Xa ukusebenzisa iziphakamiso LADM

Xa eziliqela lweeprojekthi mna inxaxheba, ndiye abakubonileyo nokudideka ebangela LADM akuthethi kuthi ezinxulumene ne bendiqonda ISO, kodwa ikheswa imihlaba yabo nesicelo sikwinqanaba ingqiqo koomatshini zobugcisa. Ngamanye amagama, ngendlela yokuyizalisekisa ngayo.

Kufuneka kucace ukuba LADM ayikho into eqhelekileyo standard ISO, ngangokuthanda umlinganiselo yolawulo metadata (ISO-19115), ukuba ibe ngumqondiso, okanye umgangatho ukuba imigqaliselo kunye nemilinganiselo (ISO-19156). Bayalingana ngengqiqo ukuba isicelo ukuya uqeqesho ezizodwa, kwanayo le migangatho siqonde umsebenzisi ngaphandle geomatics ezinikelwe domains zokufunda egeomates elungileyo nophando olunxulumene; ngokuninzi njengoko ayazi ukwenza iifomfom okanye ukugqithisa ngesitishi esipheleleyo; Uqeqesho luhlala luyimfuneko ukwazi indlela yokuphumeza umgangatho we-ISO.

Umbono oqhelekileyo we-ISO udinga ukulawula ubuncinane (ishishini) yintoni eyenza umgangatho ISO-19152 eyaziwa ngokuba yi-LADM kunzima kakhulu ukuphumeza; kuba ulawulo lomhlaba luyinkalo apho kungenelela khona iinqununu ezizodwa, umsebenzi wokuba ufikelele kwiiyunivesithi ezimbalwa uhanjiswe nje ngolu hlobo.

Ukwazi i-LADM kuninzi kunokuqonda indlela iipuphu ze-UML, iiklasi kunye neeklasi zisebenza; Kubalulekile ukwazi imeko yokulawulwa kwamalungelo okwenene; zombini ecaleni kwaye ukusuka Registration Cadastral kunye nemephu, nomthetho zabucala, umthetho karhulumente, ezomthetho kunye nemisebenzi yolawulo. Kunokuba ukufunda ukujika indlela RRR yobhaliso isihlalo, lo LADM ochaphazelekayo ukuba iinzame ezenziweyo zenziwe ngendlela zilula kangangoko kunokwenzeka, ukuba kumgangatho oko sele eyenzeka ebomini, imiqathango ezifunyenwe yi umxholo kunye nomthetho wesizwe, njengoko i RRR kuphela ziziphumo ukuthanda amaqela abo badlale izivumelwano, ngubani asesikweni bumbongorha kushicilelo, eyayihamba kunye ulwazi medium wayeqonda isiqinisekiso cadastral, nto leyo ke utoliko ukuba unocanda kanye yaba emzimbeni, kwaye emva kokuba umsebenzi ezilukhuni ukuchazwa kunye sikhumbuzo engqondweni ngeemfuno a Nations wayalela ukuba amagama yi amanuensis, ukuze ekugqibeleni ukufikelela lobhaliso kufuneka babuyele ukuzama ukutolika oko wabhala amanuensis, leyo wayedlala Nations, abadlale uligqwetha, lowo watolika ukuthanda amaqela ukuba zisayine kokubhaliswa imoto okanye ukwala ... apho ukuba kukho na zonke ezi zinto ziphosakeleyo ekuchazeni kwabo!

Ukumodareyitha yenye yeengxaki ezenziwa yiGeofumadados zeBeyond Cadastro 2014 phakathi kwe1994, ukuba namhlanje kuya kuba yinto eqhelekileyo. Ngokuthobeka, bekunene, kwaye nangona umzekelo wesenzo esilungileyo, bayakhohlwa ukuba oku kungengqondo engundoqo kubantu. Ukumodareyitha kubandakanya ukuqhutyelwa kokuthintana phakathi kwabaqeqeshi bezentengiselwano: Umbhalisi, umcebisi, i-geomatics, umcebisi, umbhalisi, ngubani omele afunde i-UML eyisiseko; kunye nabasebenzisi bekhomputha ekufuneka bakhuphe ukuqonda ubomi boqobo bokuba bazama ukuzenzekelayo.

