Iikhono zoNjineli woLuntu kufuneka zizuze kumnikazi wokwakha

Xa uhlalutya indlela yokujongana nokuphuhliswa kwesi sihloko, iveki yokuqala yokuqala njengenjini yonxibelelwano yafika engqondweni ngokukhawuleza; Emva komkhosi wokugqiba izigqibo ndagqiba kwelokuba ndandwendwendwe nootatomkhulu kunye nombono wokunandipha iintsuku ezimbalwa zoxolo. Inyaniso kukuba ngelinye ilanga, ndafumana isifundo emva kweminyaka emininzi, andisayi kulibala.

Utatomkhulu wayengumqambi kunye nomakhi weminyaka yamava amaninzi, emva kokufika kwam undibizele ukuba ndihambe naye emsebenzini ayewuqalayo waza wathi kum:

"Ungatsho ukuthi unjineli, kwaye ubuze yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana"

Ngaloo mini ndafunda ngezihloko ezifundiswe kwiiklasi zaseyunivesithi azange andifundise, umzekelo njani ukuhambelana nabasebenzi bomsebenzi (unxibelelwano-unxibelelwano-titshala wabasebenzi bemisebenzi kunye nabasebenzi), umbutho wemisebenzi yosuku, ukufumana kunye nokulawula izixhobo kunye nezixhobo, phakathi kwezinye izinto ezininzi. Ndaphinda ndafunda iziganeko zomsebenzi womcebisi kunye nomsebenzi womsebenzi, owamphendula ngokucacileyo yonke imibuzo ndibacelile. Ndakwazi ukufumana yonke le mfundiso sibonga ngenxa yokuba bacinga ukuba ndingumfundi kwaye ngenxa yoko bavuya gqitha ukunceda.

Ngamafutshane, ndayazi ukuba yonke imini eyadlulela emsebenzini, bekuya kuba yimini yokufunda, nje ngokuba ndashiya bucala ubuqili be-engineering degree kwaye ndazi indlela yokufumana inhlonipho kunye nentsebenziswano yomakhi womenzi.

Ukugxininisa ngokuchanekileyo ngokubhekiselele kwisifundo sezakhono zobunjineli boLuntu kufuneka zizuze kumakhi oyintloko, kufuneka siqale sicacise into esiyiqonda ngayo "Iikhono", ezingenanto ngaphandle: "olo lwazi, ubuchule nezakhono umntu azalisekise umsebenzi onqunywe ngokufanelekileyo, kwaye ziyimpawu ezikuvumelayo kwintsimi ethile ".

Sifanele sazi ukuba umphathi wokwakha "ulawula umsebenzi owenziwe ngabanye abasebenzi ngexesha lokwakha ukwakhiwa, ukusuka kwindawo yokuqashisa ukuya kumsebenzi wokugqiba", kunye nemisebenzi yayo eyintloko ingahlaziywa kwesi sixhobo esilandelayo: http://www.arcus-global.com/wp/funciones-de-un-maestro-de-obra-en-la-construccion.

Ngezantsi siza kubona ubuncwane bobunjineli bobugcisa kunye nezo ziko apho amava asebenzayo okwakhiwa kwekhono, efunyenwe ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, aya kusinceda sihlakulele, siphucule kwaye sizincede ekuphuhliseni kwethu njengengcali ezinikezele ukwakhiwa.

Ulwazi oluyisiseko: ziinkalo eziphambili ukuba injini yonxibelelwano kufuneka ziyazi ngaphambi kokuba ziqhube umsebenzi kwaye zifunyanwe ngexesha lokuqeqesha. Sifanele sicacise ukuba ezinye zazo ziphuculwe ngamava.

  • Ulwazi lwezinto ezisetyenziswe kwizakhiwo: nangona kunjalo ukuba eeklasini basifundisa ngale ngongoma, kukho imiba emininzi eyenziwa yinto yokwakha, njengento elula kakhulu, umgangatho webhanki yekhonkrithi nje ngokuyijonga kwaye yi chu
  • Ukwaziswa kwemimandla yomhlaba: Ngokuqinisekileyo ukubonile izinto ezininzi zokucima kwenza i-master builder, umzekelo, ukuba wazi ngamava omhlaba njengesiseko sesiseko.
  • Ulwazi malunga nendlela yokuphucula ukusetyenziswa kwezixhobo: apha amava ootitshala azakunceda kuphela indlela yokwenza ngcono, kodwa nendlela yokuyigcina, ziphi iimpawu neempawu ezahlukahlukeneyo ezifikelele emsebenzini, eyona nto iphakanyisiwe kumsebenzi othile , njl
  • Ulwazi loomatshini osetyenziswa kwiiprojekthi zokwakha: apha unjineli uya kufunda idiggon ukuba abasebenzi basebenzise ukuchonga izixhobo zabo nezixhobo ezahlukeneyo, kodwa bayazi nendlela yokugcina nokulungisa izixhobo ezisetyenziselwa ukwakhiwa. I-winch, i-retro, i-jumbo, ikhefu, imfosholo, i-drill, njl njl., Iya kuba ngamagama entsapho kwaye kungekhona abanye, ekubeni batshintsho kuxhomekeke kwilizwe nakwiphondo apho umsebenzi uphathwa khona.

I zakhono: Iinjineli zomntu kufuneka zinezakhono ezivumela ukuba enze umsebenzi wakhe ngokufanelekileyo, kwaye ngokungafani nolwazi olufunyanwa kuphela kwintsimi yomsebenzi.

