Amava am esebenzisa iGoogle Earth yeCadastre

Ndidla ngokubona imibuzo efanayo kumagama aphambili abasebenzisi abakho kwii-Geofumadas kwi-injini ye-Google yokusesha.

Ngaba ndingabhalisa usebenzisa iGoogle Earth?
Ichanekile kangakanani imifanekiso kwiGoogle Earth?
Kutheni ukuba uphando lwam luhambe ngokubhekiselele kwiGoogle Earth?

Phambi mabohlwaye kum oko uza kufunda kweli nqaku, makhe uzibeke kwimeko amava kwafuneka ukuba athathe uvavanyo cadastral kwiprojekthi apho sinambi- ezixabisekileyo nolutshintsho kwiziphumo iindlela attachment kunye neeprothokholi emasikweni.

Xa ndayifumanisa iinguqu zento ekuthethwa ngayo ukwenza i-orthophoto kubomasipala be-25 ababefuna ukwenza uphando, ndaqonda ukuba kukho izinto ezingazange ziguquke:

-Ixesha lokwenza iindiza sele lidlulile, kuba ilizwe litshisa kwaye kukho ixesha eliphambili phambi kokuba i-cloudiness, umsi kunye nezimo zezulu,

-Yayiminyaka apho umfanekiso wesathelayithi uthengiweyo ngeenkqutyana kwakungeyona inketho ngeengcaciso ezikhoyo ngoku,

-Iziko lekarhulumente elinike iimvume zokubhabhisa liyi-half-plated indlela endala, lalifuna izigidi zemali (ngasentla kwetafile, ngokuqinisekileyo), ngokusabalala komasipala ngamnye. Ngaphandle kokuba idiza yandiyala enye eyongezelelweyo ukuba ilayishe i-chubby ithi le nhlangano yathi yedwa onokuyilanda loo moya.

-Imali eyayifumaneka yayingasifinyelelekanga ukwenza i-orthophoto enhle, kodwa ivuko elincinci.

kelwe lowo isilivere, ngokwenza amaxesha orthophoto kuwandisa nqanda ukufumana iziphumo phambi kokuba imihla yokuvunywa lwamaxabiso cadastral ukuba utshintsho kwiminyaka emihlanu.

Ekuqwalaseleni iziphumo ezifunwa yiprojekthi, ndaqonda ukuba indlela yokuphazamisa ibaluleke kakhulu ngokubambisana nomzekelo we-cadastre olinganayo kunokuchaneka. Kubaluleke ngakumbi ukubonisa imodeli emininzi yokusebenza kunomgangatho ofanelekileyo weendlela ezisemthethweni. Ngoko, ndakhetha ukuthobela ukuhleka usulu kunye nokukhawuleza iziphumo ezifutshane.

Inqaku lisekwe kulawo amava, ngakumbi njengendlela yokusebenzisa isicelo sobugcisa kunye nokuqonda okuqhelekileyo kunendlela yokupheka yomlingo; nangona ngokunganyanzelekanga ndisebenzise imizekelo kamasipala, apho kufuneka ndivume ukuba «isobho se-choros»Buyisa iinkumbulo ezibuyisela umxholo osisiseko womxholo.

Imifanekiso ye-Google Earth ichanekile kakuhle (isihlobo).

Makhe sibone umfanekiso wesampuli. Kwinqanaba lokuqhubela phambili, kuya kubonakala ukuba uphando olwenziwe kwisikhululo esipheleleyo kunye ne-georeferenced ne-geodetic gps, luhambelana kakuhle nomfanekiso owawuphambi kwe2013. Ngokuqinisekileyo, ngenxa yoko, kwakudingeka ukunciphisa umfanekiso ukuze uzingele kunye neendawo zokulawula esizikhulisile. Kule meko, ukufuduka (komfanekiso, kungekhona kwiphando) malunga neemitha ezili-11 ukuya ngasenyakatho-ntshona kufuneka kwenziwe.

Umfanekiso weGoogle Earth udinga ukufuduswa kwiindawo zokuhlola ngokuchanekileyo. Emva kokuba oko kwenziwa, umfanekiso ubonisa ukuhambelana.

Imifanekiso ye-Google Earth ayinakho ukuhambelana ngokuchanekileyo ngokupheleleyo.

Ukuqhubeka nomzekelo ofanayo, sibona ukuba umfanekiso weGoogle Earth uhlaziywe kwi-2013 ine-displacement ehlukile kuneyokuqala. Ukuqhekeka phakathi kweemifanekiso kunomsebenzi owenziwe kakuhle kangangokuba umncinci ubonakala ukuyeka; kwimeko yendlela, ukuba njengoko kunjalo nangokukrola kwicala akukho zile ngokungathi umnqamlezo, kodwa ilungelo kwimvukelo kunokubonwa umlambo ayisekho ingqamana okukunyusa; Nangona ingaba yatshintshe inkambo, ngubani owaziyo ukuba uyazi ukuba kukho udonga olugcinayo ukusuka kwibhulorho engatshintshi kwiminyaka.

