Ngaphambili kunye nokuphunyezwa kwecala le-BIM - Central America

Emva kokuba kwi-BIMSummit e-Barcelona, ​​iveki eveleleyo ibonwabile. Bona Iimbono ezahlukeneyo, ukusuka sokuthandabuza ukuya mbono abaninzi bayavuma ukuba ngexesha eyodwa revolution kumashishini ukusukela Ifildi yeengcombolo bamba kuya uhlanganiso imisebenzi-time yokwenene ngummi na. I-BIM idlala indima ebaluleke kakhulu, kule ngqungquthela yamandla obuchule obubugcisa obusetyenziswa kwicandelo leshishini, imfuneko yemisebenzi engcono yomsebenzisi wokugcina iinkonzo zikawonkewonke kunye nokulinganisela ukuba imimiselo ingasebenza.

Ke phakathi lokuhle amabali empumelelo lamazwe Nordic apho bethetha OpenSource akusekho luthuka umdla zabucala nabani na, kwaye ukungxamiseka amazwe ubuchwepheshe apho ajenda kuphuhlisa kwicandelo labucala, kukho ubunyani obambekayo yamazwe apho amanyathelo karhulumente kakuhle yi indima yayo yolawulo bekhangela iindawo ngcono kweli lizwe. Kulo mzekelo, sithetha kancinane incoko yam yokugqibela kunye gab!, Akayedwanga kwi isiqingatha coffee egeomates iyure wandixelela umbono wakhe BIM kwimeko Central American.

Ngokuqinisekileyo, amava amahle kakhulu ekuphuculeni kulo mxholo angafihlakele ngokubonakalayo okungaphelelwanga; ngoko kufuneka senze into esiyivile kuyo. Input yokusasaza mkhulu ukuhambela phambili kumazwe afana Costa Rica nasePanama, Noko ke, kwamanye amazwe mmandla, nangona waziwa kumanqanaba abucala, ezemfundo kunye nemeko karhulumente ibonakala ayifiki kwi nokuphunyezwa kwinqanaba; ukuba sijonge kuyo kwindlela ebanzi ye-BIM, leyo, ngaphandle kokumisela imodeli, isicwangciso esidibanisa ulawulo lolwazi kunye nokuphathwa kolawulo ngaphakathi kwesikhokelo sokwamkela imilinganiselo.


Umxholo weBIM Panama

Panama ukuba ilizwe kunye nokukhula eyakhayo ngakumbi kukho phandle kancinane ngaphezulu kwaye ezinye yongxamiseko. Wena nje ukufumana loo moya uthabathe umendo ubone ukuba ezithengiswayo njengendawo enamanzi ezizodwa kwindawo Central, ngoko, le suenta BIM njenge amalgam ogqibeleleyo ukudityaniswa semvelo ezakha emzimbeni ezahlukeneyo, IT kunye nezibonelelo zokusebenza . Ingakumbi ekhumbula oko Panama njengelizwe kunye intshukumo zorhwebo kunye kweemfuno jikelele, leyo awunako ukuba kusala ngasemva.

  • I 14 Julayi 2016 yasePanama Chamber of CAPAC Lokwakha ngokudibene yasePanama Society of Iinjineli kwaye Architects SPIA kunye Universities of yasePanama, zobugcisa USMA, isaziso ukudaleka ibhodi yobugcisa eya kubonelela ukuphunyezwa kwenkqubo BIM, BIM Forum ebizwa ePanama.
  • Kukho iinkampani ezininzi ezikhuthaza ukusetyenziswa kwe-BIM njenge-Autodesk, iForam ye-Bim ye-Panama, iBentley Systems, i-PCCad, i-Blue AEC Studio, i-Comarqbim, phakathi kwabanye.
  • Iprojekthi yeBIM evelele ePanama kukunyuka kwePanama Canal.

I-BIM Model Panama Canal. Wamkela i-Autodesk BIM Experience award ngoyilo lwesithintelo sakhe sesithathu.

Ngokuqhelekileyo, kuninzi kakhulu ukuvuleka kwimbutho yangasese, kunye nezikhundla zobuchwepheshe ezicela ukuphathwa kwe-BIM njengemfuneko yokuphuhliswa kweeprojekthi.


Umxholo weBIM Costa Rica

Eli lizwe likhuthaza ngendlela ethile ukusebenzisa i-BIM iinkqubo ekwakhiweni olutsha. Inxalenye enkulu, ngenxa yeemfuneko zamazwe ngamazwe, ezinye iinkampani ezizimeleyo ziqala ukuphumeza ezinye iinkqubo; Nangona kunjalo, ukunikezelwa kwabasebenzi beBIM abaqeqeshiweyo kuncinci, ukuba sithelekisa kunye namazwe aseMzantsi Melika. ICosta Rica sele i-Forum yeBim yaseCosta Rica.

