Ukucoceka kwe-Topological

Isenzo sezixhobo ze-GIS sibizwa ngale ndlela ukuphelisa ukungahambisani kwevector kwimimiselo evunywe ipolotiki yendawo. Isixhobo ngasinye sibaphunyelele ngendlela yaso, makhe sibone imeko yeBentley Imephu kunye ne-GIS enezinto ezininzi.

Microstation Geographics

ucoceko lwengqondo

I-Microstation ibandakanya izixhobo ezimbini ezifanayo, enye isebenze ngundoqo (incoko yencoko yababini) kunye nezinye ezibizwa ngokuba yi-Topology Cleanup. Ngenxa yezizathu zokusabalalisa, sonke sinqwenela okokuqala, nangona akukho nqakraza ngaphezulu kwalowo myalelo omdala.

Iquka iindlela ezithandathu zokuziphendulela kwiifom ekhohlo, ngelixa inxalenye engezantsi yimiqathango yokunyamezela kunye nokunene indawo ekuyo kuyo kunye neempawu apho kulandelwa khona iikhowudi ezingahambelaniyo. Nangona kuthiwa ukucoca i-topological, akuyena igama elifanelekileyo kakhulu, kunokuba zixhobo zokucoca i-vector phakathi kwazo eziquka:

  • Izinto eziphindaphindiweyo
  • Izinto ezifanayo
  • Into encinane, yayisetyenzisiweyo kodwa kukukunqanda ukusetyenziswa kakubi kweendlela ngokungenasidingo
  • Icandelo
  • Iingxube
  • Izinto ezilahlekileyo

Phantse wonke umntu kwakukho enye indlela yokukhetha indawo yokuphambuka kwayo, ukhetho lokumakisha okanye ukuluphelisa kunye nokunyamezela. Kwakungekho mbi, kwakukho nezixhobo ze-mrf ezihlanganiswe ne-mdl ezivumelekile ukuba zihambe ngeephene. Kodwa kwakuqhele ukuba yintloko enoba yintoni, kungekhona ngenxa yococeko obubukhali kodwa emva kokuhlaziywa kwendawo. Ukunika umzekelo, kwiimephu zeemephu ezahlukileyo, kukho ingxaki ngokungahambi ngokungathandabuzekiyo kwamanani, ubuhlanya.

Bentley Imephu

ucoceko lwengqondo

Ipenel yatshintsha ngeBentley Imephu, ihlala ikhona Ucoceko lweengxoxo nangona ifuna ukuba iprojekthi ivulekele, kodwa enye enye indawo yayigxininiswe kwipaneli enye eneetabs. Ukongezelela, izinto ezinokusebenza kakhulu zongezwe phakathi kwazo:

  • Ulawulo lokucoca ngamehlo
  • Unokucoca uhlobo lwezinto (umgca, i-arc, i-polyline njll)
  • Umdlalo ungabandakanya uhlobo lomgca, umbala okanye ubukhulu
  • Yenza isipele ngokuzenzekelayo kwefayili
  • Ukugqithisa kunokuphelisa ukuphindaphindwa
  • Ungagcina ukucwangciswa njengefayile ye .rsc uze uyibize kwakhona
  • Into esususwe ngayo, ukuba akukho mntu wayesebenzisa ngenxa yokuba ayizange isebenze

Kuya kubakho ukubonakalisa ukuba intloko yesifo iphuculwe kunye nohlalutyo lwengqondo, kuba lubukhali kwaye lufuna ukuchaneka kwamalungu amaninzi kunye neento zokunyamezela azizange zenze ingqiqo. Iifayile ze-Alert nazo zizinto ezingenazo izinto ezinamandla, ezenza umsebenzi omkhulu ube yikhono lokubonakala kunokuba iselunkulu sobukhulu.

GIS asibonise

ucoceko lwengqondo

I-Bentley kufuneka isebenze kanzima kulo mbandela, kuba nangona i-Bentley Imephu ixhasa uxolo, isiqingatha sithathwe kwizinwele. Ukongezelela, ayixhasi Kalula i-geometries eziyinkimbinkimbi, mhlawumbi ezingenakwenzeka kwi-cadastre kodwa kwezinye iziqendu ezifana nezitshalo zityalo okanye indawo engozi, ukubeka imizekelo emibini. Kwi-Geographics yabaguqulela iiseli okanye iimoko ezinzima, into ongenako ukwenza uhlalutyo lwengqondo. Kufuneka kube lula inkqubo, kuba ezininzi iinkqubo ziye zaqhubela phambili kule ndlela, umzekelo, ukusebenzisa nqakraza I-GIS ebonakalayo yenza umsebenzi oyingqayizivele ngaphandle kobunzima. Oku kusebenza kunye iifayili / i-topology factory, khetha nje izinto kwaye uphakamise iphaneli equka uhlalutyo olukhawulezayo ngokwemiqathango yoluhlu:

