Indima ye-geotechnologies ekuhambiseni i-3D Cadastre

NgoLwesine uNovemba 29, njengeGeofumadas kunye nabahlali be-297 sithatha inxaxheba kwi-webinar ekhuthazwa UNIGIS phantsi komxholo: "Indima ye-geotechnologies ekuhambiseni i-3D Cadastre»Ngu-Diego Erba, ocacise ubudlelwane obalulekileyo phakathi kwe-geotechnologies kunye ne-3D cadastre. Eli nqaku ligutyungelwe nguLau, umdibanisi weGeofumadas, athi emva kwemini siphinde sayijongisisa impembelelo zakhe, iziphumo kunye nokuphononongwa komxholo ngenxa ye-UNIGIS Uliphoselele kulabo abayilahlekile.

Ukuphulaphula i-Erba kudinga ingqondo evulekileyo kumbono okhoyo ngokukhawuleza kumazwe athuthukileyo, kunye nombono ophakathi kwimihlaba ekubhengezwe ngayo le ngxelo yeRejista ye-2034 yomhlaba. kodwa kunokuba kuthathelwe ingqalelo ekulawuleni utshintsho, ukwenza izigqibo kunye nempembelelo yezoqoqosho kwimeko apho amatyala okufumana iziphumo kummi aphezulu ngokubonelela ngeenkonzo ezingcono kummandla wendawo. Umdibanisi wam, uLau uye waba yingcali ngokushwankathela umxholo weWebinar; Ikhofi yombala zam izimvo zivela njengomhleli weGeofumadas.com.

I-webinar yaveliswa ngokusekelwe kumxholo wencwadi Iimpawu eziphambili ze-FIG 3D CadastresWaza waqala, njengoko modeling 3D unako ukuphucula umhlaba njengoko obandakanyeka revolution kwezobuchwepheshe olomeleleyo ebonelela ngamathuba ngamabala baqalise ubuchwepheshe ekhuthaza uphuhliso, konke oku ngaphandle kokutyeshela zonke iimpawu evela Idatha ye-2D (iimephu, iileta, izicwangciso).

U-Erba, wagxininisa ukuba iinkqubo zokuqokelela idatha kufuneka zenziwe lula ngokusetyenziswa kweprogram ekhululekile njengaye Scrappy, sisisicelo sesikhokelo esenziwe ukuba sibambe idatha kwaye le datha igcinwe kwiwebhu, ishiye bucala ukusebenzisa iphepha njengendlela yokuqokelela i-archaic.

Umngeni onzima kubantu abenzi izigqibo. Kakade, umbono wezemfundo kunye nombono uyindlela efanelekileyo. Noko ke, xa sifumana njengoko Multipurpose Cadastre Colombia, apho Trimble weza wakhe Land Iphepha emangalisayo kunye PenMap, siya kuwa kwisigqibo sokuba connectivity kunye nombane nokuba zozinzo kwiindawo zasemaphandleni isengumceli mngeni elikude. Ukugcinwa kwewebhu kuza kusetyenziswa inguqulelo ye-hybrid phakathi kweqoqo, ukuvumelanisa, kunye nephepha elithile.

Indlela kufuneka kuqwalaselwe kuthathelwa ingqalelo ukuba nangona iteknoloji sisese kwisigaba lenguqu phakathi umboniso 3D kunye nokusebenza 5D, izixeko ezikhulu e-Latin America zifuna ukuba basebenzise iindlela yehlabathi yokuqala, ziya kuba zizinto ezilungileyo kwindlela eya kwiidolophu ezihlakaniphile.

Kwakhona wabonisa ukuba sifanele siqale sicinge nge-3D imodeli, kungekhona ngenxa yokuguqulwa kwetheknoloji, kodwa nangenxa yezinto ezibonakalayo zendawo, kuba kunokwenzeka ukuba kulungelelaniso oluhle lwezakhiwo zendawo. Esebenzisa umzekelo, unga nomfanekiso indima yokubumba 3D ukuba isiganeko ezingalunganga ezifana neenyikima kwaye ukubala ukubana kwezakhiwo ngokunxulumene emhlabeni kunye ukubana umhlaba ngokubhekiselele kwizakhiwo.

