Yongeza
GIS asibonise

I-GIS Imbonakalo yokudala izakhiwo zokushicilela

Kule thumela siza kubona indlela yokwenza imephu yokuvelisa okanye oko sikubiza ngokusetyenzwa usebenzisa i-GIS epheleleyo.

Imiba ephambili

Ukwenza uyilo, I-Manifold ivumela igama ledatha, okanye njengoko imephu yaziwa, ukuba ifakwe indlwana, nangona inokuba ngaphakathi kwifolda okanye inxulunyaniswe nolwaleko okanye enye into ekuthiwa kwi-Manifold ibizwa ngokuba ngumzali. Kuyimfuneko ukuba ubungakanani bomshicileli kunye nobukhulu bephepha buqwalaselwe ukuze kuxhomekeke koku kuyilwa, kule meko ndikhethe iphepha elilingana nobumba kwifomathi ethe tyaba.

Umsebenzi omkhulu kunawo wonke ekuhlanganiseni umgca-datha, apho kuchazwa ukuba zeziphi iindawo eziza kuhamba, kunye nombala, uphawu, ukungafihli, njl njl. 

Ngokwegrafu engezantsi, ngakwesokudla kwipaneli ephezulu yimithombo yolwazi, esiyifuna ukuba yifom yedatha (imephu) idonsela kwifestile kwaye ilandelwe nganye.

Ke kwiphaneli esezantsi ekunene kukubeka (iileya) zale fayile yedatha (imephu) kwaye apha ungabonisa iodolo abanokuyithatha, kunye nokubonakala elubala. Kuyafana nangokwenza iithebhu ezingezantsi kwesibonisi esinokutsalwa ukutshintsha iodolo okanye ukucinywa okanye ukucofa kabini.

ukupapashwa kwezinto ezininzi

Emva koko ukwenza uyilo olutsha, luphawule kwiphaneli elungileyo ngokungathi uza kwenza naliphi na icandelo kwaye ukhethe ubeko. Emva koko iphaneli iyavela apho into iya kuba uyilo (umzali), igama kwaye ukuba silindele itemplate. Inokuboniswa ukuba ayinamzali. Kule Manifold iyawa kuba ayinazo itemplate ezaneleyo njengeArcGIS.

ukupapashwa kwezinto ezininzi

Yenza ngokwezifiso umxholo

Emva koko wenze ngokwezifiso, cofa kabini kulwakhiwo olwenziweyo, kwaye ucofe ekunene kwisakhelo. Apha kunokwenzeka ukumisela:

  • Indawo yomsebenzi (ububanzi) obuya kusekelwe kumbono ogcinwe, isakhelo, isakhelo esivela kwindawo ephambili kunye nesikali, uluhlu, ukhetho lwezinto okanye icandelo elithile.
  • Kwimeko yam, ndiyenza ngokusekelwe kumbono ogciniweyo (imbono) eyona ndlela yinkqubo echazwe njengeendlela ezinqamlekileyo njenge-gvSIG okanye i-ArcGIS.
  • emva koko unokuchaza ukuxhonywa, kuba kunokwenzeka ukuchaza ukuba zingaphi amaphepha azakuvela njenge-matrix (uhlobo 2 × 3) kwaye unokubonakalisa ngokwahlukileyo ukuba yeyiphi oyifunayo ebonakalayo.
  • Ungacacisa ukuba ufuna ukubonisa imvelaphi yomsebenzi, igridi, i-geodesic mesh, umngcele, umntla, isikali somfanekiso kunye nezinye i-miquis.

ukupapashwa kwezinto ezininzi

Kwaye silapha ngaphandle kokubuya okukhulu.

ukupapashwa kwezinto ezininzi

Yenza izinto

Ilivo liqwalaselwe kwimbonakalo / ilivo, kwaye apho uchaza ukuba zeziphi izaleko eziza kuthi zifakwe ilebhile kwaye ukuba uyafuna ukuba zingabinamaqela okanye hayi. Unokuhlela amagama kunye nokuba isakhelo sentsomi siya kulungelelaniswa ngohlangothi okanye sikhululeke.

ukupapashwa kwezinto ezininzi

Ngendlela efanayo, uphawu lokumntla kunye nesilinganisi-mfanekiso esilungisiwe.

