Amava okufunda nokufundisa i-BIM kwimiqathango eqhelekileyo kwiCAD

Ndandinethuba lokusebenzisana noGabriela okungenani ezintathu izihlandlo. Eyokuqala, kulezo zifundo zaseyunivesiti apho sasiyifumene ngokubanzi kwi-Faculty yobunjineli boLuntu; ngoko kwiCandelo loCwangciso loCwangciso loPhuhliso kwaye emva kwiprojekthi yeDuo Río Frío endaweni yaseCuyamel, enyakatho yeHonduras kunye nenkampani yeTunnelboring. Mna kumngeni wam ukuphumeza i-NeoData kwaye ndikhangele indlela abaphandi abaye bashiya ngayo amaqela amandulo kwaye bafunda ukusebenzisa uLieica omtsha evela eMunich esele ivelise ukuhlala ngebhakhodi; ukulwa nokulawula kunye nezinto zobugcisa ukuba zibe ngumyinge wobudenge waseColombia kunye nenkokeli yaseJamani.

Ingxoxo yethu yakutshanje yayinomdla kakhulu, kangangokuthi sanquma ukuyijika ibe yinqaku. Namhlanje, njengokuba ndibiza ngokuba nguGab!, Ngaba nguMphathi woLawulo lweBIM wokuqala kuloo mongo, phi i-Honduran yentliziyo, kodwa ngeva loshishino lwamazwe ngamazwe ngaphezu kokuthembisa.

-Ii-Geofumadas kwiminyaka yamuva Ndithethe ngeBIM, nangona kungabikho ngqo. Ngaba unokusixubusha ngokufutshane malunga nendlela ebalulekileyo?

Kaloku, nangona abaninzi baye beva BIM (Building Information nokumodela) ukuqonda, abaninzi yintoni na ukuba bafunde indlela BIM ukuphumeza kuyo ishishini. Mhlawumbi enye indlela ukuthatha imifanekiso wayeza kuxelela abafundi bam baye Revit (Architecture, MEP kunye zesakhelo) kwindawo BIM, amagama ekuqaleni ukuchaza, kwaye ke ezinye amava yam. Ucinga?

-Kodwa kunjalo. Ndizo zonke iindlebe.

Eyokuqala, kulabo basayiva u-BIM, ukuzola, sinokuthi yithuba elifutshane nje. Building Information Model (BIM) luchazwa model ulwazi natyetyiswa, equka iinkcukacha ezininzi, iziqalelo ukuba kungabelwana ngabantu abanomdla abaninzi kulo lonke appointment loyilo, ukwakha, ukusebenza kunye okurisayikilisha sakhiwo. Ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi kokuguqulela inkcazo ye-NBS (Isakhiwo sikaZwelonke sakhiwo).

Ngako oko kubaluleka kwendlela, kwaye ke kutheni kuye kwamkelwa ngokubanzi kumazwe athuthukileyo. Ngenxa yokuba kusenza sisebenze ngokukhawuleza, ngokubambisana, ngeefayile ezipheleleyo zedijithali, ngokubonakala kakuhle nokucwangcisa. Ukongezelela, siqhubeka siququzelele iiprojekthi zethu ngokuhambelana nemimiselo ekhoyo, ngokulawula okungcono, ukufumana ingxabano, ukugcinwa kweendleko, ukunciphisa inkunkuma kunye nabo bonke ngexesha elingaphantsi.

-Ivakala kakuhle.

Ngokuqinisekileyo kuyavakala kuhle kakhulu! Nangona ngamanye amaxesha inkolelo ayisebenzisi ukuzenzela, ikakhulukazi kumazwe athuthukayo apho izibonelelo zethu zoqoqosho zilinganiselwe. Nangona kunjalo, ndicinga ukuba i-BIM iyakunqoba ngokukhawuleza okanye kamva.

-Nceda, kodwa ungabi nantoni na ukuqala. Xelela abafundi bam, indlela amava akho ayenayo ngayo.

