I-Geofumadas ikumema ukwazi i-intanethi kwimpapasho ye-IGN yaseSpain!

Ngaphambili: Ukusebenzisana nayo yonke into enxulumene nejografi kunye nokuphuhliswa kwebalazwe kwilizwe ngalinye kuye kwadala ukudala i-arhente karhulumente enoxanduva lo msebenzi obalulekileyo. Kwezinye iimeko zixhomekeke kwiSebe lezoKhuseleko okanye elinye ngokubhekisele kwitekto yangaphakathi yelizwe ngalinye, olu hlobo lesikhungo lunokuthatha amagama ahlukeneyo. Ngoko sinayo Military Geographic Institute(IGM) e-Ecuador okanye National Geographic Institute kumazwe afana neSpain, iGuatemala okanye iPeru. Abanye, njengaseArgentina, bazalwa njenge-IGM kwaye kamva baba IGN. Kodwa, ngaphandle kokuthatha inxaxheba kolawulo lwasemkhosini okanye olwasemkhosini, imisebenzi yasekuqaleni iyafana.

Nangona ininzi yale mibutho kwizinga lamazwe linama-portal ye-intanethi, bambalwa kakhulu kubo benza ukuba luncedo, ulwazi oluphezulu noluncedo kuluntu. ngaphezu kwazo zonke mahhala.

Kungenxa yoko, namhlanje siyancoma ukwenza ukhenketho oluthile ukuze ukwazi ezinye zezinto eziphathekayo IGN Spain yenza ukuba kubakho abasebenzisi be-intanethi. Ukutyelela apho, usebenzisa uhlobo lomnxeba-metaverse esiya kuthiwa Ibero yethu entsha avatar (umfanekiso ongakwesokudla), siza kutyelela ezo ndawo ezenza umdla kwaye sithemba, zisishukumisele ukuba kuphandwe uphando olunzulu. Ngaba uhamba nathi?

Ukuqala kohambo

Ukungena Ibero Simele sihambe ngesikhala kwaye sizenzele eMadrid, eSpain. Ngokukodwa kwiCalle Gral. Ibáñez de Ibero, 3 28003. Ngoko, silungisa izibhande zethu zokuhlala, kwaye siyahamba. Ukuwela ngokukhawuleza kwaye emva kwemizuzwana embalwa sibona indawo.

Sifikile ngaphandle kokuncitshiswa. Sihla kwaye sijikelezwe yimihlaba yezakhiwo zezitena. Imiqulu ephumayo kunye engenayo. Iifestile ezincinci ezifake iziqalo ezimhlophe zizalise isethi. Siya kuhamba entendelezweni eyintloko kunye nathi phambi komnyango wokungena. Sifaka Siza nenjongo echaziweyo, ngoko ke, emva kwemvume ehambelanayo siya kwindawo yoPapasho. Zibonisa ukuba kukho indlela ekhawulezayo kunye ngqo yokufika apho. Siyayixabisa isiluleko kwaye ingqalelo yethu ngoku ijolise ekufumaneni indlela emfutshane. Ukuba sasisebenzisa 'imephu eqhelekileyo' ebonelelwe kuluntu, siya kufika ngale ndlela:

Ukubonisa ulwazi olugcinwe

Ngokukulindela okukhulu siye kwiindawo ezikhethiweyo kwaye emva kokuwela i-corridor, sifumane iingcango ezintathu, ngamnye ngomqondiso wokubonisa. Kufuneka sikhethe ukuba ngubani oza kuqala ngawo. Siqala enye ngakwesobunxele:

a) Umnyango weencwadi

Siphambi kwesikhephelo esandisa ubungakanani bemilinganiselo yayo rhoqo rhoqo. Iikopi ziboniswa ngale ndlela:

Okwangoku le ndawo inayo Iikopi ze28 Ziyakwazi ukufundwa nokukhutshelwa ngaphandle kweefomati ezahlukeneyo.