Waphinda wabonisa izifundo zenzululwazi kuqhutywa ehlabathini lonke ukususela 2011 ukukhuthaza ukusetyenziswa yokubumba 3D localulo isithuba, ukongeza ngokucela abaphulaphuli ekuphuhliseni iiprojekthi eziphathelele kulo mba ingakumbi Latin America.

Ukuhlanganiswa kwezobuchwepheshe

Ukuze siqonde iteknoloji esibandakanya modeling 3D, ngokutsho ilizwe, kuyimfuneko ukuba aphendule umbuzo indlela ipropati ibhaliswe ku 3D?, Esazi ukuba iyunithi enxulumene ekuqaleni ne ukusetyenziswa komhlaba yepholigoni njalo, ukuba ungakwazi ukubhalisa indawo inzuzo 3D ndisenantoni na ukuba abazange efunyenwe cadastre yemveli.

Ewe, kwimeko yokuqala, ukusebenzisa i-3D i-technologies ingasetyenziselwa ukulawula izikhala, oko kukuthi, ukwenza inkcazelo yobume babo, ivolumu kunye nendawo, kunye neentlobo zomhlaba apho zikhona khona.

Ukusebenzisa isekude mihla kunokwenzeka ukufaka imithamo eliphezulu data, kuquka ukuveliswa data, ezifana amanqaku ilifu okanye indawo ilifu, kubalulekile ekwakheni izinto 3D siqhube uphuhliso zolwazi lomhlaba.

I-geomatics kumazwe athuthukayo kufuneka afanele iindlela ezifana nalezi, njengoko, njengoko ndithe ngasentla, ngumbono kwaye ndingenakwenzeka. Njengoko ezi zinto zibonakala, kubalulekile ukugxininisa kwiinkqubo; kuba nangona izixhobo zokubanjwa ziqhubile phambili, izixhobo zokusebenza zesofthiwe yokuguqulwa kwayo, kunye nokulawulwa kwemisebenzi kunye neendlela ezilandelelana kolwazi oludlulileyo. Ukuba adopt ISO-19152 ngumngeni entsonkothileyo phakathi ukunciphisa imodeli ingqiqo kwindlela ngokwasemzimbeni, kunye neeklasi esekelwe ngongoma ngesimo njengeyunithi yokugcina metadata; kufuneka sicinge ukuba ngaba sifuna ukuhamba ngemodeli emithathu-ntathu (kungekhona ngokubonakala, okanye ukubanjwa, kodwa ngolawulo olulawulwayo).

Ndicinga ukuba ingxaki ayikho kwimibono emitsha. Wonke amaziko aneemfuno ezizodwa zoluntu, ngokukodwa ngokucwangcisa ulwazi kunye nophuhliso lwezobuchwepheshe; kodwa kunzima ukuba isibini iinkqubo mission egxininisa kuphela kwisigaba ukufunyanwa kwedatha, kodwa zifuna ngokusesikweni kwale datha yenyaniso entsha, imiqathango sengqondo kunye isiqinisekiso ngenxa namanye amaqumrhu ezisebenzisa iindlela ulwazi ukuhlaziywa phantsi kolawulo lokuthengiselana, kunye neendlela zokufunda abadlali abaza kuthatha inxaxheba ekunikezeni iinkonzo kummi.

