Yongeza
ArcGIS-ESRIezintsha

Yintoni entsha kwi-ArcGIS Pro 3.0

U-Esri uye wagcina ukutsha kwimveliso yakhe nganye, enikezela ngamava omsebenzisi adityaniswe namanye amaqonga, apho banokuvelisa iimveliso zexabiso eliphezulu. Kule meko siza kubona izinto ezintsha eziye zongezwa ekuhlaziyweni kwe-ArcGIS Pro, enye yezona zisombululo ezisetyenziselwa uhlalutyo lwedatha ye-geospatial.

Ukususela kwinguqulo ye-2.9, izinto zongezwa ukuququzelela uhlalutyo, olufana nenkxaso yokugcinwa kwedatha kwilifu, ukuhlanganisana okuguquguqukayo kwamaqumrhu okanye ukusetyenziswa kweegrafu zolwazi. Ngeli xesha kukho izinto ezi-5 ezintsha ezinokusetyenziswa kwi-interface.

Interface

Xa ukhuphela isifakeli, kwaye uqhuba ophumezekayo, isilumkiso siyavezwa esibonisa ukuba .NET 6 Desktop Runtime x64 iyafuneka ukuze isebenze kakuhle. Ngoku, into yokuqala esinokuyiqaphela lutshintsho kujongano oluphambili. Iphaneli ephambili yongezwa "kwikhaya" kwicala lasekhohlo apho unokufikelela kuqwalaselo lwenkqubo, kunye Izixhobo zokufunda -Izixhobo zokufunda (kukwakhona iqhosha lokufikelela koku).

Izixhobo zokufunda zineetoni zokufundisa kubasebenzisi abatsha ukuba baziqhelanise nenkqubo kancinci kancinci. Iphaneli ephakathi apho iiprojekthi zamva nje, iitemplates-itemplates kunye nodidi lweprojekthi ofuna ukuyiqala.

Umphathi wePakethe

Enye yezinto eziphuculweyo nguMphathi wePackage- Isicwangcisi sokuPakisha, ebibizwe ngaphambili IPython PackageManager, iziphumo ezivela kwintsebenziswano phakathi kwe-ESRI kunye ne-Anaconda. Ngale nto uya kukwazi ukulawula iimeko zePython ngokusebenzisa inkqubo yolawulo lwephakheji ebizwa ngokuba yiconda.

Ngumlawuli owamkela ngakumbi, ovumela ukubeka esweni imeko jikelele yemo engqongileyo kunye notshintsho lweepakethe ezenziwe. Iyahambelana nenguqulo 3.9 yePython. Indawo engagqibekanga ye-ArcGIS Pro-i-arcgispro-py3, iqulathe iipakethi ezingama-206 ezinokuthi zenziwe zisebenze kwaye zisebenze.

Xa ukhetha ipakethe nganye, ulwazi oluthile lwazo luboniswa kwiqela lenjongo, njenge: ilayisenisi, uxwebhu, ubungakanani, ukuxhomekeka kunye noguqulelo. Kwimenyu ephambili yoMphathi wePackage unokuhlaziya okanye wongeze iipakethe ezintsha (zingaphezu kwama-8000 iipakethe onokuzongeza ngokweemfuno zakho). Amaxwebhu akweli nqaku alapha unxibelelwano.

Kuyafaneleka ukukhankanya ukuba kuye kwahlaziywa kwiiNcwadana zePython, nangona zingabalulekanga njengoko abanye abahlalutyi bekulindelekile.

Yongeza iimephu kwiingxelo

Olunye uphawu kukongeza iimephu kwiingxelo. Xa imephu yongezwa kwiheda yengxelo okanye kumbhalo ongezantsi, iqhele ukuhlala ime; kodwa, ngoku ungenza isakhelo semephu ukunyenyisa imboniselo ephambili yemephu okanye isikali. Iimephu ozongezayo kumbhalo ongasentla weqela, okusemazantsi eqela, okanye icandelwana leenkcukacha, kwelinye icala, zezohlobo oluguqukayo.

