Leica Airborne CityMapper - isisombululo esinomdla kwimephu yeedolophu

Kunokwenzeka ukuba asisoze sabona i-SmartCity yangempela, kunye nombono wayo. Kunokwenzeka ukuba kukho izidingo ezingundoqo kwiimeko zethu kunokuba sicinge nge-Intanethi yezinto. Kwanjalo, zeziphi iimveliso zesisombululo ezenzayo, akukho mntu uzicelile. Inyani yinto yokuba uhlanga luzobe luzimelele kwisiguqulelo esilandelayo malunga nendlela ezo shishino liza kusebenza ngayo kwikamva, kwaye akukho nanye indlela yokuzama ukuqonda apho izinto zihamba khona.

Ngoxa ingqalelo isisombululo Leica ekupheleni kweli nqaku - isihloko ukuba ixesha lokuthetha sikhatshwe itreyi Paisa kunye Laura ukusuka Switzerland kunye Pedro eBrazil, phantsi Congress of the Inter-American Network Cadastral Register EBototá- kuyathakazelisa ukubona ukuba kuphela kwimeko yokubamba inyaniso, abaqhubi abakhulu bahlangene nabo benza imizamo yabo. Ngakolunye icala, i-ESRI / AutoDesk kunye nokukhangela ukuhlanganiswa kweendawo ze-BIM / GIS nesisombululo CityEngine, IBentley / Siemens kunye neTwin CityPlanner. Kwimeko yeHexagon kunye nesixhobo Leica CityMapper. Ngamnye uneempawu ezahlukeneyo, kodwa bonke bephela kwidabi yokuhlanganisa i sokugcina ngokwenene kokungcola ukusuka zifake idatha, umzekelo, ukuyila, ukwakha, ukusebenza kunye ubomi phantsi ngcaciso I-BIM yeH Hub level 3.

Ezi nokuphuma yahlukana iminyaka emininzi, kodwa kuya kuba nzima ukuba umahluko ngokwahlukana kwabo, kuba nje ukuba ukhangela indlela തിരിച്ചറിയല് ukuqondwa, imbono isalungiswa kodwa apho geomatics kunye iinjineli ukuba amehlo akho; kuba ukubonakala kwayo kwidatha, iinkqubo kunye neteknoloji kuya kwenzeka kwiminyaka elishumi ezayo.

Ukususela kwi-Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR), ii-SmartCities kunye ne-intanethi yezinto

Isiseko salo msi inxalenye yengqiqo. Indlela entsha eyenza ukuba kube lula ukwenza ukuba izinto zenziwa ngabantu. Injini ye-steam yayingumzamo obalulekileyo wokukhawulezisa iinkqubo, ngoko ukuqhubela phambili kwaqhubeka kwada kwafumanisa ukufumanisa umbane, kwaye kamva kudala iikhompyuthali njengempahla ebalulekileyo xa isebenza; ezi zinto zintathu zinxulumene nale mibutho emithathu yokuvelisa iindwendwe ngokudlulileyo kwimbali yamuva.

Okwangoku, ihlabathi lijongene nesine-revolution esekelwe kwiminyaka yobudijithali, ngokuqinisekileyo ukuba iteknoloji iyafikeleleka kubo bonke kwaye isetyenziselwa ukuzuza uluntu; ngaloo ndlela unako ukusebenzisa iiplani zokwabiwa kwamanzi ngolwazi (i-Cloud / BigData), ingqiqo yolwazi (AI), i-biotechnology kunye neenzwa ukufumana ulwazi olukhawulezayo malunga neemeko, ukubeka esweni kunye nendawo yezibonelelo.

Singomzuzwana, apho bonke abaqeqeshiweyo, ukusuka kuyo nayiphi na intsimi yabo yobuchule bangasebenzisa ubuchwepheshe njengamahlakani ekukhuthazeni ukuphuhliswa kweendawo zabo. Ukuqhubela phambili kunye nokuphumelela kwezobuchwepheshe kuye kwavelisa ukuguqulwa okubalulekileyo kwezikhala-kuba yimeko yezinto ezisetyenziswayo-kwaye akusisona sithuba sabantu abaninzi, kodwa imfuno yomxholo omiweyo. Yonke le ntuthuko, inqwenela ukunika indlela ekuthiwa yi-SmartCities; zezimo ezifuna ukuhambelana nokudibanisa phakathi kobutyebi bomntu, ubuchwepheshe, ulawulo lweenkcukacha, kunye nokulungelelanisa kwimeko.

