I-teknoloji yeGeospatial, indima yayo nokubaluleka kwisakhiwo se-IT kwiSebe lezothutho.

Te knoloji. Ufunyenwe epheleleyo iteknoloji esetyenziselwa ukufumana, ukulawula, ukuhlalutya, ukujonga ngokucacileyo nokusabalalisa zombini idatha kunye nolwazi olubhekiswe kulo indawo into ethile, idlulisele ukuqala kokuqala kombono we-GIS, i-GPS kunye ne-Remote Feelings (i-RS ngesiNgesi) ibandakanya ezo teknoloji ezikhulayo ezisebenzisa indawo yendawo (umzekelo, geofencing) kwimeko apho, phakathi kwezinye izizathu, "ubuchwephesha buya kuhlanganiswa kunye nemida yabo ngokugqithisa"

Enyanisweni, emva kokubonakaliswa kwangaphambili malunga ukuguquka kweGIS, imiqathango enxulumene naye kunye abaqeqeshiweyo kule ndawo; Kubonakala kubonakala ukuba ngoku sifanele sihambe "kwintsimi yesenzo" size sixoxe ngeemeko ngqa apho ezo ngcamango ziyasetyenziswa.

Ndiya kubuya ke ukufunda le nqaku kaBruce Aquila ukuze ndikhuphe amagama angundoqo apho eli nqaku liqalise namhlanje. Ndikhipha ezintathu (3) kwaye ndiyakwazi ukuqala:

Ukuguquka kwemvelo. I-WebGIS (i-GIS esebenzisa ubuchwephesha beWebhu) ifakwe njengomzekelo wokutshintsha kwe-GIS apho zixhobo yenkqubo (i-Hardware, Software, idatha kunye nabasebenzisi) ayifuni yonke into ngokwenyama kwindawo enye kunoko, ngoku kuphuhliso olutsha, ulwazi olunikezwa kumsebenzisi lufikeleleka ngokukhawuleza, ngokukhawuleza nangokuqoqosho usebenzisa izivumelwano eziyimfuneko kunye nemigangatho evumela uxhulumaniso kunye nokutshintshiselwa kwamacandelo. Le ndlela "yokukhonza" ulwazi luvumela iWebGIS ukuba ifuneke kwi-intanethi kwaye iyaziwa IiNkonzo zewebhu

Ngaphandle kokulibala ukuba i-WebGIS ingaqaliswa ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo: kwi ifu, kwindawo okanye ngokudibanisa zombini ngokubhekiselele kwimeko, okwangoku kubalulekile kumsebenzi wethu.

Ukuzonwabisa. Kwiziko ezifana neSebe lezoThutho naliphi na urhulumente karhulumente, apho indawo iyona nto eyona nto ibalulekileyo yokusebenza, yinto luleke kakhulu ukuvelisa iziphumo ezivumela ukuba kwenziwe izigqibo ezaneleyo kwimisebenzi kunye neeprojekthi ezinxulumene nokusebenza, iindlela zendlela, ukhuseleko, ubunjineli kunye nolondolozo, phakathi kwezinye iindawo.

Sigqiba ukuba iteknoloji geospatial esetyenziswayo kubalulekile kule nkqubo. Kodwa ke, ekubeni zombini ekudalweni Services Web nokuphunyezwa WebGIS kuzo zonke iintlobo kusizisa ukusetyenziswa IT ( "Techies" phakathi) luyasebenza ukuzibuza oko kwisahlulo kwisebe (DOT IsiNgesi) ilingane ngakumbi kakuhle iteknoloji geospatial ukuncedisa izigqibo ukuba inkqubo ngempumelelo nangokufanelekileyo?

UAkwila, yakhe nqaku Lo mbuzo uvela ngenxa yokuba, njengoko siphelela kamva, kubonisa ukuba utshintsho kwaye basebenzise izizathu zazo.

