifayile ezihlukaniswe ngama-comma okanye i-Excel spreadsheets.

1. Indawo idibanisa ifayile kwi-Excel.

Kule meko, ndizama ukungenisa indawo yokuhlala yaseRiphabhulikhi yaseCuba, endikhuphelayo I-diva-GIS, ehamba ngendlela enye yezona ndawo ezifanelekileyo ukukhuphela idatha yelizwe leliphi na ilizwe. Njengoko ubona, iikholomu B no-C ziqulethe ulwazi olunxulumene nobubanzi nobude ngendlela zendawo.

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2. Ngenisa ifayile kwiQGIS

Ukungenisa izilungelelaniso zefayile ye-Excel, kwenziwa:

Umtshini> I-XY izixhobo> Ifayile ye-OpenExcele njengetafile yembonakalo okanye isalathisi se Point

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Ukuba ifayile igcinwa nge extension .xlsx, isiphequluli asiyi kubonisa, kuba ihlunga kuphela iifayile kunye nokwandiswa kwe .xls. Ayikho ingxaki, singasebenzisa iindlela zobudala be-DOS kwaye sibhale igama lokutshintsha, icebo: *. * (i-asterisk ekhomba i-asterisk) kwaye singena; Oku kuya kuvumela zonke iifayile kwindawo leyo ukuba zijongwe. Singazibhalela * .xls kwaye zifakwe iifayile ze .xls kuphela.

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Emva koko kuvela ipaneli apho kufuneka sibonise ukuba yeyiphi iikholomu elingana no-X ulungelelaniso, kulo mzekelo sikhetha ikholomu yokukhawulela, ikholomu yesalathisi ye-Y yokulungelelanisa.

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Kwaye sinakho. Umbuzo ubonisa ukuba uluhlu kunye nolwazi oluqulethe iifayile zokuhlala kwabantu baseCuba, ezibandakanya igama, ububanzi, ubude, isigaba kunye nezolawulo lwephondo, ligcinwe.

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3. Yenza iipolononi ukusuka kwizilungelelaniso

Xa kunjalo, asifuni ukungenisa kuphela iindlwana kodwa nokudala i-polygon ngomyalelo walezo zidibeneyo, sinokusebenzisa iplagin Amanqaku2One. Le iplagin isenza sikwazi ukubona ukuba ngubani oza kuthiwa umgca wokuya kuyo, ukuba into esiyifakayo izakhiwa njengemigca okanye njenge-polygon.

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4. Indlela yokungenisa i-Excel idibene nezinye iinkqubo ze-CAD / GIS.

Njengoko uya kukhumbula, senze le nkqubo kunye nezinye iinkqubo. Elula njengeQGIS, bambalwa. Kodwa nantsi indlela yokwenza ngayo AutoCAD, Microstation, GIS asibonise, AutoCAD Civil 3D, Umhlaba ka-Google.

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