Umxokozelo Google Earth kwimimandla utm

Le fayile iqukethe indawo ye-UTM kwifomati ye-kmz. Emva kokukhutshelwa kufuneka uyivule.

Khuphela ifayile apha

imimandla UTM google umhlaba

Khuphela ifayile apha

Kuphela nje reference ... zivela uququzelelo obume ukusuka umhlaba ngezigaba njengoko uya kwenza njalo ngaso i-apile, yenza nkqo imisiko esiqu (ebizwa ngokuba ubude) kunye amanxeba nkqo wenze ngaxeshanye (ebizwa ngokuba ezinezinga).

Ukubala amanqanaba, siqala ukusuka kwi-equator, ngasentla okanye kusezantsi ukusuka kwi-zero ukuya kwi-degrees ze-90 kwizibonda, kwaye ezi ngxenye zimbini zibizwa ngokuba yi-hemispheres.

Kwimeko ubude, ezi baqale adweliswe ukusuka cwaka Greenwich esibizwa ngokuba zero amaza ukuya ngasempuma, zidweliswe ukuya degrees 180, apho ithe cwaka efanayo okuphosela ulutya (ekuthiwa antemeridiano), le isiqingatha kuthiwa " Oku. " Emva koko enye isiqingatha kuthiwa West, ngokubanzi elimelwe W (entshona), njengoko esiqu Greenwich isiqalo icala ukusuka degrees kwiqanda ukuya 180.

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Ngaloo ndlela ulungelelaniso eSpain lunokuba yi-Latitude 39 N nobude be3 W, ukulungelelaniswa ePeru kuya kuba yi-Latitude 10 S kunye nobude 74 W.

Le ndlela yokuqulunqa izilungelelwano ezingenanto yokwenza ukuphakama kwinqanaba elwandle, kuba i vector eqala ukusuka kumbindi womhlaba ukuya phezulu, oku kukubonakaliswa kweGoogle Earth, kwaye yile ndlela iinqununu ezisetyenziselwa iifayile ze-kml, ukongezelela i-spheroid yesalathisi yongezwa yindlela yokujonga ubungakanani bomhlaba ngenjongo yokulinganisa. I-Google isebenzisa i-WGS84 njenge-spheroid yesithenjwa (nangona kukho izixhobo ezivumela u-UTM ukulungelelaniswa ukungena kwi-Google Earth). Inzuzo enkulu kunale yolu hlobo kukuba ulungelelaniso luyingqayizivele kumhlaba, nangona ukuphathwa kwemisebenzi yokubala ubude okanye iikhombandlela akusebenzi "kubantu abangaboniyo-geographer".

UTM idibanisa

Izikhokelo ze-UTM zisekelwe kwingcamango yokuqwalasela i-spheroid yereferensi ukusuka kwi-Traverso de Mercator. Umhlaba uhlala uhlulwe ngama-meridians, kwicandelo lee-degrees ezintandathu ezenza inani le-60, ezi zibizwa ngokuba ziindawo. Ukubalwa kwale mimandla kuqala kwi-antemeridian, ukusuka kwi-zero ukuya kwi-60 ukusuka entshona ukuya empuma.

Ezi ziqwempu eyakha parallel ukusuka 84 S ukuya 80 N, kwaye zidweliswe kunye iileta ukusuka ku C ukuya X (i "Mna" ngaphandle kwaye i "O"), icandelo ngamnye 8 degrees lokuphakama , ngaphandle kwe-X ene-12 degrees.

I-A, B, Y, Z isetyenzisiwe ngendlela ekhethekileyo yokuba i-polar iphelile; I-Google ayifaki le nxalenye kuba ifuna ukubalwa okungapheliyo kwindawo yenzalo kuphela kweebhere ze-polar :).

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i-geographies 1Iyonke iindawo zeNyana ze-60 zeeklasi ze-6 nganye, ngokunjalo

  • IMexico iphakathi kwe-11 kunye ne-16
  • I-Honduras kwi-16 kunye nxalenye kwi17
  • EPeru phakathi kwe-17 kunye ne-19
  • I-Spain phakathi kwe-29 kunye ne-31.

