Inkqubela ye-BIM - Inkcazo yeNkcazo yonyaka

Inkqubela yokumgangatho weZakhiwo zoLwazi lweZakhiwo (BIM) yimixholo eguqukayo INgqungquthela Yonyaka Yengqalasizinda, eyenziwa ngo-Oktobha eSingapore. Nangona i-akhawunti yami ye-Twitter yayisetyenziswe ngo-hashtag #YII2017 ngaloo mihla, nantsi isishwankathelo.

Uhambo

Ngeli xesha ndimele ndihambe eNicaragua, ilizwe apho ndigqibe khona ukuhlala kwiminyaka ezayo. Akukho nto ngaphantsi kweeyure ze-24 emoyeni; i-Managua, iSan Salvador, eLos Angeles, iTaipei, eSingapore, eyongezelela utshintsho lweeshedyuli ngokujikeleza kwehlabathi, kuthetha ukushiya ngoLwesihlanu kwaye ufike ngeCawa ngemini. Ngoko ndibe nexesha elininzi lokulala, yinto enhle kwi-flight apho izinto ezibonakalayo kuphela zi-movie kunye nendawo ye-mono ye-intanethi ubuncinci kwicandelo le-China Airlines.

Indawo

ISwitzerland ibe lukhetho olungenakuhlawulelwa leNkomfa, ngaphandle kokuba isingathwe kwiMarina Sands. Ilizwe ngumzekelo oncomekayo ukuba umka ngeenjongo zokubuza, ukuguqula kunye nokwazi ukuba ilizwe le-6 yezigidi zabantu belizwe lingaphumelela kanjani emva kwenkululeko yalo emva kweminyaka engamashumi amahlanu. Kuthatha iiyure ezimbalwa ukuziqhelanisa nenguqulelo yakho ye- «Singlish», ekusebenzeni kwenkqubo yothutho, ukuya ezimotweni ngombane ukuya ekunene nakwimvakalelo leyo ebangela ukuba bazenze njani izinto ukusuka ekulula ukuthengiselana kwiarhente yokuthengiswa kwearhente yokuBhalisa kwiindlela zabo ezinomtsalane Amacala amathathu cadastral.

Ukuhamba ngezitrato kwandenza ndikhumbule iiprojekthi endizibonayo kuphela kwiingqungquthela kwezinye iinkomfa, ezifana nebhuloho ngendlela yesakhiwo seDNA, uyilo lobunqamlezo lweendonga zeMarina okanye umbono wokuzinza kwendawo yokuhlala kwidolophu.

Ndandikhumbula kakhulu ukubona oogxa ngakumbi umxholo kokufika, kuba eli xesha ibe yimfuneko ukuba kunikwe ingqwalasela eendaba phantsi kumxholo iiprojekthi ezingenisiweyo, ngaphandle koko, inene, yenza ajenda hambo akusoloko ukufumaneka inshorensi lithetha baba indwendwe Baye mandla eendaba ezininzi zivela empumalanga, ukuba emva kweminyaka 6 inkomfa phakathi Netherlands ne United Kingdom kufuneka ukuba zibekwe phambili. Kodwa thina iyonke 130 iintatheli, amazwe 28, iilwimi 10 ezahlukeneyo.

Iindaba

Kule nto ininzi endiyithethayo, kodwa ngeenjongo zesishwankathelo, ezi ziindaba eziye zabamba ingqalelo.

Ulwalamano lwePavilion lwenziwa ngokusemthethweni. Le ndlela yindlela ephakamileyo yeendlela zobuchwepheshe ezithathelwe ukulungiselela ukwenza, nganye ngendima yayo, ngendlela engummangaliso yokuhlanganiswa;

  • Topcon. Njengomnye ummelwane omkhulu onxibelelwano nentsimi yokusebenza. Baye thaca umbono wabo yaye benza imiboniso umdla ukusebenza ukuya mphandle, kunye nezixhobo kukhatshwa ukuya izixhobo umhlaba uyahamba, makhe nina amanxeba nezinto Wawuzalisa ukuba zisalele nongasazifuniyo abahloli kunye Bouncers ebeka ezibondeni, ivelisa imiphezulu okanye ukubala imiqulu. Indlela leyo iye yenziwa Topcon kubalulekile ukuqaphela izinto zazivelela yayo kule minyaka mithathu idlulileyo, ingakumbi xa sikhumbula ukuba lilinge lokuqala wayekunye Trimble, owangenela bucala ukususela kwixesha kwaba engahambelaniyo kunye nomoya walo impiriyali.
  • SIEMENS. Umbono wakhe wokukhawulezisa ukukhishwa kwezinto zezinto zangempela-hlabathi usinika i-Intanethi yezinto (IoT) kakhulu. Lisibonise imeko yento esiyilindeleyo kwizixeko ezihlakaniphile, kunye neengcinga zabo zengqondo kunye neengqondo zokusebenza; ulwazi oluxhunyiwe phakathi kwebhetri yolawulo lokulawula kwisiteshini esincinane samandla kagesi kwisixeko sonke.
  • Bureau Veritas. Ngaphantsi kwaziwa kulo mongo osentshona, i-Veritas yinkampani egxile ekuphathweni kolwazi oluchanekileyo. Iqukethe izicelo zokwenza imodeli yezinto zokuphila kwangempela, ukusuka kwi-optic yeenkqubo zokusebenza.
  • Microsoft. Emva nemizamo yakhe rhoqo ukuze bahlale kukhuphiswano kwiinkampani ezintsha, Microsoft wenze usukelo kakuhle kunye nomnatha wayo Azure, ezo nto ngaphantsi kwe 90% ye ekhethiweyo kuluhlu iinkampani Fortune 500. Microsoft, koko oko Hayi, bendiqhula e 2010, kule meko ludlala indima yokuba lijelo elisetyenziswa data ukuhamba, apho emva kokuba iphelelwe lweempumelelo zabo (Microsoft; Windows. Kumncedisi we SQL) kunye neenzame njengoko 2.0 ushishino, Ucinga ukuba athathe inzuzo ngekhulu leenkqubo zokusebenza zewebhu anakho, kodwa loo nto ayikho mntu uyazi.