  • Ukuvalwa
  • ukugqithwa
  • overshooting
  • amasebe adibeneyo
  • methrikhi

Ngaphandle koko, ngokukhetha kwabo kuboniswa kumbala ohlukileyo kwaye kukho ukhetho lomntu ngamnye okanye omkhulu wokulungisa. Yenza utshintsho lokunyamezela, oku kukwahlukileyo kunye nokukhetha ukuhamba, ukuya kwesilandelayo, uthathe inyathelo uze uhambe.

Ekugqibeleni, umsebenzisi ulungelelanise ukuxhatshazwa okanye ukuxuba izixhobo, kodwa akufanele kube yinto eyenywayo kwintsebenzo esiyihlawulayo kwaye ithemba liya kuphucula ngokuhamba kwexesha.

Iimpendulo ze-25 "Ukuhlanjwa kwe-Topological"

  1. Ukucacisa ukungathandabuzeki okufikile kwi-imeyile yam.
    Umzekelo uboniswe yi-Microstation Geographics 8.5
    NgeBentley Imephu V8i Ukusingathwa kweejometri eziyinkimbinkimbi ezifana nezimbobo ngaphakathi kwimilo akusisona ingxaki.

    Ukongeza, okoko ukuphathwa kweempawu ze-XFM ngeMaphu ye-Bentley, umda wendlela yokunxibelelana ye-node ilahlekile ukubeka phambili ngokubaluleka. Nangona izixhobo zokunxibelelanisa ziyafana nezo zokudluliselwa kwedatha phakathi kwe-centroid kunye nomda / umda.

  2. hello; Uyazi Ndandifuna ukwazi ukuba mibuthoinganceda ingxaki yam kwenzeka ntoni na ndifuna ukwenza itemplate entsha kwaye ushiye olungagqibekanga eza kundinceda xa kudalwa umzobo entsha njengoko profiles imizekelo isimbo esithile parameters, ngoko wayefuna ukwazi ukuba ukwazi ukudala itemplate entsha kwaye oku ezichazwe iparameters ezintsha nokuba design entsha izimbo into, ndiyathemba ungenza ukundinceda kodwa ezinye iimpendulo ndiyaqonda ukuba nobubele kakhulu kwaba miba ngiyabonga kwakhona

  3. Masibone

    Ukuthumela ngaphandle kuqhuba iMicrostation Geographics.
    Kufuneka uqhagamshelwe kwiprojekthi, ukuze ikhuphe iifowuni kunye needos.
    Ukukhuphela izinto zokuma kwimo yohlobo, nedatha ehambelana nayo. Ayizukusebenza ngeendawo kunye nemida.

    Ukuba konke kulungile, ndixelele ukuba uthumela umyalezo xa uthumela ukuthumela ngaphandle. Unokuzama nokuvula ifayile ye-dbf nge-Excel ukubona ukuba inayo na idatha.

  4. Hi lo mxholo kakhulu, Ndinomdla kakhulu ukwazi ukuba akukwazeki ukuba ukuthumela ifayile DGN shp ngokupheleleyo kuba xa kumazwe akugqiba mna ivelisa zingazaliswanga le datha Ndiyaqonda xa uzama ukuthumela ifayile kwakhona yi bentley imephu

    Ndiya kuxabisa ukuba umntu unesisombululo okanye iingcebiso

    Ndiyabonga!

  5. ok! Makhe ndihlolisise imephu ye autocad kwithuba elithile, kwaye ndibacebise nabo. mbulela

  6. Yenzelwe nje ukuba ibe yimephu ye-AutoCAD i-3D okanye i-AutoDesk Civil 3D. Ngale nto ungayenza into obuya kuyenza ngayo nayiphi na i-GIS, uqhagamshele kwidatha ekwitheyibhile, yenza uhlalutyo lomxholo, iimephu ezibalaseleyo, njalo njalo.
    Ukuba ufuna iyinxibe kwikhonkco elula, evula iimpawu into, uyaqaphela intsimi ekuthiwa ngokokugqama, apho ungadibanisa umendo url kweziko lewebhu, indlela apho ifayile kwi diski lwasekuhlaleni, okanye isakhiwo enye imephu yedwg.

    Kwimeko ye-AutoCAD, isekela kuphela i hyperlink nganye into.