Ngoko, ukuyisebenzisa loo mfanekiso okwakutshanje kubonisa umsebenzi ofana nalowo odlulileyo; ukugqiba amaphuzu angabonakaliyo kwaye ubenxulumane kunye namanqaku okulawula endle, ukuze uhambise umfanekiso umvolonti, esicacileyo ohlukileyo kweso somnye umfanekiso. Le nto yakhokelela ekubeni izisombululo umdla apho umfanekiso Google Earth yaba kubhekiswa iimpazamo ezenziwe kwisikhululo lilonke, nokulahlekelwa emehlweni umva, nesandi sidlalwe ngensimbi ezifunekayo, ukuqinisekiswa of zezine cadastral lithobele ukwahlula ngokwamazinga afanelekileyo, imizuzu kunye nemizuzwana, nokuba ungathini njengokuba kukho ubungqina bemibala emithathu ebonisa ukungafani kwintlawulo ye-cadastral ehlawulelwe umhlaba kunye nezakhiwo. Ezi zinto, ngaphandle komfanekiso wesalathiso okanye ukusetyenziswa okulula kweprogram yeCAD / GIS akunakwenzeka.

Isiseko seemifanekiso zeGoogle Earth sisetyenzana seentlobo zezibhengezo zeminyaka eyahlukileyo, kunye nemithombo eyahlukeneyo kunye nokungangqinelani kokuma phakathi kwezi ziqwenga.

Ukuchaneka kwesimo seGoogle Earth kuchanekile.

Ukubeka ecaleni ingxaki yemifanekiso, iimpawu ze-spheroid eyenziwa ngu-Google Earth, zichanekileyo malunga naluphi na uphando olwenziwa kuso. Kulo mfanekiso ungasentla, ebonisa UTM iququzelela ku Google Earth, kwifayile I elayishwe mvukelo sam KML, ukuchana akukho ngxoxo malunga Datum WGS84 i ukuququzelela, kuba yinyaniso zezibalo.

Phakathi kwiprojekthi, i-gurus yeziko lombuso lidlulile ngamaqela aphezulu achanekileyo. Sibaxelele ukuba bangasebenzisa uphando lwethu njengenkxaso, kuba babeyizixhobo ze-georeferencing zeprojekthi yokubhaliweyo ngokufunwa. Kwakunzima kum ukususa isikhopho emqaleni wam xa bechitha enye yezingane ze-cadastre, bemxelela ukuba ukuvukela kwakhe akuzange kusebenze.

Ubuncedo beGoogle Earth ye-cadastre yinzuzo yakho njengenkxaso

Inyaniso kukuba ukuthatha izigqibo ezidlulileyo kuye kwasinika ithuba lokunika iGoogle Earth ukusetyenziswa kunye nokufaneleka ukuba kuyafaneleka. Njengazo zonke ezinye izixhobo ezisetyenziswe kwiprojekthi, iGoogle Earth enye enye.

I-Google Earth ayikwazi ukuxhomekeka ekusebenziseni imifanekiso engabikho, kungekhona nje kuphela kunyaka okhoyo kodwa kwakhona eminye imihla yomlando. Ndikhumbula intlanganiso apho usodolophu ebethathe inxaxheba ecacisa iziphumo: «Google Earth ibingu aisisombululo esifikelelekayo sokuba nemifanekiso yomasipala wonke, ongazange sinikeze nayiphi na inkampani okanye iziko likarhulumente«. Ngaphambi kombuzo we-guru ye-Seventies Cadastre, ukuba ukuchaneka kwakubi, amagama akhe abhalwe kwiividiyo zam: «Laba bafana bazisombulula, ukuba unesiphakamiso esingcono, bhala phantsi kwaye siza kukuqwalasela«.

Oko akufanele sikulibale, kukuba abo baphathi bafuna amathuluzi lula ukubonisa iziphumo kumgangatho ophakathi. Kukho abantu abanakuze baye enkundleni, kwaye phambi kwabo kubonakaliswe imifanekiso ebonakaliswayo apho iGoogle Earth ingenakulungiswa khona ngelo xesha. Vula i-kml okanye inkonzo ye-WMS kwaye ubonise ukuba kukho izixeko zasemaphandleni nakwiindawo zasemaphandleni kamasipala, kunye nezakhiwo zendawo yedijithali kunye nezakhiwo kunye nokuphakama kwazo kuxhomekeke ngaphambi nangemva kokungena kweprojekthi ... kuba lixabisekileyo. Abaqapheli ukuchaneka, bayayihoxisa indlela esilungelelanisa ngayo indlela, kodwa banelisekile ukubona imifanekiso ebonisa imifanekiso kwaye bayavuma ukuphulukana kwezixhobo zokulawula okanye izidingo ezingekho phantsi kweengxelo zamaphepha amaninzi.