  • Ikhono lokusebenza kwiqela kunye nokuxela amagosa ngokufanelekileyo: nje ngokujonga umfundisi onokwakha olungileyo, injini ingakwazi ukufunda indlela yokusebenza njengeqela, indlela yokunika imiyalelo nendlela yokuvuza kunye / okanye ukugxekisa umsebenzi.
  • Ikhono lokunikezela imisebenzi kunye nokucwangcisa umsebenzi wokwakha: nangona xa ucwangciso lwemisebenzi luyimisebenzi kunye noxanduva olujongene nolunjineli wokwakha, kufuneka abe neengqondo ezifanelekileyo zokwazisa kunye nokuhlalutya oko akucebileyo ngomsebenzi wokwakha, kwaye Ngokuqinisekileyo uya kufumana iingcinga ezintsha malunga nemisebenzi yemihla ngemihla efunekayo.
  • Ikhono lokuchonga ixesha elifunekayo kumsebenzi ngamnye: olu buchule alunakufundwa ngamava kuphela, kodwa kwakhona kufuneka simazi abasebenzi, iziqinisekiso zabo, ukusebenza kwabo kunye namakhono abo; ekubeni zizinto eziphambili ezibonisa ukusebenza ukufeza umsebenzi ngamnye; Ngoko ke, owokuqala omele uxoxwe nguye umakhi wokwakha.
  • Iyakwazi ukuxazulula ukuphazamiseka okuvela ekwakheni: kule ngxaki amava amanqaku kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo umphathi womsebenzi kufuneka abe namava aneleyo ngoku, kuba kufuneka ukuba wayehluphekile, waphila kwaye wasombulula iingxaki ezininzi ezivela kuyo nayiphi msebenzi.

I zakhono: Ziyimiphumo yolwazi kunye nezakhono ekubeni uqale umsebenzi wakhe kwaye wakwazi ukudibanisa unjiniyela wezobugcisa ngenxa yamava akhe kwiiprojekthi ezahlukeneyo.

  • Amaqela aphezulu aphethwe ngabachwephesha nabasebenzi: oku kuthetha ukuba "ubunkokheli". Iinjineli zivumela ukuba inkokeli yabasebenzi bomsebenzi ibe ngumsebenzi womsebenzi, qinisekisa ixesha elifanelekileyo le nto; khokela iqela lakho lobugcisa kwaye ufumane ubunkokheli bakho ngesimo sakho sengqondo, izakhono kunye nokunyamekela unyango kubo bonke abasebenzi.
  • Qinisekisa izixhobo ezifunekayo kumsebenzi ngamnye: apha amava kunye nolwazi olunzulu malunga nezindlela zokwakha lubalulekile ekufumaneni ukuba yeyiphi imali yezixhobo, abasebenzi kunye nezixhobo kuyimfuneko ukuhlangabezana nemisebenzi ethile. Ngokomzekelo, ngubani osebenzayo angakwazi ukuqonda kakuhle inani lempahla, inani labasebenzi kunye nantoni yezixhobo esiyidingayo ukwenza ukukhonkxa kwekhonkrithi ye-slab yomgangatho, impendulo yinto enye "yokwakha"; nangona iinjineli ziyakwazi ukuzisebenzisa ngokuchaneka kwezobugcisa ngaphezulu kwexesha.

Ngokungathandabuzekiyo, kukho ubuchule bezobugcisa ukuba injini yonjiniyela kufuneka ibe nayo, engayibonakaliyo kula mazwi achazwe ngasentla, kuba abo bafundiswa eyunivesithi okanye bafumana izifundo ezongezelelweyo; njengomzekelo wolawulo lwenkqubo yoyilo, okanye ukukwazi ukusebenzisa ixabiso leyunithi kunye nesicelo sebhajethi. Zonke ezi zakhono zikhankanyiweyo kwaye ubuchule bukwishishwankathelwa kwizinto ze-7 eziphambili ezibandakanyiweyo kwiprofayili ukuba injini kufuneka iphumelele ukuphumelela ngempumelelo, oku:

  • Ukusetyenziswa kweproactivity kunye namandla okufunda,
  • Izakhono zentlalo,
  • Izakhono eziphezulu,
  • Ulawulo lokusingqongileyo
  • Ezintsha

Unokungena ngokujulile kule miba kulekhonkco elandelayo: https://mba.americaeconomia.com/articulos/reportajes/7-habilidades-que-debe-tener-un-ingeniero-para-alcanzar-el-exito-profesional

Njengesiphetho simele siqinisekise ukuba unjiniyela wezolimo oqala umsebenzi wakhe wobugcisa ekwakhiweni, nokuba ngumhlali okanye umhloli, unethuba elikhulu lokufumana nokuqinisa ubuchule obuphambili obuya kumnceda ukuba ajonge iprofayili yakhe njengengcali ephumelelayo. Ngenxa yoko, kufuneka agcine isimo sengqondo sokuthobeka kwaye azi ukuba eyunivesithi bamqeqesha kwiinkalo zobugcisa, kodwa ukuba amava akhe omsebenzi, athathwe kakuhle, uya kumgqiba efundisa. Kumele aqonde ukuba abanye abaqeqeshi bamava kunye nolwazi basebenza emsebenzini, kwaye phakathi kwabo ngumsebenzi womsebenzi onokumfundisa.

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