Ukuqonda ukulawulwa komhlaba kuthethwa ukuba uyazi malunga nemigaqo yokubhalisa enendlela yonke, ubuncinane kwinxalenye enkulu yehlabathi lasentshona:

Umgaqo Uthandaza, nto leyo ethintela wayithathela isithintelo okanye ubutyala uhlobo yakhiwe ngokuzenzekelayo, ngaphandle kokuba umthetho, umgaqo yemvume leyo lithi umthetho Kwadlula nkongolo wesizwe okanye igunya onoxanduva ukuze zibe njengesilumkiso okanye isaziso esisilumkiso, isimiso emphakathini ebonisa ukuba nawuphi na umsebenzisi kakuhle kufuneka bazi ukuba mnyinyiva imigodi okanye indawo kulawulo ezizodwa kuchaphazela ubunini babo, ukusetyenziswa okanye umsebenzi, lo okukhethekile into eyohlula amandla zobhaliso umhlaba, umgaqo kobhaliso leyo ithetha into kagunyaziwe kufuna ukudlula kwemali ukuze isakhono ezisemthethweni ... njalo-njalo ukuguqula indawo esemthethweni kwenkqubo imithetho lula LADM elide umbongo icebo lesenzo esilunzima ukuchaza ukuba unesiprofayile esisigxina se-UML okanye i-database ukukhwehlela komzimba; ukuthatha ukuba inkqubo-nkqubo, imithetho, iinkqubo kunye nemigaqo kufuna ngaphezu ngokuba yimbongi.

ukuqonda-i-ladm

Emva kwenkcazo yam kwi-Instituto Agustín Codazzi ngaphakathi kwesikhokelo se-ICDE kunye nokunikezwa kwam kweliveki kwilizwe laseMntla yaseMerika, ndiya kukwazi ukulandelelana kwesi sifundo. Okwangoku, iimpendulo ezimbalwa ezimnyama nezimhlophe:

Ukuphunyezwa kwe-LADM kutshintsha indlela esiyibhalisa ngayo?

Phunyezwa yiNombolo Qonda ngokuyinxalenye. Misela, ngokuqinisekileyo ewe.

Ngaba kuyimfuneko kubasebenzisi bendawo yendawo (ishishini) ukuba bazi i-LADM?

Qonda iwe ewe. Indlela yokuyifezekisa ... kungekhona.

Ingaba inkqubo entsha ingaqulunqwa ngaphandle kokuthatha i-LADM?

Ewe Kodwa ...

Ngaba kuyimfuneko ukutshintsha umthetho okanye isiseko sesikhungo sokuphumeza i-LADM?

Hayi.

Ngaba i-LADM imele ibe yi-ISO?

Emva kokubona izixhobo ezinjalo ezingafaniyo, ubunzima bokudibanisa i-registry kunye ne-cadastre kunye neendleko eziphezulu zokubambisana, ngokuqinisekileyo bekumele kubekho ngaphambili. I-LADM inceda ukugcina ibhizinisi, elingaze litshintshe, nangona isixhobo kufuneka sihlaziywe yonke iminyaka eyi-10.

Ziziphi iimanyathelo zokuqonda i-LADM?

Funda Beyond Cadastre 2014 ukuqonda inkqubo cadastral, ukuqonda inkqubo ezecawa, baqonde inkqubo yobhaliso, ukuqonda imithetho kulawulo ezizodwa, ukutolika ezisekelwe kulo ISO-19152, kumkhawulela abanamava, amava okulungileyo nokubi phambi kokufunda ku ...