"Ngokwesiko, le teknoloji yahlala kwisahlulo sokucwangcisa", uyongezelela, yongezelela ukuba oku kubangelwe, phakathi kwezinye izizathu, kwindima yayo njengesixhobo sokuhlalutya ekwenzeni izigqibo kunye nomsebenzi wayo oyintloko ekufakeni iimfuno ezininzi zokudala imephu. .

Ingxabano yokuqala

Nangona kunjalo, u-Akhwila uyaqhubeka, njengoko ubuchwepheshe bezithuba zenzeka, baqala ukudibanisa kunye neDBMS. Ngaloo ndlela, i-DBMS efana ne-Oracle, iSQL Server, iDB2, ne-PostgreSQL isekela izitrato zeenkcukacha zendawo yokuhlala, eziye zanciphise ukutyekela ukufaka iingcamango zendawo kwindawo yokwakha ye-IT ye-DOT.

Ingxabano yesibini

"Ngaphezu koko, ngamachaphaza uzisebenzisa kakhulu iinkonzo web ukuze kunyuswe inkxaso ukuba idatha egcinwe olugciniweyo ixabiso" iqhubeka umbhali, ngoko bathi "kuqwalaselwa lwa- ixhaphake kangaka namhlanje, amasebe IT kufuneka ukulawula ngokungqongqo iintlobo ezahlukeneyo nemisebenzi iinkonzo web zimiliselwe "ngoko ke kulindeleke ukuba oku kuza kuba enye into zaziza i" shift "ngayo kwicandelo DOT iT.

Khankanya iphuzu lokuhlalutya kwakho, ubunokwenzeka bokuguqulwa kwiiplatifti zedesktop ezisetyenziswayo kubeni kukho ukuhla okucacileyo "kuxhomekeke kwi-teknoloji yendawo yekhompyutha"; ngenxa yokunyuka kweenkonzo zewebhu ezinciphisa uhlahlo lwabiwo-mali, kugxininisekisa ukusetyenziswa kwesofthiwe yedesktop "imisebenzi yokuhlalutya inzima".

Ingxabano yesithathu

Ukuvela kweprogram yefu kunempembelelo ekuhlanganiseni kwisakhiwo se-IT. Oku kungenxa yokuba ii-DOT ziqala ukuqwalasela izicelo zokwakha efini. Ukuqwalasela apha njengento ebalulekileyo ekulawuleni khu seleko oko, ngokucacileyo, kuxhalabisa isebe le-IT. Kule ngongoma, uthi, uhlalutyo lokuqala ludinga ukugqiba apho umphathi izicelo ezivelisiweyo: ngaphakathi okanye kusetyenziswa "iinkonzo zentengiso yefu". Makhe sibonge ukuba kwesi sihloko sizathu ntetho eyenziwe nguAkwila kunye nezinye iingcali esicetyisayo ukuba sifunde abo bafuna ukunweba kule ndawo.

Isiphelo

Okwenziwe nguAkwila ikakhulukazi "ukufuduka" yonke into oko kukuxhalabisa ubuchwepheshe be-geospatial kwi-IT indawo ye-DOT ngezizathu ezichazwe ngasentla.

Qaphela ukuba olu tshintsho luya kubangela ukuchasana kunye nokukhusela ukukhusela ukulahlekelwa kolawulo ukusuka kwikomkhulu lendabuko; utshintsho, ukuba luyenzeka, luya kufuna ixesha lokwamkelwa "ngamaziko" achaphazelekayo. Ngoko ke, iphetha ukuba "yonke into mayiyenze ngenjongo yokufumana inzuzo efanelekileyo".

Sigqiba eli gqabaza, ngendlela evulekile, ukuphakamisa le mibuzo elandelayo:

Ngaba siyavumelana nombhali?

Ngaba siyazi ukuba yintoni ishadi elisebenzayo lokubambisana ne-DOT kwindawo yethu?

Yintoni esiyicinga ngayo?

Shiya impendulo

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