Ok 🙂 Kwiva lam amava njengomcebisi kunye nomqeqeshi we-BIM. Emazweni ethu aseMntla yaseMerika, i-CAD ibaluleke kakhulu kwaye isetyenziswa ngokubanzi. Kukho abaqeqeshi abancinci abasebenzisa iNkcazo kunye neninzi kuphela ye-Revit Architecture; ziziqithi zisebenza yodwa. Ndive ngeenkampani apho umakhi owenza imodeli yakhe yokwakha e-Revit, ngoko uqhubela kwi-AutoCAD ukuze ezinye iikontraki kunye nabaqulunqi bakwazi ukusebenza kuyo. Ngokwenene kuyinkcitho yexesha.

Ngako oko ukunyanzelisa ukuba, ukuba siza kusebenza kunye ne-BIM, kufuneka siqeqeshe kuphela abaqulunqi abasebenza kwinkampani, kodwa kunye nabacebisi kunye neontontrakthi, ukubiza igama elibaluleke kakhulu. Ndabona abaqeqeshi abaninzi ezweni lam abanelisekile ngezinga labo kwaye bengasayi kufuna ukufunda, abafuni ukuphucula. Bahlala kunye ne-AutoCAD kwaye yilapho le nto ifile khona. Kufana nokuphila ngexesha lomsakazo omnyama nomhlophe xa kukho umhlaba odijithali ulindele.

-Ndiqonda, ukuba impendulo yokutshintsha nokuguqulwa kwezinto ziqhelekile kule mixholo. Kodwa ngaba ubonile ukusetyenziswa kweBIM eHonduras?

Andinayo yonke inyaniso, kodwa ngokwam andizange ndibone ukuphunyezwa kweBIM kwiinkampani ezikhoyo apha -ukuthetha ngeendlela, kungekho ukulinganisa i-3D nokunikezela kuphela - Ngamanye amaxesha kunzima ukuphazamiseka kwaye ndicinga ukuba amawaka angamawaka ukuba ahambe kwaye abuyele kwiminyaka eyi-10, mhlawumbi sele ikhulile ngeli xesha. Kuyamangalisa yonke imisebenzi yeBIM kwamanye amazwe, akunjalo kulula ukwenza eso sinqumo ngezizathu ezininzi -ngoku-.

- Ucinga ukuba uthintela ntoni ukuze iBIM ingahambi ngesantya esiyilindeleyo?

Kukho izinto ezininzi zentlalo kunye nezoqoqosho ezibandakanyekayo ukuba ndiya kukuxelela kwelinye ipapasho sokuba kutheni iBIM ingagqiba kwiindawo zethu zaseMntla Amerika. Xa ndibona uhlangothi oluhle, ndiye ndafumana ithuba lokuqeqesha abaqeqeshi bokwakha ngokupheleleyo kwaye ndithathile ithuba lokuzisa iBIM. Ingqolowa yentlabathi ... Ininzi ayizange ive, kodwa xa wenza intshayelelo banomdla; ukuba bakwazi ukwenza iiprojekthi eziyinkimbinkimbi, iinguqulelo, inxalenye ebonwayo. Ndizama ukugxininisa ukuba ithiyori, ngomhla ukuba njani iiprojekthi zabo, ndiya bonisa ezinye iinkqubo BIM ezikhoyo emarikeni AutoDesk Revit, Bentley AECOsim, ArchiCAD, iincwadi kunye nemimiselo BIM apho, njani lunempembelelo ehlabathini lonke. Ndifundisa ukuba i-BIM ayikho isoftware okanye imodeli ye-3D, ngokuchasene noko abanye abantu bacinga, yindlela.

-Ndiqonda into encinane. Ndingumlobi we-AutoCAD ngaloo mihla kwafuneka ukuba enze i-analalo phakathi kwebhodi yokudweba, ikhampasi, umgaqo ofanayo, i-gawula ukususa, kunye nemiyalelo yombuthano, ukucima, ukuhlutha ...