Bentley Systems. Kakade, umgqugquzeli walo mbambano nguBentley, ophikisana nomoya wokuchasana nokutshintshwa kweenkampani ezidibeneyo, uye wasimangalisa. Akunakwenzeka ukuthintela ukwamkelwa kwexesha elidlulileyo, ekuqwalaseleni ukuba abaqashi beenkampani badala; Noko ke, njengoko ndithethile, ndamangaliswa. I-Bhupinder ibonise iqela lobuso obutsha kunye nokukwazi kwakhe ukubonakalisa ubunzima obungenakuchukumisa nje kumkhumbuza ngamandla kaGreg, obonakala ehlaziya kunye nenqaku lakhe elikhuthazayo, ongakhange alahlekelwe ixesha elibalulekileyo kunye nokulula kokuthatha imifanekiso kunye nabathathi-nxaxheba, ngubani obabuza ngokoqobo amabinzana abangaze balibale, kuba kubonakala kubonisa inkumbulo enkulu kunye novelwano lwendalo.

Intetho ephilayo eyenziwa nguBhupinder noKeith, malunga nokulungelelaniswa kwenguqu, sele iphumelele. Ngaphandle kokukhula kunye nenkampani yabo, baye bakwazi ukwandisa ilifa esinethemba lokuba liya kuphinda lizaliswe ngezizukulwana ezitsha, ngaphandle kokulahlekelwa yixabiso labo ngenxa yokuba bathatha inxaxheba kwezinye izabelo.

imiboniso zokwalatha izixhaso Alliance inkundla ahlelwa apho Microsoft, Topcon, Veritas, Bentley Institute of amaziko oqeqesho kunye Xtation IX waba amajukujuku ngokwenene umdla kubonakala umva. Ezi evuliwe ngawo onke amaxesha, nangona iiyure ezithile umboniso leyo ndafumanisa ingakumbi igalelo eninzi inxalenye esakhula. I Bentley Institute laye likho kwakudala, kodwa kwiminyaka yakutshanje singene ugxininiso kwi specialising in BIM Academy, nto kulo mzekelo owawubona fronts ezithathu, nangona ezihambelanayo, ngokoluvo lwam kwahlula imigca umsebenzi phakathi I-Bentley kunye ne-Pavilion Alliance:

  • Bentley Construction Academy. Lo ngumgca ovuthiwe kakhulu, ongowunxibelelwano odibanisa umzamo we-Topcon kunye neBentley.
  • Reality Modeling Academy. Oku, ngombono wam, kuya kuba ngumda wokuhlanganiswa phakathi kweBentley ne-Veritas.
  • BIM Advancement Academy. Oku kukuhlanganiswa phakathi kwe-SIEMENS kunye neBentley.

Ixesha liya kuxela ukuba ukucinga kwam kuchanekile.

I-model I-2.0 ehambisana nefu. U-Bentley uqalise i-I-model yakhe kwinkomfa yaseCharlotte, apho wayefuna ukufumana ubuso befayile ye-DGN phantsi komgangatho ohambelana nabasebenzisi abaqhelekileyo abangafunda. Umsi ukhangelekile ukususela ekuqaleni, uqikelele ukuba le nto yindlela yokwenza iifayile kwiifayile ezilula ze-DGN ezineenkcukacha ze-XML ezihleliweyo ezigcina impilo yonke yeprojekthi ukususela kwimodeli yayo ukuya kusebenza kwayo. Ngokuqinisekileyo, oku kuye kwabangela i-Microstation kumsebenzi wayo wokuqala njengomphathi we-CAD, ukuba ube ngumlawuli wezinto, iProjekthiWise ijolise ekulawuleni ukusebenza kunye ne-AssetWise, umjikelezo wobomi. UQHUBELELE udibanise ndawonye, ​​uthatha izicelo kwiinguqulelo ze-hybrid phakathi kwideskithophu nefu.

