Ukuthelekisa nokuhlukana phakathi kweQGIS kunye neArcGIS

Abahlobo beGISGeography.com benze ixabiso elixabisekileyo apho baqhathanisa ne-GQIS ne-ArcGIS, kungabikho ngaphantsi kwezihloko ze-27.

Kucacile ukuba ubomi bobuncwane bobabini bubucayi, becinga ukuba imvelaphi yeQGIS ibuyela kwi-2002, nje kuphela xa i-ArcView 3x iguqulwe ngokugqibela ... eyayivele ifake ukuhamba okwaneleyo.

qgis arcgis

Akungabazeki ukuba asizange sibone ukukhula kunye nokunyaniseka kwimixholo ye geospatial, njengaleyo yabonwa ngabasebenzisi bezi mbululo. Ngakwesinye icala i-ESRI ixhaswe ngumgaqo wabucala wenkampani eneeminyaka engaphezulu kwe-40 kwimarike, ngokufanelekileyo ukuba yindlela eya kuphakamisa umbono weendawo ukusuka kwimbono yokuthengisa kunye noluntu olungabalulekanga; ngelixa i-QGIS yinkqubo yexesha elide kwindlela ye-GIS, eyayikwazi ukuxhamla konke okusemandleni kwindlela yokwenza i-OpenSource, ukulungelelanisa uluntu olunenkokheli nje ngokuzivolontiya kodwa kwinqanaba eliphezulu lobuchwepheshe.

Ngokuqhelekileyo, ukuthelekisa kusinika izibane ezinomdla kwizinto ezinje:

  • 1 I-QGIS ijolise ukuvula nayiphi na idatha yedatha.
  • 2 Bobabini bazama ukwenza lula ukwenziwa komnxeba kumsebenzisi wokugqibela, nangona iQGIS ayilula kakhulu ukuba sicinga ukuba ubutyebi yizifowuni.
  • 3 Ukuhlolisiswa kwedatha phakathi kwe-QGIS Browser kunye ne-ArcCatalog kuyathandeka, kodwa iyanqabana nje ngokuba kuxhomekeke ekubeni kukho imethadatha. Kuhlala kunzima ukukhangela phakathi kwedatha.
  • umfanekiso4 Itafile zeManyano ziyi-fuoncionales zombini, kunye neenzuzo ezincinane zeQGSIS.
  • 5 Iproproject kwaye utshintshe inkqubo yokulungelelanisa. Zomibini ziyamkeleka ekusebenziseni ukubonakaliswa kwezilwanyana kunye nentshukumo, nangona inzuzo yinto yokuba iQGIS yagqiba ukukwazi ukufunda ngaphandle kweeposiso ukubonakaliswa kwefayile yePRPR.
  • 6 I-arsenal enkulu yedatha ye-Intanethi esuka kwi-ArcGIS Online yimiba ekulindelekileyo ye-QGIS yokuba kunye ne-OpenLayers plugin ivumela iziqulatho ezininzi ezingemvelaphi kodwa akukho ngaphezulu.
  • 7 I-geoprocess idlulelwe yi-QGIS, kodwa kungekhona ngenxa yokuba i-ArcMap ayinayo, kodwa ngenxa yokuba kuxhomekeke kwimihlobo yelayisenisi ekhoyo, ngoko kuya kusetyenziswa izixhobo zokusebenza ezahlukeneyo. Ewe, phakathi kwesixhobo esinjalo sinokulahleka ngaphambi kokuba uzame bonke, ukuba siqwalasela yonke i-routes ye-geoprocess i-GRASS ne-SAGA, apho sifuna ukuba nekithi enye kuphela.
      • Ngokuqinisekileyo, le yimeko engasenayo inxaxheba kumsebenzi wesofthiwe kodwa nangomzekelo weshishini. Ukuba yi-QGIS yelayisensi yeGPL, yonke into iyatholakala.
    • 8 Ihlabathi leeplagi zibanzi kwiiplanga zombini. Nangona i-QGIS ibanzi kakhulu kulo, apho kukho iiplagili malunga nayo yonke into, into enzima yiyo i-ArcGIS Marektplace yenza kube lula, kuba kukho iisombululo zento yonke ngokujoliswe kwinkalo elula ukuyifumana. Kakade, kufuneka uhlawule.
        • qgis arcgisNangona i-AGIS ngumatshini osebenza ngokuzimela, ayikho inxaxheba epheleleyo yezixhobo ze-ESRI ezizodwa.
    • 9 Ukulawulwa kwedatha okukhawulezayo kudlulileyo yiArgGIS. Nangona i-QGIS + i-GRASS inikela imfazwe, kukho nantoni na into apho i-ArcGIS yenza kube lula; ukuba kungengenxa yexabiso elongezelelweyo, ngenxa yobunzima bokuvumelanisa kweefowuni ngokubhekiselele kwiinguqulelo zakutshanje.
    • 10 Izixhobo ze-ArcGIS Geostatistics azikwazi ukuthelekiswa. Akusebenzi kuphela, kodwa imfundo.
    • 11 Ngeenkcukacha ze-LiDAR, omnye uya kufuneka acinge, ngokuba nangona ezinye zibonisa ukuba i-ArcGIS ihambe ngaphaya kweminye, abanye bathi i-ESRI icinga ngokumisela ifomathi yayo yokufunda.

Ndicebisa ukuba ndijonge kwaye ungeze kwiqoqo lakho, kuba inqaku elingaphaya kokufuna ukukhusela ithuluzi (eliya kubonakala libonakala libalaseleyo), lifanisa ukufana kwe-27 kwimibandela efana nale:

  • Uhlalutyo lwenethiwekhi
  • Ulawulo loKwenziwa koMsebenzi (uMakhi weModeli)
  • Iimveliso zokugqibela zemibala
  • Isimboli
  • Izichaso kunye nemiqondiso
  • Ukuzenzekelayo kwamaphupha aqhubekekayo
  • Ukuhamba kwe-3D
  • Iimephu zeentaka
  • Iimpawu
  • Uphuculo oluphambili
  • Ukucoceka kwe-Topological
  • Ukulungiswa kwedatha yenkcazo
  • I-XY idibanisa kunye neCoding
  • Ukuguqulwa kweentlobo zejometri
  • Amaxwebhu enkxaso

Ngamafutshane, ngumsebenzi onzima oye waholela kule nqaku. Ngeendlela ezininzi ngokuqinisekileyo kufuneke ubunzulu obuninzi, owaziyo kuphela osebenzise zonke izinto zokusebenza ze-ArcGIS kunye nezigqeba zeefowuni ze-QGIS. Nangona kunjalo, into eyanelisayo:

Asizange sibone i-epic yokulwa kwi-software ye-GIS njengaleyo esiyibonayo.

Ukufunda inqaku elipheleleyo, kubona ikhonkco.

Ngendlela, ndincoma ukuba ulandele i-akhawunti @GisGeography, ukuba siya kudibanisa Top40 Geospatial Twitter.

Iimpendulo ze-2 "Ukuthelekiswa kunye nokwahlukana phakathi kwe-QGIS ne-ArcGIS"

Shiya impendulo

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