IQhinga lokuQala: Njengoko izihloko zibandakanya iindawo ezahlukeneyo kunye neminqweno, sinokucinga ukuba inokuba luncedo udidi iikopi ezinikeziweyo, oku njengoncedo lokuququzelela uphando:

Udidi

Izihloko

Uhlalutyo kunye neendaba · Inkxalabo, ukuxhamla kwehlabathi kunye nokungalingani kwezentlalo kunye nendawo eSpain
ICartographic · AbaCartographer baseSpeyin

· Imbali yeengcamango zemibala

· Umhlaba weemephu

· Iipatrographic of Occupation Land in Spain. Iprojekthi ye-SIOSE.

Geodesy ne Astronomy Imiba ye-Astronomy

· Umlinganiselo weMhlaba phakathi kwe1816 kunye ne1855

Imbali · I-Topographic-Parcel Surveys yeBhodi jikelele yeZibalo kumasipala wase-Almería (1867-1868)

· I-Topographic-Parcel Surveys yeBhodi jikelele yeZibalo kuMasipala waseSenia (1867-1869)

· I-Planimetry yase-Urban yaseGranada ephakanyiswe yintlanganiso kawonkewonke yeenombolo (1867-1868): iprojekthi engapheliyo

· Iiprojekthi ezinkulu zeNational Cartographic Projects zenkulungwane yeshumi elinesibhozo. Ukumelwa kommandla waseCastilla y León

· Iimephu kunye nabadwebi bemifanekiso kwi-War Civil Civil (1936-1939)

· I-planimetry yeMadrid ngekhulu le-19

· Imbali yokumiswa komda waseSpain-waseFransi: kwiSivumelwano sePyrenees (1659) kwiivumelwano zeBayonne (1856-1868)

Ezahlukeneyo · Iindaba zeSave Surveyor

· Ukuya eSierra de Segura

· Ukusuka kolwandle ukuya eVenus

Imigaqo · Izikhokelo zeMigangatho

Iprogram yeLatin American Profile yeLAMP iMetadata Version 2

Ukuxhamla · Iingcamango zokusasazwa kwamagagasi aso. Waves Lg

· Ukuhlaziywa kweemephu ze-earthquake zeSpeyin 2012

I-IDEE - Iinkcukacha zoLwazi lweZiseko · INgqungquthela ye-Iberia ye-I-Infatistructure (i-2012)

INgqungquthela yase-Iberia yase-Iberia kwiZakhiwo zoLwazi lweZithuba (2013)

· Isingeniso kwiZibonelelo zeZibonelelo zeSithuba

· IDEE yeBlog, iposi ye1000

· Iimfuno zoLwazi lweZibonelelo zeZithuba

Toponymy Izikhombisi-magama ezibizwa ngokuba yi-Toponymic ukusetyenziswa kwamanye amazwe kubahleli bamaphu kunye nezinye iimpapasho

· Toponymy: Imigangatho ye-MTN25. Iingcamango ezisisiseko kunye nesigama

Umqulu ngamnye une "ikhathalogi yamakhadi" echaphazelekayo enika inkcazo emfutshane malunga nomxholo wayo kunye nedatha efana noMlobi, Usuku loHlelo kunye nenani lamaphepha. Xa isihloko sikhethiweyo, sithola iifom ezikhoyo kwaye sifumane "ikopi " yalo Elula, akunjalo?

Iphulo lesibini: Masithathe naziphi na iincwadi ezimbini ukubeka izimvo kwiimpendulo zethu. Siyazi kakuhle uthando lwethu lwamaphuphu ukuze ukhetho lwethu lokuqala aluyikumangalela kuwe. Ukhetho lwesibini luhlobene namava omsebenzi wethu. Makhe sibone:

Ihlabathi leMephu Kubonakala ngokufunda nokuqonda okulula. Ukuba sijonge i-index jikelele, siyabona isakhiwo sezinto eziqulethwe kakuhle ngokubhaliweyo. Efanelekileyo njengombhalo wesalathisi kubaQala kwaye uqala. Ngokuqinisekileyo kucetyiswa. Phakamisa.