Lo mfanekiso we Ukumkelwa kweBIM, Iyamangalisa gqitha abafundi bam kunye nabaqeqeshi endinikela ngazo iintetho. I-BIM kumazwe athuthukileyo ifikeleleke kakhulu; Kwamanye amazwe sele sele umgaqo karhulumente. Xa siqala ngeeklasi, bayamangalisa ukuba kulula kangakanani ukwenza imodeli kwi-Revit. Ndiyicinga ukuba i-AutoCAD iyanzima ngokuthelekiswa ne-Revit ngoba kulula ukuhamba ngokumodareyitha kwaye ubone indlela yonke into eyenziwa ngayo. Bavuyiswa xa benza ihotele kunye namavidiyo, xa bathabatha iimbono ngekhamera kwaye xa bebona iziphumo zabo zokugqibela.

Ndabonisana nomfundi weNjineli yombutho ngolunye usuku malunga nento ayecinga ngayo utshintsho oluvela kwi-AutoCAD ukuya kwi-Revit, kwaye wandixelela ukuba sele ithathe ixesha elide ukuba liqhube. Ngoko xa beyazi, yinto enye, sinokuba iiyure kwaye banomdla kakhulu; Ixesha libaleka. Ndinebafundi abangekho abakhi bezokwakha njengoNjineli beNkqubo kwaye bafunda okufanayo, bayavuya kuba besithi baya kudiza indlu yabo. Ngokungafani noko abantu abaninzi bacinga ukuba, iiprogram ze-BIM zilukhuni ukufunda, kodwa zifuna ukuzinikela nokusebenza. Ukuba umntu uhamba kakuhle ngesiNgesi, kulula kuba kuninzi uncedo lwe-intanethi kulwimi, kodwa kukho rhoqo uncedo ngeSpanish.

-Ndisendleleni yeBIM eCentroCAD Nicaragua. Inceba yokuba le nkathazo yangishiya phakathi kwaye kwafuneka sigqibe ikhosi nge-Skype. Kodwa ndiyakhumbula ukuba indlela yokusebenza kwaye ngokukhawuleza ukuphuhlisa iprojekthi yayinomdla.

Ewe, uphuhliso olusebenzayo kwinkqubo encinci yeyona nto ihamba phambili. Khangela igrafu, ukunikezelwa kwangaphakathi kwendlu. Ekupheleni kweveki yokuqala, emva kweeyure zokufundisa ze-17, ndishiya iphrojekthi yakho yokuqala. Indlu enamabini amabini, ukuyiyifakraza kwiintsuku ezimbini. Kuyamangalisa ukuba le nkqubo ye-BIM yokumisela iyenza njani lula ubomi, kwaye sinokusebenza ngokukhawuleza. Apha ndikubonisa umzekelo owenziwe ngumfundi wam: UNicolle Valladares.

Emva koko saya kwi-Revit Estructuras kunye ne-MEP kwaye yilapho into enomdla, kuba le nto intsha, kwiinkalo ezininzi kwilizwe lam kuphela zinika u-Revit Arquitectónico. Ngoko kunomdla kakhulu ukubona le mizekelo ibambisana kunye kunye nendlela yokwenza ubambiswano lweBIM. Njengoko unako ukubona ii-subprojects ngokuqeqesha. Kula ma grafu alandelayo ungabona imizekelo yesakhiwo, iifowuni ze-hydrosanitary kunye neefomodethi xa sele sisebenzisana ngokubambisana.

- Ndiyayiqonda imvakalelo yakho kunye ne-Revit. Kodwa undixelele ukuba uyabafundisa nezinye iindlela.

