Abafundi bacinga ntoni nge-Open Source Geospatial

Eli nqaku lisekwe kwinkcazo eyenziwe kwi-FOSS4G e-Barcelona ngoSeptemba we-2010 ngu:

U-Iraklis Karampourniotis kunye no-Ioannis Paraschakis - weYunivesithi yase-Aristotle yaseThessaloniki
UZoo Arvanitidou - weYunivesithi yaseAegean

Ikhonkco lenzekile kum UGabriel Reyes, kwaye isekwe kumbuzo, ukuba isoftware enguMthombo oVulekileyo inokuqwalaselwa rhoqo kwizifundo zekhosi yendawo yomsebenzi weyunivesithi okanye ekunikezelweni kwezifundo zasimahla zabafundi kunye nabantu ngokubanzi.

Impendulo ekugqibeleni iyangqinisisa, nangona apha endleleni kukho izinto ezininzi ekufuneka zisebenze ekushumayeleni kwabafundi abanokungavumi kulawula okokuqala isixhobo esingadumanga, njenge-ESRI, AutoDesk okanye i-Intergraph; ngenxa yokucinga ukuba abayi kuvula amathuba amaninzi kwimarike yabasebenzi.

Yaphinda yabamba ingqalelo yam, ukuba GIS asibonise ngaphandle kokuba sisoftware "iphelile"Ikhankanyiwe ngaphakathi kwezinye iinkqubo ezizezinye zesoftware I-AutoCAD Imephu ye3D, ArcGIS y Geomedia; izisombululo ngokuqinisekileyo ezinenqanaba lokuthandwa kunye nenkxaso ye-brand ekufuneka ifunwa kakhulu ngabo banomdla kwikhosi yeenkqubo zeeNkcukacha zeJografi. Kwinqanaba leenkampani zabucala ezibonelela ngeenkonzo zoqeqesho, ukubuyela umva kwesi sithintelo kuthathe kancinci, nangona kunjalo i-academy inokudlala indima ebalulekileyo ukuba izibonelelo zesoftware yasimahla okwangoku ngokwenyani kunye nokwamkelwa kulawulo kuyaqwalaselwa. Icandelo loluntu okanye lishishini, ngaphandle koko kuthetha ukunciphisa isithuba semthethweni kunye neendleko eziphantsi.

Umzamo wokuqala ongaphumelelanga

Ababonisi bakhankanya ukuba babenembali kwi-2006, xa babeka i-GRASS kwiilebhu kunye ne-AutoCAD Imephu kunye neArcGIS. Ngelo xesha isiphumo yayikukuba abasebenzisi abayithandi konke konke ukungabi nabuntu ujongano lwe GRASS, kwaye kuya kuqondwa ukuba ukudibanisa into kunye nenye akusoloko kuzisa iziphumo ezilungileyo, okanye kuyibone njengesixhobo esizimeleyo somxholo apho ukuthelekiswa kuyinxalenye yeendlela ezilungileyo ezitshintshiwe kuluntu oluVulelekileyo.

Xa uluhlu olupheleleyo lwezixhobo zophuhliso, ulwakhiwo lwedatha, ulawulo, uvandlakanyo / uhlalutyo lwentengiso lubonisiwe, siyaqonda ukuba ngaphandle kwamanyathelo e-OSGeo awazalwanga ngendlela ehambelanayo, ngoku sinokuqinisekisa ukuba imigangatho yokumelana kunye neenzame zokuzinza. Bafumene ulungelelwaniso olufanelekileyo ngokugqibeleleyo, kunye nokuqhelisela kwicala lomgangatho.Umthombo ovulekileyo we-gis ecosystem

Itshathi yangaphambili zisiwe NguJorge Sanz kunye noMiguel Montesinos kwiiNtsuku zokuQala ye-gvSIG yeLatin America izama ukwenza iskimatization kwaye yahlule ngokuthe tyaba zeziphi izixhobo ezibhekiswe kwidesktops, kuluhlaza iilayibrari nakwiigreyikhi ezinye iindlela ezinokubakho kumncedisi. Ngombala onsomi abaphathi bedatha kunye nenqanaba elithe nkqo kwiilwimi.

Le panorama ye-OSGeo ecosystem isinceda ukuba siqonde ubudlelwane phakathi kweeprojekthi kwaye ngaphezulu kwako konke ukuqonda ukuba iyantlukwano iyimfuneko kwaye isebenza ngokude imigangatho ibekwe emgangathweni.