  7. imibuzo ngokuba ziingcali entsimini, uphando ngako GPS, unayo kwi AutoCAD, kukho abathile isicelo ukuba ungadibanisa zobumnini ethile CAD okanye udinga i Control yoMsebenzisi ngeebhloko, kunye nendlela ukukhonkca umfanekiso element CAD okanye ibhloko, ç.
    Siyabonga kubo bonke abafaka isandla kule forum.

  8. Akunjalo, yileyo kuphela i-248 ivumelekile, kodwa nge-996 imigqa iyinto enokwenzeka ukuba ndiyisebenze nayo.
    mbulelo kakhulu

  9. Ayilunganga, umbhali weMacro wayikhusela ngephasiwedi, kwaye wayishiya ilinganiselwe kwimigca ye-996. Uyenzile ukukhusela imisebenzi evela kwiikholamu ze996, ukuze inkqubo isebenze nezo seli ngokuthe ngqo.

    Ukuyihlela kuthetha ukuphula ikonkco ngekhowudi.

  10. Umsebenzi ophezulu kakhulu wephepha, umbuzo ngokwemivavanyo endiyenzile inqamana nenani lamaphupha kwigrafu, kwimeko yam ndifuna ukwenza iigrafu kufuphi ne-4000 points, ndingayitshintsha njani le tafile echanekileyo kuba Kuza kuthatha ixesha elininzi lokuba ucebe kwicandelo.
    mbulelo kakhulu

  11. Ewe, eyona nto ndiyaziyo yi-XYZ-DXF, eyenzeka dxf amanqaku oluluhlu lwe-Excel. Ikholomu yeKhowudi inokuthi iqulethe ezinye iintlobo zedatha, kwaye ikholamu yesendlalelo ivumela amanqaku ukuba aye kwinqanaba elithile.

    Nantsi wachaza inyathelo ngesinyathelo.

  12. Enkosi kakhulu, iyasebenza. omnye umbuzo apho kuya kubakho abathile isicelo evumela ukuba DGN okanye DWG data igrafu lugcinwe kwifomati Excel, XY iququzelela kwaye kuvumela ukuba wongeze ingongoma iyelenqe a caption itekisi agcinwe endle bahlabele.
    mbulela ,,,,,,,,,,,

  13. Enye indlela yokusebenzisa umyalelo wokukhetha oyingqiqo, ongayenza ngayo ukhetho ngokuma, kwaye sele sele ukhethile izinto ezikhethileyo usebenzisa isicelo.

    Nge Microstation XM okanye ngaphezulu, ungagcina ucingo.

  14. ukuba

    Okokuqala wenza ucingo lwakho

    usebenzisa i-key in

    ungena, ucingo, ngoko ukhetha umgca, ke ukhetho luvela:
    -nxulumano
    -incplex
    -dimension
    -mline

    ukhetha naluphi na, uze ufumane iphaneli ekuvumela ukuba ukhethe uhlobo lwendawo yocingo (ngaphakathi, isikrini, njl.).

    Emva koko uqakraza kwesikrini kwaye yile nto.

  15. Umbuzo kukho nayiphi na isicelo se-microstation esivumela ukuba ndisebenzise umyalelo we-Drop Element kwimodi eqinekileyo.
    mbulelo ......

  16. Makhe sibone, ndiza kuchaza izinto ezimbalwa.
    Okokuqala, ezi nguqulelo ze Geographics (ngoku i-Bentley Map) ziqwalasela ukuba into eyinkimbinkimbi ye-topology engavumelekanga, oku kuthetha ukuba i-complexchain eneemigca kunye nemigca ayiyikuhlambulula i-topologically clean.

    Ngokusisiseko, umqobo wokuba ijikajika ingamatye anokubakho, iyavakala, kuba kwiinkqubo ze-GIS ukuphathwa kwejikajika kwinqanaba ledatha kubenzima, kuba yipoligoni yamacala angenasiphelo, ngoko ke ukhetho lokulugqithisela I-Linestring efana ne-curve isengqiqweni. Khawufane ucinge ukuba ungasenza njani isicelo esivelisa isakhelo seebheringi kunye nokuhamba imigama, nokuba yjikajika okanye indawo ethe tyaba yeendawo ezikufutshane iyaphambana.

    Ke ukucocwa kwe-topological, xa usebenzisa izinto zecandelo, uya kuziguqula zibe ngamacangca emigca. Into onokuyichaza kukunyamezelana ukuze kungabikho zi-vertices zininzi okanye bambalwa kangangokuba ukumila kwekroba kulahlekile.

    Oku kunyamezela kuyashintshwa kwi:

    Indawo yokusebenzela> ukhetho> i-topology> Ukunyamezela kwesisu.

    Zama i-10, i-1, i-0.5, i-0.1 njalo-njalo ude waneliseke ngosayizi wecandelo elishiyelweyo.