Ukulingana kwereferensi ye-spheroid kwinqanaba lolwandle, kwenza i-arc ukuba le fom ifom efana nemeko efana neyoqobo yendawo. Le ncwadana ye-spheroid, ngaphambili (epapashwa kwiLatin America) yayiyi-NAD27, okwangoku i-NAD83 isetyenziswa kakhulu, yaziwa ngabantu abaninzi njenge-WGS84. Ukuba nesalathisi esingafaniyo, i-grids zombini i-spheroids iyahluke.

Indawo ye-16 utmNgoko ummandla unxibelelwano x, kwaye uqala, kummandla weMntla Merika, umda phakathi kweendawo 15 kunye ne-16 inomlinganiselo olinganayo we-178,000 kwaye ifinyelela kwi-820,000 ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi. Uluhlu lolungelelaniso lufana nendawo nganye, kwindawo efana noluhlu kodwa siyacacisa, akusiyo igridi yamathambo kodwa ngenjongo yokulinganisa kwendawo, iyafana. Imida phakathi kwemimandla iyavalwa, kodwa yonke inxalenye ye-axis ephakathi, apho i-meridiya ebonakalayo eyiyo ngokupheleleyo ubude bayo yi-300,000 eyaziwa ngokuba yi "le nkohliso", ngenjongo yokuba zombini nakwesokunene kwalo meridiya akukho ziyunithi ezimbi
Ulungelelaniso (Y ulungelelaniso), luqala ukusuka kwi-0.00 kwi-equator kwaye lenyukela phezulu kwipolisi enyakatho kunye nezicwangciso ezikufutshane ne9,300,000.

Iimephu esaziyo ngeenjongo ze-cadastral, ngezikali 1: 10,000 okanye i-1: I-1,000 ivela kwiqendu lo mmandla, kwisithuba esilandelayo siza kuchaza indlela oku kwahlukana ngayo.

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zika Geographic, ezifana 16N 35W sikhethekile, kunjalo, a UTM ukunxibelelanisa ngokuthi X = 664,235 Y = 1,234,432 ilingana indawo ngokuphindaphindiweyo kwiindawo 60 ngama enye, kokubini North kwaye lasezantsi; Kudinga indawo kunye ne-hemisphere ukuchaza apho ivela khona.

Iimpendulo ze-8 "Ukulanda indawo ye-Google Earth"

  1. Ngaba ikhona indlela yokubala isiporho sibe namalungiselelo e-UTM?

  2. Kudala ndifunda izihloko kwibhlog yakho ye4 iminyaka ethile ngoku. Inyani yile yokuba ndikhuphele imimandla ye-UTM eGEarth. Ndinayo igridi yeemephu zedrafikhi yeNicaragua (la maphepha athi "umlinganiso" 10 ′ wobubanzi x 15 ′ yobude. Ingcinga kukuzithatha ukuya eGEarth ngendlela efanayo nakwiindawo ze-UTM. Andilobuchule nge AutoCAD kodwa into nge Excel. Ndizamile ukuyisombulula ngoluhlobo: Kwi-Excel ndinamakhonkco okudibanisa amaqhosha ephepha ngalinye (kucacile ukuba aliphindwanga kumaphepha aselumelwaneni), ndenza i-.txt kwaye ngeGeotrans ndayiguqula kwi-UTM WGS84 ndinombono wokuba ndibayise kwi-AutoCAD, bafudukele I-DXF kwaye ke kwi-.kml kodwa ingxaki yam kukukwazi kwam kwi-AutoCAD.Mhlawumbi ndithatha ithuba elihle, inyani kukuba andinakuze ndikwazi ukuzoba imigca okanye iipoligoni kwi-GEarth.ndiya kuba nombulelo ongazenzisiyo ukuba undibonise naluphi na upapasho lwebhlog yakho olunokundinceda. Enkosi kakhulu evela eManagua.

  3. Ndonwabile kakhulu, kamva ndiza kufuna ezinye izifundo, ndibulele ngolwazi, i-byee

  4. Uphosakele ukuba isicelo sesivela kwi-google emhlabeni

  5. Akukho nto ikhutshwe. Ikhonkco ikhokelela kwenye inqaku. Geofumadas ????

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