Ukongezaukupapashwa kwezinto ezininziYongeza imifanekiso, ezi zingeniswe njengezinto ezinokudityaniswa okanye ezingeniswe ngaphakathi kwaye zirhuqwe kubeko. Ukongeza ezinye izinto, zikhethwe kwiphaneli ephezulu ebonisiweyo xa ubeko luvulekile, zivumela ukongeza imigca ethe tyaba, ethe nkqo, iibhokisi, izicatshulwa, iilejendi, uphawu lwasemantla okanye isikali somfanekiso.

Ukulawula indawo zikho izixhobo zokulungelelanisa, xa zithutha ngesandla zichukumiswe kunye nezicwangciso ze-alt + ctrl eziciniweyo kwaye oku kubonisa i-node apho ungahamba khona ngesandla.

Ukuthumela ngaphandle

Ukuyithumela kwelinye ilizwe, cofa ekunene kuyilo kunye nokuthumela kwelinye ilizwe. Kuya kuba yimfuneko ukubonisa isisombululo samachaphaza nge-intshi nganye (i-DPI) kwaye ukuba ngaba iitekisi zitshintshelwe kwizithwali. Ingathunyelwa kwelinye ilizwe kwiAdobe Illustrator (.ai), pdf, emf kunye nepostcript.

Apha ungayilanda ifayile efakwe kwi-pdf.

Usebenza?

Ekuboneni kokuqala kujongeka ngathi kuthathwe isiqingatha sokuhamba ngenxa yoncedo oluncinci olukhoyo kwimanyuwali ejolise "kwindlela yokwenza" kodwa enyanisweni yomelele kakhulu. Isiphithiphithi sokuqala esenzeke kum besicinga ... "ndongeza njani amanye amagama edatha ngaphakathi kulwakhiwo?"

Ilula, nayiphi na into ekwipaneli yeprojekthi iyarhuqwa, inokuba yeyiphi na into efakiweyo okanye edibeneyo. Umzekelo, inokuba yitafile egqwesileyo, edityaniswe kuphela, ethetha ukuba inokwenziwa ngokwezifiso kwi-Excel ukunambitha, emva koko inxulunyaniswa kuphela kwaye irhuqwe kulwakhiwo.

Impahla nganye edibeneyo inomntu siqu njengoko ndichazile ngasentla, isakhelo sayo soqhagamshelwano njl.

Xa kuthelekiswa ne-Arcview 3x, le irobust kakhulu, kodwa xa ithelekiswa ne-ArcGIS 9x iyasilela "kwindibano" kuba kuya kufuneka uqonde iindlela ezahlukeneyo zokucinga zabaqulunqi bayo. Nangona iArcGIS isikelwe umda kwezinye iinkalo ezinje ngenani lezakhiwo ezinokuthi zenziwe zinxulunyaniswe okanye zingadibani negama ledatha, umgangatho wentetho unomtsalane, ngaphandle kweetemplate zayo ezilungiselelwe kwangaphambili kunye nezinye izinto ezongezekileyo ezinje ngeekona ezijikeleziweyo kwinto ephindaphindwe gwenxa.

Okwangokunje, ngendlela eyiyo ebonakalayo kakuhle kwezinye i-juggling, ihlehliswe ngokufanelekileyo.

Golgi Alvarez

Umbhali, umphandi, ingcali kwiiModeli zoLawulo loMhlaba. Uthathe inxaxheba ekucingeni nasekuphunyezweni kweemodeli ezifana ne: INkqubo yeSizwe yoLawulo lwePropati SINAP eHonduras, iModeli yoLawulo loMasipala abaManyeneyo eHonduras, iModeli eDityanisiweyo yoLawulo lweCadastre - iRegistry eNicaragua, iNkqubo yoLawulo lweTerritory SAT eColombia. . Umhleli weblogi yolwazi lwe-Geofumadas ukususela kwi-2007 kunye nomdali we-AulaGEO Academy equka izifundo ezingaphezu kwe-100 kwi-GIS - CAD - BIM - Digital Twins izihloko.

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