Cadastre kaMaspala, yiphi indlela efanelekileyo

Iminyaka emininzi ye-cadastre, kwaye lo mbuzo udla ngokuqhelekileyo. Yiyiphi indlela engcono ukwenza urastastre?

Siyavuma ukuba oku akusiyo iresiphi, kuba kukho iimeko ezahlukeneyo ekufuneka zithathwe kwi-akhawunti kwaye nganye indlela ingaba neenguqu ezichaseneyo kwimimandla eyahlukeneyo. Ngoko ukukhanyisa isithuba, hlaziya ezinye iinkalo ezinokuba luncedo kwizigqibo, ekugqibeleni umveliso weforum yeengxoxo ezilethe iintsuku ezimbalwa ezedlule.

iindlela zophando lweeastastral

Kutheni i-cadastre kamasipala. Ndicacisa oku, kuba isithuba iyasebenza kummandla, apho umasipala ufuna ukwenza i-cadastre, mhlawumbi ngeendlela zakhe okanye ngenkxaso yeprojekthi yentsebenziswano. Ayisebenzi kwiprojekthi enkulu yesikhokelo kwinqanaba lelizwe okanye elizwe, elikhokelwa liziko eliphambili, eliza kuba neemeko ezingcono zokuqhuba iprojekthi kunye nemali enokuyichitha ... nangona izikhombisi ezingaphezulu zokuzalisa.

Le meko ke, ngoko, umasipala, ubungakanani rhoqo, nto leyo eya kuba kakhulu malunga 5,000 izakhiwo ezidolophini kwiidolophu eziphambili, malunga 4 emikhulu, kodwa ngaphantsi kwe iipropati 1,000 kunye namanye amaphandle okanye nantoni bakubize i kwelinye icala, rustic.

Cadastre yintoni. Oku kubalulekile ukuchaza, kuba imigaqo yokuchaneka kwe-cadastre neendlela ezisemthethweni ayiyi kuba yinto efanayo xa kugxininiswa kuphela kumali okanye ukulawula ekusebenziseni umhlaba. Kwakhona kuba ukuba kukho indlela yovavanyo, ukulingana kwezakhiwo okanye ukulinganiswa kwesityalo esisigxina kufuna ezinye iindlela zokukwenza inkqubo iphumelele ngakumbi.

Okubalulekileyo kumasipala ongenalo i-cadastre akukona ngokuchanekileyo, kukukuba ube yindawo yokuwusebenzisa. Ngoko kufuneka sicinge ngeendlela ezizinzileyo, ezikunceda ukuphelisa ukuphakama okupheleleyo komasipala, ukuzinikela ekusebenziseni, ukuhlaziya nokuphucula ukuchaneka kwayo.

Ezinye iindlela ndizamile. Iminyaka emine edlulileyo siye sazama iindlela ezahlukeneyo, kuxhomekeke kwimimiselo yomasipala, apha ndifingqa abanye:

  • Ifotogrammetry Kancinci, kwimimandla yasezidolophini le ndlela iwela ekungasetyenziswanga, ngokuyininzi ngenxa yokuba ayinayo imali ngokumalunga nokuchaneka kwayo. Ayikho inkampani eya kwenza ukuba i-10,000 imitha iphakame kwiindawo ezincinane zedolophini, ukwenjenjalo ukuba wonke umasipala angenakufumana iimali zakhe. Emva koko ukuba ifowuni isetyenziswe kwimimandla yasezidolophini kuhlale kuyimfuneko ukulinganisa imida kwaye ekugqibeleni ukuchaneka akuyi kuba kuhle kakhulu kwiindawo apho abantu bathabatha khona iqela kwi-10 centimeters. Nangona kunjalo, kwimeko yeendawo zasemaphandleni, kuyona nto iyasebenza kuba kufikeleleka kakhulu ngaphandle kwemfuneko yokuhamba umda ngamnye kwaye ukuchaneka kunele ngokwaneleyo ekubeni izicwangciso zinemihlaba emikhulu.
  • I-photointerpretation + GPS. Ukuba unayo i-orthophoto unokufaka isicelo ngokuthe ngqo kummandla wasemaphandleni eneziphumo ezilungileyo kakhulu. Ukucacisa izinto, sathetha ngayo orthophoto evela umfanekiso phezulu, njengoko umfanekiso satellite orthorectified ngoku ngaphantsi enye kwemitha pixel na ukuphazamiseka ezininzi kakhulu kwiingingqi mphandle engagunyaziswanga, ukuba ubabalo ngcono ukusetyenziswa ortho Google. Ekusebenzeni ndilugcinile ukuba lokudibanisa ukusetyenziswa ukukhulisa (orthophoto) ezishicilelweyo ephantsi-ngqo GPS (Garmin 3 5 ukuya meters) kuzisa iziphumo practical ukuba ucofa Iifoto stereoscope emoyeni uze ngokugqithisa ukuba ukuphefumla.
    Andenzi lithi ezilahlwayo kodwa ethandabuzekayo ukuba iiprojekthi koomasipala ezincinane, ngokungathi kwalo kwezinye iindawo ngoku kuvumela GPS ukubonisa yeraster okanye kuba awukwazi kuhlala kufumaneka noba okanye abasebenzi unako ukuyifunda buciko. Iifoto umthwalo kuzisa iingenelo kwimiba ngqo, ngenxa yokuba kuphela ububanzi usiba ubuchule orthophoto 1 eprintiweyo: iimitha 10,000 10 uya kuba isiphoso ngaphezulu sele efunde software Orthorectification. Kwakhona ke umbuzo wokuba ingaba ngohlangothi kwinduli stereoscope isampuli kakuhle kodwa hayi kwi ushicilelo, yalahlwa kuba practice kubonisa ukuba oku kunokwenzeka ukuba uchwepheshe ovela indlela eqhelekileyo, mafikizolo akambonanga zizo naziphi na iindlela ezimbini kwaye uthathe ezimbalwa ngokwamanqaku GPS ukuyisebenzisa. Kwaye ngoko ke utoliko nezinye iinkcukacha ezifana nokusetyenziswa komhlaba, ubuchule yangoku isekude yenza isebenze ngcono kwaye zitshiphu kunye nodidi egadiwe.
  • iindlela zophando lweeastastral Ikhampasi yeGPS +. Le ndlela iyenzeka kakhulu xa unesilivere encinane. Ndiyisebenzise kwimimandla yasezidolophini, ndisebenzise i-paji ye-submetric ukuchaneka kwe-GPS ukucwangcisa igridi yezitrato, nokusebenzisa ikhampasi ukubopha iziphelo. Njengoko iteksi isetyenziselwa ukulinganisa imida, ilahleko idluliselwa kwisitrato, ishiya ukuchaneka kohlobo lwemiqathango engaphantsi kwama-10 centimeters kunye nentlonipho epheleleyo kwi-GPS kunye ne-GPS kufuphi nomgwaqo. Kufuneka ulinganise imali kwaye uthathe iikhosi nge-triangulation. Akukufanelekanga ukuba uphando lunempembelelo yomthetho, ukuba iziqinisekiso zepropati okanye izatifikethi ze-cadastral ngexabiso lomthetho ziya kunikwa; ngenxa yaloo nto, iya kuhlolwa kwintsimi ngexesha lokucela.
  • iindlela zophando lweeastastral Isikhululo se-GPS + esipheleleyo. Le ndlela isebenzayo, kuba ivumela ukuchaneka kakuhle kunye nolwazi Ubukhulu be3 ukuba kungekudala okanye kamva kuya kuba luncedo. Ifuna idilesi yeGPS ukuba ilandelelanise iindawo zokuqala ezimbini zokuqala, kwaye uthathe ambalwa amanani okulawula okuthintela impazamo kwimbonakalo engafanelekanga kwimpuphu. Akuyimfuneko ukuba ube nesitishi esipheleleyo, njengoko ingaqeshwa, kunye neengcambu ze-GPS ezingabhalwa ngabanye. Iimali ziya kuhlala zilinganiselwe, ezinokuxhaswa yi-orthophoto, ikhampasi okanye i-triangulation ngamanqwanqwa, efanelekileyo kakhulu.