Umzamo wesibini, uphumelele

Umboniso ubonakalisa ukuba kwiinzame yesibini abahlula iikhosi phakathi kwabafundi abangaphumelelanga nabo sele bethweswe isidanga okanye bebekwisidanga sokuqala. Ukwenza oku, basebenzise iikhosi ngendlela edibanisayo:

I-QGis + GRASS + PostGIS kwizifundo zabo bathweswe izidanga

I-QGis + PostGIS kwiiLabhoratri zabangekathweswa izidanga

Qgis grass postgis

Ezi ndiziphawule zibomvu kumzobo odlulileyo, ukubonisa ukuba ziphi na, ngokusisiseko kwimeko ye-C ++ edibene nomthombo wokushicilela okwi-Intanethi weMephuGuide Open Source okanye iMephuServer.

Le theyibhile ilandelayo ibonisa izihloko ezazifakiwe kwizifundo nakwiilabhoratri.

Abaphumeleleyo

Akukho zidanga

QGis
  • Ukukhangela kunye nokudalwa kweempawu
  • Uhlalutyo kunye nemibuzo yendawo
  • Ukuhlolwa kwejogoding kunye nenethiwekhi
  • Ukusetyenziswa kwee plugins
  • Ukwanda
  • Yongeza kwi-GRASS
  • Ukubhaliswa kunye nokuguqulwa kwemifanekiso
  • Ukwahlulahlula kwi-raster
  • Ukungena kweDatha yeLungelo
  • Imephu yeemathematika
  • Uhlalutyo kunye nokunxibelelana kwendawo
GRASS
  • Ukubonwa kwe-3D kunye nokuhlaziywa komfanekiso
  • Inkxaso kuhlalutyo lwenethiwekhi
  • Iimpawu
PostGIS
  • Ukuguqulwa kweenqwelomoya
  • Uvavanyo lomsebenzi we-LRS
  • Uvavanyo lwenkxaso yenethiwekhi
  • Ukudalwa koovimba bendawo
  • Imibuzo yendawo
  • Inguqu phakathi kweendlela ezahlukeneyo zereferensi
  • Idatha echazayo kunye ne-spacial

Itshathi elandelayo ibonisa umbono wabantu ekupheleni kwezifundo, umdla onokubangela -kwaye kufuneka kudityanwe-cwangcisa ngokweenkcukacha ngakumbi, usasaza izixhobo ezinje ngeemodyuli zoqeqesho zoqeqesho, imibhalo yendlela yokusebenza, izinto, imithetho yokhuphiswano kunye neencwadana ezinemigaqo, ezinokuthi zilungelelaniswe neeyunivesithi okanye iikholeji zobugcisa; Rhoqo, izisombululo zobunini babelana kuphela ngeencwadana ezinemigaqo. Ngale nto, kuya kuba luncedo kakhulu ukudala imisebenzi emifutshane okanye idiploma ebanzi enikezela ubukhulu bomda wendalo ye-OSGeo zombini kumgca we-C ++ nakwindawo engqongileyo yeJava enokubakho kakhulu (ngokoluvo lwam) ngenxa yokufikelela kwinqanaba liqonga, inkqubo yamazwe jikelele kunye neyantlukwano kwizisombululo.

Abaphumeleleyo

Akukho zidanga

QGis
  • Kulula ukuyisebenzisa
  • Unobuhlobo kakhulu
  • Inkxaso entle kakhulu
  • Ukukhawuleza kakhulu kwaye kukhuselekile
  • Iiplagi ukhetho zinobuhlobo kakhulu ngenxa yokwandisa kunye nokusebenziseka.
  • Uncedo olugqibeleleyo lwe-GRASS
  • Kulula ukuyisebenzisa
  • Unobuhlobo kakhulu
  • Inkxaso entle kakhulu
GRASS
  • Ukukhawuleza kakhulu kwaye kukhuselekile
  • Kubhalwe kakuhle kakhulu
PostGIS
  • Khawuleza
  • Izinzile
  • Ngokuqinisekileyo
  • Kulula ukuyisebenzisa
  • Unxibelelwano oluhlobo
  • Isoftware yobuchule
  • Khawuleza
  • Izinzile
  • Ngokuqinisekileyo
  • Kulula ukuyisebenzisa
  • Unxibelelwano oluhlobo

Njengoko ubona, iikhrayitheriya zabafundi abaphumeleleyo bagxila kakhulu kubuchule bezixhobo, endaweni yeemveliso zabo ezivelayo. Oku kufuna ukusasazwa, ukuba sinethemba lokuyila ukuthembela kwinkcubeko kunye nentembeko edibanisa iziko lemfundo kunye nemibutho yokuxhasa ye-OSGeo kunye neenkampani ezinikezela ngenkonzo ezinxulumene noko.

Jonga umboniso wokuqala

Jonga yonke imiboniso yeFOSS4G 2010

Landela uGabriel Reyes

Shiya impendulo

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

Le sayithi isebenzisa i-Akismet ukunciphisa ugaxekile. Funda indlela idatha yakho yokubhaliweyo isetyenziswe ngayo.