Ingakanani umhlaba onokubaluleka kwisixeko sakho?

Umbuzo obanzi kakhulu onokubangela iimpendulo ezininzi, ezininzi zazo zivakalelwa; ezininzi iimpawu ukuba ngumhlaba ongenanto okanye ongeyakhiwo, iinkonzo zikawonkewonke okanye iqela eliqhelekileyo lendawo. Ukuba kwakukho iphepha apho sasingazi khona ukubaluleka komhlaba kwindawo ethile kwisixeko sethu, ngokuqinisekileyo kuya kuba luncedo olukhulu kwiinkalo ezinxulumene ne-cadastre, imakethe yezindlu kunye nokusetyenziswa komhlaba.

Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ndichukumisekile linyathelo «Imephu yeMilinganiselo yeMhlaba kwiLatin America«, Efumana le njongo, phantsi kwendlela yokusebenza kunye nokusebenzisa itekhnoloji yewebhu. Kusenokwenzeka ukuba iphelela ekubeni sisalathiso kwimeko yesiLatin American, ubuncinci kwizixeko ezibaluleke ngakumbi, ngakumbi ngenxa yendlela yothelekiso phakathi kwemimandla namazwe.

Ezintsha zokusebenzisana

Kuhlelo 2018 esilishumayelayo ugqibo oko yaqala kwiminyaka emibini eyadlulayo: a systematization yeenqobo yemihlaba esezidolophini izixeko ezahlukahlukeneyo Latin American ukuba imarike elinoxanduva entengo. Ngeenkcukacha, kwaye yokuba unako ukuvelisa ikratshi ethile okanye nokunconywa, kukuba linyathelo intsebenziswano ngokupheleleyo. Ukuthatha inxaxheba kuzo zonke iintlobo zamavolontiya abanikela isiqwenga esinceda ukugqiba le ipuzzle ngamanye amaxesha kubonakala ngathi kwimida yezoqoqosho zelizwe lethu. Uvulo lujoliswe kubantu abadibaniswe nabafundi, abaqeqeshi, abameli bezindlu kunye namaziko karhulumente, kunye namaziko karhulumente kunye namaziko abucala anxulumene nokulawulwa kwemigaqo-nkqubo yomhlaba. Kukhululekileyo kunye nokuzimeleyo kwanoma yimuphi umdla wezoqoqosho okanye wezopolitiko onokubeka uxinzelelo kubaququzeleli okanye ukuma kwabo xa bebeka amanani athile.

Le projekthi ibalwa ezimbini ezimbini zangaphambili, enye kwi-2016 enye enye kwi-2017. Ndiyabulela kule mi sebenzi, i-7,800 idatha ye-georeferenced data esuka kumazwe e-16 eyahlukileyo ukusuka kummandla iqokelelwe.

Kubaluleka kokwazi ukubaluleka komhlaba

Ejongene nale ntsha, kuphakanyiswa imibuzo ngenxa yoko kuyimfuneko okanye apho kuya kuba luncedo ukwazi ukuba umhlaba ungakanani kwindawo ethile. Ubukho bebhanki yolwazi kulo mbandela lunokunceda ukudibanisa imilinganiselo xa uhlela imigaqo-nkqubo yoluntu kunye nokwandisa isicwangciso esithile solawulo lwemihlaba ebalulekileyo kwizixeko ezikuloo ndawo. Umlinganiselo wesicwangciso sezidolophini, njengeqela lezindlu zentlalo, uya kufumana umgaqo ophezulu xa kuqhutywa kumazwe athile phantsi kwemithetho ethile; Ukungathethi iiprojekthi ezibandakanya ukuhluthwa, ukulungiswa kunye nokuhlawulelwa.

Crowdmapping

Enye yezinto ezibalulekileyo zeprojekti yinto enokwenzeka ukuba inani elikhulu labantu linikeza inkululeko yedatha kwi-intanethi.