  • Iforamu ye-BIM iCosta Rica yiKomidi yobuGcisa eyenziwa ngenjongo yokukhuthaza ukuphunyezwa kunye nokuphunyezwa ngokuthe ngcembe kweenkqubo ze-BIM kwishishini lokwakha.

Ngokomzekelo umdla, kwi Inter-American Development Bank (Infrastructure Management IDB kunye Division of Science, Technology kunye Innovation (CTI), sisebenza ekufakeni BIM kuyilo kweliso neeprojekthi zezibonelelo.

E-Costa Rica, umzekelo, ukufuduka kwezicwangciso zoyilo kumzekelo we-BIM kunye nokulandelelana kwayo ngexesha lokwakha lufakwe kwiinkcukacha zolawulo lwengqesho. Oko kukuthi, moya 2D 3D zigqithiswe, kunye nolwazi umgangatho, ukulandelelana ulwakhiwo (4D) kunye nolawulo iindleko (5D) iya kuhlanganiswa; Oku kuya kukuvumela ukwazi ixesha, umgudu kunye neendleko zokunyuka, ukuhamba ukusuka kwidalo yendalo kunye ne-BIM. Izivuno, iindleko, nemihla kwaye ifuna ukulungiswa ngexesha umsebenzi wokwakha kwi San Gerardo - Barranca, iza kuthelekiswa kunye icandelo Limonal - San Gerardo, leyo ngokwenkcukacha uyilo efanayo, kwaye uya kwakhiwa ngaxeshanye.

Nangona kukho indlela ende ukuya kummandla, iziphumo olulilinge aya kuba inkuthazo oorhulumente ukuphumeza BIM kunye namava iinzuzo imveliso kunye nokusebenza ngokusebenzisa utshintsho olukhulu kwindlela imisebenzi iphunyezwa.


Umxholo weBIM Guatemala

Ngenxa yokuba lizwe elikhulu, kukho ezinye iinkqubela phambili kwiBIM. Sivele sibe ne-Master kwiModeling kunye noLawulo lweeProjekthi zokwakha iBIM Management kwiYunivesithi yaseValle de Guatemala kunye ne Universidad del Istmo kunye noMphathi kwi-Bim Management.

Kukho amaziko anikezelwe ekuqeqesheni eBim, njenge-Revit Guatemala kunye neGuateBIM (iBhunga leBIM laseGuatemala). Kukho ukwamkelwa kwamanye amacandelo kwicandelo labucala. Umzekelo uza kuba yinkampani i-Danta Arquitectura ebhajethi yokufaka iBIM. Kwaye masingashiyi emva kwabasasazwa kwi-BIM softwares abangayeki ukukhuthaza le ndlela.


Umxholo weBIM El Salvador

E-El Salvador, ulwazi olungaphantsi lufumaneka. Nangona kunjalo, iiprojekthi ezinjengezo zakhiwe yi-Structuristas Consultores EC ezenziwe nge-BIM.

Iprojekthi: Iziko leenkcukacha zeTIER III kunye nezakhiwo zeofisi zaseburhulumenteni eziqingqiweyo zaseBanco Agrícola, eSan Salvador.

  • Zizakhiwo ezimbini zendawo yokwakha ye-11,000 m2 kuquka: isikhungo seenkcukacha ezineempawu ze-TIER III kunye nesakhiwo seofisi zenkampani zama5.
  • Uyilo lwezakhiwo, i-HVAC kunye nokuqulunqwa kwezobunjineli ezahlukeneyo, usebenzisa izixhobo ze-BIM kunye nokubeka iliso kwinkqubela yeBIM.
  • Iziyalo zibandakanya: i-Civil, izakhiwo, i-Architecture, uMbane, iMichini, iMibhobho.

Nangona le yiprojekthi ene-BIM yokuthotyelwa, kunye neendlela zayo ezahlukeneyo; Kakade, amaxwebhu kunye nendawo yokucwangcisa ayibonakali; nangona ewe kwifom yesicelo sayo. Kule kukho izikroba ulwazi, xa inqaku lephephandaba okanye kujoliswe kwizifundo nje kwi zomzekelo bokwakha / zesakhiwo, kodwa libala nothethwano izigaba zokusebenza emva kokuba uyilo de iziseko esekelezelwe ngeemeko.


Umxholo weBIM eNicaragua

Nasi sifumana izibonakaliso zamaziko okuqeqesha, ezinye iindibano nakuba zingaphezu kwezinga lokuphunyezwa, kusekho kwisigaba sokwenza i-BIM. Kukho izifundo ezithile zokwakha izakhiwo ezizisa ixesha, njenge-BRIC.