  17. ukusebenza izakhi linear apho nakwiingqameko iquka, kodwa ukusebenzisa ukucoca yethopholoji efanayo kunye nokudalwa izinto ezintsonkothileyo Geographics jike izinto amelweyo njengoko imigca uthatha isiqalo nesiphelo curve, akukho ndlela okanye isixhobo ezongezelelweyo umgca olandela umlo wekhalo.
    Ndiyabonga e-El Salvador .........

  18. Khangela, ndiqinisekile ukuba kufuneka kubekho indlela eyinkcazo ngakumbi kwiimodeli, kodwa ndisebenzisa isakhiwo sokuDa nokuSila iCandelo loKwakha:

    Ukwenza oku, into oyenzayo kukuvula imizobo yomibini, enye inesitayile esigciniweyo kunye nokunye okungavumeli. Emva koko wenza ubungakanani beewindows zincinci kunombono opheleleyo, ukuze uzibone zombini.

    Uchukumisa iwindow enesitayile, uya kuseto, kumphezulu, kwaye apho ujonga khona isitayile ofuna ukusisa komnye umzobo. Emva koko uyitsale kwaye uyilahle kwenye ifestile, kwaye yiyo. Ngoku ukuba ubona izitayile ezifumanekayo kumzobo wakho omtsha, oyirholileyo sele ikho.

  19. U-HELLO, ndiphinde ndibuye ndixelele ukuba uncedo lwenu ukuba undikhonza kakhulu, kodwa, mmmm ...
    Ngoku into endikwazi ukuyenza kukuba ndoloza isitayela esenziwe. Ndiyidala isimboli, ndiyisebenzisa kwaye yonke into, kodwa andinakuyenza ukuba igcinwe, oko kukuthi xa ufuna ukwenza umzobo omtsha kodwa ufuna ukusebenzisa isitayela esiyidalayo, ayifuni ukubonakala kum kwaye kufuneka ndiyibuyisele kwakhona.
    Ukuba kukho indlela yokuyilondoloza kwaye kwimifanekiso engaphambili ndingayisebenzisa?

    hehe ... noxolo ngenxa yokuphazamiseka, kodwa ndiyazi ukuba ndiyitye.

    IINDLELA

  20. Ok, ukwenza ntoni oku:

    Kwisakhelo sokunxele, amathbhu amathathu avela:
    obizwa ngokuba ngumxhasi
    ezinye izicwangciso

    kule nto, izinto ezahlukeneyo iimephu, iindawo, iingongoma, iiprofayili, iipayipi, izicwangciso ezihamba phambili njl. njll zivela.

    ngoko nganye nganye, xa ucofa kwisalathisi esibonisa, izitayela (izitayela zomhlaba) ziboniswa ukusebenzisa umzekelo.
    Ukwenza entsha, cofa ekunene kwiincwadi "zomgangatho wobuso" kwaye ukhethe "entsha". Apho unganika useto olufanelekileyo, luthiye igama, kunye nantoni na oyifunayo. Kwakhona ukusuka apha unokuyiguqula.

    Xa usebenza umphezulu, ukusuka kwithebhu yokuchuma, ucofa umphezulu, khetha "iipropati" kwaye kukhetho "lolwazi" unokukhetha "isitayile somphezulu" owenzileyo.

    Ndiyathemba ukuba ukhonza inkcazo, nantoni na, akuyona inkathazo.

  21. Molo, kwakhona ungenakuwuxhalabela kodwa mna ngokunyanisekileyo ilitye nenyaniso singafani kuye, yaye uphenyo, kodwa akucaci kum ukuba awunayo ukufumaneka uncedo, ngokuba mna nyhani kunjalo kuhlaziywa.

    KUTHANDA

  22. U-HELLO, kuqala uvuyiswe kakhulu kule ndawo ehle kakhulu.

    Kwaye sorry ukuthatha eli isithuba, kodwa athathe reiente umxholo kulo myalezo ukuba visto.Mi inene kunye Civil 3D, kwaye ndazi mna ngoko ukuba ungagcina uhlobo wadala ndim (umphezulu, imigca nentaba, profiles, amacandelo, njl .).

    Kuba kanye ndandifuna ukwenza ezi ngezimbo ze ndikholelwe ukuba ixesha emva ngokufuna kwakhona ukuyisebenzisa ngenxa yokuba ayikwazanga lugciniwe njenge ixesha nada.Pense plantilla.Tal mna engalunganga kuba andiyiva kakuhle imiyalezo Salian lungagcineki.

    Ngoko ndicela uncedo lokusombulula le ngxaki nceda.

    Ukubulisa

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