Sivile kakhulu malunga crowdfunding njengendlela yokuphakamisa okanye yokutyalwa kwiprojekthi ukwenzela ukuba ibe yenziwe. Bangabantu, iinkampani okanye amaziko afaka imali ukuze omnye aqhubeke kunye neenjongo zawo, asebenzise inzuzo yewebhu. Nge izihlwele umbane olinganayo owenzekayo, umlinganiselo kuphela owenzelayo awuyiyo imali kodwa idatha okanye ulwazi kwaye utshintshe lowo ohlawulela ulwazi kwingxenye ebambisanayo yeprojekthi. Inguqulelo inokuqondwa ngokuthi "intsebenziswano yobuninzi". Kungokuthi, ngendlela yokwenziwa, inxaxheba enkulu, ehlala ikhululekile, evulekile, evulekile kwaye efikeleleka kalula, kwaye kugxininiswe kwi-geolocation iphelile ekuqeshweni kwekota i-crowdmapping.

Imisebenzi emine enokunikezelwa kwesi sixhobo

  • Umsebenzi wokuqala unikezwa ngombono wezemfundo. Ingasetyenziselwa njengoluhlu oluchanekileyo nolwazi oluchanekileyo xa kudala amanani amanani. Ngokomzekelo, ithuba lokufikelela kwikhaya lungaba ngumbandela omele uthathelwe ingqalelo xa uhlalutya umgangatho wobomi bomntu othile; Ukuba sinendawo yedatha edibeneyo ngasentla, sinokuqhathanisa umgangatho wokuhlala phakathi kwabemi baseBuosos Aires ngokungafani nakwezinye iidolophu zaseArgentina, ukubiza igama.
  • Omnye ummandla apho le mephu yemilinganiselo ingasetyenziselwa yerhafu yerhafu. Unyaka ngamnye oorhulumente bendawo bafuna idatha yemarike ukuba ihlaziywe imilinganiselo yeendawo ze-geoeconomic, apho uvavanyo lokuhlaziywa kufuneka luhlaziywe kunye neerhafu eziqokelelweyo. Ngokuqhelekileyo le nto idinga ukubonisana neenqobo zeenkampani zendawo yokuhlala, ukuthengisa okuthenjelwe kwiRejista yoMhlaba, iimpapasho zentengiso kumajelo eendaba, njl. Nantsi le mthombo ofanelekileyo kakhulu oku; Akumangalisi ukuba abasebenzi baseMasipala abajongene nale ngxaki bahlaziya idatha yabo apha ukuze bangabikho kwizinto abanye abazenzayo ukulungiselela uphando lwabo. Ndiya kucacisa ukuba ezi xabiso zithengisa kwaye zibhekisela kwilizwe, alibandakanyi ukubaluleka kwesakhiwo.
  • Ifom yesithathu idibene neyokudlulileyo, kodwa phantsi kwendlela yokunyuka kwemarike; ingakumbi kuba nje ngokujonga ibalazwe kunokwenzeka ukucacisa kuyo yintoni ummandla wesixeko eso sakhiwo siyahamba; ngokubhetele okanye ngokubhetele ngakumbi le datha inokuba luncedo nokuba ukhuthaze utyalo-mali okanye uchaze ulwazi olungachangekanga. Isiseko solwazi sinokukhutshelwa, kwaye idatha ibandakanya iinkcukacha ezingasetyenziswa ngeenjongo ezingaphezulu, njengoluhlu lwendawo yebheksi, iinkonzo ezikhoyo, umthombo wedatha kunye nomsebenzisi owanikezile.
  • Ekugqibeleni kwaye mhlawumbi isuntswana ngakumbi kwinqanaba ndinamaphupha, ezi zixhobo bakhonza ukuqhubeka kususwe nemiqobo. Nangona jikelele, iphenjelelwa Internet ezintsha iintlobo zonxibelelwano, ehlahla indlela kakhulu Iiprojekthi ngathi imephu amaxabiso umhlaba Latin America negalelo ekuqiniseni amaqhina phakathi kwabantu beentlanga ezahlukeneyo edityaniswa yokuziqeqesha efanayo .

Ukufezwa kwale projekthi kunelungelo kumaphulo I-Lincoln Institute of Policy Land efuna ukwandisa inxaxheba kunye nobukho kwiLatin America naseCaribbean ngokusebenzisa ukuphuculwa kwamaphulo ezemfundo nezenzululwazi kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zokupapashwa kweeprojekthi.

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