Indlela yokusebenza kumda weendawo ezimbini ze-UTM

Sivame ukuhlangabezana nengxaki yokusebenza kwimida ye-UTM indawo, kwaye sizibona njengezintlu kuba izilungelelaniso ezikhoyo azisebenzi.

Ngenxa yokuba ingxaki

Ndacacisa ixesha elidlulileyo indlela i-UTM iqondisa ngayo umsebenzi, apha ndiza kugxila kwingxaki. Igrafu elandelayo ibonisa indlela phakathi kweCosta Rica, iHonduras neNicaragua kukho utshintsho phakathi kwemimandla ye-16 neye-17; Oko kuthetha ukuba ezo zilungelelwaniso eziphawulwe kwizangqa ezimhlophe ziyaphindwa. Inqaku elithathiwe kwiHonduran Mosquitia, ukuba akuthiwa likwindawo ye-17, liyokuwa eGuatemala kummandla we-16, ngelixa elinye elikunxweme lweAtlantic yaseNicaragua liza kuwela kuLwandlekazi lwePasifiki, kuya kwenzeka okufanayo kwi-Isla del ICaño eCosta Rica.

sebenza kwimimandla eyahlukeneyo

Kungenxa yokuba igridi ye-UTM ithatha indawo ephakathi, kunye no-x wokudibanisa i-500,000 kwaye ukusuka apho iyaqhubeka de ifike kumda wendawo. Ngale ndlela abanakuze babe nethemba. Kodwa ngenxa yoko, uququzelelo alufani, luyaphindwa kwindawo nganye nakwindawo nganye.

Indlela yokuyicombulula ngayo

Ndiza kusebenzisa lo mzekelo ndisebenzisa iMicrostation Geographics ngoku yiBentley Imephu, kufanelekile ukuba ifane ne-AutoCAD: Ndifuna ukwenza umfanekiso ngomfanekiso, ube nezilungelelanisi ezine zeekona zayo. Kwi-UTM akunakwenzeka, kuba xa kungena amanqaku, amabini aya kuwa eGuatemala.

1. Ukuguqula izilungiso ze-UTM ukuya kulungelelaniso lweendawo. Oku kunokwenziwa ngayo nayiphi na inkqubo ephandle, ngaphambili Ndinike iphepha I-Excel eyenza la maxesha. Ngenxa yoko siya kuba noku:

-85.1419,16.2190
-83.0558,16.1965
-83.0786,14.2661
-85.1649,14.2885

2. Shintsha inkqubo yoqhagamshelwano kwi-Microstation. Oku kwenzelwe ukuba singenise amanqaku kuloo fomathi.

sebenza kwimimandla eyahlukeneyoYenziwe nge:  Izixhobo> iinkqubo zokudibanisa> inkosi

Apha sikhetha uphawu lokuqala (ukuhlela inkosi) kwaye sibonisa ukuba inkqubo yolungelelwaniso yindawo. Soloko ugcina iDatum WGS84.

Emva koko sakhetha ukhetho oluvela kwipaneli enye Master kwaye siyagcina. Inkqubo izakusibuza imibuzo, ukuqinisekisa ukuba siyayazi ukuba ithetha ntoni, siyazamkela zontathu ezi meko. Ukusukela ngoku ukuya phambili, singangena kulungelelwaniso kubude / kubude.

sebenza kwimimandla eyahlukeneyo3. Faka izicwangciso.  Oku, ngokuba kunamaphuzu ambalwa kwenziwe nge keyin; kusebenze iqhosha lomyalelo, ngoko kwi-keyin sibhala:

xy = -85.1419,16.2190

sebenza kwimimandla eyahlukeneyoSenza okufanayo kwabanye:

  • xy = -83.0558,16.1965, faka
  • xy = -83.0786,14.2661, faka
  • xy = -85.1649,14.2885, faka

Ukuba awufuni ukuphula ikhukhunathi ungabalondoloza kwi-txt uze ubangenise ngomyalelo onjalo zenzelwe oko.

Georeferencing umfanekiso.

sebenza kwimimandla eyahlukeneyoIsiphumo sokungena kwezi ngongoma zikhoyo, kumacala omabini omda womda.

Konke esikwenzayo ngoku kukulayisha umfanekiso. Oku kwenziwa kumphathi we-raster, ebonisa ukuba umfanekiso uza kulayishwa ngokudibeneyo kwaye ubonise indawo ephezulu yasekhohlo kunye nasezantsi ngasekunene.

Apho banayo:

sebenza kwimimandla eyahlukeneyo

 Yintoni eyenzekayo ngezicwangciso:

Into efanayo iya kwenzeka ngeepropathi ezahlulwe ngumda wendawo; into eyenziweyo kukuba ii-vertices ziguqulelwa kwiindawo zejografi ukuba zibonise indawo enye. Indawo efanelekileyo ikuloo ndawo yokuphakamisa amanqaku ngokumisela i-GPS yokufaka ulungelelwaniso lwendawo.

I-17 iphendula "Usebenza njani kumda weendawo ezimbini ze-UTM"

  1. Andiqinisekanga ukuba ndiyiqonda into ohlala kuyo.
    Ukuba iyawela phakathi kwemimandla emibini kufuneka uphinde uyicinge ngokusebenzisa izilungelelaniso zendawo, ububanzi / ubude.
    Unayo njani ekuqaleni?

  2. NDINENKQUBO YOKUXELISA ISICWANGCISO ESIMISELWE KUYO IIMBINI ZESIBINI: 17 18
    A NDIZI UKUBA SINOKUPHUMELA
    KWIMIQOQO NDIFUNA UKUYISEBENZA NJENGOBA
    INTLIZIYO IN GOOGLE iququzelela UFUNA EXEL INCWADANA KHONA sikhuthale ngokukhawuleza VA ENKOSI KWANELE
    AAGRACIAS

  3. Inye indlela onokuthi uyithumele kuGoogle Earth kwaye uyayihlola ngokwenza iigridi zenqanaba. Imibuliso kumhlaba wamachibi kunye nentaba-mlilo; xa sidlula apho sitya into ebosiweyo.