I-model ye-2.0, kunokuba igcine idatha kwiifayili, igxininise ekugcinweni kwefu, phantsi kweetyunithi zedatha efana neBlockChain. I-model ye-1.0 yayisele igxininise kulo, kodwa kwi-2009 ebenokucinga ngokuthetha ngefu njengento ephambili; Sicinga ukuba yindlela ebalulekileyo yokuhlala phambili kwee-Bentley Systems, ezenziwe nguK Keith kwimbonakalo ebonakalayo. Ngale ndlela kuza i-I-Model Hub, ehamba phambili ukuya kwinqanaba lesithathu le-BIM, apho ulwazi luhlala kwindawo elawulwayo ye-mega.

Ukumodelingisa ngokoqobo, kufutshane kunanini ngaphambili. Kuye kwatshintshana kwizinto eziye zanikwe kwiinkomfa, kwaye igama elilodwa kuphela livakala nge-echo enkulu; Umxholo. UBentley uthenge le sicelo iminyaka emibini eyadlulayo kwinkampani yaseFransi, ngoku ikhutshwe njengemveliso edibeneyo eyenza i-photogrammetry kunye ne-modeling eyenziwa yi-Descartes. Baye basinika umceli-mngeni wokudala zethu iimodeli; abangaphezu kwe-100 abathathi-nxaxheba bawuphumelele ekupheleni kosuku lwesibini, kunye nesicelo sokuba ngamanyathelo amabini kuphela afuna ukuthatha iifoto ezilandelanayo nge-angle engaphezu kwamadigri e-15, kunye neqhosha lokuvelisa umzekelo; Inkonzo yelifu ilawulwa ukwenza konke, ukuze kamva ikwazi ukuboniswa, ijikelezwe, ijikelezwe, ilinganiselwe kwisilinganisi, njengemodeli emithathu, ukusuka kwiifoto ezilula!

Akukho nto abanye abangayenziyo, kodwa ngokukodwa ukuba ulawulo lwe-hybrid lweemifanekiso ezichanekileyo eziqhotyoshelweyo kumzekelo ocacileyo ongathinteki ngumthamo weedatha, kwindlela endingazibona ngayo.

Ngalo Bentley uqinisekisa isizathu sokuba bangaboni i-GIS njengento ebaluleke kakhulu. Ugxininiswe kwi-Geo-ingqineli, baya kwi-IFC imigaqo, leyo, nangona ikude, yindlela ehamba kakuhle kwaye apho zonke iinkampani ezifuna ukusinda ziya kusekwa.

Iiprojekthi zokugqibela.

Njengengxenye yesiganeko, izibhengezo eziphefumlelweyo ziye zanikezelwa kwiiklasi zeprojekthi ze-17, apho i-51 sele iphelile ekugqityweni kwe-409. Ndakwazi ukubonela ngokubanzi inkcazelo yabaninzi abagqibeleleyo, apho abantwana beprojekthi ye-photogrammmetry beza kum kulungiswa kwindlela yokuqeqesha, besebenzisa idatha efunyenwe ne-drones; Kulapho ndadibana nomfazi waselizwe laseNicaragua kunye nommandla waseMexico onokuthi, ngokubaluleka kwabo, babonisa ukuchukumisa kwabo baseCaribbean. Kwakhona iphrojekthi yeBrazil yokuvuselela inkqubo yamanzi kwiindawo ezilifa elilondoloziweyo, ndayithanda le projekthi kangangokuba ndandifumene ndiziva xa ndiphumelele kwindawo yokuqala. Kwabanye ndiya kuthetha kwinqaku elithile.

Yiyiphi inxaxheba ukuya kwinkomfa kude kangaka?

Zayizinsuku ezintlanu zokufunda okuninzi, apho kuye kwaba luncedo kundibuza ukuba nditshintshe ngokwam; qhagamshelana nezindlela ezichanekileyo zokunciphisa umsi womsi, njengoko sithetha kumxholo wethu waseSpeyin ukuya kumgangatho ophezulu wokuphefumlela. Ndinexesha elincinci ukwenza konke oku kusebenza ngokutsha, okusixelela kuphela ukuba izinto zihamba njani kwilizwe ezikhokelela kwezobuchwephesha, kwaye zibahlalise imeko engafaniyo kunye neemeko ezininzi, apho iimeko eziphambili kwiinkalo ezininzi ezisisiseko kwaye, ngokukodwa apho kuninzi iteknoloji, oko kuyimfuneko kukuba abo baqhuba iiprojekthi basebenzise izicwangciso ezifanelekileyo zokucwangcisa, isiyalo sokuqala sijolise kwiinkqubo kwaye sizenzeke kwizenzo zabo ezizimeleyo ezi njongo ezilungileyo izicwangciso zikaRhulumente kunye nomthetho.

Shiya impendulo

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