Ngokomzekelo, CentroCAD, ekuboneni kwam ngenye yeziko lokuqeqesha phambili eNicaragua, inkqubo ye-Revit ijwayele ukugxila kwi-Architecture ne-MEP, kodwa sibona kakhulu kunikezelo lwayo lwezakhiwo, izindleko okanye ukulinganisa ukwakhiwa. Nangona i-BIM ifundwa, ukufunda ukufunda imodeli kunye nesofthiwe ayifani neendlela zokuqonda ngendlela ebalulekileyo apho isixhobo sinendlela yokugcina nokusebenzisa idatha.

It is a intsimi echumayo Autodesk BIM kutshanje ibambe Congress e Nicaragua; umba eye yabangela yaye baqhubeka iinzame iiyunivesithi kunye nemibutho esisigxina Geo-zobunjineli. Kunye BIM Forum 2019 eyayibanjelwe e Managua, nezithethi ezisuka kulo lonke Central America, Dominican Republic kunye Colombia ibonakala ukuba kweli lizwe kukho umsebenzi omninzi ukusuka kwicandelo labucala, kwizifundiswa kudlala indima ebalulekileyo, kodwa ngaphezu kwazo zonke imfuneko ingqalelo imigudu kuphakanyiswe isakhono BIM ukuya nkqubo karhulumente.


Umxholo weBIM eHonduras

NjengaNicaragua, kwindlela yokwenza intlalo, ukuqeqesha, iintlanganiso kunye nokwazisa abaqeqeshi bezokwakha. Kukho amaziko anikezelwe ekukhuthazeni ukuphunyezwa kwe-BIM nokuqeqesha abasebenzi beenkampani, ezifana ne-PC Software, i-Cype Ingenieros kunye neKholeji yamaZakhiwo eHonduras.

Kukho inxaxheba kwicandelo labucala ukuba liqalise ukuphumeza i-BIM, ihlale ikhona nemida yayo. Kuyathakazelisa ukuzalwa ngokutsha kweenkampani ezintsha ngombono omtsha njengoBreen Bim Consulting ozinikele ekubonisaneni nasekuphuhlisweni kweeprojekthi ze-BIM ezizinzileyo. Iinkampani ezithembekileyo ezinjengeziko le-Katodos BIM libonakaliso lokumela laseHonduras.

Kwiinyanga ezizayo, icandelo lokwakha bucala liye lakwazi ukuqhuba i-1,136.8 meter square kwiiprojekthi ezahlukeneyo eHonduras, i-57,5% yayiyiiprojekthi zokuhlala; 20,2% yorhwebo, i-18,6% kwiinkonzo kunye ne-3,7% yezoshishino. Kuloo mali, inxalenye encinci yezakhiwo ezenzelwe ubugcisa bendabuko obungathi bendabuko njengeBIM ukuyila iiprojekthi.

Unjineli uMarlon Urtecho, umphathi-jikelele weeNkqubo zeZakhiwo ze-Accensus, waqinisekisa ukuba ukuqhubela phambili ekwakheni ngoku vumela ukucinga ngeprojekthi ngokuchaneka okukhulu: "Ngoku iiofisi zokwakha zingabonakalisa iiprojekthi zazo kwinqanaba lesithathu ngokukhawuleza kunye nemifanekiso engaphezulu"Wathi. Kucacile ukuba umbono ofana nalokhu ubonisa ukuba akukho nto icacileyo malunga nobukhulu be-BIM.

Nangona ulwazi olusasazekayo oluvela eHonduras, isiphumo seMatshi ye-2019 yakutshanje, umhla I-BIM yokuqala yeNgqungquthela yaseCentral America kunye neCaribbean. Kwafika emva kwexesha elide kuba le nqaku sele ibhaliwe, nangona ivelisa izibane ezithandekayo kwinqaku elandelayo ye-BIM eCentral America.

Nangona ubunzima kushishino, kushishino Honduran akwabonisa inkqubela elithile ekusetyenzisweni BIM (ubuncinane kwinqanaba lolwazi modelling) ingakumbi udidi bokwakha, okuye zibonisa inkqubela kuyilo projekthi. Kwizenzo ezisisiseko zezinga le-2 (KwiBIM Level2) apho isicelo saso sisetyenziswe njengelinganayo elungileyo yezinto zokwakha kuzo zonke izicatshulwa ezisetyenziselwa ukwakhiwa kwezakhiwo, okwakuncinci kwizixeko eziphuhlisiweyo zi thembisa.