Iindaba zomcebisi-ntsimi efumaneka kwinqanaba edibeneyo, le ncwadi yokuzonwabisa inokuzonwabisa inokusinika ixesha elimnandi kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo liya kusenza sikhumbule amabali ahlalayo okanye awamva kusebenza nabo. Kwaye nangona sixwayiswa ukuba singawa ukuzinyameka, ukufunda okunje kungasinceda sihlale ngexesha lethu lokuzonwabisa. Phakamisa ukuthanda le ncwadi.

b) i-Door Bulletins

Ii-Bulletins ze-IGN kunye ne-CNIG zenzelwe ukusabalalisa imisebenzi yeziko. Ifumaneka ngefomathi yePD, ukugqibela okupapashwe kususela ngenyanga NgoSeptemba. Njengoko kulindelwe, unako ukufikelela kwiinombolo zangaphambili nje ngokukhetha unyaka kwaye emva kwenyanga yeendaba ezifunwayo.

c) Umnyango weNcwadi

Sibhekene nomnyango wokugqibela wezotyelelo lwethu olubonakalayo. Siphumula isikhashana ngaphambi kokuqhubeka. Zibonisa ukuba kweli gumbi lokugqibela kukho ulwazi oluninzi. Makhe sihlole Sifaka Siphambi kwamagumbi amane. Masiqale:

c-1) Imisebenzi Yengxelo. Ukuba ufuna ukufumana ingxelo yonyaka yemisebenzi eyenziwa yi-IGN kunye ne-CNIG, le yindawo efanelekileyo. Siyacela malunga nale nto kwaye zibonisa ukuba umhla wokugqibela weedethi ukusuka ngonyaka we-2015.

c-2) Ushicilelo kunye ne-Seismic Bulletins. Ngokuqinisekileyo yindawo equlethe inkcazelo engakumbi. Abaphandi be-geofumed baya kuvuya apha ngaphandle kokungabaza. Kudinga "ukucwiliswa okujulileyo" kumxholo weesinele (4) ezahlukeneyo.

  • Iingxelo kunye nezinye iincwadi
  • Iikhathalogu zetekisi
  • Izifundo zeentshukumo zomhlaba
  • Cinga i-Bulletins

Njengomboniso omncinci, sikuvumela ukuba uqaphele iziqulatho "Iingxelo kunye nezinye iincwadi"

c-3) Iinjineli zendawo: Iprogram eyintloko kunye neBhayibhile (unyaka 2008). Lo mmandla uqulethe isilabhasi esisiseko kunye nesibrarifa esinconywayo ukwenzela ukukunceda ekulungiseleleni ukufumana izichaso njengeNjineli yeGeographical. Ukuphonononga i-Bibliography unokufumana ukufikelela kumaxwebhu ahlukeneyo epapashwe kwi-Intanethi. Abo banqwenela ukuphonononga iingcamango bayamenywa ukuba bahlaziywe ngokupheleleyo:

c-4) Amakhalenda. Ngaba ufuna ukufumana ikhalenda yonyaka ozayo kunye neefowuni zesikhangiso? Ewe, i-IGN inikezela enye njengesikhumbuzo sokutyelela kwakho. Siyabulela kakhulu kwaye sicebisa: Thatha ithuba!

Isiphelo

Kuye uhambo olude, ngokungathandabuzekiyo, endleleni yokuphuma, bathetha ngokunyanisekileyo kwaye basimema ukuba sibuyele xa sifuna, esiyayixabisayo. Ngoku kufuneka sibuye size sishiye i-Ibero. Countdown Sibuyela ngaphandle kwesiganeko. Sithemba ukuba ufumene ityelelo enomdla kwaye ifundisa. Khumbula ukuba idilesi www.ign.es. Kude ithuba elitsha!

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