Ngubani Siphumeze iinkqubo ezihlangeneyo phakathi Land Registry, bazi umngeni notshintsho ulawulo ababandakanyekayo thina zibandakanya lwabo rekhoda ezivakalisa imephu kwi umbukeli web akusekho sithwele kuchazwe kufutshane ngencwadi ebhaliweyo, njengoko kubonakala kwinkcazo yezobugcisa yetsholongwane yemephu ye-cadastral kwaye, leyo ibonisa nemingcele evela kwimimiselo ekhethekileyo yolawulo evela kumthetho wendawo. Ngoku thelekela ukuba endaweni 2D touch tyaba babone i enemingxuma-ntathu izakhiwo zokunyibilikiswa medium kweyona ndawo intle Drone2Map okanye ContextCapture kunye.

Xa webinar wachukunyiswa ukuba phambi kokuxoxa ukuphunyezwa mapping 3D ehlabathini lonke, ukuba kuyimfuneko ukusebenzisa ubugcisa ezifanelekileyo ukwenza iimodeli lomfanekiso indawo, njengoko ezi geoid, njengoko ezi ziyafuneka ukuba ukwakha nokuxhasa imodeli eguqulelwe kwiimeko ezikhoyo. Ukwakhiwa kwalo mzekelo kumazwe amaninzi ngokuqinisekileyo akuyiyo, ingxaki enkulu xa ucinga ngolu hlobo lweempawu zemibala, eziphambili.

Inxalenye esemthethweni ayikwazi ukushiywa ngasecaleni, eyazi ukuba i-cadastre enjalo ibandakanya indawo engokwezomthetho nezomgangatho wendalo. Kuxhomekeka sikhokelo yomthetho enxulumene nomhlaba kwisixeko nganye, indlela apho izakheko kunye nezithuba zinyangwa imiselwa, yena kuxoxwa ityala Colombia-Brazil, apho kukho intengiso ilungelo izithuba zokwakha ukuba ningandakheli (indawo ebomvu) .

Ngoko ke yintoni ukusebenzisa 3D umhlaba, ngokunjalo data volume ekhoyo, kuya kuba luncedo into ebizwa kwisemina web njengokuba "iimeko sifana", oko kukuthi, ukusombulula iingxaki ezinxulumene kwizithintelo, ngegolide nkqo (nezakhiwo ezinxulumene) okanye izibonelelo (imibhobho, iintambo, imibhobho okanye imigudu).

Ukususela kwiindawo ezimbini:

  • Ukufunyanwa: oko kukuthi, yintoni ekhoyo, yintoni na, apho ibukeka ngayo.
  • Ukudala: dala idatha ngokusebenzisa ubuchwephesha obufana ne-BIM, kwaye uvelise imodeli ye-3D, eya kuthi iya kuhamba kwinkqubo yokunikezela eyenza into into ebonakala ngayo.

Kubuhlungu kangakanani ukugxininisa kwakhona; ayikupheli ukulawulwa kolawulo lomhlaba, kodwa kwinqanaba elongezelelweyo lokuhlaziywa kunye nokudibanisa iinkonzo kubadlali abaqhagamshelwe kwintambo yokuthengiselana.

Iminikelo yokwenza ubuchwephesha

Ngexesha lo mboniso, Erba wabonisa imizekelo yendlela baye basebenzisa imifanekiso 3D kwezakhiwo inkonzo ethile esisiseko, nto leyo ebonisa ukuba le mifuziselo zimele sisixhobo ukwenziwa kwezigqibo, ekubeni yinxalenye yento sikhona, oko kukuthi, ngcamango yokuba kukho, apho ikhona kunye nokuba kunjalo, le nto ingaba yindawo yokuqala yokumilisela esebenzisa lolu hlobo lwedatha ukukhusela nayiphi na into efanelekileyo okanye engafanelekanga.

Ingcamango yepalastral isiguqulelwe ukuba ingavumi, ukubandakanywa kwengcamango kuqala Voxel, into efana nomlingani wepikseli, kodwa kwizinto ze-3D, "yileyunithi encinane yokucwangcisa imatriki". Ingcamango ye-3D cadastre yezoqoqosho ikwaziswa kwakhona, apho i-virtual or Valuation Valuation, ebonisa ukufaniswa kunye nepropati efakwe kwisithuba esithile, ukucacisa iimpawu ezithile ngokubhekiselele kwisakhiwo sayo kunye nolwalamano lwayo kunye nendawo esondeleyo.