-Ndiqonda, nditshiza ngokusondeleyo kwimbali yesayensi yeefilimu ezithumela phambili. Kodwa ke, yiloo sihloko esise-Arena apho i-geolocation idlala indima ebalulekileyo.

Le nangokuhlanganiswa kwezibonelelo kunye nezixhobo, ukuba iintlanga kunye noorhulumente engcono izigqibo, ukwazi ukuba nokwandisa uqoqosho kunye nendlela yokuphila, nganye kuzo izinto ezikhoyo emajukujukwini ziya kusetyenziselwa ukuba yinxalenye yothotho ulwazi ongapheliyo, oko kubizwa ngokuba yi-IoT (i-intanethi yezinto).

imizekelo umdla mna ngokobuqu ndibone തിരിച്ചറിയല് ukuqondwa yi Singapore, leyo liyifumene isiqinisekiso njengomnye wemizi bakrelekrele ehlabathini, ubonakala ngokuba izithuba enobuchwepheshe, kunye umgudu ukuphumeza nokugcina kokungqinelana ucupho kunye iliso kulo lonke multiple abenzi boluvo, kwakunye umthambo ukuze iqonga elibamba iinkcukacha rhoqo, ngayo izigqibo zingenziwa malunga ekhoyo, nokugcina kujoliswe uzinzo kokusingqongileyo kunye zesakhiwo.

Umbono IoT kuphela malunga nokuphunyezwa kwe abenzi boluvo izinto, okanye ukugcina ingqokelela asebenzayo kwaye ingadibani data yesixhobo ngasinye kodwa izibonelelo kunye nezenzo swi ukusekwa kwezi SmartCities, ngaba ezihambelanayo ngeenkqubo uxwebhu, uyilo, izakhiwo - zobunjineli - ukwakhiwa AEC (ngokuba ungayiqondiyo yalo IsiNgesi), ulwazi isakhiwo aphila (BIM) kunye nolawulo iindlela zolwazi ezifana GIS, ezi buhlobo kwenza ntoni mcelimngeni ekumisweni kweedolophu ezihlakaniphile.

Emva kokuba imfuneko ecacileyo yokuba unxulumano iinkqubo ezifana GIS AEC + BIM +, njengoko iliziko ulawulo lolwazi, oko ungxamele kuhlanganiso kunye isixeko umzekelo 3D. Ngenxa yoko impambano lula neyokucwangcisa zomzekelo ekufuphi ukuba zifake ingcaciso ezifana ngubani omntu, kunye neerekhodi zizibonakude yedijithali ukuze esqwini yolawulo ukusebenza kwiinkqubo ezifana lomjikelo wobomi iimveliso (PLM).

Umzekelo weLeica Airborne CityMapper

Ukusetyenziswa kobugcisa 3D ukunceda ukunciphisa ixesha neendleko yokuqokelelwa kwedatha endle, kwaye nangona nje isixhobo ukuhlola abo ukuba nolwamkelo ulungiso ukufaka modeling data, kuba umdla Hexagon ngu Leica Iimpawu zendalo ziboniswe njengenye indlela, ukudala isenzi esithatha iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zedatha ngendlela ehamba ngokuzenzekelayo kunye neyona ndlela, Leica Airborne CityMapper.

Idatha yokubamba

Imarike inikezela abenzi boluvo ezifanelekileyo drones image lungabanjwa, infrared, accelerometers, iimitha ukufuma, abenzi ezitalatweni ukulawula ukuhamba kwezithuthi, abafundi ngamasuntswana kwi emoyeni kunye nabanye abathatha ulwazi ngaphakathi kwisithuba ezisentlabathini. Nangona kunjalo, kubonakala ngathi ukuzibophelela kukaLeica Geosystems, ekuziphendukeni kwayo njengomvelisi wembali ekhethekileyo kwingingqi ekufumaneni idatha kunye nokucwangcisa, kuthatha inyathelo elibalulekileyo ngokusungula Leica CityMapper, efuna ukuba ngumsebenzi onjenge-sensor ene-hybrid sensor enezinto ezinje:

  • Ikhamera ye-bidirectional mechanical ne-resolution ye-80 MP kunye ne-Nadir.
  • Iimakhamera ezine ezineekhamera ezinezikhokelo zendiza, i-RGB yesisombululo se-80 MP kunye ne-angle yokujikeleza ye-45º yokujonga ukuthatha imifanekiso eblique.
  • Inkqubo yeLidar, ukuphindaphinda kwamaxesha e-700 Hzs, i-oblique scanner yamaphetheni ahlukeneyo, i-40 degrees yommandla wombono, uhlalutyo lomtshini kunye neempawu ngexesha langempela.