Ulwazi lwe-ArcGIS

Ngomnye wemisebenzi apho, nge-ArcGIS Pro, kunokwenzeka ukwenza iigrafu zolwazi kwi-ArcGIS Enterprise. Ngezi grafu zolwazi, imodeli iyadalwa elinganisa ihlabathi lokwenyani ngendlela engeyiyo indawo. Ngesi sixhobo kunye ne-interface ye-ArcGIS Pro unga: ukuchaza iintlobo zeempawu kunye nobudlelwane bazo, ukulayisha idatha yendawo kunye ne-non-spatial, okanye ukongeza amaxwebhu atyebisa into elayishwe ngaphambili.

Amava aba ngakumbi ukusebenzisana njengoko umxholo wongezwa kwigrafu yolwazi, ukuhlola ubudlelwane kunye nokubhala zonke iintlobo zolwazi eziya kuthi kamva ziguqulelwe kwiimephu okanye iigrafu zokuhlalutya.

Ukongezelela, ngeegrafu zolwazi uya kuba nethuba loku: ukubuza kunye nokukhangela idatha, ukongeza iimpawu zecandelo lendawo, ukwenza uhlalutyo lwendawo, ukwenza iigrafu zekhonkco, okanye ukugqiba impembelelo yenqaku ngalinye kwisethi yedatha yendawo.

Ukuba ulwazi lulawulwa ngolu hlobo, idatha kunye nokudibanisa kwayo kuya kuvumela umhlalutyi ukuba ahlolisise zonke iintlobo zeepatheni kunye nobudlelwane obukhoyo phakathi kobuninzi bedatha ngokukhawuleza nangokufanelekileyo.

 Thumela ukusetha kwangaphambili

Ukudala useto lwangaphandle lweemveliso, iimephu, kunye noyilo olwenziwe kwi-ArcGIS Pro ngoku kunokwenzeka. Ulungelelwaniso olwenziwe ngumsebenzisi kulo naluphi na uhlobo oluthile lokuthumela ngaphandle luyagcinwa. Ngoko ke, xa uvelisa imveliso yokugqibela, ukuthunyelwa kwamanye amazwe kwenziwa ngokukhawuleza kwaye kulula, ngaphandle kokwenza uhlengahlengiso kwiprojekthi nganye ngokwahlukileyo. Zifumaneka ngokhetho "lwe-export layout".

Emva kokukhetha ifomathi yokuguqulwa, kunye nokubeka zonke iiparitha ezihambelanayo, zithunyelwa ngaphandle kwindawo ekhethwe ngumsebenzisi okanye ngaphakathi kwedatha yeprojekthi. Emva koko, ukusuka kwinketho ethi "Vula ukusetha kwangaphambili", ifomathi yokusetha kwangaphambili ikhethiwe kwaye yongezwa kwimbonakalo yoyilo oluhambelanayo.

Isixhobo sokufanisa ukunqongophala kombala

Esi sixhobo senzelwe abantu abanokukhubazeka okubonakalayo okufana nohlobo oluthile lobumfama bemibala (iprotanopia: ebomvu, i-deuteranopia: eluhlaza, okanye i-tritanopia: eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka). Banokulinganisa imephu ngendlela ethile, beguqula umxholo wembono ephambili ukuze ijongwe njengomntu ongaboniyo.