Kakade ke, njengoko siye sabona, Revit BIM ingaphezulu nangaphezu phantsi ngokukhanya ka Bentley Systems, Scheme I-umfuziselo a ukwamkelwa BIM kuquka ulawulo lweprojekthi, ulawulo lwee-asethi umdla. Kodwa ndisebenzisa i-Revit ngenxa yokuthandwa yi-AutoCAD kulo mongo, ndifuna ngaphezu kwe-Revit, ukufundisa imigaqo ye-BIM. Kwakhona sibona intetho Presto (BIM 5D isicelo mali), Bentley Synchro (BIM 4D isicelo ucwangciso), ugesi (ucikizeko enzulu kweenkqubo kunye Revit), phakathi kwezinye izinto, ukuba ashiye uviko kuqhubeka ukuphonononga ezinye iinkqubo ukugcina ekuphuculeni njengoko ootitshala

- Ndixelele indlela i-ajenda yakho ngayo kule mihla elandelayo.

Ngoku siza kuba nethuba lokuqalisa inkambo ye-Navisworks kwaye ndivuyiswe ukuqhubekela phambili kunye ne-BIM 4D (UkuCwangcisa), kunye neqela elincinci. Kuninzi ukufundisa kwi-BIM, kwaye abantu abazi konke oku. Xa kuninzi ulwazi kwi-Intanethi, akusoloko kukho inkcubeko yocwaningo, iyancipha kwizinto abazi. Yona mpazamo enkulu ekugqibeleni kamva igqithise i-bill, kuba loo nto ingayihlaziywa iyafa.

- Yaye uyintoni umbono wakho we-optics yabafundi ekupheleni kwekhosi?

Ndiyakwazi ukuqinisekisa ukuba abafundi bam, xa befumana ikhosi, banikezela utshintsho olukhulu, ukucinga kwabo kuvuleleke kuzo zonke iimeko abanokuzifezekisa kwilizwe le-BIM kunye ne-digital revolution. Kufana nokuba bayazi kakuhle kwaye abanakubuya. I-AutoCAD ayanele ngokwangoku ngoku.

Ndivumelana nawe. I-AutoCAD yophando lwekhosi ilawulwa yiGoogle. Uyabona njani imingeni aba bafundi bajamelana nayo emva kwekhosi?

Umba kukuba sinokuqeqesha abasebenzi, benze ukuba bacinge ngendlela eyahlukileyo, kodwa iinkampani kufuneka zibe neproofthiwe ukwenzela ukuba baqhubeke befumana amava. Ndadibana nomklami onokuyilungisa kwii-3 ubukhulu, kodwa kwafuneka asebenze kwi-AutoCAD kuba bekuphela kwento eyayisekho. Kuphazamiseka.

Ngoko ukutshintsha kwengqondo ku-BIM akukona kuphela kubavelisi, kodwa kufuneka kufinyelele ezintloko, abaphathi, abanikazi, abathengi, abaphathi beeprojekthi kunye nabakhi. Yingakho sithetha ngomjikelezo wobomi beprojekthi, kungekhona kuphela kwinqanaba lokuyila. Kumele kube yinguqu ebalulekileyo echaphazela yonke inkampani, kuba kuphela yinto esinokuyibona ngayo utshintsho olukhulu kwindlela esenza ngayo iiprojekthi zethu nge-BIM. Ngamafutshane, utshintsho lwenkqubo lubonisa ukuzibophezela nokuzinikezela.


Incoko yangishiya ingcinga. Kucamngca kakhulu, ngakumbi xa sithetha ngemingeni ukuba le migaqo inomgaqo-nkqubo woluntu ukulawula iBIM kwiiprojekthi zokubhengeza. Ngoko, phantsi kweendlela ezithembekileyo, sasilungiselele ikhofi kwimozulu kaDisemba apho ngeKrismesi.


Kwi-interview exoxa, uGabriela Rodríguez, iNjineli yezoLuntu, uMlawuli kwi-Bim Management evela kwiYunivesithi yaseRey Juan Carlos yaseSpain. Ngemibuzo eqhutywe ngumhleli weGeofumadas.com.

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