Yadalwa ngenxa yomsebenzi weemephu zeemephu kunye neendlela ezisemadolophini zazo, oko kukuthi, idlulela ngaphaya kwe-geolocation yezinto, ingenza ama-orthophotos, amafu, ama-DEM kunye ne-3D imizekelo; ukwenzela ukuba i-Hexagon kunye nale sensor ifuna ukuba nexhobo esibalulekileyo ekuphuhliseni ii-SmartCities kumgca wayo; ukuncedisa ukuqonda ukusebenza okunzima kwemo engqongileyo kunye neentshukumo zeedolophu. Isakhiwo sayo esiyinkimbinkimbi kubandakanya ukubanjwa kwenani elikhulu leenkcukacha ngokuhamba kwendiza enye, akunjalo nakwiintsholongwane eziqhelekileyo, ezifana ne-satellite observation satellites, i-GNSS, okanye i-radars.

Nangona, ubukho beendawo zendawo eziza kubonelela ngolunye ulwazi olongezelelweyo aluyi kuhoywa; Ngalesi senzo esitsha, akuyimfuneko ukuba ukhethe phakathi kweemveliso, ezifana nomfanekiso okanye ifowuni, kuba yonke ingcaciso iya kuba sele iyindiza enye.

Le sensor ene-airborne iyakwazi ukuthatha ngokukhawuleza nangokufanelekileyo ukusuka kwiidolophu ezincinci, ukuya kwizixeko ezinobuninzi bezidolophini, ekuncedeni ukuphepha ukusetyenziswa kwemithombo yezemali kwiiplani ezininzi zokuhamba okanye iinjongo zohambo

Ukunyangwa kwedatha

Ukusebenzisa ubuninzi beenkcukacha ezenziwe yilo nzwa, uLeica unikeza inkqubo, ebizwa ngokuba yiyunithi yesikhombi sokusebenza, okubandakanya imisebenzi esuka ekubanjweni, ukucwangciswa kwedatha nokubonakalisa kwedatha, kwi-software ekhethekileyo ebizwa ngeHxGN.

Bakhangelele le software ukuba ibe lula kwaye inembile, ngokusebenzisa amanyathelo athile ekukhokela umsebenzisi ukuvelisa imveliso ayifunayo. Ibandakanya iifowuni zokusebenza ukwenzela ukuba iimveliso ezivela kwithinjwa ziveliswe ngokukhawuleza; nganye imveliso ineqhosha elithile lezenzo. Nangona isofthiwe inika i-interface elula, kufuneka kwakhona, ochwepheshe okanye abahlalutyi abanamava ekusingatha lolu hlobo lwedatha.

Kungenzeka, ngokwemiqathango, ukufaka iilayisensi ezininzi ezihambelana nedatha efunyenweyo. I-HxGN, yenzelwe ukuthumela inkqubo yeenkcukacha ezininzi ezenziwe yi-CityMapper, ngokusebenzisa iimodyuli zayo ezintathu: RealWorld, RealCity kunye RealTerrain.

  • RealWorld: yenzelwe iiprojekthi ezibandakanya imifanekiso emikhulu, iquka imodyuli ye-generator okanye i-ortho ebonakalayo, ulwazi lwefayili yenkcazelo.
  • RealTerrain: yiyona nkcazelo ye-Lidar yokuthunyelwa kwesithuba kwiindawo ezinkulu kunye nokuqina okukhulu kwesakhiwo. Kuquka i-ortho yemodyuli ye-generator-orthomosaic, irekhodi kunye neenkcukacha zefu, ulwazi lwe-auto-calibration kunye nedata yedatha.
  • I-RealCity: yinkomfa yenkxaso ye-SmartCities, evumela ukuba kuveliswe imodeli ye-3D yezakhiwo ezithathiweyo. Iquka i-ortho modorator generator - ortomosaics, ulwazi lwefayili yenkcazelo, i-modeler yeedolophu, imephu ye-texper kunye ne-3D umhleli.