  4. Ndineengxaki ezilandelayo
    Ndiququzelele kwifom ye-XY, ezinye zazo ziwela kwi-16 ZONE kodwa ndikrokrela ukuba abanye bewela kwi-ZONE 17, ndingayazi njani ukuba yiyiphi indawo?

  5. amanqaku indawo I wgs84 17N kwaye ubabonise enembonakalo kwilizwe e WGS 84 17 South ndawo, le projekthi ye ArcGIS 10.2 ngaba isiphoso, enkosi ngoncedo lwakho
    mbuliso

  6. Uqeqesho lwakhe oluhle kakhulu, ndiyathemba ukuqhubeka ndifunda olu lwazi kwaye ndiphumeze ngeenkqubo zabo. Ndiza kukuthumela ngokubambisana okufunekayo kwaye kusengaphambili ndifuna ukuba impumelelo yakho iteknoloji yakho ephakamileyo ifakwe kwiGoody and Topography.

  7. Oku kuphephekiyo.
    Ungayitshintsha impuma yobuxoki, ukuze indawo engaphakathi ibude obukuvumela ukuba ube nayo yonke into kumdibaniso ofanayo. Ngokungasebenzi kakuhle kulungelelwaniso lwakho.
    Enye indlela ukusebenzela ukulandelana kunye neendandatho.

  8. Mhlobo Ndisebenza ku-Arcgis 9.3, uyazi ukuba ndingatshintsha njani kwindawo enye kuphela.

    Ndiyabulela kakhulu ngoncedo lwakho

  9. Molo mhlobo wam, ungandinceda, ndinolwazi malunga nemilo kwindawo yam eyahlukeneyo ye-17S kunye ne-18S, zikwinkqubo enye ye-WGS84. Oku kwenza ukuba ulwazi lubekho ngokufuduswa ngenxa yokuba bekwiindawo ezahlukeneyo kwaye ndifuna ukuba kwi-18S kuphela.

    Ndiyakuvuyela kwiblogi yakho

    Andrea-Ecuador

  10. Kulungile blog yakho, kodwa esidlangalaleni wonke umntu uyoyika, kubonakala ngathi unqwenela, ndiyazi ukuba awuzukundivuma, bekusemgangathweni ngaphambili, kodwa iibhiliji zitshintshe ukuqondwa komsebenzi wakho «.

  11. Andazi Kuya kuba yimfuneko ukubonisa ubungqina, imifanekiso inokuphatha ulwaziso lwabo, kodwa xa kusenziwa imephu entsha yokuhambisa inokuba kulungelelwaniso lwendawo kwaye ke kufanelekile ukohlwaywa kukubhabha.

  12. Kwaye kwiMbonet, iimbumba ezimbini ze-orthophotos (ezivela kwi-PNOA, i-UTM) zingadibaniswa njani ne-spindle ehlukeneyo?
    I gracias

  13. Sawubona inyaniso kukuba inkcazo yinto enhle, kodwa ndifuna ukubhala inqaku malunga nendlela yokusebenza kwindawo yokungahlali.

    Ingxaki endinalo q q ilizwe lam EBOLIVIA le ummandla ezintathu 19, 20 kunye 21 kwaye ilungelelanise uninzi lwawo ngexesha 19, kodwa inxalenye abangena lommandla 20 (indawo idlulela).

    Oko ndifuna ukuyibuza kukuba ndiza kusebenza kwiintlobo ezimbini okanye kuphela kwi-spindle eyodwa.

    Siyabonga kusengaphambili kubambiswano lwenu kunye nenyaniso kukuba iphepha lihle kakhulu, qhubekani nibulela ngokubambisana kwenu.

  14. Ndicinga ukuba uthetha malunga nedatha ngaphandle kwe-georeference. Ngokunjalo, ubanika inqaku lesalathiso kwaye ubashukumise, abo bawela komnye umda bayiguqulela kwiindlela zokuhamba kunye nobude.

  15. Le ndlela enhle yokusebenza, KANYE NAKUBA IINKCUKACHA, ulungelelanisa njani amaphuzu xa uyenzile nge-electronicododite

  16. Le ndlela enhle yokusebenza, KANYE NAKUBA IINKCUKACHA, ulungelelanisa njani amaphuzu xa uyenzile nge-electronicododite

  17. Ukuba umhlobo onjalo wamncoma kwibhlog yakhe, bambalwa abantu kule ndawo yonke ababelana ngenxalenye yexesha labo ekuxhaseni ukudityaniswa kwezicelo ezahlukeneyo zokuphanda kunye nobunjineli bobuRhulumente, kwaye bendilandela imiba osasaza ngayo ngale ndlela iinyanga ezimbalwa , inxenye yazo indisebenzele njengesixhobo sexesha elifutshane, kuba kwimicimbi yezabasebenzi ndizifumana ndiyikhadesi kwaye njengenkalo yam ezimeleyo ndinesitishi sonke I-SOKKIA 630RK, kwaye nangona ngenxa yomvuzo wam wezemisebenzi uyandithintela ekuzinikezeleni kwitopali esoloko Ndikhangela izihloko ezandigcina ndihlaziywa kuzo zonke iikhathuni kunye nezobunjineli bemveliso, zilungile ngokungandisokoli nditsho ukuthi mhle.

    Atte: Emerson Marin
    IVenezuela, iAnaco Edo. Anzoategui.

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