Ukukhuphela imifanekiso esuka kwiGoogle Earth yinto yokuchwela. Ixabiso leprojekthi lalikulawulo oluhlangeneyo; kwakungekho mfuneko ukuthenga isitishi esipheleleyo okanye i-millimeter GPS ngamnye kumasipala. Kunye nawo umzi ngamnye kwaba ngokwaneleyo, yaye siqhubeke sisenza njalo ukususela kuphela amathuba kulo nyaka ukuze kubekwe iliso nokususwa okanye uhlaziyo kunye nezixhobo engqondweni yoNyaka sabhambathisa notyalo-mali kwakhona inzuzo kunye uphando kwiiprojekthi okanye iinkqubo indlela i-hydrosanitary.

Khusela ukhetho lokusebenzisa iGoogle Earth njengendlela yokubhekisela, kuphela ukulwa nodonga. Abaye waya ngokubonelela ngeenkonzo cadastral koomasipala kulo mxholo ndiya ukubala, ngoku ke oosodolophu abafuni kuhlawula kuba umsebenzi utrapreciso, kodwa inkonzo ngokwakha umthamo wendawo, besebenzisa izixhobo zexabiso eliphantsi kunye neengcebiso ngezigqibo lungile

Kwaye ke ...

Emva kwayo yonke loo minyaka, ndimele ndivume ukuba kukho iimpazamo endizenzayo, kwaye apho ndiza kubhala ibinzana elibanzi kunalo. Ndingathanda iprogram yokukhulula ukuba ikhule ngokwaneleyo, ngoko sasiyilondoloza enye imali emfutshane; okanye ukuba imephu yesinzi ne cadastre i lungele injongo zaye zahlukana kakhulu, kuba bekuya kundibiza ngaphantsi ukuba ndichaze iindlela eziye zaphunyezwa. Kodwa kwiziphumo namhlanje ndizithumela:

  • Imodeli ye-cadastre esekelwe kulawulo oluhlangeneyo loomasipala likhona, yamkelwa ngamanye amashishini, kungekhona ngenxa yezinto ezintsha kodwa ngenxa yezifundo ezifundiweyo.
  • Esikhundleni sokwenza i-cadastre kumasipala be-25, amava akhokelela ekwenzeni kwi-89. Ukuzisebenzisa nje kuphela uqoqosho lwezinga lolawulo oludibeneyo, kwaye kunjalo, sebenzisa imifanekiso yeGoogle Earth njengenkxaso.
  • Innovation human resources zasekuhlaleni osi yezoqoqosho ukusuka apho abanye kufuna kwakhokelela ukubonisa ukuba zonke dollar imali ngumasipala, ifunyanwe kwiminyaka ngaphantsi kwe emibini wabandisa izihlandlo ezintandathu kwingeniso kwithuba leminyaka 10.
  • Oomasipala abafumene ukufikelela ngokugcwele kwimimandla yabo, okwangoku bahlaziya ngokusebenzisa imithombo engenayo abayifumana kuyo yonke indawo, kwaye bayashintsha imethadatha yokuchaneka kunye nekhwalithi kunye nejometri.

Ekufuphi ekupheleni kweprojekthi, ndadibana kwakhona ne-gurus yeziko lombuso, abaye baqinisekisa ezinye iingxaki ezazingenazo izivuko, ezazisinike izibhengezo kwaye zangena kwinkqubo yesizwe. Okokuqala, ngelizwi eligunyazisiweyo, basitshele ukuba sifanele sizinike iimaphu ababezilayishe. Xa sababanika idilesi yokukhuphela nge-WFS sibonwa njengabafokazi, omnye wabafana ababadeleyo wabakhombisa usebenzisa i-gvSIG; Wabatshela ukuba ukusuka apho bazakukhutshwa xa befuna. Ukuzikhukhumeza kwakhe kwatshintsha ubuso bakhe, kwaye satshintshana kwethu ngento enesihawu, phambi kwengxelo elandelayo:

Ndixolise, uDon Golgi, into esiyifunayo ngokwenene kukuba uyasinika imifanekiso oyilandileyo kwiGoogle Earth.

Ezinye iindlela zokukhuphela imifanekiso esuka kwiGoogle Earth: Cad-Earth y Plex-Earth. Ndiyincoma bobabini.

Omnye Uphendule "Amava am usebenzisa iGoogle Earth yeCadastre"

  1. Indlela yokuthakazelisa ye-cadastre yezimali, okanye imephu ye-tenencial. Andiyicingi ukuba isebenza kwiminqweno yamaninzi okanye amaninzi amaninzi.

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