Oku nakanjani a mngeni enamandla noko bafuna abo Bentley Systems elandelayo, kunye yinto efanayo ngoko siza kuthetha kamva, kunye ContextCapture, CityMapper kunye nezixhobo Topcon. Kuya kufuneka ukuba kubona uzithetha indlela isibini Esri / AutoDesk, oko kuya kuthatha ixesha ukuhlanganisa izixhobo ezithe iindlela zabo njengoko Drone2Map, Ushwankathelo, Infraworks, eshiya mngeni zokuhlanganisa i umenzi izixhobo kunye nombono ziyahambelana. Ukuqhaqhayisa kwakhona kuthatha enye indlela.

Uvavanyo kunye nezicelo

Enye yeemvavanyo zoluvo lwentloko yenziwa yinkampani Bluesky evela eUnited Kingdom, eneendlela ezithakazelisayo kwi-reconnaissance yangaphandle, esetyenziswe kulo mzekelo ukutshintshwa kwedatha nge-nadir kunye ne-oblique imifanekiso kunye ne-3D yokukhangela i-laser, kwiindawo ezininzi ezibandakanya iLondon. Kulo mfanekiso, ngaphambi nangemva kokubanjiswa kuboniswa ngokukodwa, kunye nefayili ehambelana nezakhiwo ezikhoyo kuloo ndawo. Ukuchaneka kwedata ngokubhekisele kwizakhiwo zangaphambili kubonisa ukubaluleka kwesi sixhobo kwixesha elizayo leedolophu.

ULeica uye wabonisa ukuba akayigqiba umsebenzi wakhe neSixeko iMapper, kuba kufuneka bahlakulele ngokukhawuleza umsebenzi wokuvelisa kunye neendlela eziphambili ze-orthophotos kwiindawo ezinkulu ezihlala kuyo. Ukusetyenziswa kwesi senzwa kunemizekelo ethile yezicelo, apho zingathiwa khona:

  • Cadastre kunye noCwangciso,
  • Ukuphendula ngokukhawuleza kwiimeko ezikhawulezayo,
  • Ukubeka esweni izilwanyana zesixeko,
  • U khu seleko,
  • Ukumodareyitha kwezithuthi,
  • Iindwendwe ezintle,
  • I-Architecture,
  • I ntengiso,
  • Imidlalo yeVidiyo

Ukuphunyezwa technologies ezifana Leica CityMaper kubalulekile ukuba SmartCities, njengoko ibonisa kuphela indawo zonke iziqalelo isithuba, kodwa ebonisa isakhiwo sayo, ekuhlanganiseni olu lwazi nge esabangela kwezinye abenzi boluvo ezifana obushushu nokufuma yendalo, ukukwazi ukubonisa indawo apho ubuninzi bezidolophini benyuke amaqondo okushisa okanye aguqula isimo sezulu.

Impembelelo kwindlela yethu

Ukuba kukho into asikwazi siyiphephe loo nto ukuba oku enamandla iya kutshintsha (kwakhona) kwaye lula indlela esenza izinto namhlanje kulawulo photogrammetry kushishino, imephu, uyilo izibonelelo kunye asethi. Ngenxa yoko, i-revolution yesine akunjalo kude nangona kukho zonke iimeko ukuba kwande kuwo onke amashishini, kodwa phawula njengesikhokelo ngezihloko kunye nokusebenza kule woluvo njengoko weerobhoti, transmission, ukugcinwa kunye nabanye abasebenzisi bezibonelelo zendalo, kuquka amandla - Ukwazi ukuba ukuthunjwa kwezithombe kwenzeka ngombane wamandla, kunye neziphoso ezikhutshwa ngumenzi kwimeko yeLidar. Emva koko sibona izicelo lalo kwiindawo viewings e SmartCities njengoko ukulinganisa ekhoyo virtual luncedo kangangoko ku- ekuthinteleni ngokunjalo ngamampunge kodwa esebenzisa inzuzo ngokoqoqosho ezifana ivideo imidlalo.

Nangona ebambekayo yam ukungxamiseka iiteknoloji ezintsha ezivelayo, elundini ejonge ethembisayo, nangona ukwamkelwa kwabo ngamashishini kunye neengcali Geo-zobunjineli iya kukhula kangangoko izisombululo ziyimfuneko bamba nokuba ngumzekelo Ulwazi olufana nokuhlaziywa okulawulwayo kunye nokuvula ukudibanisa kwizicwangciso zomsebenzisi wokugqibela.

Bona okunye ukusuka kuLeica CityMapper

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