 Uhlaziyo

  • UMULTI-SCALE WIGHT WIGHTED REGRESSION (MGWR): Esi sixhobo sikuvumela ukuba wenze uhlengahlengiso lomgca apho amaxabiso e-coefficient ahluka kwisithuba. I-MGWR isebenzisa iindawo ezihlala kuzo ezahlukeneyo kwinkcazo nganye, ivumela imodeli ukuba ibambe ukuhluka okuhlukeneyo phakathi kobudlelwane bezinto ezichazayo kunye nezixhomekeke.
  • UMZEKELI WEMfanekiso: Inecandelo elitsha "isishwankathelo" yombono wengxelo, apho unokubona iimpawu zemodeli, kubandakanywa noguqulelo oludalwe kwaye lwalungiswa. Umsebenzi uyafumaneka "Ukuba Ilizwi li" ukuvavanya ukuba ibinzana lePython "yinyani" okanye "bubuxoki". Akuyimfuneko ukugcina imodeli kwinguqulo ethile ye-ArcGIS Pro 3.0 njengoko unokuvula ngokuthe ngqo.
  • IITHEBILE KUNYE NEIGRAFU: iitshathi zobushushu zingabunjwa ukudibanisa idatha yexeshana kwimboniselo enye yekhalenda okanye ukubonisa izikhewu ezipheleleyo zomgca. Uyilo lweenkcukacha-manani luhlelwa manani aphakathi okanye aphakathi. Unokuhlengahlengisa imida ye-axis eguquguqukayo yebha yee-multi-series, umgca, okanye ukusasaza iitshathi.
  • UKUSEBENZA KUNYE NEMVELISO: imifanekiso kwizakhiwo, iingxelo, okanye iitshathi zeemephu zigcinwa njengeereferensi zokubini, ukunciphisa ubungakanani beprojekthi kunye nokwandisa isantya sokuvula. Ukudalwa kwepakethi kukhawuleza kakhulu, isantya sokufikelela kwidatha ye-cache siphuculwe.

Izixhobo ezininzi ze-geoprocessing ziphuculwe, ezinje: iimpawu zokuthumela ngaphandle, itafile yokuthumela ngaphandle, okanye ikopi yeempawu zendlela. Ifomati yeebhokisi zezixhobo ithi .atbx, onokuthi ngayo wenze iinkqubo ezinjengokongeza imifuziselo, izixhobo zokubhala, ukutshintsha iimpawu, okanye ukuhlela imetadata. Unako kwakhona ukugcina ibhokisi yesixhobo oyisebenzisayo kwimowudi ehambelanayo yezinye iinguqulelo zeArcGIS Pro.

Izixhobo ezibandakanyiweyo kwiibhokisi zePython zixhasa umsebenzi wokuqinisekisa thumela, enokusetyenziswa emva kokuba inkqubo igqityiwe.

  • IMISEBENZI YERASTER: Iindidi zokusetyenzwa kwemifanekiso ye-SAR zongezwa, kubandakanywa: ukudalwa kombala odibeneyo, iiparamitha zomphezulu, okanye ukuthambeka komhlaba. Phakathi kweminye imisebenzi ehlaziyiweyo enxulumene nedatha ye-raster esinayo: izibalo zeeseli, utshintsho lokubala, izibalo ezigxininisiweyo kunye neenkcukacha zendawo.

Kwidatha ye-LIDAR kunye ne-LAS, umzobo wedatha encinci uvunyelwe ukubonga kwiiphiramidi zedatha ye-LAS, kunye nokongeza isimboli entsha. Imisebenzi emitsha yolawulo lwedatha ye-LAS yongezwa kwiibhokisi ze-3D zokuhlalutya.