Yintoni enokwenzeka kunye Geographic Information Systems, kunye nokusingqongileyo lonke wadala kwiinkqubo uhlalutyo lomhlaba?, kwaye ngoku ngemva kokumisa kuqala isizukulwana data 3D kuba Erba wathi ezinye iingcali ezinxulumene ne endle kwithuba lendawo lubonisa ukuba kukuphela kwedatha yedatha njengoko kuyaziwayo, oko kukuthi oko "Ukuphela kwipolygoni" njengesiseko soqhagamshelwano lwenkcukacha edibene ne-cadastre", Oku kuthetha ukuba indlela efumaneka ngayo, eyakhiwe kwaye yahlaziywa kufuneka icatshangelwe.

Kuquka ngeso kunye data ngokulungisa 3D ayikho kude abakuso, izicelo ezifana ArcGIS Pro ESRI, DigitalTwins Bentley Systems abaye imisebenzi yabo yekhompyutha ngokubhekiselele kwezi data, QGIS iye kuquka add-ons ngenxa yokuphatha data mabala, Ngoko yakha oyimfihlo ukuze oko kuya kwenzeka kwizicelo eqhelekileyo kunye nezinye ukwenzela uhlalutyo GIS komhlaba, ngenxa yokuba uhlaziyo kufuneka siwenze kunye nophuhliso lobuchwepheshe kumbovu, siza kubona iminyaka embalwa, ukuba kukho iinguqulelo kancinane software free vumela uluhlu olubanzi lwemisebenzi yokusetyenziswa kweedatha ze-3D.

Umbuzo esifanele sizibuze wona kukuba, ukuba amazwe ethu esebenza ngokubambisana nokuqhubela phambili kwezobuchwepheshe, ukuphuhliswa kwe-SmartCities yinto ephakathi kwekona, kwaye ifuna inzame enkulu yokuhlanganiswa kwezobuchwepheshe, ukususela kwi-3D kwanobudlelwane kunye neenjini ezininzi ezikhoyo, kunye nombono we-IOT-Intanethi yezinto, kunye nokuhanjiswa kweedatha ngelifu, yinto eguqula idolophu kunye ne-cadastre, ithatha ukuba ibe izixeko ezinengqiqo kunye ne-cadastre ehlakaniphile.

Le webinar yayinomdla kakhulu, ingqwalasela ukubaluleka kwe-3D-BIM-model modeling kwi-sensors-cloud for geoengineering, kunye nabo bonke abafumana ukuphathwa kololu hlobo lwazi.

Inxalenye yam, inhlonipho kaGeorge Erba, ngenxa yokushumayela kwakhe ngokungakhathali kombono ongaphaya kwangoko. Ingakhankanyeli ukufudumala kwayo kunye neengqungquthela ezithile zokubonisa izihloko ezibhekiweyo kwi-inguqu engcono kakhulu yabantu.

I-UNIGIS, ngaphaya kokuba nesibonelelo esingenakuthenjwa I-Master's Degree kwi-Intanethi yeeNdawo zoLwaziNgezi webinars wena ukuxhasa nokudalwa yoluntu ovumayo yomxholo eyongeza ixabiso kwicandelo. Nangona amanani ashushu, i-95 yaseColombia, i-37 yaseArgentina, i-35 Mexico kunye ne-33 yama-Ecuadoriya ayingxenye yesibini yenani labathathi-nxaxheba kule webinar.

Ukulinda elilandelayo.

Ngaba awukwazi ukuya kwi #Webinar ye #UNIGIS kunye no-Diego Erba? Nantsi ikhonkco kunye nerekhodi elifutshane ukubona ukurekhodwa #: https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/7579969785221365507

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