Oko ndikucebisayo.

Ukuba bekuyixesha lokuthatha isigqibo, kwidolophini ndiza kuhamba kwisikhululo samashishini. Thatha abanye abantwana ngaphandle kwe-baccalaureate ekusebenziseni iikhompyutha, baqeqeshe kwaye ubakhulule ukuba basebenze. Kananjalo umasipala okanye umbutho okanye nequmrhu oomasipala, ukuba abe isikhululo iyonke ukuba ahambe $ 7,000 ayikho utyalo embi, ekubeni ukusetyenziswa ngaphaya uphando cadastre, stakeout okanye kuqaliswe iiprojekthi engineering mali elungileyo. Kufuneka ukhangele uqeqesho lwabasebenzi.

Kwale nto ndiyithetha ngesitishi esipheleleyo, robotics ayisebenzi kwiindawo apho abasebenzi bengabizi kwaye apho ukuba uvala isiqingatha iliso lesitishi, iselfowuni yabiwe ... kwaye ukuba unayo ihlonipho.

Ekugqibeleni, nawuphi na othembisa indlela kufuneka aqonde ukuba imephu ye-cadastral iya kuhlala ibonakalisa ingqiqo. Yaye nangona ichanekileyo imilinganiselo yethu yangoku, kwiminyaka embalwa iya kubuzwa ngenxa yokungahambelani kwayo ngokunxulumene nentaba yeMars.

Indlela efanelekileyo yileyo ezinzileyo ngemali yakhe, utyalo-mali lwayo lufunyenwe ngexesha elifutshane kwaye siza kuba nalo lonke umasipala ophakanyiswe ngamaxesha amabini kuphela karhulumente.

Iimpendulo ze-3 kwi "cadastre kaMasipala, yintoni indlela efanelekileyo"

  1. Umalume wam wafa kwaye ndifuna ukutshintsha igama kwaye ndiqhubeke ndihlawula.

  2. Le meko ke, ngoko, umasipala, ubungakanani rhoqo, nto leyo eya kuba kakhulu malunga 5,000 izakhiwo ezidolophini kwiidolophu eziphambili, malunga 4 emikhulu, kodwa ngaphantsi kwe iipropati 1,000 kunye namanye amaphandle okanye nantoni bakubize i kwelinye icala, rustic

    I-4,787 i-real estate yase-dolophu, i-2,138 idolophu yase-dolophu kwiidolophana ezincinane, ii-18,000 zasemaphandleni.

    Ewe, oku kunye nelinye icala lomlambo.

    Ewe, kwiminyaka ye-8, ngokuvunywa / isivumelwano / ukunikezelwa kweempahla zecandelo kwi-5 iminyaka kunye nokubuyiswa kweengxenye zeemali ezifunyenweyo, ukuba kukho irhafu yerhafu.

    Umasipala omkhulu uya kuba nemali eninzi, kungekhona ixesha elide.

  3. «Siza kuba nawo na umasipala sonke ngokwamaxesha amabini karhulumente?»

    Kuza kube nini umninimzi?

Shiya impendulo

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