Ziziphi na amanyathelo okulungelelanisa iprofayile yeLADM?

Thatha profile generic, bazahlule ube zezine ezine, walala abantu kwindawo zomthetho ukwakha iiklasi BA_Unit, walala abantu belizwe, ukuba kwakhiwe iiklasi kunye ngesimo lwendawo, abeke ukwakha ubudlelane yomthetho yabucala, alungise umthetho womthetho woluntu nokwakha ifayile kunye nenkqubo, ukujongana neminye imithetho ngokuthe ngcembe, ukulula lula umthombo.

Ziziphi iimanyathelo zokuphumeza i-LADM kwinkqubo entsha?

Sezingeni inkangeleko generic ubhalo, lilula ngcono. Yakha iphrofayili engokwenyama, sebenzisa isixhobo solawulo lwentengiso kunye nokuguqulela, ukulungelelanisa iinkqubo, ukuphuhlisa okanye ukulungelelanisa isixhobo ngendlela egcina umjikelezo wobomi ... ukuba kulungele ukutshintsha umyalelo kuxhomekeke kumxholo weprotocol welizwe.

Ungayibona phi imizekelo yokuphunyezwa kwe-LADM kumongo waseSpeyin?

Ukuba ufuna ukubona umsebenzi wokuqala weCCDM ngaphambi kokuba ubizwa ngokuba ngumgangatho we-ISO-19152, kuyafaneleka ukubona iSINAP eHonduras. Asikho kuphela isixhobo sobuchwephesha seNkqubo yoBumbano lweNgcaciso, kodwa umthetho owanikezela ubomi kumthetho kunye nomthetho wokulawulwa kwemimandla. Ngethuba elide kuyabaluleka ukubona ukuguqulwa kwe-HLELO, yinkqubo eyenziwa phantsi kobambiswano karhulumente-abucala, mhlawumbi kunye bolckchain.

Ukuba ufuna ukubona isixhobo kamasipala ezifezekisayo LADM, uyakwazi ukubona SIGIT kwi Commonwealth Puerto Cortes, Omoa Puerto Barrios phakathi yaseGuatemala kwaye Honduras, kunye web isixhobo umxhasi kwi OpenLayers, umaleko cadastre detachably kwaye nkqu impahla ukubhaliswa phantsi ekugxilwe indawo edibeneyo yeziko likazwelonke. Nangona Iindleko uphunyezwe njengoko kufuneka, Umfuziselo isixa geofumada, mhlawumbi tenta cercanso iziqhamo kwimeko El Salvador.

Ukuba ufuna ukubona sisixhobo yesondlo cadastral local iinkonzo GML / WFS nge inkqubo yesizwe, ukuba uyakwazi ukubona SIT kaMasipala Association zooMasipala ka Honduras, phambili kwinqanaba client QGIS, kwakunye neminye imifuno ukuba ukusebenzisana ukuya BentleyMap V8i ngaphandle I-model.

Ukuba ufuna ukubona inkqubo ekuphunyezweni, ethembise kakhulu, phantse njengaye uThixo ayenenjongo, jonga amava okwangoku e-Agustín Codazzi Institute kunye ne-Superintendence ye-Registry kunye neeNarari, ipatanizada style yaseColombia. Ukusebenzisa i-INTERLIS ukulungelelanisa ukuphunyezwa, umceli mngeni we-opensource kunye ne-ESRI kunye kunye ne-IDE eyenziwa njengeNode yoLawulo lweMhlaba.

Ukuba ufuna ukubona umsebenzi othembisayo, oza kuthatha ixesha kodwa ekugqibeleni uya kufumaneka ngeendlela zokutshisa, ndincoma ukulandela ukuphuhliswa kwe-SIICAR2 eNicaragua.

Yaye ukuba ungathandabuzeki ... kukho i-imeyile yam.

nicargua

editor@geofumadas.com

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