Inqaku elivela kwiphephandaba i-Procesohn liphuma, http://proceso.hn/tecnologia/2-ciencia-y-tecnologia/constructores-hondurenos-avanzan-en-el-uso-de-tecnologia-bim.html


Emva kweenkompo ezimbalwa zekhofi kunye ne-dessert esonkisayo, siphantse kudibana neGab! ukuba i-BIM ingaqedanga ukufika kwi-Central America. Ngokuqinisekileyo uvavanyo oluchanekileyo olusisigxina kakhulu lulolu hlobo, ngalabo bafanele ukukhuthaza ukutsha kunye nokumiselwa kwemigangatho. Ngokuqinisekileyo kukho ezinye izizathu, kodwa kwi-napkin sibona okungenani oku kulandelayo:

  • Iindleko eziphezulu zabaqeqeshi kunye nokungabikho kwabaqeqeshi abaqeqeshiweyo. Abaphathi BIM babalwa kwiminwe yesandla; Ukukhumbula ukuba ukuzisa i-consultant yamazwe ngamazwe kuyabiza.
  • Iindleko eziphezulu zeelayisenisi ze-software (ilayisenisi yase-Central America inokuhlawula amaxesha e-3 oko kubiza eMexico, eMelika okanye eChile). Iinkampani zokuhanjiswa zibeka kwizinga eliphantsi lokuthengisa, ngoko kufuneka ziphakanyise amanani ukuhlangabezana neenjongo ezisungulwe iinkampani zabazali. Oku kukhuthaza ukuguqulwa kunye nokwesaba ukuphunyezwa kwe-BIM ngenxa yezohlwayo ezinokufunyanwa kwi-software distributors.
  • Iindleko eziphezulu zeekhomputer ezifunekayo ukuqhuba iindlela ze-BIM, ezifana nokuhlanganiswa kwezicwangciso ze-interface ezixhobo zokusebenza zangaphandle okanye ukunikezela.
  • Akukho sikhokelo esisisiseko ekucwangciseni nasekulungiseni ngokukodwa amaxwebhu afanelekileyo kwiiprojekthi. I-BIM idinga ukuzalisa ifomu efana ne-EIR, BEP, i-BIM Protocols, ngokulandela ummiselo, njl. -Ngubani ophethe ixesha, xa becela ukuba ndiqale le projekthi izolo- Ingqungquthela eyaziwayo phakathi kwabaqeqeshi bezokwakha okungaqinisekanga, kuba xa uceba kakuhle, unokwenene ukwenza iiprojekthi ngexesha lokubhala.
  • Umgangatho ophezulu wenkohlakalo ochazwe kwezi mongo. Ngamanye amaxesha ukufihla ulwazi luvumela ukuphakamisa iindleko zeeprojekthi, ngokubanzi iphrojekthi, kulula ukuyifaka. Siyacaca ukuba ukumkela i-BIM kuya kunqanda iinkqubo ezininzi zenkohlakalo ezimbi kwiiprojekthi zikaRhulumente.
  • Iingcali zokwakha ukuba awufuni ukushiya AutoCAD, ezikwisimo jikelele ukuba ufuna ukuqonda i isakhono umzekelo 3D. Kungenxa yokuba kufuneka umsebenzi elingana inikeza ukubuyekeza umgudu ukuze ukufunda, ngokukodwa ithuba ukuqalisa kwi lula kunye ifoun xa sibona BIM njengoko ngaphezu 3D umzekelo.
  • Ukuphunyezwa kweBIM ineendleko zayo, ngakumbi kwi-software ukuba ufuna ukusebenza ngokusemthethweni; Oku akulula kwiinkampani ezininzi ezilukhuni ukuhlala kwiimeko zoqoqosho oluxinzelelekileyo apho bambalwa bathatha iiprojekthi ezinkulu ngokuzimela kwamanye amazwe. Kwaye ukuba ube ngumqeqeshi we-BIM kunye nawo wonke umthetho, kuyimfuneko ukuba ube neelayisensi ngokulandelelana. Iqoqo le-software ukuqeqesha i-BIM inokubonisa ukutshala imali ngonyaka we-US $ 3,500.00 kwelayisenisi, kwamanye amazwe aseMntla American. Kuya kubakho ukubona ukuba lukhulu kangakanani loku kuphucula iiprogram ze-software njengenkonzo eyenziwa ngababoneleli be-software ezinkulu.

Xa ndiqukumbela, Central America ngokubanzi na kwinkqubo ukufundiswa koluntu BIM, ukusebenza kunye modeling 3D kodwa abambalwa kakhulu kwinqanaba umda esikubonayo kwezinye iimeko. Kuba ngoku, thina ikhefu de uhlaziyo ngakumbi eli nqaku, wazi ukuba Congress kutshanje siye sibe ukufunda entsha ilandelayo ulwazi ngosizi unsystematized ngaphaya ngokutshintshiselana iziganeko ezithile.

Nangona kunjalo, kwelinye icala ngqekembe kuMbindi Merika, lithuba umdla ukuba kwezemfundo, abucala, abadlali abaqeqeshiweyo ukulawula ndzulu icandelo urhulumente iinzuzo kunye neemfuno akhona emgangathweni.

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