  • UKUBENZA IMPHA NOKUBONAKALA: Isimboli ephuculweyo kunye nemisebenzi yokuleyibheli, ukuhambelana neArcade 1.18. Iinkqubo ezongeziweyo zolungelelwaniso lwendalo iphela, njengoMars kunye neNyanga, utshintsho lwamagama kunye nokulungiswa kwendlela yokuguqulwa kwezinye iisistim zolungelelwaniso, okanye uguqulo olutsha olusekwe ngokuthe nkqo kwi-geoid. Yongezwe ukukwazi ukuthumela ngaphandle isimboli ye-raster, ukuphononongwa kwedatha ye-3D evela kwi-OpenStreetMap, ukuphuculwa okubonakalayo kwimiboniso ukubenza babonakale beyinyani ngakumbi, kunye nokudalwa kweendawo zokuphakama ezisekwe kwii-DEM okanye iikhonto.
  • EZINYE IZIXHOBO: Olunye uphuculo lwe-ArcGIS Pro 3.0 lubandakanya: izixhobo ezitsha zebhokisi yezixhobo ze-Business Analyst, Iibhokisi zeThuluzi eziPhuculweyo (i-JSON, i-KML Toolset, i-Point Cloud, i-Geodatabases, iZixhobo zoLawulo lweDatha, i-Feature Binning Toolset, i-Feature Class Toolset , isethi yezixhobo zeefoto, i-Raster toolset, i-Toolbox yokuHlela, i-GeoAI ibhokisi yesixhobo, i-GeoAnalytics Desktop toolbox, i-GeoAnalytics Server toolbox, i-Geocoding toolbox, i-Mifanekiso yoHlalutyi lwebhokisi yesixhobo, ibhokisi yangaphakathi yangaphakathi, ibhokisi yesixhobo sokuReferensisa iNdawo, i-Spatial Analyst toolbox). Ukuhamba komsebenzi kwi-BIM, i-CAD kunye nedatha ye-Excel iphuculwe.

Ukufuduka kwe-ArcGIS Pro 2.x ukuya kwi-3.0

U-Esri uqinisekisa ukuba kukho ukungqubana kokuhambelana phakathi kweenguqulelo ze-2.x kunye ne-3.O, ekubeni iiprojekthi ezenziwe ngaphambili kunye neefayile zingenakuboniswa kunye / okanye zilungiswe kule nguqulo entsha. Nangona bengakhange bachaze ngokupheleleyo ukuba kuya kuba yintoni iingxaki ezinokuvela ngokwale ngongoma.

Ezinye zezona ngcebiso zibalaseleyo zika-Esri malunga nokufuduka okanye umsebenzi ngaxeshanye phakathi kweenguqulelo zombini zezi zilandelayo:

  • Yenza iikopi zokugcina okanye iiphakheji zeprojekthi xa usebenzisana neminye imibutho okanye amalungu eqela asasebenzisa i-ArcGIS Pro 2.x.
  • Ngokwabelana, unokuqhubeka nokwabelana nge-ArcGIS Enterprise okanye i-ArcGIS Server 10.9.1, okanye inguqulelo yangaphambili ye-ArcGIS Pro 3.0, nangona umxholo unokuthoba. Sebenzisa i-ArcGIS Pro 3.0 ene-ArcGIS Enterprise 11 ukusebenzisa iimpawu ezintsha.
  • Iiprojekthi kunye neetemplates zeprojekthi (.aprx, .ppkx, kunye neefayile ze-aptx) ezigcinwe kulo naluphi na uhlobo lwe-ArcGIS Pro 2.x inokuvulwa kwaye isetyenziswe kwi-ArcGIS Pro 2.x kunye ne-3.0. Nangona kunjalo, iiprojekthi kunye neetemplates zeprojekthi ezigcinwe nge-ArcGIS Pro 3.0 azikwazi ukuvulwa kwi-ArcGIS Pro 2.x.
  • Iiphakheji zeprojekthi zinokudalwa kwinguqulo 3.0 kwaye emva koko ivulwe njengeprojekthi kwi-2.x.
  • Awukwazi ukugcina ikopi yeprojekthi ye-ArcGIS Pro 3.0 enokuvulwa ngalo naluphi na uhlobo lwe-2.x ye-ArcGIS Pro. I-Pro 2.9.x, njenge-2, kodwa iprojekthi ithotywe ngendlela efanelekileyo kwinguqulo yangaphambili.
  • Ukuba iprojekthi yangoku yenziwe nge-ArcGIS Pro 2.x, umyalezo wesilumkiso uvela ngaphambi kokugcina utshintsho kwinguqulo 3.0. Ukuba uyaqhubeka, inguqulo yeprojekthi iya kutshintsha ibe yi-3.0, kwaye i-ArcGIS Pro 2.x ayiyi kukwazi ukuyivula. Ukuba iprojekthi kwabelwana ngayo, gcina iprojekthi ethe ngqo kwi-ArcGIS Pro 2.x usebenzisa Gcina njenge. Iiprojekthi zenguqulo 1.x zisenokuvulwa.
  • Ubume bomxholo ngaphakathi kwefayile yeprojekthi ayitshintshi phakathi kweenguqulelo ze-2.x kunye ne-3.0.
  • Useto lomsebenzisi lugqithiselwa.
  • Imephu, umaleko, ingxelo, kunye neefayile zokubeka (.mapx, .lyrx, .rptx, kunye .pagx) azinakuvulwa kwiinguqulelo ze-2.x zakuba zenziwe okanye zigcinwe kwi-3.0.
  • Amaxwebhu emephu akwiifayile ze-JSON kwinguqulelo 3.0. Kwiinguqulelo 2.x nangaphambili, zenziwe kwi-XML.
  • Imigangatho yenkonzo yeglobhu ayixhaswanga kuguqulelo 3.0. Kuyacetyiswa ukuba upapashe umaleko wokuqala kwinkonzo exhaswayo, efana nenkonzo yemephu okanye inkonzo yophawu. Kwiiprojekthi ezisebenzisa inkonzo yeglowubhu kumphakamo, inkonzo yomhlaba ye-3D engagqibekanga ka-Esri ingasetyenziswa.
  • Las izixhobo ze-geoprocessing zokupakisha benza iipakethe ezenza intsebenziswano namanye amalungu eqela asebenzisa iinguqulelo zangaphambili ze-ArcGIS Pro. Oku kuthetha ukuba ukufudukela kwi-ArcGIS Enterprise 11 akufuneki ukuba uphucule kwi-ArcGIS Pro 3.0. Xa usabelana ne-ArcGIS Enterprise okanye i-ArcGIS Server 10.9.1 okanye ngaphambili, umxholo wamva nje unokuhla ukuya kwinguqulelo yangaphambili. Xa wabelana nge-ArcGIS Enterprise 11.0, iileya zewebhu kunye neenkonzo ziya kuqulatha umxholo wamva nje okhoyo kwi-ArcGIS Pro 3.0.
  • Iiseti zedatha ezenziwe kwinguqulelo 3.0 zisenokungahambelani ngasemva.
  • Iiplagi ezakhiwe ngokusekelwe kwiinguqulelo ze-ArcGIS Pro 2.x kufuneka zakhiwe kwakhona. Buza i I-ArcGIS Pro SDK ye.NET Wikipedia inqaku ngolwazi oluthe kratya.
  • Izinto zomsebenzi ezigcinwe njengeefayili ze-.esriTasks azinakuvulwa kwi-ArcGIS Pro 2.x zakuba zigcinwe kwinguqulelo 3.0.
  • Kwi-ArcGIS Pro 3.0, ilayibrari yePython xlrd ihlaziywa ukusuka kwinguqulo 1.2.0 ukuya kwinguqulo 2.0.1. Inguqulelo 2.0.1 ye-xlrd ayisakuxhasi ukufunda okanye ukubhala iifayile zeMicrosoft Excel .xlsx. Ukusebenza ngeefayile ze.xlsx, sebenzisa i-openpyxl okanye ithala leencwadi lepandas.

Siza kubukela naluphi na olunye ulwazi u-Esri abonelela ngalo malunga ne-ArcGIS 3.0, ukuze uhlale usexesheni. Sikwanazo nezifundo ze-ArcGIS Pro ezinokukunceda uqonde isixhobo ukusuka ekuqaleni ukuya phambili.

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