JOSM - A CAD for data ukuhlelwa OpenStreetMap

I-OpenStreetMap (OSM) mhlawumbi yimizekelo emikhulu yendlela ulwazi olubonelelwe ngayo ngokubambisana lunokwenza umzekelo omtsha wolwazi lwe-cartographic. Ngokufanayo Wikipedia, eli phulo kwaba kubaluleke kangaka namhlanje geoportals background Kukhethwa ukuba abeke lo maleko yakuzixhalisa malunga sokuba ukuhlaziya ingcaciso kwimiba efana neendawo ezinika umdla, ishishini okanye data ukuba kuya kuba nzima ukugcina zisemgangathweni.

Ukusebenzisa iprojekthi OSM Cadastral ungaya ngayo ishishini lakho, iziza, kwaye okukhethekile cartography wengingqi, sivumele ireferensi data agqitywe abantu, ukuba kunokwenzeka kukhuthaza intsebenziswano, wazi ukuba kwanokuba oko asiyihlaziyanga indawo yabo, ngenye imini wena, kuba ayibuyiseki umva.

Kukho iindlela ezininzi zokuhlaziya ulwazi OpenStreetMap. Ngokuxhomekeke kwizinto eziza kusebenza, ukhetho lokukwenza kwi-intanethi okanye kwi-mobile kulula ukuba izalathiso zenziwe ngesitrafti nje. Kodwa ukuba sinethemba ukwenza topologies ezingqongqo, kunye neemephu e DXF, eyisebenzisayo okanye kuba ngabazithandayo iifomati Cad, isisombululo umdla yi JOSM, esi sixhobo client iphuhlisiwe kwi Java.

Lo ngumzekelo, apho ungqimba lwe-OSM lungapheli. Ndiyakwazi ukubona okokuba umfanekiso weGoogle usanda kutshanje kunokuba i-OSM ingabonakalisa, ngokuqhelekileyo i-Bing, emazweni amaninzi asakhulayo ahluphekile.

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Imephu ibonisa ukuba loo ndawo yayifana neminyaka emibini edlulileyo.

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Umfanekiso ubonisa indlela okwakunjani emva kokugqitywa kwexesha elidlulileyo kunyaka ophelileyo.

Inkqubo yeJOSM ibonakala kulula ukuyisebenzisa kunoma ubani oye wasebenzisa inkqubo efana ne-AutoCAD okanye i-Microstation. Ukwakhiwa kwiJava i-multiplatform kwaye sele ikhutshwe ikulungele ukusebenza. Njengoko ubona, kulo mfanekiso we-Bing kukuba umntu waphinde wahlaziya iimaphu.

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Ukusebenza kweJOSM

Ukucindezela inkinobho yokukhuphela, inkqubo iyanciphisa indawo yomdla kwifomathi yefayile, ukuhlela, ukususa okanye ukongeza.

Kule meko, ndifuna ukuhlaziya ibhuloho ekuphakameni. Iqela lenjongo side ikuvumela ukuba ukhethe maleko ufuna ukubonisa, ngomda ukuba ayikwazi kulayishwa Google imigaqo Imifanekiso background OSM ukunqanda ungquzulwano banamalungelo, kodwa ke ngenxa yokuba esongwayo bephethe imifanekiso kuya kubangela ungquzulwano nzima ukulondoloza .

Enye inketho ukuqhuba kwibhuloho, kunye ne-GPS ye-mobile isebenze kwaye ukhupha idatha. JOSM ixhasa data ezivulekileyo imifanekiso georeferenced, neefomathi DXF efunyenwe GPS njengoko eyisebenzisayo, NMEA, kwakunye yokulayisha ngenkonzo WMS, phakathi kwabanye.

Ukuhlela okanye ukuhlaziya kufuneka ube nomsebenzisi, okwenza imizuzu embalwa kwiphepha le-OpenStreetMap.

Ukwaziswa kwedatha

Iphaneli yecala ibonisa iziqendu evulekileyoimvelaphi ekhoyo, vula, vala.

Ukuze ukhethe silindele ukubona kule yolawulo lukhethiwe kwi menu umfanekiso top - apha ziyafumaneka Bing, MapBox Satellite, Mapquest Open zasemoyeni, wms iindlela okanye imifanekiso warpeadas nokusebenza ukuba inkqubo kuzisa.

Unokukhetha kwakhona isitalelo esithemba kuzo ukubona izinto zeempawu.

A level of ukusebenza, ukufunda amanye amaqhinga yezitshixo okanye lorolo lwe imouse njengoko kulinganiselwe zoom. Umqondiso + yi Sondeza, uphawu - uphumile zoom, nangona ndingazange ukufumana iqhosha uskrole (espan).

Xa uchukumisa izinto, ukhetho lweemeko luyasebenza, njengokutshintsha ukuqhelaniswa kwendlela, ukuqhubela phambili okanye ukongeza ii-nodes.

evulekileyoKufuneka udlale ngemenyu ukuze ubone imisebenzi esebenzayo, kwaye ubone uluhlu lweefowuni ukukhetha into enokuba nomdla wokukhuphela.

Ukuhlela imigca eguqula ukuma, ndandidinga ukuhambisa izakhi, kwaye ngokuchukumisa indawo yamacandelo amasha adalwa ngaphandle kwengxaki enkulu. Ukulungisa indawo apho kudibana imigca emibini, mna yachukumisa enkcochoyini kunye off khetho, kodwa andithandanga kwenza icala elidlulileyo, ulisike ze asuse ingxenye esele. Ngoko izinto kufuneka zinikezelwe ukuba ziphi, ukuba ziyiendlela eziphambili, iibhulorho zoxhumo lweendlela eziphambili kwaye zibonisa ukuba zinendlela enye okanye ezimbini.

Isiphumo sohlelo

Kwakhona wasebenzisa ukuhlela eminye imigca ezikufuphi eziye oversimplified yaye kongezelelwa eziliqela macandelo nangona zibonwa umfanekiso Google, ndiyazi ngenxa imiso yonke ndihamba apha xa ndisiya emsebenzini wam.

Ekugqibeleni, emva kwexesha lokudlala, umsebenzi we vector uhleli njalo.

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Xa ulayishe idatha le nkqubo iqinisekisa ukungahambelani, njengama-nodes angaxhunyiwe, kunye nenketho yokwandisa kwindawo yombambano. Kwenzeka kakhulu kuncinci kuba i-snap iyasebenza kwaye iyasebenza. Ikwaqinisekisa kwakhona iifolongo ezongeziweyo zoluhlobo olufanayo kunye nolwazi olungaqhelekanga phakathi kweendlela zokulandelela. Ezinye iinkalo eziqinisekisileyo ziphikisana nolunye ulwazi oluza kulayishwa ngumntu ukusuka kwindawo enye.

Xa ulayishiwe, ungabona utshintsho ngokukhawuleza kwi-OSM.

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Sibiza lo mdwebo we-cartography.

Ndicetyisa ukuba ndijonge kwi-a Ukunikezelwa okwenziwa nguJorge Sanz, kunye neenkcukacha, iinkcukacha kunye nempumelelo ye-OpenStreetMap esinceda siqonde ukuba sihlala phi ivule ingqondo yethu kwisimo sabantu abaninzi.

Landa iJOSM

Thelekisa i-OpenStreetMap nezinye iimephu zewebhu

Shiya impendulo

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

Le sayithi isebenzisa i-Akismet ukunciphisa ugaxekile. Funda indlela idatha yakho yokubhaliweyo isetyenziswe ngayo.